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Sökning: WFRF:(Junker P)

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  • Rajewsky, N., et al. (författare)
  • LifeTime and improving European healthcare through cell-based interceptive medicine
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Research. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • LifeTime aims to track, understand and target human cells during the onset and progression of complex diseases and their response to therapy at single-cell resolution. This mission will be implemented through the development and integration of single-cell multi-omics and imaging, artificial intelligence and patient-derived experimental disease models during progression from health to disease. Analysis of such large molecular and clinical datasets will discover molecular mechanisms, create predictive computational models of disease progression, and reveal new drug targets and therapies. Timely detection and interception of disease embedded in an ethical and patient-centered vision will be achieved through interactions across academia, hospitals, patient-associations, health data management systems and industry. Applying this strategy to key medical challenges in cancer, neurological, infectious, chronic inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases at the single-cell level will usher in cell-based interceptive medicine in Europe over the next decade.
  • Abgrall, N., et al. (författare)
  • The large enriched germanium experiment for neutrinoless double beta decay (LEGEND)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Workshop on Calculation of Double-Beta-Decay Matrix Elements, MEDEX 2017. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 9780735415775 ; 1894
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay (0νββ) would show that lepton number is violated, reveal that neu-trinos are Majorana particles, and provide information on neutrino mass. A discovery-capable experiment covering the inverted ordering region, with effective Majorana neutrino masses of 15 - 50 meV, will require a tonne-scale experiment with excellent energy resolution and extremely low backgrounds, at the level of ∼0.1 count /(FWHM·t·yr) in the region of the signal. The current generation 76Ge experiments GERDA and the Majorana Demonstrator, utilizing high purity Germanium detectors with an intrinsic energy resolution of 0.12%, have achieved the lowest backgrounds by over an order of magnitude in the 0νββ signal region of all 0νββ experiments. Building on this success, the LEGEND collaboration has been formed to pursue a tonne-scale 76Ge experiment. The collaboration aims to develop a phased 0νββ experimental program with discovery potential at a half-life approaching or at 1028 years, using existing resources as appropriate to expedite physics results.
  • Kattge, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • TRY plant trait database - enhanced coverage and open access
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Global Change Biology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1354-1013 .- 1365-2486. ; 26:1, s. 119-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Plant traits-the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants-determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research spanning from evolutionary biology, community and functional ecology, to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem and landscape management, restoration, biogeography and earth system modelling. Since its foundation in 2007, the TRY database of plant traits has grown continuously. It now provides unprecedented data coverage under an open access data policy and is the main plant trait database used by the research community worldwide. Increasingly, the TRY database also supports new frontiers of trait-based plant research, including the identification of data gaps and the subsequent mobilization or measurement of new data. To support this development, in this article we evaluate the extent of the trait data compiled in TRY and analyse emerging patterns of data coverage and representativeness. Best species coverage is achieved for categorical traits-almost complete coverage for 'plant growth form'. However, most traits relevant for ecology and vegetation modelling are characterized by continuous intraspecific variation and trait-environmental relationships. These traits have to be measured on individual plants in their respective environment. Despite unprecedented data coverage, we observe a humbling lack of completeness and representativeness of these continuous traits in many aspects. We, therefore, conclude that reducing data gaps and biases in the TRY database remains a key challenge and requires a coordinated approach to data mobilization and trait measurements. This can only be achieved in collaboration with other initiatives.
  • Imbriani, G., et al. (författare)
  • S-factor of 14N(p,γ)15O at astrophysical energies
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal A. - 1434-6001 .- 1434-601X. ; 25:3, s. 455-466
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The astrophysical S(E) factor of 14N(p,γ)15O has been measured for effective center-of-mass energies between E eff = 119 and 367 keV at the LUNA facility using TiN solid targets and Ge detectors. The data are in good agreement with previous and recent work at overlapping energies. R-matrix analysis reveals that due to the complex level structure of 15O the extrapolated S(0) value is model dependent and calls for additional experimental efforts to reduce the present uncertainty in S(0) to a level of a few percent as required by astrophysical calculations. © Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag 2005.
