SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Grundberg Elin) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Grundberg Elin)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 55
  • [1]23456Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Allum, Fiona, et al. (författare)
  • Dissecting features of epigenetic variants underlying cardiometabolic risk using full-resolution epigenome profiling in regulatory elements
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sparse profiling of CpG methylation in blood by microarrays has identified epigenetic links to common diseases. Here we apply methylC-capture sequencing (MCC-Seq) in a clinical population of similar to 200 adipose tissue and matched blood samples (N-total similar to 400), providing high- resolution methylation profiling (>1.3 M CpGs) at regulatory elements. We link methylation to cardiometabolic risk through associations to circulating plasma lipid levels and identify lipid-associated CpGs with unique localization patterns in regulatory elements. We show distinct features of tissue-specific versus tissue-independent lipid-linked regulatory regions by contrasting with parallel assessments in similar to 800 independent adipose tissue and blood samples from the general population. We follow-up on adipose-specific regulatory regions under (1) genetic and (2) epigenetic (environmental) regulation via integrational studies. Overall, the comprehensive sequencing of regulatory element methylomes reveals a rich landscape of functional variants linked genetically as well as epigenetically to plasma lipid traits.
  •  
2.
  • Deloukas, Panos, et al. (författare)
  • Large-scale association analysis identifies new risk loci for coronary artery disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718 .- 1061-4036. ; 45:1, s. 25-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the commonest cause of death. Here, we report an association analysis in 63,746 CAD cases and 130,681 controls identifying 15 loci reaching genome-wide significance, taking the number of susceptibility loci for CAD to 46, and a further 104 independent variants (r(2) < 0.2) strongly associated with CAD at a 5% false discovery rate (FDR). Together, these variants explain approximately 10.6% of CAD heritability. Of the 46 genome-wide significant lead SNPs, 12 show a significant association with a lipid trait, and 5 show a significant association with blood pressure, but none is significantly associated with diabetes. Network analysis with 233 candidate genes (loci at 10% FDR) generated 5 interaction networks comprising 85% of these putative genes involved in CAD. The four most significant pathways mapping to these networks are linked to lipid metabolism and inflammation, underscoring the causal role of these activities in the genetic etiology of CAD. Our study provides insights into the genetic basis of CAD and identifies key biological pathways.
  •  
3.
  • Grundberg, E, et al. (författare)
  • Large-scale association study between two coding LRP5 gene polymorphisms and bone phenotypes and fractures in men
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Osteoporosis International. - : Springer. - 1433-2965 .- 0937-941X. ; 19:6, s. 829-837
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Herein we investigated the association between polymorphisms in the LRP5 gene and bone phenotypes and fractures in three large male cohorts based on the rationale that mutations in LRP5 cause severe bone phenotypes. Results showed an association of the Val667Met SNP with spine BMD in 3,800 young and elderly men. INTRODUCTION: The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5)-Wnt signalling system is of importance for regulating osteoblastic activity, which became clear after findings that inactivating mutations in LRP5 cause osteoporosis. The overall aim of this study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms in the LRP5 gene and bone mineral density (BMD) in three large cohorts of young and elderly men. METHODS: The cohorts used were MrOS Sweden (n = 3014, aged 69-81 years) and MrOs Hong Kong (n = 2000, aged > 65 years) and the Swedish GOOD study (n = 1068, aged 18-20 years). The polymorphisms Val667Met and Ala1330Val were genotyped using a TaqMan assay. RESULTS: When combining the data from the Swedish cohorts in a meta-analysis (n = 3,800), men carrying the 667Met-allele had 3% lower BMD at lumbar spine compared with non-carriers (p < 0.05). The Val667Met SNP was not polymorphic in the Hong Kong population and thus were not included. There were no associations between the Ala1330Val SNP and bone phenotypes in the study populations. No associations between the LRP5 polymorphisms and self-reported fractures were seen in MrOs Sweden. CONCLUSIONS: Results from these three large cohorts indicate that the Val667Met polymorphism but not the Ala1330Val contributes to the observed variability in BMD in the Swedish populations.
  •  
4.
