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Sökning: WFRF:(Ilinca Andreea)

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1.
  • Ilinca, A., et al. (författare)
  • Whole-Exome Sequencing in 22 Young Ischemic Stroke Patients With Familial Clustering of Stroke
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Stroke. - : American Heart Association. - 0039-2499 .- 1524-4628. ; 51:4, s. 1056-1063
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Backgrounds and Purpose-Although new methods for genetic analyses are rapidly evolving, there are currently knowledge gaps in how to detect Mendelian forms of stroke. Methods-We performed whole-exome sequencing in 22 probands, under 56 years at their first ischemic stroke episode, from multi-incident stroke families. With the use of a comprehensive stroke-gene panel, we searched for variants in stroke-related genes. The probands' clinical stroke subtype was related to clinical characteristics previously associated with pathogenic variants in these genes. Relatives were genotyped in 7 families to evaluate stroke-gene variants of unknown significance. In 2 larger families with embolic stroke of unknown source, whole-exome sequencing was performed in additional members to examine the possibility of identifying new stroke genes. Results-Six of 22 probands carried pathogenic or possibly pathogenic variants in genes reported to be associated with their stroke subtype. A known pathogenic variant in NOTCH3 and a possibly pathogenic variant in ACAD9 gene were identified. A novel JAK2:c.3188G>A (p.Arg1063His) mutation was seen in a proband with embolic stroke of undetermined source and prothrombotic status. However, penetrance in the family was incomplete. COL4A2:c.3368A>G (p.Glu1123Gly) was detected in 2 probands but did not cosegregate with the disease in their families. Whole-exome sequencing in multiple members of 2 pedigrees with embolic stroke of undetermined source revealed possibly pathogenic variants in genes not previously associated with stroke, GPR142:c.148C>G (p.Leu50Val), and PTPRN2:c.2416A>G (p.Ile806Val); LRRC1 c.808A>G (p.Ile270Val), SLC7A10c.1294dupG (p.Val432fs), IKBKB: c.1070C>T (p.Ala357Val), and OXGR1 c.392G>A (p.Arg131His), respectively. Conclusions-Screening with whole-exome sequencing using a comprehensive stroke-gene panel may identify rare monogenic forms of stroke, but careful evaluation of clinical characteristics and potential pathogenicity of novel variants remain important. In our study, the majority of individuals with familial aggregation of stroke lacked any identified genetic causes.
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2.
  • Ilinca, A., et al. (författare)
  • MAP3K6 Mutations in a Neurovascular Disease Causing Stroke, Cognitive Impairment, and Tremor
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neurology-Genetics. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 2376-7839. ; 7:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective To describe a possible novel genetic mechanism for cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) and stroke. Methods We studied a Swedish kindred with ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage, tremor, dysautonomia, and mild cognitive decline. Members were examined clinically, radiologically, and by histopathology. Genetic workup included whole-exome sequencing (WES) and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and intrafamilial cosegregation analyses. Results Fifteen family members were examined clinically. Twelve affected individuals had white matter hyperintensities and 1 or more of (1) stroke episodes, (2) clinically silent lacunar ischemic lesions, and (3) cognitive dysfunction. All affected individuals had tremor and/or atactic gait disturbance. Mild symmetric basal ganglia calcifications were seen in 3 affected members. Postmortem examination of 1 affected member showed pathologic alterations in both small and large arteries the brain. Skin biopsies of 3 affected members showed extracellular amorphous deposits within the subepidermal zone, which may represent degenerated arterioles. WES or WGS did not reveal any potentially disease-causing variants in known genes for cSVDs or idiopathic basal ganglia calcification, but identified 1 heterozygous variant, NM_004672.4 MAP3K6 c.322G>A p.(Asp108Asn), that cosegregated with the disease in this large family. MAP3K6 has known functions in angiogenesis and affects vascular endothelial growth factor expression, which may be implicated in cerebrovascular disease. Conclusions Our data strongly suggest the MAP3K6 variant to be causative for this novel disease phenotype, but the absence of functional data and the present lack of additional families with this disease and MAP3K6 mutations still limit the formal evidence for the variant's pathogenicity.
