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Sökning: WFRF:(Iwasaki Naoko)

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  • Taoka, Toshiaki, et al. (författare)
  • "Sukeroku sign" and "dent internal-capsule sign" : identification guide for targeting the subthalamic nucleus for placement of deep brain stimulation electrodes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Neuroradiology. - 0028-3940 .- 1432-1920. ; 51:1, s. 11-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of signs ("Sukeroku sign" and "dent internal-capsule sign") for the recognition of subthalamic nucleus (STN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five Parkinson's disease cases in which there was a successful placement of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes at the STN were retrospectively reviewed. Five radiologists who were not engaged in localization of STNs in clinical practice were asked to locate the STNs before and after instructions on the signs. We evaluated the deviation between the reader-located points and the location of the DBS electrode for which there had been a successful installation. RESULTS: After instruction, there was a significant reduction in the deviation between the reader-located points and the DBS electrode. The time required for localization was also reduced after the instructions. CONCLUSION: Sukeroku sign and dent internal-capsule sign are feasible indicators of STN and seem to be useful in helping to identify the STN.
  • Yasuda, Kazuki, et al. (författare)
  • Variants in KCNQ1 are associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 40:9, s. 1092-1097
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We carried out a multistage genome-wide association study of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japanese individuals, with a total of 1,612 cases and 1,424 controls and 100,000 SNPs. The most significant association was obtained with SNPs in KCNQ1, and dense mapping within the gene revealed that rs2237892 in intron 15 showed the lowest P value (6.7 x 10(-13), odds ratio (OR) = 1.49). The association of KCNQ1 with type 2 diabetes was replicated in populations of Korean, Chinese and European ancestry as well as in two independent Japanese populations, and meta-analysis with a total of 19,930 individuals (9,569 cases and 10,361 controls) yielded a P value of 1.7 x 10(-42) (OR = 1.40; 95% CI = 1.34-1.47) for rs2237892. Among control subjects, the risk allele of this polymorphism was associated with impairment of insulin secretion according to the homeostasis model assessment of beta-cell function or the corrected insulin response. Our data thus implicate KCNQ1 as a diabetes susceptibility gene in groups of different ancestries.
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