  • Keildson, Sarah, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of Phosphofructokinase in Skeletal Muscle Is Influenced by Genetic Variation and Associated With Insulin Sensitivity
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X .- 0012-1797. ; 63:3, s. 1154-1165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • sing an integrative approach in which genetic variation, gene expression, and clinical phenotypes are assessed in relevant tissues may help functionally characterize the contribution of genetics to disease susceptibility. We sought to identify genetic variation influencing skeletal muscle gene expression (expression quantitative trait loci [eQTLs]) as well as expression associated with measures of insulin sensitivity. We investigated associations of 3,799,401 genetic variants in expression of >7,000 genes from three cohorts (n = 104). We identified 287 genes with cis-acting eQTLs (false discovery rate [FDR] <5%; P < 1.96 × 10(-5)) and 49 expression-insulin sensitivity phenotype associations (i.e., fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, and BMI) (FDR <5%; P = 1.34 × 10(-4)). One of these associations, fasting insulin/phosphofructokinase (PFKM), overlaps with an eQTL. Furthermore, the expression of PFKM, a rate-limiting enzyme in glycolysis, was nominally associated with glucose uptake in skeletal muscle (P = 0.026; n = 42) and overexpressed (Bonferroni-corrected P = 0.03) in skeletal muscle of patients with T2D (n = 102) compared with normoglycemic controls (n = 87). The PFKM eQTL (rs4547172; P = 7.69 × 10(-6)) was nominally associated with glucose uptake, glucose oxidation rate, intramuscular triglyceride content, and metabolic flexibility (P = 0.016-0.048; n = 178). We explored eQTL results using published data from genome-wide association studies (DIAGRAM and MAGIC), and a proxy for the PFKM eQTL (rs11168327; r(2) = 0.75) was nominally associated with T2D (DIAGRAM P = 2.7 × 10(-3)). Taken together, our analysis highlights PFKM as a potential regulator of skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity.
  •  
5.
  • Lango Allen, Hana, et al. (författare)
  • Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-4687 .- 0028-0836. ; 467:7317, s. 832-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most common human traits and diseases have a polygenic pattern of inheritance: DNA sequence variants at many genetic loci influence the phenotype. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified more than 600 variants associated with human traits, but these typically explain small fractions of phenotypic variation, raising questions about the use of further studies. Here, using 183,727 individuals, we show that hundreds of genetic variants, in at least 180 loci, influence adult height, a highly heritable and classic polygenic trait. The large number of loci reveals patterns with important implications for genetic studies of common human diseases and traits. First, the 180 loci are not random, but instead are enriched for genes that are connected in biological pathways (P = 0.016) and that underlie skeletal growth defects (P < 0.001). Second, the likely causal gene is often located near the most strongly associated variant: in 13 of 21 loci containing a known skeletal growth gene, that gene was closest to the associated variant. Third, at least 19 loci have multiple independently associated variants, suggesting that allelic heterogeneity is a frequent feature of polygenic traits, that comprehensive explorations of already-discovered loci should discover additional variants and that an appreciable fraction of associated loci may have been identified. Fourth, associated variants are enriched for likely functional effects on genes, being over-represented among variants that alter amino-acid structure of proteins and expression levels of nearby genes. Our data explain approximately 10% of the phenotypic variation in height, and we estimate that unidentified common variants of similar effect sizes would increase this figure to approximately 16% of phenotypic variation (approximately 20% of heritable variation). Although additional approaches are needed to dissect the genetic architecture of polygenic human traits fully, our findings indicate that GWA studies can identify large numbers of loci that implicate biologically relevant genes and pathways.
  •  
6.
  • Mahajan, Anubha, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide trans-ancestry meta-analysis provides insight into the genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes susceptibility
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718 .- 1061-4036. ; 46:3, s. 234-234
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To further understanding of the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) susceptibility, we aggregated published meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including 26,488 cases and 83,964 controls of European, east Asian, south Asian and Mexican and Mexican American ancestry. We observed a significant excess in the directional consistency of T2D risk alleles across ancestry groups, even at SNPs demonstrating only weak evidence of association. By following up the strongest signals of association from the trans-ethnic meta-analysis in an additional 21,491 cases and 55,647 controls of European ancestry, we identified seven new T2D susceptibility loci. Furthermore, we observed considerable improvements in the fine-mapping resolution of common variant association signals at several T2D susceptibility loci. These observations highlight the benefits of trans-ethnic GWAS for the discovery and characterization of complex trait loci and emphasize an exciting opportunity to extend insight into the genetic architecture and pathogenesis of human diseases across populations of diverse ancestry.
