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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Joosten R.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Joosten R.)

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1.
  • Akhunzyanov, R., et al. (författare)
  • Transverse extension of partons in the proton probed in the sea-quark range by measuring the DVCS cross section
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 793, s. 188-194
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We report on the first measurement of exclusive single-photon muoproduction on the proton by COMPASS using 160 GeV/c polarised mu(+) and mu(-) beams of the CERN SPS impinging on a liquid hydrogen target. We determine the dependence of the average of the measured mu(+) and mu(-) cross sections for deeply virtual Compton scattering on the squared four-momentum transfer t from the initial to the final proton. The slope B of the t-dependence is fitted with a single exponential function, which yields B = (4.3 +/- 0.6(stat) (+0.1)(-0.3)vertical bar(sys)) (GeV/c)(-2). This result can be converted into a transverse extension of partons in the proton,root(r(perpendicular to)(2)) = (0.58 +/- 0.04(stat) (+0.01)(-0.02)vertical bar(sys) +/- 0.04(model)) fm. For this measurement, the average virtuality of the photon mediating the interaction is &lt; Q(2)&gt; = 1.8 (GeV/c)(2) and the average value of the Bjorken variable is &lt; X-Bj &gt; = 0.056.</p>
2.
  • Jackura, A., et al. (författare)
  • New analysis of eta pi tensor resonances measured at the COMPASS experiment
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 779, s. 464-472
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a new amplitude analysis of the eta pi D-wave in the reaction pi(-) p -&gt; eta pi(-) p measured by COMPASS. Employing an analytical model based on the principles of the relativistic S-matrix, we find two resonances that can be identified with the a(2)(1320) and the excited a(2)(1700), and perform a comprehensive analysis of their pole positions. For the mass and width of the a(2) we find M = (1307 +/- 1 6) MeV and Gamma=(112 +/- 1 +/- 8) MeV, and for the excited state a(2)' we obtain M = (1720 +/- 10 +/- 60) MeV and Gamma = (280 +/- 10 +/- 70) MeV, respectively.</p>
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3.
  • Adolph, C., et al. (författare)
  • Interplay among transversity induced asymmetries in hadron leptoproduction
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 753, s. 406-411
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In the fragmentation of a transversely polarized quark several left-right asymmetries are possible for the hadrons in the jet. When only one unpolarized hadron is selected, it exhibits an azimuthal modulation known as the Collins effect. When a pair of oppositely charged hadrons is observed, three asymmetries can be considered, a di-hadron asymmetry and two single hadron asymmetries. In lepton deep inelastic scattering on transversely polarized nucleons all these asymmetries are coupled with the transversity distribution. From the high statistics COMPASS data on oppositely charged hadron-pair production we have investigated for the first time the dependence of these three asymmetries on the difference of the azimuthal angles of the two hadrons. The similarity of transversity induced single and di-hadron asymmetries is discussed. A new analysis of the data allows quantitative relationships to be established among them, providing for the first time strong experimental indication that the underlying fragmentation mechanisms are all driven by a common physical process.</p>
4.
  • Adolph, C., et al. (författare)
  • Final COMPASS results on the deuteron spin-dependent structure function g(1)(d) and the Bjorken sum rule
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 769, s. 34-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Final results are presented from the inclusive measurement of deep-inelastic polarised-muon scattering on longitudinally polarised deuterons using a <sup>6</sup>LiD target. The data were taken at 160 GeV beam energy and the results are shown for the kinematic range 1 (GeV/<em>c</em>)<sup>2</sup> &lt; Q<sup>2</sup> &lt; 100 (GeV/<em>c</em>)<sup>2</sup> in photon virtuality, 0.004 &lt; <em>x</em> &lt; 0.7 in the Bjorken scaling variable and W &gt; 4GeV/c<sup>2</sup> in the mass of the hadronic final state. The deuteron double-spin asymmetry A(1)(d) and the deuteron longitudinal-spin structure function g(1)(d) are presented in bins of <em>x</em> and Q<sup>2</sup>. Towards lowest accessible values of <em>x</em>, g(1)(d) decreases and becomes consistent with zero within uncertainties. The presented final g(1)(p) values together with the recently published final g(1)(p) values of COMPASS are used to again evaluate the Bjorken sum rule and perform the QCD fit to the g<sub>1</sub> world data at next-to-leading order of the strong coupling constant. In both cases, changes in central values of the resulting numbers are well within statistical uncertainties. The flavour singlet axial charge <em>a</em><sub>0</sub>, which is identified in the MS renormalisation scheme with the total contribution of quark helicities to the nucleon spin, is extracted at next-to-leading order accuracy from only the COMPASS deuteron data: a<sub>0</sub>(Q<sup>2</sup> = 3 (GeV/<em>c</em>)<sup>2</sup>) = 0.32 +/- 0.02<sub>stat</sub> +/- 0.04<sub>syst</sub> +/- 0.05<sub>evol</sub>. Together with the recent results on the proton spin structure function g(1)(p), the results on g(1)(d) constitute the COMPASS legacy on the measurements of g<sub>1</sub> through inclusive spin-dependent deep inelastic scattering.</p>
5.
  • Aghasyan, M., et al. (författare)
  • Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A(1)(p) and spin-dependent structure function g(1)(p) of the proton at small values of x and Q(2)
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 781, s. 464-472
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a precise measurement of the proton longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A(1)(p) and the proton spin-dependent structure function g(1)(P) at photon virtualities 0.006 (GeV/c)(2) &lt; Q(2) &lt; 1 (GeV/c)(2) in the Bjorken x range of 4 x 10(-5) &lt; x &lt; 4 x 10(-2). The results are based on data collected by the COMPASS Collaboration at CERN using muon beam energies of 160 GeV and 200 GeV. The statistical precision is more than tenfold better than that of the previous measurement in this region. In the whole range of x, the measured values of A(1)(p) and g(1)(P) are found to be positive. It is for the first time that spin effects are found at such low values of x.</p>
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6.
  • Adolph, C., et al. (författare)
  • Leading-order determination of the gluon polarisation from semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering data
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - SPRINGER. - 1434-6044 .- 1434-6052. ; 77:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Using a novel analysis technique, the gluon polarisation in the nucleon is re-evaluated using the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry measured in the cross section of semi-inclusive single-hadron muoproduction with photon virtuality Q(2) &gt; 1 ( GeV/c)(2). The data were obtained by the COMPASS experiment at CERN using a 160 GeV/c polarised muon beam impinging on a polarised (LiD)-Li-6 target. By analysing the full range in hadron transverse momentum p(T), the different pT-dependences of the underlying processes are separated using a neural-network approach. In the absence of pQCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the selected kinematic domain, the gluon polarisation Delta g/g is evaluated at leading order in pQCD at a hard scale of mu(2) = &lt; Q(2) &gt; = 3( GeV/c)(2). It is determined in three intervals of the nucleon momentum fraction carried by gluons, x(g), covering the range 0.04&lt; x(g)&lt; 0.28 and does not exhibit a significant dependence on xg. The average over the three intervals, &lt; Delta g/g &gt; = 0.113 +/- 0.038(stat) +/- 0.036( syst) at &lt; x(g) &gt; approximate to 0.10, suggests that the gluon polarisation is positive in the measured x(g) range.</p>
7.
  • Adolph, C., et al. (författare)
  • Sivers asymmetry extracted in SIDIS at the hard scales of the Drell-Yan process at COMPASS
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 770, s. 138-145
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Eight proton transverse-spin-dependent azimuthal asymmetries are extracted in four regions of the photon virtuality Q(2) from the COMPASS 2010 semi-inclusive hadron measurements in deep inelastic muon nucleon scattering. These Q(2) regions correspond to the four regions of the di-muon mass root Q(2) used in the ongoing analyses of the COMPASS Drell-Yan measurements, which allows for a future direct comparison of the nucleon transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution functions extracted from these two alternative measurements. In addition, for the azimuthal asymmetries induced by the Sivers transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution function various two-dimensional kinematic dependences are presented. The integrated Sivers asymmetries are found to be positive with an accutacy that appears to be sufficient to test the sign change of the Sivers function predicted by Quantum Chromodynamics.</p>
8.
  • Adolphi, C., et al. (författare)
  • Exclusive omega meson muoproduction on transversely polarised protons
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0550-3213 .- 1873-1562. ; 915, s. 454-475
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Exclusive production of omega mesons was studied at the COMPASS experiment by scattering 160GeV/c muons off transversely polarised protons. Five single-spin and three double-spin azimuthal asymmetries were measured in the range of photon virtuality 1(GeV/c)(2) &lt; Q(2) &lt; 10(GeV/c)(2), Bjorken scaling variable 0.003 &lt; xBj &lt; 0.3 and transverse momentum squared of the omega meson 0.05(GeV/c)(2) &lt; p(T)(2) &lt; 0.5(GeV/c)(2). The measured asymmetries are sensitive to the nucleon helicity-flip Generalised Parton Distributions (GPD) Et hat are related to the orbital angular momentum of quarks, the chiral-odd GPDs H-T that are related to the transversity Parton Distribution Functions, and the sign of the pi omega transition form factor. The results are compared to recent calculations of a GPD-based model.</p>
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9.
  • Aghasyan, M., et al. (författare)
  • Light isovector resonances in pi(-) p -&gt; pi(-) pi(-) pi(+)p at 190 GeV/c
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 98:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We have performed the most comprehensive resonance-model fit of pi(-)pi(-)pi(+) states using the results of our previously published partial-wave analysis (PWA) of a large data set of diffractive-dissociation events from the reaction pi(-) + p -&gt; pi(-)pi(-)pi(+) +p(recoil) with a 190 GeV/c pion beam. The PWA results, which were obtained in 100 bins of three-pion mass, 0.5 &lt; m(3 pi) &lt; 2.5 GeV/c(2), and simultaneously in 11 bins of the reduced four-momentum transfer squared, 0.1 &lt; t'&lt; 1.0 (GeV/c)(2), are subjected to a resonance-model fit using Breit-Wigner amplitudes to simultaneously describe a subset of 14 selected waves using 11 isovector light-meson states with J(PC) = 0(-+), 1(++), 2(++), 2(-+), 4(++), and spin-exotic 1(-+) quantum numbers. The model contains the well-known resonances pi(1800), a(1)(1260), a(2)(1320), pi(2)(1670), pi(2)(1880), and a(4) (2040). In addition, it includes the disputed pi(1)(1600), the excited states a(1)(1640), a2(1700), and pi(2) (2005), as well as the resonancelike a(1)(1420). We measure the resonance parameters mass and width of these objects by combining the information from the PWA results obtained in the 11 t' bins. We extract the relative branching fractions of the rho(770)pi and f(2)(1270)pi decays of a(2)(1320) and a(4)(2040), where the former one is measured for the first time. In a novel approach, we extract the t' dependence of the intensity of the resonances and of their phases. The t' dependence of the intensities of most resonances differs distinctly from the t' dependence of the nonresonant components. For the first time, we determine the t' dependence of the phases of the production amplitudes and confirm that the production mechanism of the Pomeron exchange is common to all resonances. We have performed extensive systematic studies on the model dependence and correlations of the measured physical parameters.</p>
10.
  • Aghasyan, M., et al. (författare)
  • Transverse-momentum-dependent multiplicities of charged hadrons in muon-deuteron deep inelastic scattering
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 97:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A semi-inclusive measurement of charged hadron multiplicities in deep inelastic muon scattering off an isoscalar target was performed using data collected by the COMPASS Collaboration at CERN. The following kinematic domain is covered by the data: photon virtuality Q(2) &gt; 1 (GeV/c)(2), invariant mass of the hadronic system W &gt; 5 (GeV/c)(2), Bjorken scaling variable in the range 0.003 &lt; x &lt; 0.4, fraction of the virtual photon energy carried by the hadron in the range 0.2 &lt; z &lt; 0.8, and square of the hadron transverse momentum with respect to the virtual photon direction in the range 0.02 (GeV/c)(2) &lt; P-hT(2) &lt; 3 (GeV/c)(2). The multiplicities are presented as a function of P-hT(2) in three-dimensional bins of x, Q(2), z and compared to previous semi-inclusive measurements. We explore the small-P-hT(2) region, i.e. P-hT(2) &lt; 1 (GeV/c)(2), where hadron transverse momenta are expected to arise from nonperturbative effects, and also the domain of larger P-hT(2), where contributions from higher-order perturbative QCD are expected to dominate. The multiplicities are fitted using a single-exponential function at small P-hT(2) to study the dependence of the average transverse momentum &lt; P-hT(2)&gt; on x, Q(2) and z. The power-law behavior of the multiplicities at large P-hT(2) is investigated using various functional forms. The fits describe the data reasonably well over the full measured range.</p>
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