SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Hoersch Dieter) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Hoersch Dieter)

  • Resultat 1-8 av 8
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  •  
2.
  • Anthony, Lowell B., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of Previous Somatostatin Analogue Use on the Activity of Everolimus in Patients with Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors : Analysis from the Phase III RADIANT-2 Trial
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 102:1-2, s. 18-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background/Aims: The phase III placebo-controlled RADI-ANT-2 trial investigated the efficacy of everolimus plus octreotide long-acting repeatable (LAR) in patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors (NET) associated with carcinoid syndrome. Here we report a secondary analysis based on the previous somatostatin analogue (SSA) exposure status of patients enrolled in RADIANT-2. Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to receive oral everolimus 10 mg/day plus octreotide LAR 30 mg intramuscularly (i.m.) or to receive matching placebo plus octreotide LAR 30 mg i.m. every 28 days. SSA treatment before study enrollment was permitted. Patient characteristics and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed by treatment arm and previous SSA exposure status. Results: Of the 429 patients enrolled in RADI-ANT-2, 339 were previously exposed to SSA (95% received octreotide); 173 of 339 patients were in the everolimus plus octreotide LAR arm. All patients had a protocol-specified history of secretory symptoms, but analysis by type showed that more patients who previously received SSA therapy had a history of flushing symptoms (77%), diarrhea (86%), or both (63%) compared with SSA-naive patients (62, 62, and 24%, respectively). Patients who received everolimus plus octreotide LAR had longer median PFS regardless of previous SSA exposure (with: PFS 14.3 months, 95% confidence interval, CI, 12.0-20.1; without: 25.2 months, 95% CI, 12.0-not reached) compared with patients who received placebo plus octreotide LAR (with: 11.1 months, 95% CI, 8.4-14.6; without: 13.6 months, 95% CI, 8.2-22.7). Conclusion: Everolimus in combination with octreotide improves PFS in patients with advanced NET associated with carcinoid syndrome, regardless of previous SSA exposure.
  •  
3.
  • Anthony, Lowell B., et al. (författare)
  • Long-Term Safety Experience with Telotristat Ethyl Across Five Clinical Studies in Patients with Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Oncologist. - : WILEY. - 1083-7159 .- 1549-490X. ; 24:8, s. E662-E670
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and carcinoid syndrome experience considerable morbidity and mortality; carcinoid syndrome may be associated with shorter survival. Carcinoid syndrome is linked to tumoral secretion of serotonin and other bioactive substances. The subsequent debilitating diarrhea and urgency to defecate pose significant health risks. In previous studies, telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, was effective and well tolerated in treating carcinoid syndrome diarrhea. We present pooled safety data from five clinical trials with telotristat ethyl in patients with carcinoid syndrome. Subjects, Materials, and Methods Adverse events reported during telotristat ethyl treatment were pooled from two phase II and three phase III clinical trials in 239 patients with carcinoid syndrome. Long-term safety of telotristat ethyl and causes of hospitalization and death were reviewed; overall survival was estimated. Results Mean (median; range) duration of exposure and follow-up was 1.3 years (1.1 years; 1 week to 5.7 years), with 309 total patient-years of exposure. Leading causes of hospitalization were gastrointestinal disorders or were related to the underlying tumor and related treatment. Survival estimates at 1, 2, and 3 years were 93%, 88%, and 77%. Nearly all deaths were due to progression or complication of the underlying disease; none were attributable to telotristat ethyl. There was one death in year 4. Conclusion Based on long-term safety data, telotristat ethyl is well tolerated and has a favorable long-term safety profile in patients with carcinoid syndrome. Implications for Practice Carcinoid syndrome can cause persistent diarrhea, even in patients treated with somatostatin analogs. Across five clinical trials in patients with carcinoid syndrome, telotristat ethyl has been well tolerated and efficacious, providing clinicians with a new approach to help control carcinoid syndrome diarrhea, in addition to somatostatin analog therapy. By reducing the stool frequency in patients with carcinoid syndrome whose diarrhea is refractory to anticholinergics, such as loperamide and atropine/diphenoxylate, and somatostatin analog dose escalation, improvement in quality of life becomes an achievable goal.
