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Sökning: WFRF:(Jon Hansen Anker)

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  • Cao, Renhai, et al. (författare)
  • Collaborative interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C promotes lymphangiogenesis and metastasis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 109:39, s. 15894-15899
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Interplay between various lymphangiogenic factors in promoting lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis remains poorly understood. Here we show that FGF-2 and VEGF-C, two lymphangiogenic factors, collaboratively promote angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment, leading to widespread pulmonary and lymph-node metastases. Coimplantation of dual factors in the mouse cornea resulted in additive angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. At the molecular level, we showed that FGFR-1 expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells is a crucial receptor that mediates the FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Intriguingly, the VEGFR-3-mediated signaling was required for the lymphatic tip cell formation in both FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced lymphangiogenesis. Consequently, a VEGFR-3-specific neutralizing antibody markedly inhibited FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Thus, the VEGFR-3-induced lymphatic endothelial cell tip cell formation is a prerequisite for FGF-2-stimulated lymphangiogenesis. In the tumor microenvironment, the reciprocal interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C collaboratively stimulated tumor growth, angiogenesis, intratumoral lymphangiogenesis, and metastasis. Thus, intervention and targeting of the FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced angiogenic and lymphangiogenic synergism could be potentially important approaches for cancer therapy and prevention of metastasis.
  • Tritsaris, Katerina, et al. (författare)
  • IL-20 is an arteriogenic cytokine that remodels collateral networks and improves functions of ischemic hind limbs
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 104:39, s. 15364-15369
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Successful therapeutic angiogenesis for the treatment of ischemic disorders relies on selection of optimal proangiogenic or arteriogenic agents that are able to promote establishment of functional collateral networks. Here, we show that IL-20, a pleiotropic inflammatory cytokine, displays an imperative effect on vascular remodeling. Stimulation of both large and microvascular endothelial cells with IL-20 leads to activation of receptor-dependent multiple intracellular signaling components, including increased phosphorylation levels of JAK2/STAT5, Erk1/2, and Akt; activation of small GTP-binding proteins Rac and Rho; and intracellular release of calcium. Surprisingly, IL-20 significantly promotes endothelial cell tube formation without affecting their proliferation and motility. These findings suggest that the vascular function of IL-20 involves endothelial cell organization, vessel maturation, and remodeling. Consistent with this notion, delivery of IL-20 to the ischemic muscle tissue significantly improves arteriogenesis and blood perfusion in a rat hind-limb model. Our findings provide mechanistic insights on vascular functions of IL-20 and define therapeutic implication of this cytokine for the treatment of ischemic disorders.
  • Benveniste, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Determination of Brain Interstitial Concentrations by Microdialysis
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurochemistry. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1471-4159. ; 52:6, s. 1741-1750
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Microdialysis is an extensively used technique for the study of solutes in brain interstitial space. The method is based on collection of substances by diffusion across a dialysis membrane positioned in the brain. The outflow concentration reflects the interstitial concentration of the substance of interest, but the relationship between these two entities is at present unclear. So far, most evaluations have been based solely on calibrations in saline. This procedure is misleading, because the ease by which molecules in saline diffuse into the probe is different from that of tissue. We describe here a mathematical analysis of mass transport into the dialysis probe in tissue based on diffusion equations in complex media. The main finding is that diffusion characteristics of a given substance have to be included in the formula. These include the tortuosity factor (λ) and the extracellular volume fraction (α). We have substantiated this by studies in a welldefined complex medium (red blood cell suspensions) as well as in brain. We conclude that the traditional calculation procedure results in interstitial concentrations that are too low by a factor of λ2/α for a given compound.
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