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1.
  • Abelev, B., et al. (författare)
  • D-S(+) meson production at central rapidity in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters. Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. - Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 718:2, s. 279-294
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The P-T-differential inclusive production cross section of the prompt charm-strange meson D-s(+) in the rapidity range vertical bar y vertical bar < 0.5 was measured in proton-proton collisions at root s = 7 TeV at the LHC using the ALICE detector. The analysis was performed on a data sample of 2.98 x 10(8) events collected with a minimum-bias trigger. The corresponding integrated luminosity is L-int = 4.8 nb(-1). Reconstructing the decay D-s(+) -> phi pi(+) with phi -> K-K+, and its charge conjugate, about 480 D-s(+/-) mesons were counted, after selection cuts, in the transverse momentum range 2 < P-T < 12 GeV/c. The results are compared with predictions from models based on perturbative QCD. The ratios of the cross sections of four D meson species (namely D-0, D+, D*+ and D-s(+)) were determined both as a function of p(T) and integrated over p(T)after extrapolating to full p(T) range, together with the strangeness suppression factor in charm fragmentation. The obtained values are found to be compatible within uncertainties with those measured by other experiments in e(+)e(-), ep and pp interactions at various centre-of-mass energies. (C) 2012 CERN. Published by Elsevier By. All rights reserved.
2.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the t(t)over-bar production cross section using dilepton events in p(p)over-bar collisions
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 704:5, s. 403-410
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a measurement of the a production cross section sigma((u) over bar) in p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV using 5.4 fb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector. We consider final states with at least two jets and two leptons (ee, e mu, mu mu), and events with one jet for the e mu final state as well. The measured cross section is sigma((u) over bar) = 7.36(-0.79)(+0.90)(stat + syst) pb. This result combined with the cross section measurement in the lepton + jets final state yields sigma((u) over bar) = 7.56(-0.56)(+0.63)(stat + syst) pb, which agrees with the standard model expectation. The relative precision of 8% of this measurement is comparable to the precision of the latest theoretical calculations. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>
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3.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for flavor changing neutral currents in decays of top quarks
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 701:3, s. 313-320
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a search for flavor changing neutral currents in decays of top quarks. The analysis is based on a search for <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/cache/MiamiImageURL/B6TVN-532WDNB-3-2/0?wchp=dGLbVzW-zSkWb" /> (<em>ℓ</em>,<em>ℓ</em><sup>′</sup>=<em>e</em>,<em>μ</em>) final states using 4.1 fb<sup>−1</sup> of integrated luminosity of <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/cache/MiamiImageURL/B6TVN-532WDNB-3-6X/0?wchp=dGLbVzW-zSkWb" /> collisions at <img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/cache/MiamiImageURL/B6TVN-532WDNB-3-79/0?wchp=dGLbVzW-zSkWb" />. We extract limits on the branching ratio <em>B</em>(<em>t</em>→<em>Z</em><em>q</em>) (<em>q</em>=<em>u</em>,<em>c</em> quarks), assuming anomalous <em>tuZ</em> or <em>tcZ</em> couplings. We do not observe any sign of such anomalous coupling and set a limit of <em>B</em>&lt;3.2% at 95% C.L.</p>
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4.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the ZH -&gt; nu(nu)over-barb(b)over-bar channel in 9.5 fb(-1) of p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 716:2, s. 285-293
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in 9.5 fb(-1) of p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The final state considered contains a pair of b jets and is characterized by an imbalance in transverse energy, as expected from p (p) over bar -&gt; ZH -&gt; nu(nu) over barb (b) over bar production. The search is also sensitive to the WH -&gt; l nu b (b) over bar channel when the charged lepton is not identified. The data are found to be in good agreement with the expected background. For a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV, we set a limit at the 95% C.L. on the cross section sigma(p (p) over bar -&gt; vertical bar Z/W vertical bar H), assuming standard model branching fractions, that is a factor of 4.3 times larger than the theoretical standard model value, while the expected factor is 3.9. The search is also used to measure a combined WZ and ZZ production cross section that is a factor of 0.94 +/- 0.31 (stat) +/- 0.34 (syst) times the standard model prediction of 4.4 pb, with an observed significance of 2.0 standard deviations. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>
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5.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for W' -&gt; tb resonances with left- and right-handed couplings to fermions D0 Collaboration
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 699:3, s. 145-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a search for the production of a heavy gauge boson, W', that decays to third-generation quarks, by DO Collaboration in p (p) over bar) collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV. We set 95% confidence level upper limits on the production cross section times branching fraction. For the first time, we set limits for arbitrary combinations of left-and right-handed couplings of the W' boson to fermions. For couplings with the same strength as for the standard model W boson, we set the following limits, assuming that there are right-handed neutrinos nu(R) for all three generations with M(W') &gt; m(nu(R)): M(W') &gt; 863 GeV for purely left-handed couplings, M(W') &gt; 885 GeV for purely right-handed couplings, and M(W') &gt; 916 GeV if both left-and right-handed couplings are present. The limit for right-handed couplings improves for M(W') &lt; m(nu(R)) to M(W') &gt; 890 GeV.</p>
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6.
