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Sökning: WFRF:(Hida A.)

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  • Key, T. J., et al. (författare)
  • Steroid hormone measurements from different types of assays in relation to body mass index and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women: Reanalysis of eighteen prospective studies
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Steroids. - : Elsevier. - 0039-128X. ; 99, s. 49-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Epidemiological studies have examined breast cancer risk in relation to sex hormone concentrations measured by different methods: "extraction" immunoassays (with prior purification by organic solvent extraction, with or without column chromatography), "direct" immunoassays (no prior extraction or column chromatography), and more recently with mass spectrometry-based assays. We describe the associations of estradiol, estrone and testosterone with both body mass index and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women according to assay method, using data from a collaborative pooled analysis of 18 prospective studies. In general, hormone concentrations were highest in studies that used direct assays and lowest in studies that used mass spectrometry-based assays. Estradiol and estrone were strongly positively associated with body mass index, regardless of the assay method; testosterone was positively associated with body mass index for direct assays, but less clearly for extraction assays, and there were few data for mass spectrometry assays. The correlations of estradiol with body mass index, estrone and testosterone were lower for direct assays than for extraction and mass spectrometry assays, suggesting that the estimates from the direct assays were less precise. For breast cancer risk, all three hormones were strongly positively associated with risk regardless of assay method (except for testosterone by mass spectrometry where there were few data), with no statistically significant differences in the trends, but differences may emerge as new data accumulate. Future epidemiological and clinical research studies should continue to use the most accurate assays that are feasible within the design characteristics of each study.
  • Gonzalez-Ericsson, Paula, et al. (författare)
  • The path to a better biomarker: application of a risk management framework for the implementation of PD‐L1 and TILs as immuno‐oncology biomarkers into breast cancer clinical trials and daily practice
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pathology. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1096-9896. ; 250:5, s. 667-684
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies targeting PD‐1/PD‐L1 are now the standard of care in oncology across several hematologic and solid tumor types, including triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Patients with metastatic or locally advanced TNBC with PD‐L1 expression on immune cells occupying ≥1% of tumor area demonstrated survival benefit with the addition of atezolizumab to nab‐paclitaxel. However, concerns regarding variability between immunohistochemical PD‐L1 assay performance and inter‐reader reproducibility have been raised. High tumor‐infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have also been associated with response to PD‐1/PD‐L1 inhibitors in patients with breast cancer (BC). TILs can be easily assessed on hematoxylin and eosin–stained slides and have shown reliable inter‐reader reproducibility. As an established prognostic factor in early stage TNBC, TILs are soon anticipated to be reported in daily practice in many pathology laboratories worldwide. Because TILs and PD‐L1 are parts of an immunological spectrum in BC, we propose the systematic implementation of combined PD‐L1 and TIL analyses as a more comprehensive immuno‐oncological biomarker for patient selection for PD‐1/PD‐L1 inhibition‐based therapy in patients with BC. Although practical and regulatory considerations differ by jurisdiction, the pathology community has the responsibility to patients to implement assays that lead to optimal patient selection. We propose herewith a risk‐management framework that may help mitigate the risks of suboptimal patient selection for immuno‐therapeutic approaches in clinical trials and daily practice based on combined TILs/PD‐L1 assessment in BC.
  • Dietel, M., et al. (författare)
  • Real-world prevalence of programmed death ligand 1 expression in locally advanced or metastatic non small-cell lung cancer : The global, multicenter EXPRESS study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Lung Cancer. - 0169-5002 .- 1872-8332. ; 134, s. 174-179
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesTumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is associated with improved clinical benefit from immunotherapies targeting the PD-1 pathway. We conducted a global, multicenter, retrospective observational study to determine real-world prevalence of tumor PD-L1 expression in patients with NSCLC.Materials and methodsPatients ≥18 years with histologically confirmed stage IIIB/IV NSCLC and a tumor tissue block (≤5 years old) obtained before treatment were identified in 45 centers across 18 countries. Tumor samples from eligible patients were selected consecutively, when possible. PD-L1 expression was evaluated at each center using the PD-L1 IHC 22C3 pharmDx kit (Agilent, Santa Clara, CA, USA).ResultsOf 2617 patients who met inclusion criteria, 2368 (90%) had PD-L1 data; 530 (22%) patients had PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50%, 1232 (52%) had PD-L1 TPS ≥ 1%, and 1136 (48%) had PD-L1 TPS < 1%. The most common reason for not having PD-L1 data (n = 249) was insufficient tumor cells (<100) on the slide (n = 170 [6%]). Percentages of patients with PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% and TPS ≥ 1%, respectively were: 22%/52% in Europe; 22%/53% in Asia Pacific; 21%/47% in the Americas, and 24%/55% in other countries. Prevalence of EGFR mutations (19%) and ALK alterations (3%) was consistent with prior reports from metastatic NSCLC studies. Among 1064 patients negative for both EGFR mutation and ALK alteration, the percentage with PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% and TPS ≥ 1%, respectively, were 27% and 53%.ConclusionsThis is the largest real-world study in advanced NSCLC to date evaluating PD-L1 tumor expression using the 22C3 pharmDx kit. Testing failure rate was low with local evaluation of PD-L1 TPS across a large number of centers. Prevalence of PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% and TPS ≥ 1% among patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC was similar across geographic regions and broadly consistent with central testing results from clinical trial screening populations.
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