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  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)
  • Sampson, Joshua N., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of Heritability and Shared Heritability Based on Genome-Wide Association Studies for 13 Cancer Types
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - 0027-8874 .- 1460-2105. ; 107:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Studies of related individuals have consistently demonstrated notable familial aggregation of cancer. We aim to estimate the heritability and genetic correlation attributable to the additive effects of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for cancer at 13 anatomical sites.Methods: Between 2007 and 2014, the US National Cancer Institute has generated data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for 49 492 cancer case patients and 34 131 control patients. We apply novel mixed model methodology (GCTA) to this GWAS data to estimate the heritability of individual cancers, as well as the proportion of heritability attributable to cigarette smoking in smoking-related cancers, and the genetic correlation between pairs of cancers.Results: GWAS heritability was statistically significant at nearly all sites, with the estimates of array-based heritability, h(l)(2), on the liability threshold (LT) scale ranging from 0.05 to 0.38. Estimating the combined heritability of multiple smoking characteristics, we calculate that at least 24% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 14% to 37%) and 7% (95% CI = 4% to 11%) of the heritability for lung and bladder cancer, respectively, can be attributed to genetic determinants of smoking. Most pairs of cancers studied did not show evidence of strong genetic correlation. We found only four pairs of cancers with marginally statistically significant correlations, specifically kidney and testes (rho = 0.73, SE = 0.28), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and pediatric osteosarcoma (rho = 0.53, SE = 0.21), DLBCL and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (rho = 0.51, SE = 0.18), and bladder and lung (rho = 0.35, SE = 0.14). Correlation analysis also indicates that the genetic architecture of lung cancer differs between a smoking population of European ancestry and a nonsmoking Asian population, allowing for the possibility that the genetic etiology for the same disease can vary by population and environmental exposures.Conclusion: Our results provide important insights into the genetic architecture of cancers and suggest new avenues for investigation.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of D0 -> K -π+π+π-
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an amplitude analysis of the decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-) based on a data sample of 2.93 fb(-1) acquired by the BESIII detector at the psi(3770) resonance. With a nearly background free sample of about 16000 events, we investigate the substructure of the decay and determine the relative fractions and the phases among the different intermediate processes. Our amplitude model includes the two-body decays D-0 -> (K) over bar*(0)rho(0), D-0 -> K- a(1)(+) (1260) and D-0 -> K-1(-)(1270)pi(+), the three-body decays D-0 -> K-1(-)*(0)pi(+)pi(-) and D-0 -> K- pi(+)rho(0), as well as the four-body nonresonant decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-). The dominant intermediate process is D-0 -> K(-)a(1)(+)(1260)accounting for a fit fraction of 54.6%.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of the pi(0)pi(0) system produced in radiative J/psi decays
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 92:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An amplitude analysis of the pi(0)pi(0) system produced in radiative J/psi decays is presented. In particular, a piecewise function that describes the dynamics of the pi(0)pi(0) system is determined as a function of M pi(0)pi(0) from an analysis of the (1.311 +/- 0.011) x 10(9) J/psi decays collected by the BESIII detector. The goal of this analysis is to provide a description of the scalar and tensor components of the pi(0)pi(0) system while making minimal assumptions about the properties or number of poles in the amplitude. Such a model-independent description allows one to integrate these results with other related results from complementary reactions in the development of phenomenological models, which can then be used to directly fit experimental data to obtain parameters of interest. The branching fraction of J/psi -> pi(0)pi(0) is determined to be (1.15 +/- 0.05) x 10(-3), where the uncertainty is systematic only and the statistical uncertainty is negligible.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Confirmation of a charged charmoniumlike state Z(c)(3885)(-/+) in e(+)e(-) -> pi(+/-) (D(D)over-bar*)(-/+) with double D tag
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 92:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a study of the process e(+)e(-) -> pi(+/-) (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) using data samples of 1092 pb(-1) at root s = 4.23 GeV and 826 pb(-1) at root s = 4.26 GeV collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. With full reconstruction of the D meson pair and the bachelor pi(+) in the final state, we confirm the existence of the charged structure Z(c) (3885)(-/+) in the (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) system in the two isospin processes e(+)e(-) -> pi(+DD)-D-0*(-) and e(+)e(-) -> pi+D-D*(0). By performing a simultaneous fit, the statistical significance of Zc(3885)(-/+) signal is determined to be greater than 10 sigma, and its pole mass and width are measured to be M-pole = (3881.7 +/- 1.6(stat) +/- 1.6(syst)) MeV/c(2) and Gamma(pole) = (26.6 +/- 2.0(stat) +/- 2.1(syst)) MeV, respectively. The Born cross section times the (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) branching fraction (sigma(e(+)e(-) -> pi(+/-)Z(c)(3885)(-/+)) x Br(Z(c)(3885)(-/+) -> (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) )) is measured to be (141.6 +/- 7.9(stat) +/- 12.3(syst)) pb at root s = 4.23 GeV and (108.4 +/- 6.9(stat) +/- 8.8(syst)) pb at root s = 4.26 GeV. The polar angular distribution of the pi(+) - Z(c)(3885)(-/+) system is consistent with the expectation of a quantum number assignment of J(P) = 1(+) for Z(c)(3885)(-/+).