  • Abelev, B., et al. (författare)
  • Inclusive J/psi production in pp collisions at root s=2.76 TeV
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters. Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. - Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 718:2, s. 295-306
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ALICE Collaboration has measured inclusive J/psi production in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy root s = 2.76 TeV at the LHC. The results presented in this Letter refer to the rapidity ranges vertical bar y vertical bar < 0.9 and 2.5 < y <4 and have been obtained by measuring the electron and muon pair decay channels, respectively. The integrated luminosities for the two channels are L-int(e) = 1.1 nb(-1) and L-int(mu) = 19.9 nb(-1), and the corresponding signal statistics are N-J/psi(e+e-) = 59 +/- 14 and N-J/psi(mu+mu-) = 1364 +/- 53. We present d sigma(J/psi)/dy for the two rapidity regions under study and, for the forward-y range, d(2)sigma(J/psi)/dydp(t) in the transverse momentum domain 0 < p(t) < 8 GeV/c. The results are compared with previously published results at root s = 7 TeV and with theoretical calculations. (C) 2012 CERN. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
7.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of spin correlation in t(t)over-bar production using dilepton final states
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 702:1, s. 16-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We measure the correlation between the spin of the top quark and the spin of the anti-top quark in t (t) over bar -&gt; W(+)bW(-)(b) over bar -&gt; l(+)vbl(-) (v) over bar(b) over bar final states produced in p (p) over bar collisions at a center of mass energy root s = 1.96 TeV, where l is an electron or muon. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb(-1) and were collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The correlation is extracted from the angles of the two leptons in the t and (t) over bar rest frames, yielding a correlation strength C = 0.10(-0.45)(+0.45). in agreement with the NLO QCD prediction within two standard deviations, but also in agreement with the no correlation hypothesis.</p>
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8.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for neutral Higgs bosons in the multi-b-jet topology in 5.2 fb(-1) of p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 698:2, s. 97-104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Data recorded by the DO experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider are analyzed to search for neutral Higgs bosons produced in association with b quarks. The search is performed in the three-b-quark channel using multijet-triggered events corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.2 fb(-1). In the absence of any significant excess above background, limits are set on the cross section multiplied by the branching ratio in the Higgs boson mass range 90 to 300 GeV, extending the excluded regions in the parameter space of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>
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9.
  • Abelev, B., et al. (författare)
  • Charge correlations using the balance function in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN)=2.76 TeV
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters. Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. - Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 723:4-5, s. 267-279
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In high-energy heavy-ion collisions, the correlations between the emitted particles can be used as a probe to gain insight into the charge creation mechanisms. In this Letter, we report the first results of such studies using the electric charge balance function in the relative pseudorapidity (Delta eta) and azimuthal angle (Delta phi) in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The width of the balance function decreases with growing centrality (i.e. for more central collisions) in both projections. This centrality dependence is not reproduced by HIJING, while AMPT, a model which incorporates strings and parton rescattering, exhibits qualitative agreement with the measured correlations in Delta phi but fails to describe the correlations in Delta eta. A thermal blast-wave model incorporating local charge conservation and tuned to describe the p(T) spectra and v(2) measurements reported by ALICE, is used to fit the centrality dependence of the width of the balance function and to extract the average separation of balancing charges at freeze-out. The comparison of our results with measurements at lower energies reveals an ordering with root s(NN): the balance functions become narrower with increasing energy for all centralities. This is consistent with the effect of larger radial flow at the LHC energies but also with the late stage creation scenario of balancing charges. However, the relative decrease of the balance function widths in Delta eta and Delta phi, with centrality from the highest SPS to the LHC energy exhibits only small differences. This observation cannot be interpreted solely within the framework where the majority of the charge is produced at a later stage in the evolution of the heavy-ion collision. (C) 2013 CERN. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
10.
  • Abelev, B., et al. (författare)
  • Light vector meson production in pp collisions at root s=7 TeV ALICE Collaboration
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters. Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. - Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 710:4-5, s. 557-568
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ALICE experiment has measured low-mass dimuon production in pp collisions at root s = 7 TeV in the dimuon rapidity region 2.5 < y < 4. The observed dimuon mass spectrum is described as a superposition of resonance decays (eta, rho, omega, eta', phi) into muons and semi-leptonic decays of charmed mesons. The measured production cross sections for omega and phi are sigma(omega)(1 < p(t) < 5 GeV/c. 2.5 < y < 4) = 5.28 +/- 0.54(stat) +/- 0.49(syst) mb and sigma(phi)(1 < p(t) < 5 GeV/c. 2.5 < y < 4) = 0.940 +/- 0.084(stat) +/- 0.076(syst) mb. The differential cross sections d(2)sigma/dy dp(t) are extracted as a function of p(t) for omega and phi. The ratio between the rho and omega cross section is obtained. Results for the phi are compared with other measurements at the same energy and with predictions by models. (C) 2012 CERN. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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