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3.
  • Petersson, M., et al. (författare)
  • Patient-Reported Symptom Severity in a Nationwide Myasthenia Gravis Cohort Cross-sectional Analysis of the Swedish GEMG Study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0028-3878 .- 1526-632X. ; 97:14, s. E1382-E1391
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Objectives To describe myasthenia gravis activities of daily living (MG-ADL) in relation to clinical characteristics in a large Swedish nationwide cohort. Methods In a cross-sectional prevalence cohort study, the Genes and Environment in Myasthenia Gravis study, performed from November 2018 through August 2019, patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were invited to submit an extensive 106-item life environment questionnaire, including the MG-ADL score. Patients were classified into early-onset MG (EOMG, <50 years), late-onset MG (LOMG, >= 50 years), or thymoma-associated MG (TAMG). Comparisons of disease-specific characteristics were made between subgroups, sexes, and different MG-ADL scores. Results A total of 1,077 patients were included, yielding a 74% response rate: 505 (47%) were classified as EOMG, 520 (48%) LOMG, and 45 (4%) TAMG. Mean age at inclusion was 64.3 years (SD 15.7) and mean disease duration was 14.6 years (SD 14.0). Complete MG-ADL scores (n = 1,035) ranged from 0p to 18p, where 26% reported a score of 0p. Higher MG-ADL scores were associated with female sex, obesity, and diagnostic delay (odds ratio [OR] 1.62, 1.72, and 1.69; p(adj) = 0.017, 0.013, and 0.008) and inversely correlated with high educational attainment (OR 0.59; p(adj) = 0.02), but not with age at inclusion, disease subtype, or disease duration. Almost half of the population (47%) reported MG-ADL >= 3p, corresponding to an unsatisfactory symptom state. Discussion In this nationwide study, comprising more than 40% of the prevalent MG population in Sweden, almost half of the patients reported current disease symptoms associated with an unsatisfactory symptom state, indicating the need for improved treatment options.
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4.
  • Pulit, SL, et al. (författare)
  • Loci associated with ischaemic stroke and its subtypes (SiGN): a genome-wide association study.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. Neurology. - : Lancet Ltd. - 1474-4465. ; 15:2, s. 174-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discovery of disease-associated loci through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is the leading genetic approach to the identification of novel biological pathways underlying diseases in humans. Until recently, GWAS in ischaemic stroke have been limited by small sample sizes and have yielded few loci associated with ischaemic stroke. We did a large-scale GWAS to identify additional susceptibility genes for stroke and its subtypes.To identify genetic loci associated with ischaemic stroke, we did a two-stage GWAS. In the first stage, we included 16 851 cases with state-of-the-art phenotyping data and 32 473 stroke-free controls. Cases were aged 16 to 104 years, recruited between 1989 and 2012, and subtypes of ischaemic stroke were recorded by centrally trained and certified investigators who used the web-based protocol, Causative Classification of Stroke (CCS). We constructed case-control strata by identifying samples that were genotyped on nearly identical arrays and were of similar genetic ancestral background. We cleaned and imputed data by use of dense imputation reference panels generated from whole-genome sequence data. We did genome-wide testing to identify stroke-associated loci within each stratum for each available phenotype, and we combined summary-level results using inverse variance-weighted fixed-effects meta-analysis. In the second stage, we did in-silico lookups of 1372 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified from the first stage GWAS in 20 941 cases and 364 736 unique stroke-free controls. The ischaemic stroke subtypes of these cases had previously been established with the Trial of Org 10 172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification system, in accordance with local standards. Results from the two stages were then jointly analysed in a final meta-analysis.We identified a novel locus (G allele at rs12122341) at 1p13.2 near TSPAN2 that was associated with large artery atherosclerosis-related stroke (first stage odds ratio [OR] 1·21, 95% CI 1·13-1·30, p=4·50 × 10(-8); joint OR 1·19, 1·12-1·26, p=1·30 × 10(-9)). Our results also supported robust associations with ischaemic stroke for four other loci that have been reported in previous studies, including PITX2 (first stage OR 1·39, 1·29-1·49, p=3·26 × 10(-19); joint OR 1·37, 1·30-1·45, p=2·79 × 10(-32)) and ZFHX3 (first stage OR 1·19, 1·11-1·27, p=2·93 × 10(-7); joint OR 1·17, 1·11-1·23, p=2·29 × 10(-10)) for cardioembolic stroke, and HDAC9 (first stage OR 1·29, 1·18-1·42, p=3·50 × 10(-8); joint OR 1·24, 1·15-1·33, p=4·52 × 10(-9)) for large artery atherosclerosis stroke. The 12q24 locus near ALDH2, which has previously been associated with all ischaemic stroke but not with any specific subtype, exceeded genome-wide significance in the meta-analysis of small artery stroke (first stage OR 1·20, 1·12-1·28, p=6·82 × 10(-8); joint OR 1·17, 1·11-1·23, p=2·92 × 10(-9)). Other loci associated with stroke in previous studies, including NINJ2, were not confirmed.Our results suggest that all ischaemic stroke-related loci previously implicated by GWAS are subtype specific. We identified a novel gene associated with large artery atherosclerosis stroke susceptibility. Follow-up studies will be necessary to establish whether the locus near TSPAN2 can be a target for a novel therapeutic approach to stroke prevention. In view of the subtype-specificity of the associations detected, the rich phenotyping data available in the Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN) are likely to be crucial for further genetic discoveries related to ischaemic stroke.US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health.
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5.
  • Appleton, Jason Philip, et al. (författare)
  • Improving the likelihood of neurology patients being examined using patient feedback
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: BMJ quality improvement reports. - 2050-1315. ; 4:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We aimed to establish whether recall of elements of the neurological examination can be improved by use of a simple patient assessment score. In a previous study we demonstrated that in-patients referred to neurology at two United Kingdom (UK) hospitals were not fully examined prior to referral; we therefore designed a larger quality improvement report with 80% power to detect a 10% increase in tendon hammer or ophthalmoscope use following an educational intervention. In-patients referred to neurology over a four month period (in hospitals in the UK (10), Jordan (1), Sweden (2), and the United Arab Emirates (1)) were asked whether they recalled being examined with a tendon hammer (T), ophthalmoscope (O), and stethoscope (S) since admission. The results were disseminated to local medical teams using various techniques (including Grand Round presentations, email, posters, discounted equipment). Data were then collected for a further four month period post-intervention. Pre-intervention and post-intervention data were available for 11 centres with 407 & 391 patients in each arm respectively. Median age of patients was 51 (range 13-100) and 49 (range 16-95) years respectively, with 44.72% and 44.76% being male in each group. 264 patients (64.86%) recalled being examined with a tendon hammer in the pre-intervention arm, which significantly improved to 298 (76.21%) (p<0.001). Only 119 patients (29.24%) recollected examination with an ophthalmoscope pre-intervention, which significantly improved to 149 (38.11%)(p=0.009). The majority of patients (321 (78.87%)) pre-intervention recalled examination with a stethoscope, which significantly improved to 330 (84.4%) to a lesser extent (p=0.045). Results indicate that most patients are not fully examined prior to neurology referral yet a simple assessment score and educational intervention can improve recall of elements of the neurological examination and thus the likelihood of patients being examined neurologically. This is the largest and - to our knowledge - only study to assess this issue. This has implications for national neurological educators.
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6.