  •  
7.
  • Marsell, Richard, et al. (författare)
  • Fibroblast growth factor-23 is associated with parathyroid hormone and renal function in a population-based cohort of elderly men.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies. - : Society of the European Journal of Endocrinology. - 1479-683X .- 0804-4643. ; 158:1, s. 125-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) is a circulating factor involved in phosphate (Pi) and vitamin D metabolism. Serum FGF23 is increased at later stages of chronic kidney disease due to chronic hyperphosphatemia and decreased renal clearance. Recent studies also indicate that FGF23 may directly regulate the expression of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in vitro. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to determine the relationship between FGF23, PTH, and other biochemistries in vivo in subjects with no history of renal disease. DESIGN: Serum biochemistries were measured in a subsample of the population-based Swedish part of the MrOS study. In total, 1000 Caucasian men aged 70-80 years were randomly selected from the population. METHODS: Intact FGF23, Pi, calcium, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, calculated from cystatin C), PTH, and 25(OH)D3 were measured. Association studies were performed using linear univariate and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: The median FGF23 level was 36.6 pg/ml, ranging from 0.63 to 957 pg/ml. There was a significant correlation between log FGF23 and eGFR (r=-0.21; P<0.00001) and log PTH (r=0.13; P<0.001). These variables remained as independent predictors of FGF23 in multivariate analysis. In addition, log PTH (beta=0.082; P<0.05) and eGFR (beta=-0.090; P<0.05) were associated with log FGF23 in subjects with eGFR>60 ml/min. Only eGFR (beta=-0.35; P<0.0001) remained as a predictor of log FGF23 in subjects with eGFR<60 ml/min. CONCLUSIONS: Serum FGF23 and PTH are associated in vivo, supporting recent findings that FGF23 directly regulates PTH expression in vitro. Additionally, eGFR is associated with FGF23 in subjects with normal or mildly impaired renal function, indicating that GFR may modulate FGF23 levels independent of serum Pi.
  •  
8.
  • Michaëlsson, Karl, et al. (författare)
  • The positive effect of dietary vitamin D intake on bone mineral density in men is modulated by the polyadenosine repeat polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Bone. - 8756-3282 .- 1873-2763. ; 39:6, s. 1343-1351
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Few studies have considered the dietary influence of vitamin D intake on bone mineral density (BMD). Numerous studies have examined the association between VDR polymorphism and BMD, but no previous study has examined the joint influence of dietary vitamin D intake and VDR polymorphism on BMD. METHODS: We therefore conducted a study in 230 men aged 41-76 years of age. BMD was measured with DXA. A second bone scan was performed on average 2.7 years after the first investigation. Dietary habits were assessed by 14 dietary 24-h recall interviews. The polyadenosine (A) VDR genotypes were determined. RESULTS: Dietary vitamin D intake was associated with BMD at all sites, also after multivariate adjustment. Those in the highest quintile of intake had 9% higher femoral neck BMD (p = 0.004), 6% higher BMD at the lumbar spine (p = 0.06) and 5% higher total body BMD (p = 0.003) compared to men in the lowest quintile of dietary vitamin D intake. However, the positive association between vitamin D intake and BMD was especially apparent among those with the L/L polyadenosine (A) VDR genotype explaining between 10 and 15% of the variability in BMD depending on site (p < 0.004). There was furthermore a trend, in the lumbar spine, of less reduction in BMD with increasing vitamin D intake (p = 0.07) but not at the other sites. Calcium intake conferred no association with BMD. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the extent of positive association between dietary vitamin D intake and BMD in men is dependent on VDR polymorphism, a novel conceivable important gene-environmental interaction.
  •  
9.
