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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Hanas R.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Hanas R.)

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1.
  • Sumnik, Z., et al. (författare)
  • Persistent heterogeneity in diabetes technology reimbursement for children with type 1 diabetes: The SWEET perspective
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Diabetes. - 1399-543X. ; 20:4, s. 434-443
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Frequent use of modern diabetes technologies increases the chance for optimal type 1 diabetes (T1D) control. Limited reimbursement influences the access of patients with T1D to these modalities and could worsen their prognosis. We aimed to describe the situation of reimbursement for insulins, glucometers, insulin pumps (CSII) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for children with T1D in European countries participating in the SWEET Project and to compare data from EU countries with data from our previous study in 2009. Methods: The study was conducted between March 2017 and August 2017. First, we approached diabetes technology companies with a survey to map the reimbursement of insulins and diabetic devices. The data collected from these companies were then validated by members of the SWEET consortium. Results: We collected data from 29 European countries, whereas all types of insulins are mostly fully covered, heterogeneity was observed regarding the reimbursement of strips for glucometers (from 90 strips/month to no limit). CSII is readily available in 20 of 29 countries. Seven countries reported significant quota issues or obstacles for CSII prescription, and two countries had no CSII reimbursement. CGM is at least partially reimbursed in 17 of 29 countries. The comparison with the 2009 study showed an increasing availability of CSII and CGM across the EU. Conclusions: Although innovative diabetes technology is available, a large proportion of children with T1D still do not benefit from it due to its limited reimbursement. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
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  • Sedimbi, S K, et al. (författare)
  • SUMO4 M55V polymorphism affects susceptibility to type I diabetes in HLA DR3- and DR4-positive Swedish patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Genes Immun. - 1466-4879 (Print). ; 8:6, s. 518-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SUMO4 M55V, located in IDDM5, has been a focus for debate because of its association to type I diabetes (TIDM) in Asians but not in Caucasians. The current study aims to test the significance of M55V association to TIDM in a large cohort of Swedish Caucasians, and to test whether M55V is associated in those carrying human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II molecules. A total of 673 TIDM patients and 535 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included in the study. PCR-RFLP was performed to identify the genotype and allele variations. Our data suggest that SUMO4 M55V is not associated with susceptibility to TIDM by itself. When we stratified our patients and controls based on heterozygosity for HLA-DR3/DR4 and SUMO4 genotypes, we found that presence of SUMO4 GG increased further the relative risk conferred by HLA-DR3/DR4 to TIDM, whereas SUMO4 AA decreased the risk. From the current study, we conclude that SUMO4 M55V is associated with TIDM in association with high-risk HLA-DR3 and DR4, but not by itself.
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4.
  • Anderson, J., et al. (författare)
  • Effect on glycemic control by short- and long-term use of continuous glucose monitoring in clinical practice
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of diabetes science and technology. - 1932-2968. ; 5:6, s. 1472-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: In Sweden, patients with diabetes mellitus frequently receive short-term (<3 months) continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) to study glucose patterns or long-term CGM to treat poor glycemic control or severe hypoglycemia. The effects of CGM on glycemic control in clinical practice in relation to indication and duration of use has not been completely studied. METHODS: Patients with diabetes, among which 99% were diagnosed as type 1, receiving CGM at 10 outpatient clinics in Sweden were studied retrospectively. Long-term use of CGM was defined as >/= 3 months use of CGM and short-term as <3 months. A control group matched on start date and date of latest value 3 months after the start was selected for both long- and short-term groups. RESULTS: In 34 long-term users of CGM, over a mean follow-up of 1.1 years, the adjusted mean difference of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) compared with controls (n = 408) was -0.76 (95% confidence interval -1.17; -0.33, p < .001). Long-term users with indications for high HbA1c (n = 15) had a reduction of 1.2% in HbA1c from 10.1 to 8.9% (p = .003), whereas patients with hypoglycemia as their indication (n = 16) decreased by 0.3% (p = .17). Nonsevere hypoglycemic events decreased in long-term users within the same follow-up period (p = .004). Short-term users showed no statistically significant improvement in HbA1c compared with controls at 1.1 years (n = 41), p = .85 or at 2.6 years (n = 43), p = .19. CONCLUSION: Long-term CGM use was associated with improved glycemic control in clinical practice and a reduction in nonsevere hypoglycemic events, whereas short-term use had no effect on HbA1c. The effect on glycemic control varied by indication.
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5.
  • Cherubini, Valentino, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal trends in diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of paediatric type 1 diabetes between 2006 and 2016: results from 13 countries in three continents
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Diabetologia. - SPRINGER. - 0012-186X .- 1432-0428.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Aims/hypothesis The aim of this work was to evaluate geographical variability and trends in the prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), between 2006 and 2016, at the diagnosis of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes in 13 countries over three continents. Methods An international retrospective study on DKA at diagnosis of diabetes was conducted. Data on age, sex, date of diabetes diagnosis, ethnic minority status and presence of DKA at diabetes onset were obtained from Australia, Austria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, USA and the UK (Wales). Mean prevalence was estimated for the entire period, both overall and by country, adjusted for sex and age group. Temporal trends in annual prevalence of DKA were estimated using logistic regression analysis for each country, before and after adjustment for sex, age group and ethnic minority status. Results During the study period, new-onset type 1 diabetes was diagnosed in 59,000 children (median age [interquartile range], 9.0 years [5.5-11.7]; male sex, 52.9%). The overall adjusted DKA prevalence was 29.9%, with the lowest prevalence in Sweden and Denmark and the highest in Luxembourg and Italy. The adjusted DKA prevalence significantly increased over time in Australia, Germany and the USA while it decreased in Italy. Preschool children, adolescents and children from ethnic minority groups were at highest risk of DKA at diabetes diagnosis in most countries. A significantly higher risk was also found for females in Denmark, Germany and Slovenia. Conclusions/interpretation DKA prevalence at type 1 diabetes diagnosis varied considerably across countries, albeit it was generally high and showed a slight increase between 2006 and 2016. Increased awareness of symptoms to prevent delay in diagnosis is warranted, especially in preschool children, adolescents and children from ethnic minority groups.</p>
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6.
  • Gyllenberg, Alexandra, et al. (författare)
  • Variability in the CIITA gene interacts with HLA in multiple sclerosis.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Genes and Immunity. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5470. ; 15:3, s. 162-167
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) is the main genetic determinant of multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. Within the HLA, the class II HLA-DRB1*15:01 allele exerts a disease-promoting effect, whereas the class I HLA-A*02 allele is protective. The CIITA gene is crucial for expression of class II HLA molecules and has previously been found to associate with several autoimmune diseases, including MS and type 1 diabetes. We here performed association analyses with CIITA in 2000 MS cases and up to 6900 controls as well as interaction analysis with HLA. We find that the previously investigated single-nucleotide polymorphism rs4774 is associated with MS risk in cases carrying the HLA-DRB1*15 allele (P=0.01, odds ratio (OR): 1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-1.40) or the HLA-A*02 allele (P=0.01, OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.07-1.64) and that these associations are independent of the adjacent confirmed MS susceptibility gene CLEC16A. We also confirm interaction between rs4774 and HLA-DRB1*15:01 such that individuals carrying the risk allele for rs4774 and HLA-DRB1*15:01 have a higher than expected risk for MS. In conclusion, our findings support previous data that variability in the CIITA gene affects MS risk, but also that the effect is modulated by MS-associated HLA haplotypes. These findings further underscore the biological importance of HLA for MS risk.Genes and Immunity advance online publication, 16 January 2014; doi:10.1038/gene.2013.71.
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  • KOCKUM, I, et al. (författare)
  • Population analysis of protection by HLA-DR and DQ genes from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Swedish children with insulin-dependent diabetes and controls
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: European journal of immunogenetics : official journal of the British Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. - 0960-7420. ; 22:6, s. 443-465
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A negative association between insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and HLA‐DR, DQA1 or DQB1 was found in a large population‐based investigation of childhood‐onset patients (more than 420 patients) and controls (more than 340 controls) from Sweden. The relative risk was decreased for several haplotypes that were negatively associated with IDDM: DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602, DR7‐DQA1*0201‐DQB1*0303, DR14‐DQA1*0101‐DQB1*0503, DRI1‐DQAI*0501‐DQB1*0301, DR13‐DQA1*0103‐DQB1*0603 and DR4‐DQA1*0301‐DQB1*0301. In a relative predispositional effect (RPE) analysis, however, only the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype was significantly decreased, which suggests that the major protective effect for IDDM is carried by this haplotype. This was supported by the observation that all genotypes which were negatively associated with IDDM, except DR7/13, included at least one allele from the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype. Relative predispositional effect (RPE) analysis of genotypes showed further that the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype was also negatively associated with IDDM when combined with any other haplotype, whether negatively or positively associated with IDDM. This supports previous suggestions that DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 acts dominantly. However, both the stratification and the predispositional allele test failed to distinguish the negative association between IDDM and DR15 from that of DQBT0602. On the other hand, these tests indicated that DQA1*0102 was not likely to explain the negative association between IDDM and the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype. We conclude that the
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9.
  • Lindehammer, Sabina, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal trends of HLA genotype frequencies of type 1 diabetes patients in Sweden from 1986 to 2005 suggest altered risk
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Diabetologica. - 1432-5233. ; 45:4, s. 231-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes in 1-18-year-old patients with type 1 diabetes newly diagnosed in 1986-1987 (n = 430), 1996-2000 (n = 342) and in 2003-2005 (n = 171). We tested the hypothesis that the HLA DQ genotype distribution changes over time. Swedish type 1 diabetes patients and controls were typed for HLA using polymerase chain reaction amplification and allele specific probes for DQ A1* and B1* alleles. The most common type 1 diabetes HLA DQA1*-B1*genotype 0501-0201/0301-0302 was 36% (153/430) in 1986-1987 and 37% (127/342) in 1996-2000, but decreased to 19% (33/171) in 2003-2005 (P < 0.0001). The 0501-0201/0501-0201 genotype increased from 1% in 1986-1987 to 7% in 1996-2000 (P = 0.0047) and to 5% in 2003-2005 (P > 0.05). This study in 1-18-year-old Swedish type 1 diabetes patients supports the notion that there is a temporal change in HLA risk.
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