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Sökning: WFRF:(Jacobsson Lennart T. H. 1954 )

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1.
  • Bursill, D., et al. (författare)
  • Gout, Hyperuricaemia and Crystal-Associated Disease Network (G-CAN) consensus statement regarding labels and definitions of disease states of gout
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967. ; 78:11, s. 1592-1600
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective There is a lack of standardisation in the terminology used to describe gout. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus statement describing the recommended nomenclature for disease states of gout. Methods A content analysis of gout-related articles from rheumatology and general internal medicine journals published over a 5-year period identified potential disease states and the labels commonly assigned to them. Based on these findings, experts in gout were invited to participate in a Delphi exercise and face-to-face consensus meeting to reach agreement on disease state labels and definitions. Results The content analysis identified 13 unique disease states and a total of 63 unique labels. The Delphi exercise (n=76 respondents) and face-to-face meeting (n=35 attendees) established consensus agreement for eight disease state labels and definitions. The agreed labels were as follows: 'asymptomatic hyperuricaemia', 'asymptomatic monosodium urate crystal deposition', 'asymptomatic hyperuricaemia with monosodium urate crystal deposition', 'gout', 'tophaceous gout', 'erosive gout', 'first gout flare' and 'recurrent gout flares'. There was consensus agreement that the label 'gout' should be restricted to current or prior clinically evident disease caused by monosodium urate crystal deposition (gout flare, chronic gouty arthritis or subcutaneous tophus). Conclusion Consensus agreement has been established for the labels and definitions of eight gout disease states, including 'gout' itself. The Gout, Hyperuricaemia and Crystal-Associated Disease Network recommends the use of these labels when describing disease states of gout in research and clinical practice.
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2.
  • Bursill, D., et al. (författare)
  • Gout, Hyperuricemia, and Crystal-Associated Disease Network Consensus Statement Regarding Labels and Definitions for Disease Elements in Gout
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Arthritis Care & Research. - 2151-464X. ; 71:3, s. 427-434
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective The language currently used to describe gout lacks standardization. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus statement on the labels and definitions used to describe the basic disease elements of gout. Methods Experts in gout (n = 130) were invited to participate in a Delphi exercise and face-to-face consensus meeting to reach consensus on the labeling and definitions for the basic disease elements of gout. Disease elements and labels in current use were derived from a content analysis of the contemporary medical literature, and the results of this analysis were used for item selection in the Delphi exercise and face-to-face consensus meeting. Results There were 51 respondents to the Delphi exercise and 30 attendees at the face-to-face meeting. Consensus agreement (>= 80%) was achieved for the labels of 8 disease elements through the Delphi exercise; the remaining 3 labels reached consensus agreement through the face-to-face consensus meeting. The agreed labels were monosodium urate crystals, urate, hyperuric(a)emia, tophus, subcutaneous tophus, gout flare, intercritical gout, chronic gouty arthritis, imaging evidence of monosodium urate crystal deposition, gouty bone erosion, and podagra. Participants at the face-to-face meeting achieved consensus agreement for the definitions of all 11 elements and a recommendation that the label "chronic gout" should not be used. Conclusion Consensus agreement was achieved for the labels and definitions of 11 elements representing the fundamental components of gout etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation. The Gout, Hyperuricemia, and Crystal-Associated Disease Network recommends the use of these labels when describing the basic disease elements of gout.
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3.
  • Brahe, C. H., et al. (författare)
  • Retention and response rates in 14 261 PsA patients starting TNF inhibitor treatment-results from 12 countries in EuroSpA
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Rheumatology. - 1462-0324. ; 59:7, s. 1640-1650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To investigate TNF inhibitor (TNFi) retention and response rates in European biologic-naive patients with PsA. Methods. Prospectively collected data on PsA patients in routine care from 12 European registries were pooled. Heterogeneity in baseline characteristics between registries were explored (analysis of variance and pairwise comparison). Retention rates (Kaplan-Meier), clinical remission [28-joint count DAS (DAS28) <2.6; 28 joint Disease Activity index for Psoriatic Arthritis 4] and ACR criteria for 20% improvement (ACR20)/ACR50/ACR70 were calculated, including LUNDEX adjustment. Results. Overall, 14 261 patients with PsA initiated a first TNFi. Considerable heterogeneity of baseline characteristics between registries was observed. The median 12-month retention rate (95% CI) was 77% (76, 78%), ranging from 68 to 90% across registries. Overall, DAS28/28 joint Disease Activity index for Psoriatic Arthritis remission rates at 6 months were 56%/27% (LUNDEX: 45%/22%). Six-month ACR20/50/70 responses were 53%/38%/22%, respectively. In patients initiating a first TNFi after 2009 with registered fulfilment of ClASsification for Psoriatic ARthritis (CASPAR) criteria (n = 1980) or registered one or more swollen joint at baseline (n = 5803), the retention rates and response rates were similar to those found overall. Conclusion. Approximately half of >14 000 patients with PsA who initiated first TNFi treatment in routine care were in DAS28 remission after 6 months, and three-quarters were still on the drug after 1 year. Considerable heterogeneity in baseline characteristics and outcomes across registries was observed. The feasibility of creating a large European database of PsA patients treated in routine care was demonstrated, offering unique opportunities for research with real-world data.