  • Costantini, H., et al. (författare)
  • Recent results of the 14N(p,γ)15O measurement at LUNA
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A. - 0375-9474 .- 1873-1554. ; 758:1-4 SPEC. ISS., s. 383C-386C
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The 14N(p, γ)15O reaction has been investigated by LUNA at the National Laboratory of Gran Sasso (LNGS) using two different techniques. The first study has been performed using a solid target and detecting the γ-rays coming from the single transitions with a HPGe detector in very close geometry to the target. In a second phase a windowless gas target sorrounded by a nearly 4π BGO summing crystal has been used and the total S-factor has been measured down to Eb = 80 keV. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Formicola, A., et al. (författare)
  • Astrophysical S-factor of 14N(p,γ)15O
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 591:1-2, s. 61-68
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a new measurement of the 14N(p,γ) 15O capture cross section at Ep=140 to 400 keV using the 400 kV LUNA accelerator facility at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS). The uncertainties have been reduced with respect to previous measurements and their analysis. We have analyzed the data using the R-matrix method and we find that the ground state transition accounts for about 15% of the total S-factor. The main contribution to the S-factor is given by the transition to the 6.79 MeV state. We find a total S(0)=1.7±0.2 keVb, in agreement with recent extrapolations. The result has important consequences for the solar neutrino spectrum as well as for the age of globular clusters. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Bemmerer, D., et al. (författare)
  • Feasibility of low-energy radiative-capture experiments at the LUNA underground accelerator facility
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal A. - 1434-6001 .- 1434-601X. ; 24:2, s. 313-319
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The LUNA (Laboratory Underground for Nuclear Astrophysics) facility has been designed to study nuclear reactions of astrophysical interest. It is located deep underground in the Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Italy. Two electrostatic accelerators, with 50 and 400 kV maximum voltage, in combination with solid and gas target setups allowed to measure the total cross-sections of the radiative-capture reactions 2H2H(p, γ) 3He3Heand 14N14N(p, γ) 15O15Owithin their relevant Gamow peaks. We report on the gamma background in the Gran Sasso laboratory measured by germanium and bismuth germanate detectors, with and without an incident proton beam. A method to localize the sources of beam-induced background using the Doppler shift of emitted gamma rays is presented. The feasibility of radiative-capture studies at energies of astrophysical interest is discussed for several experimental scenarios. © Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2005.
  • Huss, Fredrik R.M., et al. (författare)
  • Macroporous gelatine spheres as culture substrate, transplantation vehicle, and biodegradable scaffold for guided regeneration of soft tissues. : In vivo study in nude mice
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery. - 1748-6815 .- 1532-1959. ; 60:5, s. 543-555
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the course of development of a new type of filler for the correction of small defects in soft tissues we studied macroporous gelatine spheres as culture substrate, transplantation vehicle, and biodegradable scaffold for guided regeneration of soft tissues in vivo. We injected intradermally in nude mice gelatine spheres that had either been preseeded with human fibroblasts or preadipocytes, or left unseeded. We compared the extent of regenerated tissue with that found after injections of saline or single-cell suspensions of human fibroblasts or preadipocytes. Routine histological examinations and immunohistochemical staining for von Willebrand factor (indicating neoangiogenesis) were made after 7, 21, and 56 days. Injected saline or single-cell suspensions had no effect. However, a quick and thorough tissue regeneration with developing neoangiogenesis was elicited by the gelatine spheres and the effect of spheres preseeded with preadipocytes surpassed the effect of spheres preseeded with fibroblasts, which in turn surpassed the effect of unseeded gelatine spheres. We suggest that minor soft tissue defects such as wrinkles or creases can be corrected by injection of naked macroporous gelatine spheres, whereas larger defects are best corrected by injection of macroporous gelatine spheres preseeded with fibroblasts, or preadipocytes, or both.
  • Imbriani, G., et al. (författare)
  • The bottleneck of CNO burning and the age of Globular Clusters
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 420:2, s. 625-629
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The transition between the Main Sequence and the Red Giant Branch in low mass stars is powered by the onset of CNO burning, whose bottleneck is 14N(p, γ) 15O. The LUNA collaboration has recently improved the low energy measurements of the cross section of this key reaction. We analyse the impact of the revised reaction rate on the estimate of the Globular Cluster ages, as derived from the turnoff luminosity. We found that the age of the oldest Globular Clusters should be increased by about 0.7-1 Gyr with respect to the current estimates.
  • Trautvetter, H. P., et al. (författare)
  • Ground state capture in 14N(p,γ)15O studied above the 259 keV resonance at LUNA
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics G. - 0954-3899 .- 1361-6471. ; 35:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a new measurement of 14N(p,γ)15O for the ground state capture transition at Ep = 360, 380 and 400 keV, using the 400 kV LUNA accelerator. The true coincidence summing effect - the major source of error in the ground state capture determination - has been significantly reduced by using a Clover-type gamma detector. © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd.
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