  • Gorcenco, Sorina, et al. (författare)
  • New generation genetic testing entering the clinic
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. - : Elsevier. - 1353-8020. ; 73, s. 72-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • New generation sequencing (NGS) genetic testing is a powerful diagnostic tool and is increasingly used in the clinical workup of patients, especially in unusual presentations or where a positive family history suggests heritable disease. This review addresses the NGS technologies Targeted sequencing (TS), Whole exome sequencing (WES), Whole genome sequencing (WGS), and the use of gene panels or gene lists for clinical diagnostic purposes. These methods primarily assess nucleotide sequence but can also detect copy number variants and many tandem repeat expansions, greatly simplifying diagnostic algorithms for movement disorders. Studies evaluating the efficacy of NGS in diagnosing movement disorders have reported a diagnostic yield of up to 10.1% for familial and 15.7% for early-onset PD, 11.7–37.5% for dystonia, 12.1–61.8% for ataxia/spastic paraplegia and 11.3–28% for combined movement disorders. Patient selection and stringency in the interpretation of the detected variants and genotypes affect diagnostic yield. Careful comparison of the patient's or family's disease features with the previously reported phenotype associated with the same variant or gene can avoid false-positive diagnoses, although some genes are implicated in various phenotypes. Moving from TS to WES and WGS increases the number of patients correctly diagnosed, but for many patients, a genetic cause cannot be identified today. However, new genetically defined entities are discovered at rapid pace, and genetic databases and our knowledge of genotype-phenotype correlations expand steadily. We discuss the need for clear communication of genetic results and suggest a list of aspects to consider when reporting neurogenetic disorders using NGS testing.
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7.
  • Ilinca, Andreea, et al. (författare)
  • A stroke gene panel for whole-exome sequencing
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1018-4813. ; 27:2, s. 317-324
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Extensive analyses of known monogenic causes of stroke by whole-exome/genome sequencing are technically possible today. We here aimed to compile a comprehensive panel of genes associated with monogenic causes of stroke for use in clinical and research situations. We systematically searched the publically available database Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and validated the entries against original peer-reviewed publications in PubMed. First, we selected known pathogenic or putatively pathogenic stroke genes reported in at least one person with stroke, and classified the stroke phenotype for each gene into eight subgroups: (1) large artery atherosclerotic, (2) large artery non-atherosclerotic (tortuosity, dolichoectasia, aneurysm, non-atherosclerotic dissection, occlusion), (3) cerebral small-vessel diseases, (4) cardioembolic (arrhythmia, heart defect, cardiomyopathy), (5) coagulation dysfunctions (venous thrombosis, arterial thrombosis, bleeding tendency), (6) intracerebral hemorrhage, (7) vascular malformations (cavernoma, arteriovenous malformations), and (8) metabolism disorders. Second, we selected other genes that may plausibly cause stroke through diseases related to stroke, but without any documented stroke patient description. A third section comprised SNPs associated with stroke in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We identified in total 214 genes: 120 associated with stroke, 62 associated with diseases that may cause stroke, and 32 stroke-related genes from recent GWAS. We describe these 214 genes and the clinical stroke subtype(s) associated with each of them. The resulting gene panel can be used to interpret exome sequencing results regarding monogenic stroke. Based on the panel’s clinical phenotype description, the pathogenicity of novel variants in these genes may be evaluated in specific situations.
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8.
  • Ilinca, Andreea, et al. (författare)
  • Familial aggregation of stroke amongst young patients in Lund Stroke Register.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Neurology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1351-5101. ; 23:2, s. 401-407
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The known monogenic forms of stroke are rare. The aim of this study was to analyze pedigrees of young stroke patients regarding possible monogenic cerebrovascular disease and to evaluate the possibility of genetic stroke in these families. This may contribute to a better understanding of disease mechanism in stroke.
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9.
  • Ilinca, Andreea (författare)
  • Genetic mechanisms for stroke in young adults. A clinical perspective.