  • Sigurdsson, Snaevar, et al. (författare)
  • A risk haplotype of STAT4 for systemic lupus erythematosus is over-expressed, correlates with anti-dsDNA and shows additive effects with two risk alleles of IRF5
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - : Oxford University Press. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 17:18, s. 2868-2876
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototype autoimmune disease where genes regulated by type I interferon (IFN) are over-expressed and contribute to the disease pathogenesis. Because signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) plays a key role in the type I IFN receptor signaling, we performed a candidate gene study of a comprehensive set of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) in STAT4 in Swedish patients with SLE. We found that 10 out of 53 analyzed SNPs in STAT4 were associated with SLE, with the strongest signal of association (P = 7.1 x 10(-8)) for two perfectly linked SNPs rs10181656 and rs7582694. The risk alleles of these 10 SNPs form a common risk haplotype for SLE (P = 1.7 x 10(-5)). According to conditional logistic regression analysis the SNP rs10181656 or rs7582694 accounts for all of the observed association signal. By quantitative analysis of the allelic expression of STAT4 we found that the risk allele of STAT4 was over-expressed in primary human cells of mesenchymal origin, but not in B-cells, and that the risk allele of STAT4 was over-expressed (P = 8.4 x 10(-5)) in cells carrying the risk haplotype for SLE compared with cells with a non-risk haplotype. The risk allele of the SNP rs7582694 in STAT4 correlated to production of anti-dsDNA (double-stranded DNA) antibodies and displayed a multiplicatively increased, 1.82-fold risk of SLE with two independent risk alleles of the IRF5 (interferon regulatory factor 5) gene.
  •  
10.
  • Allum, Fiona, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of functional methylomes by next-generation capture sequencing identifies novel disease-associated variants
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most genome-wide methylation studies (EWAS) of multifactorial disease traits use targeted arrays or enrichment methodologies preferentially covering CpG-dense regions, to characterize sufficiently large samples. To overcome this limitation, we present here a new customizable, cost-effective approach, methylC-capture sequencing (MCC-Seq), for sequencing functional methylomes, while simultaneously providing genetic variation information. To illustrate MCC-Seq, we use whole-genome bisulfite sequencing on adipose tissue (AT) samples and public databases to design AT-specific panels. We establish its efficiency for high-density interrogation of methylome variability by systematic comparisons with other approaches and demonstrate its applicability by identifying novel methylation variation within enhancers strongly correlated to plasma triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol, including at CD36. Our more comprehensive AT panel assesses tissue methylation and genotypes in parallel at ∼4 and ∼3 M sites, respectively. Our study demonstrates that MCC-Seq provides comparable accuracy to alternative approaches but enables more efficient cataloguing of functional and disease-relevant epigenetic and genetic variants for large-scale EWAS.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 55
  • [1]23456Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (49)
annan publikation (5)
doktorsavhandling (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (49)
övrigt vetenskapligt (6)
Författare/redaktör
Grundberg, Elin (53)
Ljunggren, Östen (23)
Mallmin, Hans (21)
Pastinen, Tomi (19)
McCarthy, Mark I (18)
Ohlsson, Claes, 1965 (15)
visa fler...
Deloukas, Panos (13)
Ljunggren, Osten (13)
Uitterlinden, Andre ... (12)
Mellström, Dan, 1945 (12)
Richards, J. Brent (12)
Karlsson, Magnus (11)
Karlsson, Magnus K. (11)
Kwan, Tony (11)
Spector, Timothy D (11)
Ge, Bing (10)
Mellstrom, Dan (10)
Rivadeneira, Fernand ... (10)
Kiel, Douglas P. (10)
Ohlsson, Claes (10)
Hofman, Albert (9)
Hedman, Asa K. (9)
Grundberg, E (9)
Evans, David M (9)
Lindgren, Cecilia M. (9)
Holmberg, Anna H (8)
Harris, Tamara B (8)
Kemp, John P (8)
Orwoll, Eric S. (8)
Wilson, Scott G. (8)
Dermitzakis, Emmanou ... (7)
Soranzo, Nicole (7)
Spector, Tim D. (7)
Hedman, Åsa K (7)
Thorleifsson, Gudmar (7)
Stefansson, Kari (7)
Lorentzon, Mattias, ... (7)
Ridker, Paul M. (6)
Chasman, Daniel I. (6)
Wilson, James F. (6)
Thorsteinsdottir, Un ... (6)
Nilsson, Olle (6)
Shuldiner, Alan R (6)
Cupples, L. Adrienne (6)
Voight, Benjamin F. (6)
Karasik, David (6)
Tobias, Jonathan H. (6)
Wood, Andrew R (6)
Frayling, Timothy M (6)
Glass, Daniel (6)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Uppsala universitet (38)
Göteborgs universitet (18)
Lunds universitet (15)
Umeå universitet (3)
Karolinska Institutet (2)
Stockholms universitet (1)
visa fler...
Mittuniversitetet (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (52)
Odefinierat språk (3)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (32)
Naturvetenskap (6)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy