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1.
  • Åman, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • A Nationwide Follow-up Survey on the Effectiveness of an Implemented Neuromuscular Training Program to Reduce Acute Knee Injuries in Soccer Players
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. - SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. - 2325-9671. ; 6:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: A cruciate ligament (CL) injury is a severe injury in soccer. Neuromuscular training programs have a well-documented preventive effect, but there are few studies on the effectiveness of such a program at a national level. The Swedish Knee Control Program (KCP) was found to be effective in preventing CL injuries in youth female soccer players. The KCP was implemented nationwide in Sweden in 2010. Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Swedish KCP in reducing acute knee injuries in soccer players at a nationwide level. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: All licensed soccer players in Sweden are covered by the same insurance company. Using this insurance database, around 17,500 acute knee injuries that were reported to the insurance company between 2006 and 2015 were included in the study. By matching the number of licensed soccer players with the number of reported injuries each year, the annual incidence of knee and CL injuries was able to be calculated. To evaluate the spread of the KCP nationally, a questionnaire was sent to all 24 Swedish district football associations (FAs) with questions regarding KCP education. The number of downloads of the KCP mobile application (app) was obtained. Results: The incidence of CL injuries decreased during the study period for both male (from 2.9 to 2.4 per 1000 player-years) and female players (from 4.9 to 3.9 per 1000 player-years). The overall incidence of knee injuries decreased in both male (from 5.6 to 4.6 per 1000 player-years) and female players (from 8.7 to 6.4 per 1000 player-years). Comparing before and after the nationwide implementation of the KCP, there was a decrease in the incidence of CL injuries by 6% (rate ratio [RR], 0.94 [95% CI, 0.89-0.98]) in male players and 13% (RR, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.81-0.92]) in female players and a decrease in the incidence of knee injuries by 8% (RR, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.89-0.96]) and 21% (RR, 0.79 [95% CI, 0.75-0.83]), respectively (P amp;lt; .01 for all). This trend corresponded to a reduction of approximately 100 CL injuries each year in Sweden. A total of 21 of 24 district FAs held organized KCP educational courses during the study period. The percentage of district FAs holding KCP courses was between 46% and 79% each year. There were 101,236 downloads of the KCP app. Conclusion: The KCP can be considered partially implemented nationwide, and the incidence of knee and CL injuries has decreased in both sexes at a nationwide level.
2.
  • Arver, Brita, et al. (författare)
  • Bilateral Prophylactic Mastectomy in Swedish Women at High Risk of Breast Cancer: A National Survey.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1528-1140. ; 253:6, s. 1147-1154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:: This study attempted a national inventory of all bilateral prophylactic mastectomies performed in Sweden between 1995 and 2005 in high-risk women without a previous breast malignancy. The primary aim was to investigate the breast cancer incidence after surgery. Secondary aims were to describe the preoperative risk assessment, operation techniques, complications, histopathological findings, and regional differences. METHODS:: Geneticists, oncologists and surgeons performing prophylactic breast surgery were asked to identify all women eligible for inclusion in their region. The medical records were reviewed in each region and the data were analyzed centrally. The BOADICEA risk assessment model was used to calculate the number of expected/prevented breast cancers during the follow-up period. RESULTS:: A total of 223 women operated on in 8 hospitals were identified. During a mean follow-up of 6.6 years, no primary breast cancer was observed compared with 12 expected cases. However, 1 woman succumbed 9 years post mastectomy to widespread adenocarcinoma of uncertain origin. Median age at operation was 40 years. A total of 58% were BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. All but 3 women underwent breast reconstruction, 208 with implants and 12 with autologous tissue. Four small, unifocal, invasive cancers and 4 ductal carcinoma in situ were found in the mastectomy specimens. The incidence of nonbreast related complications was low (3%). Implant loss due to infection/necrosis occurred in 21 women (10%) but a majority received a new implant later. In total, 64% of the women underwent at least 1unanticipated secondary operation. CONCLUSIONS:: Bilateral prophylactic mastectomy is safe and efficacious in reducing future breast cancer in asymptomatic women at high risk. Unanticipated reoperations are common. Given the small number of patients centralization seems justified.
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4.
  • Henriksson, Isabelle, et al. (författare)
  • Hereditary colorectal cancer diagnostics in southern Sweden : retrospective evaluation and future considerations with emphasis on Lynch syndrome
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Community Genetics. - Springer. - 1868-310X. ; 10:2, s. 259-266
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Overlapping phenotypes between different hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC) syndromes together with a growing demand for cancer genetic testing and improved sequencing technology call for adjusted patient selection and adapted diagnostic routines. Here we present a retrospective evaluation of family history of cancer, laboratory diagnostic procedure, and outcome for 372 patients tested for Lynch syndrome (LS), i.e., the single most common hereditary cause of CRC. Based on number of affected family members and age at cancer diagnosis in families with genetically confirmed LS, we developed local patient selection criteria for a simplified one-step gene panel mutation screening strategy targeting also less common Mendelian CRC syndromes. Pros and cons of this strategy are discussed.
5.
  • Henriksson, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • A pilot study of facial, cranial and brain MRI morphometry in men with schizophrenia: Part 2.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Psychiatry Research. - Elsevier. - 1872-7123. ; 147:2-3, s. 187-195
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This pilot study applies a new 3D morphometric MR method to test the hypothesis that men with schizophrenia (vs. controls) have deviant facial shapes and landmark relations in cranio/facialibrain (CFB) regions. This constitutes Part 2 of paired articles in this issue of Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, in which Part 1 presents the new method in detail. MRI coordinates from CFB landmarks of 23 patients and 15 controls were identified and then aligned with the Procrustes model, leaving shape as the only unitless geometrical information. Men with schizophrenia had significantly longer mid- and lower-facial heights, and greater lower (left) facial depth, with a tendency toward rotation along the facial midline. This supports findings from earlier anthropometric and 3D studies of the "exterior" (face). In contrast, none of the patient-control differences for the new "interior" (cranial-brain) distances reached statistical significance. These results need to be retested on a larger sample of both sexes. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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6.
  • Henriksson-Larsén, K., et al. (författare)
  • Distribution of different fibre types in human skeletal muscles. I. Method for the preparation and analysis of cross-sections of whole tibialis anterior
  • 1983
  • Ingår i: Histochemical Journal. - Springer. - 0018-2214. ; 15:2, s. 167-178
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to examine whether small biopsy specimens are representative of the whole human skeletal muscle or whether the different fibre types are unevenly distributed at different depths of the muscle. Ten micrometre thick cross-sections of whole human tibialis anterior were prepared using LKB PMV Cryo-Microtomes with a stroke length of 160 to 480 mm and the sections were stained for myofibrillar ATPase according to a modified procedure. The total and relative number of different fibres (Types 1 and 2) was determined in every 9th mm2 of the section. The data obtained were analysed by means of a computer program, which allowed assessment of bivariate data in the form of contour plots. The total number of fibres varied greatly between individuals (from 96 000 to 162 000; five individuals). The relative number of different fibres varied systematically in all individuals as a function of depth in the muscle. There was a gradual, often dramatic, relative increase in Type 2 fibre occurrence from the surface of the muscle (about 10--25%) towards the deeper regions (30--50%), the maximum being approximately along a line slightly posterior to the middle of the muscle. Additionally, superficial peaks were seen in places. In conclusion, the fibre type distribution in the tibialis anterior is not random. These results point to the importance of defining biopsy depth.
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9.
  • Kvarnbrink, Samuel, et al. (författare)
  • LRIG1 is a prognostic biomarker in non-small cell lung cancer
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 1651-226X. ; 54:8, s. 1113-1119
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. The leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) family of transmembrane proteins are involved in the regulation of cellular signal transduction. LRIG1 is an endogenous inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and an emerging tumor suppressor. In the lung epithelium, the expression of LRIG1 is downregulated by tobacco smoking, and further downregulated in lung squamous cell carcinoma. Material and methods. The expression of LRIG proteins were analyzed in 347 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by immunohistochemistry, and LRIG1 mRNA expression was evaluated in 807 lung cancer samples in silico in the Oncomine database. Potential associations between the expression data and the clinical parameters, including patient survival, were investigated. Results. Expression of the LRIG1 protein was found to be an independent prognostic factor in NSCLC, whereas expression of LRIG2 or LRIG3 did not correlate with patient survival. The levels of LRIG1 mRNA also correlated with the survival of NSCLC patients. Conclusion. These findings demonstrate that LRIG1 is an independent prognostic factor in patients with NSCLC that could be important in future decision-making algorithms for adjuvant lung cancer treatment.
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10.
  • Lexell, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Distribution of different fiber types in human skeletal muscles: effects of aging studied in whole muscle cross sections
  • 1983
  • Ingår i: Muscle and Nerve. - John Wiley & Sons. - 0148-639X. ; 6:8, s. 588-595
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effects of aging on the total number and size of fibers, and the proportion and distribution of type 1 (slow twitch) and type 2 (fast twitch) fibers were studied in cross sections (15 mu thick) of autopsied whole m. vastus lateralis from two age groups. Each group consisted of six, previously physically healthy males (mean age 72 +/- 1 years and 30 +/- 6 years, respectively). The size of the muscles of the older individuals was 18% smaller (P less than 0.01) and the total number of fibers was 25% lower (P less than 0.01) than those of the young individuals (mean number 364,000 +/- 50,000 vs 478,000 +/- 56,000). There was, however, no significant difference in the mean fiber size (indirectly determined) or the proportion of the two fiber types, though a preferential reduction in type 2 fiber number in the aged individuals was seen. The relative occurrence of the fiber types at various depths in the aged muscles was found to be more even than in muscles from the young individuals. The results suggest that the aging atrophy in m. vastus lateralis, at least up to the age of 70, is primarily the result of a loss of fibers.
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