  • 2020
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • A range of cardiovascular risk factors associated with stroke are known, but they do not explain all cases of stroke. Genetic factors can be responsible for certain forms of stroke, and are further investigated in this thesis. The aims of this thesis were to study the occurrence of familial clustering of stroke, compile known stroke-associated genetic conditions for diagnostic and research genetic testing, and examine patients and families with apparently hereditary forms of stroke, focusing on patients who developed stroke at younger age.Based on data from Lund Stroke Register (LSR), patients with a first stroke episode before age 56 years were investigated regarding familial history for stroke and familial clustering of stroke compatible with possible monogenic disease (Paper I). The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database was used to systematically compile known stroke related genes, and for all these genes the clinical type of stroke was retrieved from original literature. Stroke gene panels for new generation sequencing were created (Paper II), and were applied to investigate 23 stroke families for known genetic causes of stroke (Papers III and IV). Detailed genetic investigations of larger families with seemingly hereditary stroke by whole exome sequencing (WES), whole genome sequencing (WGS) and conventional Sanger sequencing (Sg) were performed. Pathology of brain and skin vessels was analyzed.Paper I: Ten percent of 4,103 LSR patients were younger than 56 years. Of these, 47% (159 probands) reported a positive family history for stroke. Results revealed that 18% of the patients who were under 56 years at their first stroke episode, and with a positive familial history of stroke, did not have any of the usual vascular risk factors.Paper II: Stroke gene panels for use in clinical diagnostics and for research purposes were compiled. A total of 214 genes documented in OMIM were identified. One hundred-twenty genes were associated with clinically documented episodes of stroke (stroke gene panel 1). Sixty-two additional genes related to stroke, but without a reported case of a stroke episode in humans, were compiled for stroke gene panel 2. We included in stroke gene panel 3 stroke-related genes previously detected by genome-wide association studies. Clinical descriptions for the phenotypes associated with each gene were collected, to facilitate correct interpretation of the ample data generated by new generation sequencing analyses.Papers III and IV: WES of 23 probands and validation by Sg in affected and unaffected relatives identified pathogenic or possibly pathogenic genetic variants in 6 of the families, but the pathogenicity of only one was proven beyond doubt. For two larger families with embolic stroke of undetermined source at before 46 years of age and without any suspected variation in known stroke genes, we identified variants in genes not previously associated with stroke; GPR142 for one of the families and in PTPRN2, LRRC1, SLC7A10, IKBKB, and OXGR1 for the other family. In one large kindred with a novel entity with autosomal dominant small vessel disease, stroke, and tremor, a variant in the MAP3K6 gene was identified. Also this gene had not previously been associated with stroke. Pathology showed abnormalities in blood vessels of the brain and the skin and we suggest a pathomechanism involving vascular endothelial growth factor, based on what presently is known about the function of MAP3K6.WES of stroke patients 55 years or younger has presently a low diagnostic yield, but remains a practical method for clinical diagnostics of known stroke related disease. In research, whole exome or genome sequencing analyses of families may identify novel disease genes and new mechanisms for stroke.
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10.
  • Malik, Rainer, et al. (författare)
  • Low-frequency and common genetic variation in ischemic stroke : The METASTROKE collaboration
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : American Academy of Neurology. - 1526-632X. ; 86:13, s. 26-1217
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of common and low-frequency genetic variants on the risk of ischemic stroke (all IS) and etiologic stroke subtypes.METHODS: We meta-analyzed 12 individual genome-wide association studies comprising 10,307 cases and 19,326 controls imputed to the 1000 Genomes (1 KG) phase I reference panel. We selected variants showing the highest degree of association (p < 1E-5) in the discovery phase for replication in Caucasian (13,435 cases and 29,269 controls) and South Asian (2,385 cases and 5,193 controls) samples followed by a transethnic meta-analysis. We further investigated the p value distribution for different bins of allele frequencies for all IS and stroke subtypes.RESULTS: We showed genome-wide significance for 4 loci: ABO for all IS, HDAC9 for large vessel disease (LVD), and both PITX2 and ZFHX3 for cardioembolic stroke (CE). We further refined the association peaks for ABO and PITX2. Analyzing different allele frequency bins, we showed significant enrichment in low-frequency variants (allele frequency <5%) for both LVD and small vessel disease, and an enrichment of higher frequency variants (allele frequency 10% and 30%) for CE (all p < 1E-5).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the missing heritability in IS subtypes can in part be attributed to low-frequency and rare variants. Larger sample sizes are needed to identify the variants associated with all IS and stroke subtypes.
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