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Sökning: WFRF:(Jensen Rigmor)

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1.
  • Tibaek, S., et al. (författare)
  • Is there a long-lasting effect of pelvic floor muscle training in women with urinary incontinence after ischemic stroke? A 6-month follow-up study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer. - 1433-3023 .- 0937-3462. ; 18:3, s. 281-287
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-lasting effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in women with urinary incontinence after stroke measured by quality of life parameters. Twenty-four (24/24) women with urinary incontinence after stroke, who had completed a prospective, randomised controlled and single-blinded trial evaluating the effect of 12 weeks PFMT, were included in this follow-up study. The follow-up assessments were done by telephone interview 6 months after the intervention. The effect was evaluated by The Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey Questionnaire and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ). Twenty-four subjects completed the study. In the treatment group, the SF-36 showed a trend to a long-lasting effect in one of the eight domains and the IIQ showed a tendency to decreased impact of UI in two sub-scales compared to the control group. Our data indicated that PFMT may have a long-lasting effect measured by quality of life parameters.
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2.
  • Tibaek, S, et al. (författare)
  • Pelvic floor muscle training is effective in women with urinary incontinence after stroke: A randomised, controlled and blinded study
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Neurourology and Urodynamics. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0733-2467 .- 1520-6777. ; 24:4, s. 348-357
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT) in women with urinary incontinence (UI) after ischemic stroke. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine medical records of stroke patients were searched. Twenty-six subjects were randomised to a Treatment Group (14 subjects) or a Control Group (12 subjects) in a single blinded, randomised study. The intervention included 12 weeks of standardised PFMT. The outcome measures were: (1) diary recording the frequency of voiding, the number of incontinence episodes and used pads; (2) 24-hr home pad test; and (3) vaginal palpation of pelvic floor muscle evaluating function, strength, static and dynamic endurance. Results: Twenty-four subjects with urge, stress and mixed stress/urge incontinence, completed the study, 12 in each group. A significant improvement in frequency of voiding in daytime (Treatment Group/Control Group: 7/8 at pre-test, 6/9 at post-test (median values), P = 0.018), 24-hr pad test (Treatment Group/Control Group: 8/12 to 2/8 g P = 0.013) and dynamic endurance of pelvic floor muscle (Treatment Group/Control Group: 11120 to 20/8 contractions of Pelvic Floor Muscle, P = 0.028) was demonstrated in the Treatment Group compared to the Control Group. A significant improvement in frequency of voiding in daytime (decreased from seven to six, P = 0.036), pelvic floor muscle function (P = 0.034), strength (P = 0.046), static endurance increased from 9 to 30 see (P = 0.028) and dynamic endurance increased from 11 to 20 contractions (P = 0.020) was also demonstrated within the Treatment Group, but not in the Control Group. Conclusion: PFMT had a significant effect in women with UI after stroke measured by diaries, pad tests and vaginal palpation.
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3.
  • Tornøe, Birte, et al. (författare)
  • Specific strength training compared with interdisciplinary counseling for girls with tension-type headache : A randomized controlled trial
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pain Research. - : Dove Press. - 1178-7090. ; 9, s. 257-270
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Childhood tension-type headache (TTH) is a prevalent and debilitating condition for the child and family. Low-cost nonpharmacological treatments are usually the first choice of professionals and parents. This study examined the outcomes of specific strength training for girls with TTH. Methods: Forty-nine girls aged 9–18 years with TTH were randomized to patient education programs with 10 weeks of strength training and compared with those who were counseled by a nurse and physical therapist. Primary outcomes were headache frequency, intensity, and duration; secondary outcomes were neck–shoulder muscle strength, aerobic power, and pericranial tenderness, measured at baseline, after 10 weeks intervention, and at 12 weeks follow-up. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires were assessed at baseline and after 24 months. Results: For both groups, headache frequency decreased significantly, P=0.001, as did duration, P=0.022, with no significant between-group differences. The odds of having headache on a random day decreased over the 22 weeks by 0.65 (0.50–0.84) (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]). For both groups, neck extension strength decreased significantly with a decrease in cervicothoracic extension/flexion ratio to 1.7, indicating a positive change in muscle balance. In the training group, shoulder strength increased ≥10% in 5/20 girls and predicted VO2max increased ≥15% for 4/20 girls. In the training group, 50% of girls with a headache reduction of ≥30% had an increase in VO2max >5%. For the counseling group, this was the case for 29%. A 24-month follow-up on HRQOL for the pooled sample revealed statistically significant improvements. Fifty-five percent of the girls reported little to none disability. Conclusion: The results indicate that both physical health and HRQOL can be influenced significantly by physical exercise and nurse counseling. More research is needed to examine the relationship between physical exercise, VO2max, and TTH in girls. Thus, empowering patient education to promote maximum possible outcomes for all children needs more attention.
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4.
