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Sökning: WFRF:(Josephson Peter)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 61
  • [1]234567Nästa
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  • Albert, J., et al. (författare)
  • Risk of HIV transmission from patients on antiretroviral therapy: A position statement from the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Reference Group for Antiviral Therapy
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. - : Informa Healthcare. - 0036-5548 .- 1651-1980. ; 46:10, s. 673-677
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The modern medical treatment of HIV with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has drastically reduced the morbidity and mortality in patients infected with this virus. ART has also been shown to reduce the transmission risk from individual patients as well as the spread of the infection at the population level. This position statement from the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Reference Group for Antiviral Therapy is based on a workshop organized in the fall of 2012. It summarizes the latest research and knowledge on the risk of HIV transmission from patients on ART, with a focus on the risk of sexual transmission. The risk of transmission via shared injection equipment among intravenous drug users is also examined, as is the risk of mother-to-child transmission. Based on current knowledge, the risk of transmission through vaginal or anal intercourse involving the use of a condom has been judged to be minimal, provided that the person infected with HIV fulfils the criteria for effective ART. This probably also applies to unprotected intercourse, provided that no other sexually transmitted infections are present, although it is not currently possible to fully support this conclusion with direct scientific evidence. ART is judged to markedly reduce the risk of blood-borne transmission between people who share injection equipment. Finally, the risk of transmission from mother to child is very low, provided that ART is started well in advance of delivery.
  • Östling, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • The Humboldtian tradition and its transformations
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: The Humboldtian Tradition : Origins and Legacies. - : Brill Academic Publishers. - 2352-1325. - 9789004271920 ; 12
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
  • Kjellberg, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Development of an instrument for assessing workstyle in checkout cashier work (BAsIK)
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Work. - 1051-9815 .- 1875-9270. ; 41, s. 663-668
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Checkout cashier work consists of handling a large number of items during a work shift, which implies repetitive movements of the shoulders, arms and hands/wrists, and a high work rate. The work is associated with a high prevalence of disorders in the neck and upper extremity. The concept of workstyle explains how ergonomic and psychosocial factors interact in the development of work-related upper extremity disorders. The aim of the project was to develop an instrument for the occupational health services to be used in the efforts to prevent upper extremity disorders in checkout cashier work. The instrument is based on the workstyle concept and is intended to be used as a tool to identify high-risk workstyle and needs for interventions, such as training and education. The instrument, BAsIK, consists of four parts; a questionnaire about workstyle, an observation protocol for work technique, a checklist about the design of the checkout and a questionnaire about work organization. The instrument was developed by selecting workstyle items developed for office work and adapting them to checkout cashier work, discussions with researchers and ergonomists, focus-group interviews with cashiers, observations of video recordings of cashiers, and studies of existing guidelines and checklists.
  • Palm, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Differences in cashiers work technique regarding wrist movements when scanning groceries
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Work. - 1051-9815 .- 1875-9270. ; 41, s. 5436-5438
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Checkout cashier work can be repetitive and hand-intensive. Differences in workstyle might explain why some cashiers develop symptoms and other do not. Work technique is one part of the workstyle concept. The aim of this study was to analyze if there were differences in work technique among cashiers in to what extent they use large or small wrist movements when scanning groceries. Wrist movements of 17 cashiers were video recorded. The results revealed large variation among the cashiers in if they use large or small wrist movements when handling the groceries. This indicated there is a potential for some cashiers to improve their work technique.
  • Palm, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Reliability and criterion validity of an observation protocol for working technique assessments in cash register work
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Ergonomics. - 0014-0139 .- 1366-5847. ; 59:6, s. 829-839
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We evaluated the intra- and inter-observer reliability and criterion validity of an observation protocol, developed in an iterative process involving practicing ergonomists, for assessment of working technique during cash register work for the purpose of preventing upper extremity symptoms. Two ergonomists independently assessed 17 15-min videos of cash register work on two occasions each, as a basis for examining reliability. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing these assessments with meticulous video-based analyses by researchers. Intra-observer reliability was acceptable (i.e. proportional agreement >0.7 and kappa>0.4) for 10/10 questions. Inter-observer reliability was acceptable for only 3/10 questions. An acceptable inter-observer reliability combined with an acceptable criterion validity was obtained only for one working technique aspect ‘Quality of movements’. Thus, major elements of the cashiers’ working technique could not be assessed with an acceptable accuracy from short periods of observations by one observer, such as often desired by practitioners.
  • Wagner, Galen, et al. (författare)
  • Consideration of pitfalls in and omissions from the current ECG standards for diagnosis of myocardial ischemia/infarction in patients who have acute coronary syndromes
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Cardiology Clinics. - : Elsevier. - 1558-2264. ; 24:3, s. 331-331
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ECG is the key clinical test available for the emergency determination of which patients who presenting with acute coronary syndromes indeed have acute myocardial ischemia/infarction. Because typically the etiology is thrombosis, the correct clinical decision regarding reperfusion therapy is crucial. This review follows the efforts of an AHA working group to develop new standards for clinical application of electrocardiology. The pitfalls in the current diagnostic standards regarding ischemia/infarction that have been identified by sufficiently documented studies are corrected in their report. This article focuses on the pitfalls for which new standards will emerge in future years.
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