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Sökning: WFRF:(Hammaren L)

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1.
  • Andersson-Gäre, Boel, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence and prevalence of juvenile chronic arthritis : a population survey
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. - 0003-4967 (Print) 0003-4967 (Linking) ; 46:4, s. 277-81
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In a population based epidemiological survey of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), performed in Western Sweden in 1983, an incidence of 12/100,000 was found. The estimated prevalence was 56/100,000. Subgroup distribution showed a preponderance of mono- and pauciarticular forms. The peak age of onset was between 0 and 4 years of age. Girls predominated over boys in a ratio of 3:2. Overall, 30% were antinuclear antibody (ANA) positive, 9% rheumatoid factor (RF) positive, and eye involvement occurred in 10% of the children. The results suggest differences in population based studies of JCA compared with previously reported hospital based series.</p>
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  • Hanås, Ragnar, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Indwelling catheters used from the onset of diabetes decrease injection pain and pre-injection anxiety
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: J Pediatr. - 0022-3476 .- 0022-3476. ; 140:3, s. 315-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of indwelling catheters as injection aids at diabetes onset to reduce injection pain and pre-injection anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-one patients aged 8.1 +/- 3.7 years (range, 1-15) participated in this open, controlled randomized study. A 10-cm VAS with faces was used for scoring. A local anesthetic cream was used before all insertions. The control group used insulin pens with standard needles. After one week, the indwelling catheter group could choose regular injections but were included in the "intention to treat" analysis. RESULTS: Injection pain and anxiety decreased from day 1 to 15 in both groups (average, 4.1 injections/day). Pain was significantly lower for indwelling catheter injections when scored by parents (median, 1.2 cm vs 2.7 cm; P =.002), children/teenagers (0.8 cm vs 1.5 cm; P =.006), and nurses (1.4 cm vs 3.0 cm; P =.002). Parental pre-injection anxiety was also lower (1.2 cm vs 2.9 cm; P =.016). Taking injections, including inserting catheters, was found to be less problematic with an indwelling catheter (1.6 cm vs 3.3 cm;P =.009). During the 6-month follow-up, injection pain and injection problems were significantly lower in the catheter group. Mean catheter indwelling time was 3.7 days. Median pain for catheter insertion was 2.1 cm and for glucose testing was 0.9 cm. Sixteen of 20 patients continued to use indwelling catheters after 2 weeks, and 9 of 20 after 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: We found an evident relief of pre-injection anxiety and injection pain when using indwelling catheters for introducing insulin injections at the onset of diabetes.
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4.
  • Jacobson, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Visual impairment is common in children born before 25 gestational weeks-boys are more vulnerable than girls.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). - 1651-2227. ; 98:2, s. 261-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Children born extremely preterm have high risk of visual impairment due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and cerebral lesions. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of ROP and visual impairment as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), with respect to gender in two hospital-based groups of children born at the limit of viability. Patients and methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all children (n = 114), born before 25 gestational weeks and screened for ROP at Karolinska hospital in Stockholm and Sahlgrenska hospital in Gothenburg between 1990 and 2002. Maximal ROP stages, treatment for ROP and visual acuity (VA), with correction when needed at latest available visit, were recorded. Results: Altogether 97.4% had ROP, 74.6% developed proliferative disease (stage >/= 3) and 63.2% were treated with retinal ablation. Normal VA (>/=0.8) in at least one eye was found in 50.5% of all and in significantly more girls (61.5%) than boys (34.8%) (p = 0.006), while visual impairment (VA < 0.33) was more common in boys (32.6%) than in girls (9.2%) (p = 0.004). Conclusion: A large proportion of children, especially boys, born at the level of viability are visually impaired with low vision or blindness. Development of preventive measures is urgent.
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