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Sökning: WFRF:(Iliadis Stavros I 1983 )

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1.
  • Axfors, Cathrine, et al. (författare)
  • Cohort profile : the Biology, Affect, Stress, Imaging and Cognition (BASIC) study on perinatal depression in a population-based Swedish cohort
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: BMJ Open. - 2044-6055 .- 2044-6055. ; 9:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: With the population-based, prospective Biology, Affect, Stress, Imaging and Cognition (BASIC) cohort, we aim to investigate the biopsychosocial aetiological processes involved in perinatal depression (PND) and to pinpoint its predictors in order to improve early detection.PARTICIPANTS: From September 2009 to November 2018, the BASIC study at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, has enrolled 5492 women, in 6478 pregnancies, of which 46.3% first-time pregnancies and with an average age of 31.5 years. After inclusion around gestational week 16-18, participants are followed-up with data collection points around gestational week 32, at childbirth, as well as three times postpartum: after 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year. At the last follow-up, 70.8% still remain in the cohort.FINDINGS TO DATE: In addition to internet-based surveys with self-report instruments, participants contribute with biological samples, for example, blood samples (maternal and from umbilical cord), biopsies (umbilical cord and placenta) and microbiota samples. A nested case-control subsample also takes part in cognitive and emotional tests, heart rate variability tests and bioimpedance tests. Subprojects have identified various correlates of PND of psychological and obstetric origin in addition to factors of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and immune system.FUTURE PLANS: In parallel with the completion of data collection (final follow-up November 2019), BASIC study data are currently analysed in multiple subprojects. Since 2012, we are conducting an ongoing follow-up study on the participants and their children up to 6 years of age (U-BIRTH). Researchers interested in collaboration may contact Professor Alkistis Skalkidou (corresponding author) with their request to be considered by the BASIC study steering committee.
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2.
  • Henriksson, Hanna E., et al. (författare)
  • Spring peaks and autumn troughs identified in peripheral inflammatory markers during the peripartum period
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Seasonal variations have recently been described in biomarkers, cell types, and gene expression associated with the immune system, but so far no studies have been conducted among women in the peripartum period. It is of note that pregnancy complications and outcomes, as well as autoimmune diseases, have also been reported to exhibit seasonal fluctuations. We report here a clear-cut seasonal pattern of 23 inflammatory markers, analysed using proximity-extension assay technology, in pregnant women. The inflammatory markers generally peaked in the spring and had a trough in the autumn. During the postpartum period we found seasonality in one inflammatory marker, namely monocyte chemotactic protein 4 (MCP-4). Our findings suggest that seasonal variations in peripheral inflammatory markers are only observed during pregnancy. The results of this study could be valuable to professionals working within the field of immunology-related areas, and provide insight for the understanding of obstetric complications.
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3.
  • Asif, Sana, et al. (författare)
  • Severe obstetric lacerations associated with postpartum depression among women with low resilience - a Swedish birth cohort study.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. - 1470-0328 .- 1471-0528.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Women's levels of resilience and attitudes towards perineal lacerations vary greatly. Some women see them as part of the birthing process, while others react with anger, depressed mood or even self-harm thoughts. A previous study has reported increased risk of postpartum depressive (PPD) symptoms in women with severe perineal lacerations. The aim of this study was to assess the association between severe obstetric perineal lacerations and PPD. A secondary objective was to assess this association among women with low resilience.DESIGN: Nested cohort study.SETTING: Uppsala, Sweden.SAMPLE: Vaginally delivered women with singleton pregnancies (n = 2,990).METHODS: The main exposure was obstetric perineal lacerations. Resilience was assessed in gestational week 32 using the Swedish version of the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-29). A digital acyclic graph (DAG) was used to identify possible confounders and mediators. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. A sub-analysis was run after excluding women with normal or high resilience.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postpartum depression, assessed with the Depression Self-Reporting Scale (DSRS), completed at six weeks postpartum.RESULTS: There was no significant association between severe obstetric perineal lacerations and PPD at six weeks postpartum. However, a significant association was found between severe lacerations and PPD in women with low resilience (OR =4.8 95% CI = 1.2-20), persisting even after adjusting for confounding factors.CONCLUSION: Health care professionals might need to identify women with low resilience, as they are at increased risk for PPD after a severe perineal laceration.
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4.
  • Gambadauro, Pietro, et al. (författare)
  • Conception by means of in vitro fertilization is not associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy or postpartum
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Fertility and Sterility. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 0015-0282 .- 1556-5653. ; 108:2, s. 325-332
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To study whether conception by means of in vitro fertilization (IVF) is associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy or postpartum.Design: Longitudinal observational study. Setting: University hospital.Patient(s): A total of 3,283 women with singleton pregnancies receiving antenatal care and delivering in Uppsala from 2010 to 2015.Intervention(s): A web-based self-administered structured questionnaire including sociodemographic, clinical and pregnancy-related items, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was delivered at 17 and 32 gestational weeks and at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum.Main Outcome Measure(s): Prevalence of significant depressive symptoms (EPDS >= 12) and EPDS scores.Result(s): A total of 167 women (5%) had conceived via IVF and 3,116 (95%) had a spontaneous pregnancy. IVF mothers were more frequently >= 35 years of age (46.1% vs. 22.6%) and primiparous (71.7% vs. 49.9%) and had a higher cesarean delivery rate (22.4% vs. 14.2%). Demographic and clinical characteristics were otherwise similar between the two groups. Significant depressive symptoms were reported by 12.8%, 12.4%, 13.8%, and 11.9% of women at 17 and 32 gestational weeks and 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum, respectively. The prevalence of depressive symptoms and the EPDS scores during pregnancy and postpartum were similar between women conceiving spontaneously or through IVF. The mode of conception was not associated with significant depressive symptoms at any time point, even when adjusting for several possible confounders in multivariable logistic regression analysis.Conclusion(s): Despite the psychologic distress characterizing subfertility and its treatment, conception by means of IVF is not associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy or postpartum.
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5.
  • Wikman, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Characteristics of women with different perinatal depression trajectories
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neuroscience Research. - 0360-4012 .- 1097-4547. ; 98:7, s. 1268-1282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Maternal perinatal depression (PND), a common mental disorder with a prevalence of over 10%, is associated with long‐term health risks for both mothers and offspring. This study aimed at describing characteristics related to background and lifestyle, pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum of different PND trajectories defined according to the onset of depressive symptoms. Participants were drawn from a large population‐based cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden (n  = 2,466). Five trajectory groups of depressive symptom onset were created using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale ≥13 (pregnancy) or ≥12 points (postpartum): (a) healthy (60.6%), (b) pregnancy depression (8.5%), (c) early postpartum onset (10.9%), (d) late postpartum onset (5.4%), and (e) chronic depression (14.6%). In multinomial logistic regressions, the associations between trajectories and the included characteristics were tested using the healthy trajectory as reference. Background characteristics (younger age, lower education, unemployment) were primarily associated with pregnancy depression and chronic depression. Characteristics associated with all PND trajectories were smoking prior to pregnancy, migraine, premenstrual mood symptoms, intimate partner violence, interpersonal trauma, negative delivery expectations, pregnancy nausea, and symphysiolysis. Nulliparity, instrumental delivery, or a negative delivery experience was associated with early postpartum onset. Postpartum factors (e.g., infantile colic, lack of sleep, low partner support, and bonding difficulties) were associated with early and late postpartum onset together with chronic depression. The findings suggest that different PND trajectories have divergent characteristics, which could be used to create individualized treatment options. To find the most predictive characteristics for different PND trajectories, studies with even larger and more diverse samples are warranted.
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6.
  • Comasco, Erika, et al. (författare)
  • Adipocytokines levels at delivery, functional variation of TFAP2 beta, and maternal and neonatal anthropometric parameters
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Obesity. - 1930-7381 .- 1930-739X. ; 21:10, s. 2130-2137
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVEAdipocytokines participate in the regulation of glucose metabolism and foetal development. The transcription factor activating protein 2B (TFAP2β) has been associated with adipocytokine regulation, and gene variations with type 2 diabetes and obesity. This study investigated associations between maternal TFAP2B variation, adipocytokines levels and maternal and neonatal anthropometric characteristics.DESIGN AND METHODSA population-based sample of women was followed from delivery to six months postpartum. Adiponectin, leptin and interleukin-6 levels at delivery, and maternal as well as neonatal anthropometric variables were assessed. The TFAP2β intron 1 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) was genotyped.RESULTSMaternal interleukin-6 correlated positively with leptin at delivery, with peripartum weight changes and weight of newborn males, adjusted for potential confounders. Leptin at delivery was associated with TFAP2β intron 1 VNTR genotype, adjusted for confounders, maternal weight and negatively with birth weight among female neonates. A path model suggested a link between TFAP2β genotype, leptin levels and newborn females' weight.CONCLUSIONSThe present results stress a role for the TFAP2 β in adiposity-related conditions and intrauterine growth. The association between neonatal birth weight and maternal adipocytokine levels, together with the observed sex effect, call for further studies on the mechanisms behind neuro-endocrine foetal programming.
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7.
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8.
  • Henriksson, Hanna E., 1988- (författare)
  • Seasonal aspects of peripartum depressive symptoms
  • 2019
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Every year, a large proportion of pregnant and newly delivered women develop peripartum depression, a condition that may cause long-term suffering for the entire family. Although there is a lack of consensus, some studies propose an association between season and the risk of developing depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Furthermore, the immune system, which undergoes numerous structural changes during pregnancy, has been suggested to exhibit seasonal variations. In addition, discrepancies in metabolic profiles have been reported between women with and without depression after childbirth. This thesis aimed to investigate seasonal aspects of peripartum depressive symptoms (PPDS) and biological markers during the peripartum period. The data mainly derived from the prospective population-based Biology, Affect, Stress, Imaging, and Cognition (BASIC) study, but data were also included from the longitudinal population-based Uppsala-Athens (UPPSAT) study. The presence of depressive symptoms was primarily assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). There were no consistent associations between season, meteorological parameters, air pollen count, and PPDS. Moreover, a number of inflammatory markers were identified as having seasonal variations among samples from pregnant women. On the contrary, only one marker had a seasonal pattern during the early postpartum period. Furthermore, metabolic profiles were not discriminatory between pregnant women with and without depressive symptoms. However, when divided into summer and winter childbirths, discrepancies were identified in metabolic profiles between summer cases and controls, as well as between summer and winter controls. In summary, the studies included in this thesis suggest that season, specifically, is not associated with PPDS. However, season may have a moderating effect on the association between depressive symptoms and the metabolic profile of pregnant women. In addition, the seasonal variations appears more prominent among inflammatory markers during late pregnancy, compared with the early postpartum period. These findings suggest that women need equal attention in clinical care regardless of the season during which they give birth. Future studies on biological aspects of PPDS and immune-associated conditions are encouraged to also assess seasonality.
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9.
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10.
  • Iliadis, Stavros I, 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • Personality and risk for postpartum depressive symptoms
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Archives of Women's Mental Health. - 1434-1816 .- 1435-1102. ; 18:3, s. 539-546
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common childbirth complication, affecting 10-15 % of newly delivered mothers. This study aims to assess the association between personality factors and PPD. All pregnant women during the period September 2009 to September 2010, undergoing a routine ultrasound at Uppsala University Hospital, were invited to participate in the BASIC study, a prospective study designed to investigate maternal well-being. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) while the Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS) was used as a diagnostic tool for major depression. Personality traits were evaluated using the Swedish Universities Scale of Personality (SSP). One thousand thirty-seven non-depressed pregnant women were included in the study. Non-depressed women reporting high levels of neuroticism in late pregnancy were at high risk of developing postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDSs) at 6 weeks and 6 months after delivery, even after adjustment for confounders (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 3.4, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.8-6.5 and adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 3.9, 95 % CI 1.9-7.9). The same was true for a DSRS-based diagnosis of major depression at 6 months postpartum. Somatic trait anxiety and psychic trait anxiety were associated with increased risk for PPDS at 6 weeks (aOR = 2.1, 95 % CI 1.2-3.5 and aOR = 1.9, 95 % CI 1.1-3.1), while high scores of mistrust were associated with a twofold increased risk for PPDS at 6 months postpartum (aOR 1.9, 95 % CI 1.1-3.4). Non-depressed pregnant women with high neuroticism scores have an almost fourfold increased risk to develop depressive symptoms postpartum, and the association remains robust even after controlling for most known confounders. Clinically, this could be of importance for health care professionals working with pregnant and newly delivered women.
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