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Sökning: WFRF:(Haghdoost Ali Akbar)

  • Resultat 1-6 av 6
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  • Danaei, Goodarz, et al. (författare)
  • Iran in transition
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - 0140-6736 .- 1474-547X. ; 393:10184, s. 1984-2005
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Being the second-largest country in the Middle East, Iran has a long history of civilisation during which several dynasties have been overthrown and established and health-related structures have been reorganised. Iran has had the replacement of traditional practices with modern medical treatments, emergence of multiple pioneer scientists and physicians with great contributions to the advancement of science, environmental and ecological changes in addition to large-scale natural disasters, epidemics of multiple communicable diseases, and the shift towards non-communicable diseases in recent decades. Given the lessons learnt from political instabilities in the past centuries and the approaches undertaken to overcome health challenges at the time, Iran has emerged as it is today. Iran is now a country with a population exceeding 80 million, mainly inhabiting urban regions, and has an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, malignancies, mental disorders, substance abuse, and road injuries.
  • Sajadi, Leily, et al. (författare)
  • HIV prevalence and related risk behaviours among female sex workers in Iran: results of the national biobehavioural survey, 2010
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Sexually Transmitted Infections. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1368-4973. ; 89, s. 37-40
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To determine the prevalence of HIV and related behavioural risks among Iranian female sex workers (FSW) via the first national biobehavioural surveillance survey. Methods In 2010, 1005 FSW were approached and 872 recruited using facility-based sampling from 21 sites in 14 cities in Iran. We collected dried blood samples and conducted face-to-face interviews using a standardised questionnaire. Data were weighted based on the response rate and adjusted for the clustering effect of the sampling site. Adjustment was performed by weighting based on the sampling fraction of each site using a prior estimate of its total size of the FSW population. Results The prevalence of HIV infection (95% CI) was 4.5% (2.4 to 8.3) overall, 4.8% (2.2 to 9.8) among those who had reported a history of drug use and 11.2% (5.4 to 21.5) among those who had a history of injection drug use. The frequencies of condom use in the last sexual act with paying clients and non-paying partners were 57.1% and 36.3%, respectively. Any drug use was reported by 73.8% of participants, and among this subgroup, 20.5% had a history of injection drug use. Conclusions The prevalence of HIV was considerable among FSW particularly those who had a history of drug injection. A combination of prevention efforts addressing unsafe sex and injection are needed to prevent further transmission of HIV infection.
  • Sharifi, Hamid, et al. (författare)
  • Estimation of HIV incidence and its trend in three key populations in Iran
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 13:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In Iran, People Who Inject Drugs (PWID), Female Sex Workers (FSW), and prisoners are the main key populations at risk of HIV infection. This study aimed to evaluate the trend of HIV incidence among PWID, FSW and prisoners as an impact measure of HIV harm reduction and prevention efforts in Iran. Data were obtained from the two rounds of national bio-behavioral surveillance surveys among FSW (2010 (n = 872), 2015 (n = 1339)), PWID (2010 (n = 2417), 2014 (n = 2307)), and prisoners (2009 (n = 4536), 2013 (n = 5390)) through facility-based (FSW and PWID surveys) and cluster sampling (prisoner surveys). Time-at-risk was calculated assuming the age at first sex or drug injection as the beginning of the at-risk period and the age at the time of the interview or date when they received a positive HIV test result as the end of this period, adjusted for interval censoring. HIV incidence among PWID in 2014 was 5.39 (95% CI 4.71, 6.16) per 1,000 person-years (PY), significantly lower than in 2009 (17.07, 95% CI 15.34, 19.34). Similarly, HIV incidence was 1.12 (95% CI 0.77, 1.64) per 1,000 PY among FSW in 2015, a significant drop from 2010 (2.38, 95% CI 1.66, 3.40). Also, HIV incidence decreased among prisoners from 1.34 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.67) in 2009 to 0.49 (95% CI: 0.39, 0.61) per 1,000 PY in 2013. Our findings suggest that after an increase in the 2000s, the HIV incidence may have been decreased and stabilized among key populations in Iran.
  • Shokoohi, Mostafa, et al. (författare)
  • Low HIV testing rate and its correlates among men who inject drugs in Iran
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Drug Policy. - : Elsevier. - 0955-3959. ; 32, s. 64-69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Iran has a concentrated HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID). Low HIV testing uptake could contribute to the significant number HIV-infected PWID, who go undiagnosed. This study aims to assess HIV testing uptake and its correlates among PWID in Iran. Methods: Data were collected through a national cross-sectional bio-behavioral study in 2010. Adult male HIV-negative PWID were included in the current analysis. All estimates were adjusted for the clustering effect of the sampling sites. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the correlates of recent HIV testing and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) were reported. Results: Out of the 2146 eligible PWID for this study, 49.8% reported having ever tested for HIV. However, only 24.9% had tested in the previous year and received their test results. Around 65.2% of PWID knew an HIV testing site. In the multivariable analysis, knowing an HIV testing site (AOR. = 13.9; P-value.
  • Khajehkazemi, Razieh, et al. (författare)
  • HIV prevalence and risk behaviours among people who inject drugs in Iran: the 2010 National Surveillance Survey
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Sexually Transmitted Infections. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1368-4973. ; 89, s. 29-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To assess the prevalence of HIV and related risk behaviours among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Iran. Methods We conducted a national cross-sectional bio-behavioural surveillance survey between March and July 2010, interviewing male PWID from a geographically dispersed sample through a facility-based sampling method. Results We recruited 2480, and tested 2290 PWID. The overall prevalence of HIV was 15.2% (95% CI 9.7% to 23.1%). Among those who had injected drugs over the last month, 36.9% had used a non-sterile needle, and 12.6% had practiced shared injection. Over the past 12 months preceding the interview, 30.4% had sold sex for money, drugs, goods or a favour. In the multivariate analysis, the prevalence of HIV had a positive association with age, while having above high school education, and permanent job were protective. Conclusions Unsafe injection, and sexual risk behaviours are still frequent and the prevalence of HIV among PWID remains high. Intensified efforts are needed to prevent the further spread of HIV among Iranian PWID and their sexual partners.
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  • Resultat 1-6 av 6

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