  • Bauer, Ann Z., et al. (författare)
  • Paracetamol use during pregnancy : a call for precautionary action
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Nature Reviews Endocrinology. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1759-5029 .- 1759-5037.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Paracetamol (N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP), otherwise known as acetaminophen) is the active ingredient in more than 600 medications used to relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce fever. APAP is widely used by pregnant women as governmental agencies, including the FDA and EMA, have long considered APAP appropriate for use during pregnancy when used as directed. However, increasing experimental and epidemiological research suggests that prenatal exposure to APAP might alter fetal development, which could increase the risks of some neurodevelopmental, reproductive and urogenital disorders. Here we summarize this evidence and call for precautionary action through a focused research effort and by increasing awareness among health professionals and pregnant women. APAP is an important medication and alternatives for treatment of high fever and severe pain are limited. We recommend that pregnant women should be cautioned at the beginning of pregnancy to: forego APAP unless its use is medically indicated; consult with a physician or pharmacist if they are uncertain whether use is indicated and before using on a long-term basis; and minimize exposure by using the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible time. We suggest specific actions to implement these recommendations. This Consensus Statement reflects our concerns and is currently supported by 91 scientists, clinicians and public health professionals from across the globe. A growing body of research suggests that prenatal exposure to paracetamol (APAP) might alter development and increase the risk of some reproductive, urogenital and neurodevelopmental disorders. This Consensus Statement calls for precautionary action, including a focused research effort, increasing awareness among health professionals and pregnant women and, whenever possible, minimizing use.
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5.
  • Krøll, Lotte Skytte, et al. (författare)
  • Level of physical activity, well-being, stress and self-rated health in persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Headache and Pain. - : Springer. - 1129-2369. ; 18:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The prevalence of migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain is high in the general population. However, there is very little literature on the characteristics of these combined conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate a) the prevalence of migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain in a clinic-based sample, b) the level of physical activity, psychological well-being, perceived stress and self-rated health in persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain compared to healthy controls, c) the perceived ability of persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain to perform physical activity, and d) which among the three conditions (migraine, tension-type headache or neck pain) is rated as the most burdensome condition. Methods: The study was conducted at a tertiary referral specialised headache centre where questionnaires on physical activity, psychological well-being, perceived stress and self-rated health were completed by 148 persons with migraine and 100 healthy controls matched by sex and average age. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to assess characteristics of migraine, tension-type headache and neck pain. Results: Out of 148 persons with migraine, 100 (67%) suffered from co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain. Only 11% suffered from migraine only. Persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain had lower level of physical activity and psychological well-being, higher level of perceived stress and poorer self-rated health compared to healthy controls. They reported reduced ability to perform physical activity owing to migraine (high degree), tension-type headache (moderate degree) and neck pain (low degree). The most burdensome condition was migraine, followed by tension-type headache and neck pain. Conclusions: Migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain was highly prevalent in a clinic-based sample. Persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain may require more individually tailored interventions to increase the level of physical activity, and to improve psychological well-being, perceived stress and self-rated health.
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6.
  • Krøll, Lotte Skytte, et al. (författare)
  • Migraine co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain : Validation of questionnaires
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Pain. - : Elsevier. - 1877-8860. ; 8, s. 10-16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and aim: Migraine often includes co-existing tension-type headache (TTH) and neck pain (NP). Multiple headache questionnaires assessing headache impact have been described previously; however, none of the existing questionnaires have been designed to cover migraine with co-existing TTH and NP. Therefore a new questionnaire was developed to measure these co-morbidities. The aim was to determine face and content validity of the newly developed questionnaire, "Impact of Migraine, Tension-Type Headache and Neck Pain" (impact M-TTH-NP) and to determine face and content validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short form), Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ v. 2.1), WHO-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5), Major Depression Inventory (MDI) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) not yet validated in this target population. Material and methods: The new multi-dimensional questionnaire "Impact M-TTH-NP" cover pain, triggers, psychosocial, socioeconomic and work related aspects, based on a four-week recall period. The items are rated on an 11-point numeric rating scale with the end points 0 = no impact and 10 = most imaginable impact. Face validity was assessed by migraine patients with co-existing TTH and NP. They were recruited between September 2012 and March 2013 from a tertiary referral headache centre. Nine women with a mean age of 38 years participated in group interviews. The questionnaires were reviewed for relevance and meaningfulness. Content validity was assessed by 13 headache experts. They had worked with headache diseases for an average of 9 (range, 2-38) years. Experts were recruited between August 2012 and October 2012. Nine medical doctors, two physical therapists, one headache nurse and one psychologist (eight women and five men, mean age of 42 years) participated. The experts rated each item of the questionnaires using a four-point Likert scale with the end points 1 = not relevant and 4 = highly relevant. The quantitative measurement of content validity was calculated by the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) and the scale-level content validity average method (S-CVI/Ave). The average deviation (AD) index was used as a measure of interrater agreement. Results: Impact M-TTH-NP showed acceptable face validity. Of 78 items twelve were revised and one was added based on group interviews and expert review. Seventy-two items (92%) obtained I-CVI. ≥ 0.78 (range 0.78-1.00) indicating excellent content validity, 71 items (91%) obtained acceptable AD index. Nine items did not meet either the limit for excellent I-CVI and/or acceptable AD index. The overall S-CVI/Ave was 0.92 indicating an excellent content validity. In addition, four of the five additional questionnaires showed acceptable face validity (MSQ, WHO-5, MDI and NDI) and three showed excellent content validity (WHO-5, MDI and NDI) for patients suffering from migraine and co-existing TTH and NP. Conclusions and implications: The impact M-TTH-NP questionnaire showed acceptable face validity and excellent content validity and may be useful when evaluating treatment effect in this target group. The new impact M-TTH-NP questionnaire in combination with the additional questionnaires that together assess pain, triggers, psychosocial and socioeconomic aspects may provide a deeper understanding of the complexity of migraine with co-existing TTH and NP.