  •  
4.
  • Hicks, Rodney J., et al. (författare)
  • ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the Standards of Care in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms : Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy with Radiolabelled Somatostatin Analogues
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - : KARGER. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 105:3, s. 295-309
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of these guidelines is to assist physicians caring for patients with neuroendocrine neoplasia in considering eligibility criteria for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) and in defining the minimum requirements for PRRT. It is not these guidelines' aim to give recommendations on the use of specific radiolabelled somatostatin analogues for PRRT as different analogues are being used, and their availability is governed by varying international regulations. However, a recent randomized controlled trial, NETTER-1, has provided evidence that may establish Lu-177-DOTA-octreotate (LutaThera (R)) as the first widely approved agent. It also makes recommendations on what minimal patient, tumour, and treatment outcome characteristics should be reported for PRRT to facilitate robust comparisons between studies.
  •  
5.
  • Kaltsas, Gregory, et al. (författare)
  • ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the Standards of Care in Neuroendocrine Tumors : Pre- and Perioperative Therapy in Patients with Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 105:3, s. 245-254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumors of the small intestine are the most common causes of the carcinoid syndrome. Carcinoid heart disease occurs in more than half of the patients with the carcinoid syndrome. Patients with carcinoid heart disease who need to undergo surgery should also undergo preoperative evaluation by an expert cardiologist. Treatment with longacting somatostatin analogs aims at controlling the excessive hormonal output and symptoms related to the carcinoid syndrome and at preventing a carcinoid crisis during interventions. Patients with a gastrinoma require pre- and postoperative treatment with high doses of proton pump inhibitors. Patients with a glucagonoma require somatostatin analog treatment and nutritional supplementation. Patients with a VIPoma also require somatostatin analog treatment and intravenous fluid and electrolyte therapy. Insulinoma patients generally require intravenous glucose infusion prior to operation. In patients with localized operable insulinoma, somatostatin analog infusion should only be considered after the effect of this therapy has been electively studied.
  •  
6.
  • Kulke, Matthew H., et al. (författare)
  • Telotristat Ethyl, a Tryptophan Hydroxylase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 35:1, s. 14-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Preliminary studies suggested that telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, reduces bowel movement (BM) frequency in patients with carcinoid syndrome. This placebo-controlled phase III study evaluated telotristat ethyl in this setting. Patients and Methods Patients (N = 135) experiencing four or more BMs per day despite stable-dose somatostatin analog therapy received (1: 1: 1) placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, or telotristat ethyl 500 mg three times per day orally during a 12-week double-blind treatment period. The primary end point was change from baseline in BM frequency. In an open-label extension, 115 patients subsequently received telotristat ethyl 500 mg. Results Estimated differences in BM frequency per day versus placebo averaged over 12 weeks were -0.81 for telotristat ethyl 250 mg (P < .001) and -0.69 for telotristat ethyl 500 mg (P,.001). At week 12, mean BM frequency reductions per day for placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, and telotristat ethyl 500 mg were -0.9, -1.7, and -2.1, respectively. Responses, predefined as a BM frequency reduction >= 30% from baseline for >= 50% of the double-blind treatment period, were observed in 20%, 44%, and 42% of patients given placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, and telotristat ethyl 500 mg, respectively. Both telotristat ethyl dosages significantly reduced mean urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid versus placebo at week 12 (P < .001). Mild nausea and asymptomatic increases in gamma-glutamyl transferase were observed in some patients receiving telotristat ethyl. Follow-up of patients during the open-label extension revealed no new safety signals and suggested sustained BM responses to treatment. Conclusion Among patients with carcinoid syndrome not adequately controlled by somatostatin analogs, treatment with telotristat ethyl was generally safe and well tolerated and resulted in significant reductions in BM frequency and urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-8 av 8

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy