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Sökning: WFRF:(Hases Linnea)

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1.
  • Danielsson, Frida, et al. (författare)
  • Transcriptome profiling of the interconnection of pathways involved in malignant transformation and response to hypoxia
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: OncoTarget. - : Impact Journals LLC. - 1949-2553 .- 1949-2553. ; 9:28, s. 19730-19744
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In tumor tissues, hypoxia is a commonly observed feature resulting from rapidly proliferating cancer cells outgrowing their surrounding vasculature network. Transformed cancer cells are known to exhibit phenotypic alterations, enabling continuous proliferation despite a limited oxygen supply. The four-step isogenic BJ cell model enables studies of defined steps of tumorigenesis: the normal, immortalized, transformed, and metastasizing stages. By transcriptome profiling under atmospheric and moderate hypoxic (3% O2) conditions, we observed that despite being highly similar, the four cell lines of the BJ model responded strikingly different to hypoxia. Besides corroborating many of the known responses to hypoxia, we demonstrate that the transcriptome adaptation to moderate hypoxia resembles the process of malignant transformation. The transformed cells displayed a distinct capability of metabolic switching, reflected in reversed gene expression patterns for several genes involved in oxidative phosphorylation and glycolytic pathways. By profiling the stage-specific responses to hypoxia, we identified ASS1 as a potential prognostic marker in hypoxic tumors. This study demonstrates the usefulness of the BJ cell model for highlighting the interconnection of pathways involved in malignant transformation and hypoxic response.
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2.
  • Hases, Linnea, et al. (författare)
  • High-fat diet and estrogen impacts the colon and its transcriptome in a sex-dependent manner
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Springer Nature. - 2045-2322. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is a strong association between obesity and colorectal cancer (CRC), especially in men, whereas estrogen protects against both the metabolic syndrome and CRC. Colon is the first organ to respond to high-fat diet (HFD), and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) can attenuate CRC development. How estrogen impacts the colon under HFD and related sex differences has, however, not been investigated. To dissect this, mice were fed control diet or HFD for 13 weeks and administered receptor-selective estrogenic ligands for the last three weeks. We recorded impact on metabolism, colon crypt proliferation, macrophage infiltration, and the colon transcriptome. We found clear sex differences in the colon transcriptome and in the impact by HFD and estrogens, including on clock genes. ERα-selective activation reduced body weight and generated systemic effects, whereas ERβ-selective activation had local effects in the colon, attenuating HFD-induced macrophage infiltration and epithelial cell proliferation. We here demonstrate how HFD and estrogens modulate the colon microenvironment in a sex- and ER-specific manner.
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4.
  • Hases, Linnea, et al. (författare)
  • The Importance of Sex in the Discovery of Colorectal Cancer Prognostic Biomarkers
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - : MDPI AG. - 1422-0067 .- 1422-0067. ; 22:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer deaths. Advances within bioinformatics, such as machine learning, can improve biomarker discovery and ultimately improve CRC survival rates. There are clear sex differences in CRC characteristics, but the impact of sex has not been considered with regards to CRC biomarkers. Our aim here was to investigate sex differences in the transcriptome of a normal colon and CRC, and between paired normal and tumor tissue. Next, we attempted to identify CRC diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers and investigate if they are sex-specific. We collected paired normal and tumor tissue, performed RNA-seq, and applied feature selection in combination with machine learning to identify the top CRC diagnostic biomarkers. We used The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data to identify sex-specific CRC diagnostic biomarkers and performed an overall survival analysis to identify sex-specific prognostic biomarkers. We found transcriptomic sex differences in both the normal colon tissue and in CRC. Forty-four of the top-ranked biomarkers were sex-specific and 20 biomarkers showed a sex-specific prognostic value. Our data show the importance of sex in the discovery of CRC biomarkers. We propose 20 sex-specific CRC prognostic biomarkers, including ESM1, GUCA2A, and VWA2 for males and CLDN1 and FUT1 for females.
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5.
  • Ibrahim, Ahmed, et al. (författare)
  • Colitis-induced colorectal cancer and intestinal epithelial estrogen receptor beta impact gut microbiota diversity
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 144:12, s. 3086-3098
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chronic inflammation of the colon (colitis) is a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). Hormone-replacement therapy reduces CRC incidences, and the estrogen receptor beta (ERβ/ESR2) has been implicated in this protection. Gut microbiota is altered in both colitis and CRC and may influence the severity of both. Here we test the hypothesis that intestinal ERβ impacts the gut microbiota. Mice with and without intestine-specific deletion of ERβ (ERβKOVil ) were generated using the Cre-LoxP system. Colitis and CRC were induced with a single intraperitoneal injection of azoxymethane (AOM) followed by administration of three cycles of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water. The microbiota population were characterized by high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing of DNA extracted from fecal samples (N = 39). Differences in the microbiota due to AOM/DSS and absence of ERβ were identified through bioinformatic analyses of the 16S-Seq data, and the distribution of bacterial species was corroborated using qPCR. We demonstrate that colitis-induced CRC reduced the gut microbiota diversity and that loss of ERβ enhanced this process. Further, the Bacteroidetes genus Prevotellaceae_UCG_001 was overrepresented in AOM/DSS mice compared to untreated controls (3.5-fold, p = 0.004), and this was enhanced in females and in ERβKOVil mice. Overall, AOM/DSS enriched for microbiota impacting immune system diseases and metabolic functions, and lack of ERβ in combination with AOM/DSS enriched for microbiota impacting carbohydrate metabolism and cell motility, while reducing those impacting the endocrine system. Our data support that intestinal ERβ contributes to a more favorable microbiome that could attenuate CRC development.
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6.
  • Indukuri, Rajitha, et al. (författare)
  • Estrogen Receptor Beta Influences the Inflammatory p65 Cistrome in Colon Cancer Cells
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Endocrinology. - : FRONTIERS. - 1664-2392 .- 1664-2392. ; 12, s. 1-13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Inflammation is a primary component of both initiation and promotion of colorectal cancer (CRC). Cytokines secreted by macrophages, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), activates the pro-survival transcription factor complex NFκB. The precise mechanism of NFκB in CRC is not well studied, but we recently reported the genome-wide transcriptional impact of TNFα in two CRC cell lines. Further, estrogen signaling influences inflammation in a complex manner and suppresses CRC development. CRC protective effects of estrogen have been shown to be mediated by estrogen receptor beta (ERβ, ESR2), which also impacts inflammatory signaling of the colon. However, whether ERβ impacts the chromatin interaction (cistrome) of the main NFκB subunit p65 (RELA) is not known. We used p65 chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-Seq) in two different CRC cell lines, HT29 and SW480, with and without expression of ERβ. We here present the p65 colon cistrome of these two CRC cell lines. We identify that RELA and AP1 motifs are predominant in both cell lines, and additionally describe both common and cell line-specific p65 binding sites and correlate these to transcriptional changes related to inflammation, migration, apoptosis and circadian rhythm. Further, we determine that ERβ opposes a major fraction of p65 chromatin binding in HT29 cells, but enhances p65 binding in SW480 cells, thereby impacting the p65 cistrome differently in the two cell lines. However, the biological functions of the regulated genes appear to have similar roles in both cell lines. To our knowledge, this is the first time the p65 CRC cistrome is compared between different cell lines and the first time an influence by ERβ on the p65 cistrome is investigated. Our work provides a mechanistic foundation for a better understanding of how estrogen influences inflammatory signaling through NFκB in CRC cells.
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7.
  • Mesmar, Fahmi, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical candidate and genistein analogue AXP107-11 has chemoenhancing functions in pancreatic adenocarcinoma through G protein-coupled estrogen receptor signaling
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cancer Medicine. - : WILEY. - 2045-7634 .- 2045-7634. ; 8:18, s. 7705-7719
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite advances in cancer therapeutics, pancreatic cancer remains difficult to treat and often develops resistance to chemotherapies. We have evaluated a bioavailable genistein analogue, AXP107-11 which has completed phase Ib clinical trial, as an approach to sensitize tumor cells to chemotherapy. Using organotypic cultures of 14 patient-derived xenografts (PDX) of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, we found that addition of AXP107-11 indeed sensitized 57% of cases to gemcitabine treatment. Results were validated using PDX models in vivo. Further, RNA-Seq from responsive and unresponsive tumors proposed a 41-gene treatment-predictive signature. Functional and molecular assays were performed in cell lines and demonstrated that the effect was synergistic. Transcriptome analysis indicated activation of G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER1) as the main underlying mechanism of action, which was corroborated using GPER1-selective agonists and antagonists. GPER1 expression in pancreatic tumors was indicative of survival, and our study proposes that activation of GPER1 may constitute a new avenue for pancreatic cancer therapeutics.
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8.
  • Song, Dandan, et al. (författare)
  • Blocking Fra-1 sensitizes triple-negative breast cancer to PARP inhibitor
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier BV. - 0304-3835 .- 1872-7980. ; 506, s. 23-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The AP-1 member Fra-1 is overexpressed in TNBC and plays crucial roles in tumor progression and treatment resistance. In a previous large-scale screen, we identified PARP1 to be among 118 proteins that interact with endogenous chromatin-bound Fra-1 in TNBC cells. PARP1 inhibitor (olaparib) is currently in clinical use for treatment of BRCA-mutated TNBC breast cancer. Here, we demonstrate that the Fra-1-PARP1 interaction impacts the efficacy of olaparib treatment. We show that PARP1 interacts with and downregulates Fra-1, thereby reducing AP-1 transcriptional activity. Olaparib treatment, or silencing of PARP1, consequently, increases Fra-1 levels and enhances its transcriptional activity. Increased Fra-1 can have adverse effect, including treatment resistance. We also found that a large fraction of PARP1-regulated genes was dependent on Fra-1. We show that by inhibiting Fra-1/AP-1, non-BRCA-mutated TNBC cells can become sensitized to olaparib treatment. We identify that high PARP1 expression is indicative of a poor clinical outcome in breast cancer patients overall (P = 0.01), but not for HER-2 positive patients. In conclusion, by exploring the functionality of the Fra-1 and PARP1 interaction, we propose that targeting Fra-1 could serve as a combinatory therapeutic approach to improve olaparib treatment outcome for TNBC patients.
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9.
  • Hases, Linnea (författare)
  • Estrogen signaling in colon inflammation and colorectal cancer
  • 2020
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most deadly form of cancer in the Western world. Although screening efforts have reduced the overall mortality, the incidence is increasing among young adults. The frequency of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and obesity are increasing in parallel, which suggest a common underlying environmental link between the conditions. This increase is thought to correlate to an increased intake of high fat diets, and obesity is a major risk factor for CRC. Chronic inflammation, which is a hallmark for CRC promotion, is a well-known underlying factor in both obesity and IBD. The gut microbiota is another hallmark, and an impaired relationship between the host and gut microbes can contribute to obesity, IBD and CRC. The risk-benefit balance of current CRC-preventative treatments is poor, and there is a need for safer and better preventatives in order to reduce the CRC mortality. Both obesity and IBD place men at a significant higher risk of CRC compared to women. This indicates a protective role for estrogen. The use of full Estrogen receptor (ER) β knockout mice has demonstrated ERβ protective effects against experimentally induced CRC. However, it is unknown through which cells these protective effects are mediated. There are only low mRNA levels of ERβ in the colon, unclear if adequate for a functional role, and ERβ may also be expressed in intestinal immune cells. Understanding the CRC-preventative effects of intestinal epithelial ERβ in both sexes is important and may provide the background for a novel CRC chemopreventive approach.The overall aim of the thesis is the functional characterization of intestinal epithelial ERβ during colon inflammation and colitis-induced CRC and identification of potential sex differences, which can ultimately provide novel opportunities for chemopreventive exploitation (Figure 1). In paper I we utilized intestinal epithelial ERβ knockout mice (ERβKOVil) of both sexes and induced colitis and colitis associated CRC (CA-CRC). We found that intestinal epithelial ERβ is protective against colitis and CA-CRC in both sexes, but in a sex-dependent manner. The underlying mechanism includes an intricate crosstalk with TNFα-induced NFκB signaling.In paper II we identify that both sex and intestinal epithelial ERβ impact the microbiota composition. This may contribute to the exacerbated colitis and colitis-induced tumor formation observed in ERβKOVil mice.In paper III we induced colon inflammation by feeding the mice a high-fat diet (HFD, 60%) for 13 weeks and explored treatment with estrogen receptor-selective ligands. We identified that estrogen signaling, via ERβ, modulated the HFD-induced changes in the colon microenvironment. This included sex-dependent effects on epithelial cell proliferation, macrophage infiltration, and regulation of core circadian clock gene expression.In paper IV we utilized paired-normal and CRC clinical samples and identified sex differences in the transcriptome of both normal colon and CRC. By applying data-driven feature selection and machine learning on sex-separated TCGA data, we proposed sex-specific diagnostic biomarkers and prognostic biomarkers using survival analysis. In summary, this thesis characterizes intestinal epithelial ERβ as a novel chemopreventative target for CA-CRC in both sexes, and identifies related biological pathways, including crosstalk with nuclear factor κB (NFκB) signaling and modulation of circadian clock genes. ERβ activity in intestinal epithelial cells is manifested by altered microbiota composition, cell proliferation and immune cell infiltration. The identification of several significant sex differences provides evidence for the need to take sex into account in colitis and CRC research to improve health interventions.
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10.
  • Hases, Linnea, et al. (författare)
  • Intestinal estrogen receptor beta suppresses colon inflammation andtumorigenesis in both sexes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - 0304-3835 .- 1872-7980. ; 492, s. 54-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Estrogen hormones protect against colorectal cancer (CRC) and a preventative role of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) on CRC has been supported using full knockout animals. However, it is unclear through which cells or organ ERβ mediates this effect. To investigate the functional role of intestinal ERβ during colitis-associated CRC we used intestine-specific ERβ knockout mice treated with azoxymethane and dextran sodium sulfate, followed by ex vivo organoid culture to corroborate intrinsic effects. We explored genome-wide impact on TNFα signaling using human CRC cell lines and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay to mechanistically characterize the regulation of ERβ. Increased tumor formation in males and tumor size in females was noted upon intestine-specific ERβ knockout, accompanied by enhanced local expression of TNFα, deregulation of key NFκB targets, and increased colon ulceration. Unexpectedly, we noted especially strong effects in males. We corroborated that intestinal ERβ protects against TNFα-induced damage intrinsically, and characterized an underlying genome-wide signaling mechanism in CRC cell lines whereby ERβ binds to cis-regulatory chromatin areas of key NFκB regulators. Our results support a protective role of intestinal ERβ against colitis-associated CRC, proposing new therapeutic strategies.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 12
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