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Sökning: WFRF:(Huber Lukas)

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  • Rass, Verena, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Temperature Increases on Brain Tissue Oxygen Tension in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury : A Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury Substudy
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management. - : Mary Ann Liebert. - 2153-7658 .- 2153-7933. ; 11:2, s. 122-131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fever may aggravate secondary brain injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to identify episodes of temperature increases through visual plot analysis and algorithm supported detection, and to describe associated patterns of changes in on brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2). Data derive from the high-resolution cohort of the multicenter prospective Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in TBI (CENTER-TBI) study. Temperature increases (≥0.5°C) were visually identified in 33 patients within the first 11 days of monitoring. Generalized estimating equations were used to detect significant changes of systemic and neuromonitoring parameters from baseline to the highest temperature. Patients were median 50 (interquartile range [IQR], 35–62) years old, and presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 8 (IQR, 4–10). In 202 episodes of temperature increases, mean temperature rose by 1.0°C ± 0.5°C within 4 hours. Overall, PbtO2 slightly increased (ΔPbtO2 = 0.9 ± 6.1 mmHg, p = 0.022) during temperature increases. PbtO2 increased in 35% (p < 0.001), was stable in 49% (p = 0.852), and decreased in 16% (p < 0.001) of episodes. During episodes of temperature increases and simultaneous drops in PbtO2, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) decreased (ΔCPP −6.3 ± 11.5 mmHg; p < 0.001). Brain tissue hypoxia (PbtO2 <20 mmHg) developed during 27/164 (17%) episodes of effervescences, in the remaining 38/202 episodes baseline PbtO2 was already <20 mmHg. Comparable results were found when using algorithm-supported detection of temperature increases. In conclusion, during effervescences, PbtO2 was mostly stable or slightly increased. A decrease of PbtO2 was observed in every sixth episode, where it was associated with a decrease in CPP. Our data highlight the need for special attention to CPP monitoring and maintenance during episodes of fever.
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  • Schewe, Jacob, et al. (författare)
  • State-of-the-art global models underestimate impacts from climate extremes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Global impact models represent process-level understanding of how natural and human systems may be affected by climate change. Their projections are used in integrated assessments of climate change. Here we test, for the first time, systematically across many important systems, how well such impact models capture the impacts of extreme climate conditions. Using the 2003 European heat wave and drought as a historical analogue for comparable events in the future, we find that a majority of models underestimate the extremeness of impacts in important sectors such as agriculture, terrestrial ecosystems, and heat-related human mortality, while impacts on water resources and hydropower are overestimated in some river basins; and the spread across models is often large. This has important implications for economic assessments of climate change impacts that rely on these models. It also means that societal risks from future extreme events may be greater than previously thought.
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  • Yeung, Andy Wai Kan, et al. (författare)
  • Dietary natural products and their potential to influence health and disease including animal model studies
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Animal Science Papers and Reports. - : POLSKA AKAD NAUK, INST GENETYKI I HODOWLI ZWIERZAT. - 0860-4037. ; 36:4, s. 345-358
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although biological and pharmacological effects of dietary natural products have been intensively studied, there has been no bibliometric analysis performed on this research field up to now. The current study has aimed to identify and analyze the manuscripts on dietary natural products and their potential to influence health and disease including studies using animal models. Data, including words from titles and abstracts, publication and citation data, have been extracted from Web of Science database and analyzed by the VOSviewer software. Our search has yielded 1,014 manuscripts. The ratio of original articles to reviews was identified to be 1.5:1. Over half of the manuscripts have been published since 2010. The manuscripts have been contributed by 4,301 authors from 1,445 organizations in 76 countries/territories and published in 499 journals. The results from the current study point out that scientific research focusing on the potential of dietary natural products to affect health and disease status (including animal model studies) is expanding, and suggests an increasing significance of this scientific area. With the progressive development and improvement of animal studies, it should be expected that animal models of different human diseases (especially civilization ones) would be an integral part of the research for the evaluation of pharmaceuticals originated from dietary natural products like plants or plant materials. Moreover, natural products can also be fed to animals to improve the quality of animal products, with numerous resulting functional effects.
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  • Resultat 1-6 av 6

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