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the Spin and Parity of the Z(c)(3900)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 119:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The spin and parity of the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) state are determined to be J(P) = 1(+) with a statistical significance larger than 7 sigma over other quantum numbers in a partial wave analysis of the process e(+)e(-) -> pi(+)pi(-) J/psi We use a data sample of 1.92 fb(-1) accumulated at root s = 4.23 and 4.26 GeV with the BESIII experiment. When parametrizing the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) with a Flatte-like formula, we determine its pole mass M-pole = (3881.2 +/- 4.2(stat) +/- 52.7(syst)) MeV/c(2) and pole width Gamma(pole) = (51.8 +/- 4.6(stat) +/- 36.0(syst)) MeV. We also measure cross sections for the process e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(3900)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -> J/psi pi(+)pi(-) and determine an upper limit at the 90% confidence level for the process e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(4020)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -> J/psi pi(+)pi(-).
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for e(+)e(-)->gamma chi c1,2 at center-of-mass energies from 4.009 to 4.360 GeV
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Chinese Physics C, High Energy Physics & Nuclear Physics. - 1674-1137 .- 0899-9996. ; 39:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using data samples collected at center-of-mass energies of root s=4.009, 4.230, 4.260, and 4.360 GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider, we perform a search for the process e(+)e(-)->gamma chi(cJ) (J=0, 1, 2) and find evidence for e(+)e(-)->gamma chi(c1) and e(+)e(-)->gamma chi(c2) with statistical significances of 3.0 sigma and 3.4 sigma, respectively. The Born cross sections sigma(B)(e(+)e(-)->gamma chi(cJ)), as well as their upper limits at the 90% confidence level (C.L.) are determined at each center-of-mass energy.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of higher-order multipole amplitudes in psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) with chi(c1,2) -> gamma J/psi and search for the transition eta(c)(2S) -> gamma J/psi
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 106 x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, we measure multipole amplitudes for the decay psi(3686) ->; gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi beyond the dominant electric-dipole amplitudes. The normalized magnetic-quadrupole (M2) amplitude for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi and the normalized electric-dipole amplitudes for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c2) -> gamma J/psi and determined. The M2 amplitudes for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1) and ; chi(c1,2) -> gamma J/psi are found to differ significantly from zero and are consistent with theoretical predictions. We also obtain the ratios of M2 contributions of psi(3686) and J/psi decays to;2,chi(c1,2,) b(2)(1/)b(2)(2) = 1.35 +/- 0.72 and a(2)(1/)a(2)(2) = 0.617 +/- 0.083,,which agree well with theoretical expectations. By considering the multipole contributions of chi(c1,2), we measure the product branching fractions for the cascade decays psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c 0,1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi and search for the process eta(c)(2s) -> gamma J/psi through psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c)(2s).The product branching fraction for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c0) -> gamma gamma J/psi is 3 sigma larger than published measurements, while those of psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi are consistent. No significant signal for the decay psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c) (2s) -> gamma gamma J/psi is observed, and the upper limit of the product branching fraction at the 90% confidence level is determined.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of y(CP) in D-0-(D)over-bar(0) oscillation using quantum correlations in e(+)e(-) -> D-0(D)over-bar(0) at root s=3.773 GeV
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 744, s. 339-346
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report a measurement of the parameter y(CP) in D-0-(D) over bar (0) oscillations performed by taking advantage of quantum coherence between pairs of D-0(D) over bar (0) mesons produced in e(+)e(-) annihilations near threshold. In this work, doubly-tagged D-0(D) over bar (0) events, where one D decays to a CP eigenstate and the other D decays in a semileptonic mode, are reconstructed using a data sample of 2.92 fb(-1) collected with the BESIII detector at the center-of-mass energy of root s = 3.773 GeV. We obtain y(CP) = (-2.0 +/- 1.3 +/- 0.7)%, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. This result is compatible with the current world average.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurements of cross section of e(+)e(-) -> p(p)over-bar pi(0) at center-of-mass energies between 4.008 and 4.600 GeV
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 771, s. 45-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Based on e(+)e(-) annihilation data samples collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider at 13 center-of-mass energies from 4.008 to 4.600 GeV, measurements of the Born cross section of e(+)e(-) -> p (p) over bar pi(0) are performed. No significant resonant structure is observed in the measured energy dependence of the cross section. The upper limit on the Born cross section of e(+)e(-) -> Y (4260) -> p (p) over bar pi(0) at the 90% C. L. is determined to be 0.01 pb. The upper limit on the ratio of the branching fractions B(Y(4260) -> p (p) over bar pi(0))/B(Y(4260) -> pi(+)pi(-) j/Psi) at the 90% C. L. is determined to be 0.02%.
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