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7.
  • Krøll, Lotte Skytte, et al. (författare)
  • The effects of aerobic exercise for persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain. A randomized, controlled, clinical trial
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Cephalalgia. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0333-1024. ; 38:12, s. 1805-1816
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To evaluate aerobic exercise in migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain. Methods: Consecutively recruited persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain were randomized into an exercise group or control group. Aerobic exercise consisted of bike/cross-trainer/brisk walking for 45 minutes, three times/week. Controls continued usual daily activities. Pain frequency, intensity, and duration; physical fitness, level of physical activity, well-being and ability to engage in daily activities were assessed at baseline, after treatment and at follow-up. Results: Fifty-two persons completed the study. Significant between-group improvements for the exercise group were found for physical fitness, level of physical activity, migraine burden and the ability to engage in physical activity because of reduced impact of tension-type headache and neck pain. Within the exercise group, significant reduction was found for migraine frequency, pain intensity and duration, neck pain intensity, and burden of migraine; an increase in physical fitness and well-being. Conclusions: Exercise significantly reduced the burden of migraine and the ability to engage in physical activity because of reduced impact of tension-type headache and neck pain. Exercise also reduced migraine frequency, pain intensity and duration, although this was not significant compared to controls. These results emphasize the importance of regular aerobic exercise for reduction of migraine burden.
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8.
  • List, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Temporomandibular disorders : Old ideas and new concepts
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cephalalgia. - : Sage Publications. - 0333-1024 .- 1468-2982. ; 37:7, s. 692-704
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is an umbrella term for pain and dysfunction involving the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). TMD is the most common orofacial pain condition. Its prominent features include regional pain in the face and preauricular area, limitations in jaw movement, and noise from the TMJs during jaw movements. TMD affects up to 15% of adults and 7% of adolescents. Chronic pain is the overwhelming reason that patients with TMD seek treatment. TMD can associate with impaired general health, depression, and other psychological disabilities, and may affect the quality of life of the patient. Assessment: Evaluations indicate that the recently published Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) are reliable and valid. These criteria cover the most common types of TMD, which include pain-related disorders (e.g., myalgia, headache attributable to TMD, and arthralgia) as well as disorders associated with the TMJ (primarily disc displacements and degenerative disease). As peripheral mechanisms most likely play a role in the onset of TMD, a detailed muscle examination is recommended. The persistence of pain involves more central factors, such as sensitization of the supraspinal neurons and second-order neurons at the level of the spinal dorsal horn/trigeminal nucleus, imbalanced antinociceptive activity, and strong genetic predisposition, which also is included in DC/TMD. Conclusion: The etiology is complex and still not clearly understood, but several biological and psychosocial risk factors for TMD have been identified. Several studies indicate that patients with TMD improve with a combination of noninvasive therapies, including behavior therapy, pharmacotherapy, physical therapy, and occlusal appliances. More stringently designed studies, however, are needed to assess treatment efficacy and how to tailor treatment to the individual patient.
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9.
  • Madsen, Bjarne K, et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy of strength training on tension-type headache : A randomised controlled study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Cephalalgia. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0333-1024. ; 38:6, s. 1071-1080
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Strength training has shown effects in reducing neck pain. As neck pain is highly prevalent in tension-type headache (TTH), it is relevant to examine the effect of strength training of the shoulder muscles on TTH patients. Aim To examine the effect of strength training of the shoulder/neck muscles on TTH frequency and duration. Methods Sixty patients with TTH were randomised into strength training or a control group. The strength training group trained ten weeks with elastic resistance bands. The control group performed ergonomic and posture correction. Efficacy was evaluated at follow-up after 19-22 weeks. Results Twenty-three patients completed strength training and 21 completed ergonomic and posture correction (per-protocol). No between-group effect was detected, but within groups numerical reductions were noted in both groups from baseline to follow-up. Frequency of TTH in the strength training group decreased by 11% ( P = 0.041) and duration decreased by10% ( P = 0.036), while the ergonomic and posture correction group showed a significant reduction in frequency of 24% ( P = 0.0033) and a decrease in duration of 27% ( P = 0.041). Conclusion No significant difference between the groups was found and the within-group effects did not reach clinical significance. Combining all the elements into a multifaceted intervention could prove more useful and should be further explored in future studies. Clinical trials registration number NCT02984826.
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