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4.
  • Glintborg, B., et al. (författare)
  • Biological treatment in ankylosing spondylitis in the Nordic countries during 2010-2016: a collaboration between five biological registries
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. - 0300-9742. ; 47:6, s. 465-474
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Large-scale observational cohorts may be used to study the effectiveness and rare side effects of biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), but may be hampered by differences in baseline characteristics and disease activity across countries. We aimed to explore the research infrastructure in the five Nordic countries regarding bDMARD treatment in AS. Method: This observational cohort study was based on data from biological registries in Denmark (DANBIO), Sweden (SRQ/ARTIS), Finland (ROB-FIN), Norway (NOR-DMARD), and Iceland (ICEBIO). Data were collected for the years 2010-2016. Registry coverage, registry inventory (patient characteristics, disease activity measures), and national guidelines for bDMARD prescription in AS were described per country. Incident (first line) and prevalent bDMARD use per capita, country, and year were calculated. In AS patients who started first line bDMARDs during 2010-2016 (n = 4392), baseline characteristics and disease activity measures were retrieved. Results: Registry coverage of bDMARD-treated patients ranged from 60% to 95%. All registries included extensive prospectively collected data at patient level. Guidelines regarding choice of first line drug and prescription patterns varied across countries. During the period 2010-2016 prevalent bDMARD use increased (p < 0.001), whereas incident use tended to decrease (p for trend < 0.004), with large national variations (e.g. 2016 incidence: Iceland 10.7/100 000, Finland 1.7/100 000). Baseline characteristics were similar regarding C-reactive protein, but differed for other variables, including the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) (range 3.5-6.3) and Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) (2.7-3.8) (both p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Collaboration across the five Nordic biological registries regarding bDMARD use in AS is feasible but national differences in coverage, prescription patterns, and patient characteristics must be taken into account depending on the scientific question.
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6.
  • Kristensen, L. E., et al. (författare)
  • Societal costs and patients' experience of health inequities before and after diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis: a Danish cohort study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967. ; 76:9, s. 1495-1501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To comprehensively study the comorbidities, healthcare and public transfer (allowance) costs in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) before and after diagnosis. Methods Nationwide cohort study, using data from Danish registries from January 1998 through December 2014. A total of 10 525 patients with PsA and 20 777 matched general population comparator (GPC) subjects were included. Societal costs, employment status and occurrence of comorbidities in patients with PsA both before and after diagnosis were compared with GPC subjects. Results At baseline, patients with PsA had significantly more comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease (OR 1.70 95% CI 1.55 to 1.86), respiratory diseases (OR 1.73 95% CI 1.54 to 1.96) and infectious diseases (OR 2.03 95% CI 1.69 to 2.42) compared with GPC subjects. At all time points, patients with PsA had higher total healthcare and public transfer costs; they also had lower income (p<0.001) and incurred a net average increased societal cost of (sic)10 641 per patient-year compared with GPC subjects following diagnosis. The relative risk (RR) for being on disability pension 5 years prior to PsA diagnosis was 1.36 (95% CI 1.24 to 1.49) compared with GPC subjects. The RR increased to 1.60 (95% CI 1.49 to 1.72) at the time of diagnosis and was 2.69 (95% CI 2.40 to 3.02) 10 years after diagnosis, where 21.8% of the patients with PsA received disability pension. Conclusions Our findings are suggestive of health inequity for patients with PsA and call for individual preventive measures and societal action.
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7.
  • Lindström, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Validity of ankylosing spondylitis and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis diagnoses in the Swedish National Patient Register
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. - 0300-9742 .- 1502-7732. ; 44:5, s. 369-376
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Epidemiological studies of spondyloarthritis (SpA), using ICD codes from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR), offer unique possibilities but hinge upon an understanding of the validity of the codes. The aim of this study was to validate the ICD codes for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and undifferentiated SpA (uSpA) in the NPR against the established classification criteria [modified New York (mNY), Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS), Amor, and European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) criteria].Method: All patients with an ICD-8/9/10 code of AS or uSpA in the NPR 1966-2009 at a visit to a specialist in rheumatology or internal medicine or corresponding hospitalization, alive and living in Sweden 2009, were identified (n = 20 089). Following a structured procedure to achieve geographical representativeness, 500 random patients with a diagnosis of AS or uSpA in 2007-2009 were selected. Based on a structured review of clinical records, positive predictive values (PPVs) for fulfilling the criteria sets were calculated.Results: For those having received an ICD code for AS, the PPVs for fulfilling the mNY criteria or any set of SpA criteria were 70% and 89%, respectively. For those with an uSpA diagnosis (and never an AS diagnosis), the corresponding PPVs were 20% and 79%. The subset with both AS and uSpA diagnoses (overlap = 12%) were as likely to fulfil the mNY criteria as the group that had been coded as AS only.Conclusions: The diagnosis codes for AS or uSpA had high PPVs, suggesting that our case identification in the Swedish NPR can be used for nationwide, population-based, epidemiological studies of these diseases. © 2015 © 2015 Informa Healthcare on license from Scandinavian Rheumatology Research Foundation.
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8.
  • Axelsen, M. B., et al. (författare)
  • Responsiveness of different dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging approaches: a post-hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial of certolizumab pegol in rheumatoid arthritis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. - 0300-9742. ; 49:2, s. 105-111
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim was to explore dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) as an early marker of therapeutic response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) starting treatment with certolizumab pegol (CZP). Method: In 40 RA patients initiating CZP (27 patients) or 2 weeks of placebo (PCB) followed by CZP (13 patients), DCE-MRI of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints was performed at weeks 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16. Using semi-automated software, three methods for drawing volume regions of interest (ROIs) in MCP2-5 and PIP2-5 were applied: 'Standard' (slices: all; joints: MCP2-5 together and PIP2-5 together), 'Detailed' (slices: slices with high-quality visualization; joints: as Standard), and 'Single-joint' (slices: as Detailed; joints: each joint separately). The number of enhancing voxels (Nvoxel), initial rate of enhancement (IRE), and maximum enhancement (ME) were extracted and analysed for each method. Results: Nvoxel in MCP2-5, and IRE and ME in PIP2-5 decreased statistically significantly (Wilcoxon rank-sum test, p < 0.02-0.03) after 16 weeks of treatment for the Standard method. Nvoxel and ME decreased significantly more in the CZP group than in the PCB group after 1 week of treatment, but not at later time-points. There were no significant changes for DCE-MRI parameters for the Detailed and Single-joint methods. Conclusions: Certain DCE-MRI parameters detected decreased inflammation during CZP treatment in RA patients. Using specific criteria for ROIs, as in the Detailed and Single-joint methods, decreased the statistical power and could not show any changes over time.
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9.
  • Bengtsson, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Cardiac conduction disturbances in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: results from a 5-year follow-up cohort study.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: RMD open. - 2056-5933. ; 5:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To describe electrocardiographic (ECG) development in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and identify associations between baseline characteristics and cardiac conduction disturbances (CCD) at 5-year follow-up.In a longitudinal cohort study, 172 patients (54% men, mean age (SD) of 50 (13) years at baseline) with AS underwent ECG, physical examination, questionnaires and laboratory testing at baseline and at 5-year follow-up. Descriptive statistics and univariate and age- and sex-adjusted logistic regression analyses were used. CCD included both atrioventricular and intraventricular blocks.Twenty-three of the 172 patients (13.4%) had a CCD at follow-up. Eight patients had developed a new CCD and eight had normalised their ECG. In the age- and sex-adjusted analyses, CCD at baseline (OR 24.8, 95% CI 7.3 to 84.5), male sex (OR 6.4, 95% CI 2.0 to 20.8), history of anterior uveitis (OR 4.4, 95% CI 1.3 to 14.5), higher ASDAS-CRP (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.3 to 4.0), greater waist circumference (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.6, per 5 cm), and medication with antiplatelets (OR 7.0, 95% CI 1.5 to 31.8) and beta-blockers (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.0 to 11.5) were associated with a CCD at follow-up. Higher age and longer symptom duration were highly correlated and were both associated with a CCD at follow-up.The presence of CCD in AS is in part dynamic and associated with both AS and non-AS characteristics. Our results suggest that patients especially prone to present with CCDs are older men with a previous CCD, longer symptom duration, higher AS disease activity, a history of anterior uveitis and medication reflecting cardiovascular disease.
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10.
  • de Vries, Mirjam K, et al. (författare)
  • Tuberculosis risk in ankylosing spondylitis, other spondyloarthritis and psoriatic arthritis in Sweden: a population-based cohort study.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Arthritis care & research. - 2151-4658. ; 70:10, s. 1563-1567
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), particularly following treatment with biologicals. Since these therapies are increasingly used in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), other types of spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), we investigated the corresponding TB risks in these patients.We identified individuals with AS/SpA/PsA, and non-AS/SpA/PsA comparators by linking Swedish national Patient, Population, TB and Rheumatology registers, and followed them for TB occurrence. Incidence rates were estimated for biological-naïve and biological-exposed patients, and the comparators. We calculated hazard ratios (HR) adjusted for age, sex and country of birth.38,702 patients with AS/SpA/PsA, and 200,417 general population persons were included. Among patients, 11 active TB cases were identified, with an incidence rate (per 105 ) of 22 (95%CI 8.3 to 59.2) for biological-exposed patients, 2.7 (95%CI 1.3 to 5.6) for biological-naïve patients and 2.4 (95%CI 1.8 to 3.3) for non-AS/SpA/PsA comparators. The adjusted HR comparing biological-naïve patients to the general population was 1.2 (95%CI 0.5 to 2.7), and 7.5 (95%CI 1.9 to 29) comparing biological-exposed to biological-naïve patients.Biological-naïve AS/PsA /SpA are not at an increased TB risk in Sweden. Following treatment with biologicals, risks increased but the absolute TB risk was low. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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