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1.
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2.
  • Eskelund, Christian W., et al. (författare)
  • 15-year follow-up of the Second Nordic Mantle Cell Lymphoma trial (MCL2) : prolonged remissions without survival plateau
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Haematology. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0007-1048 .- 1365-2141. ; 175:3, s. 410-418
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In recent decades, the prognosis of Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) has been significantly improved by intensified first-line regimens containing cytarabine, rituximab and consolidation with high-dose-therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. One such strategy is the Nordic MCL2 regimen, developed by the Nordic Lymphoma Group. We here present the 15-year updated results of the Nordic MCL2 study after a median follow-up of 114years: For all patients on an intent-to-treat basis, the median overall and progression-free survival was 127 and 85years, respectively. The MCL International Prognostic Index (MIPI), biological MIPI, including Ki67 expression (MIPI-B) and the MIPI-B including mIR-18b expression (MIPI-B-miR), in particular, significantly divided patients into distinct risk groups. Despite very long response durations of the low and intermediate risk groups, we observed a continuous pattern of relapse and the survival curves never reached a plateau. In conclusion, despite half of the patients being still alive and 40% in first remission after more than 12years, we still see an excess disease-related mortality, even among patients experiencing long remissions. Even though we consider the Nordic regimen as a very good choice of regimen, we recommend inclusion in prospective studies to explore the benefit of novel agents in the frontline treatment of MCL.
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3.
  • Junlén, H. R., et al. (författare)
  • Follicular lymphoma in Sweden: nationwide improved survival in the rituximab era, particularly in elderly women: a Swedish Lymphoma Registry Study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0887-6924 .- 1476-5551. ; 29:3, s. 668-676
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Treatment for follicular lymphoma (FL) improved with rituximab. In Sweden, first-line rituximab was gradually introduced between 2003 and 2007, with regional differences. The first national guidelines for FL were published in November 2007, recommending rituximab in first-line therapy. Using the population-based Swedish Lymphoma Registry, 2641 patients diagnosed with FL from 2000 to 2010 were identified and characterized by year and region of diagnosis, age (median, 65 years), gender (50% men), first-line therapy and clinical risk factors. Overall and relative survivals were estimated by calendar periods (2000-2002, 2003-2007 and 2008-2010) and region of diagnosis. With each period, first-line rituximab use and survival increased. Survival was superior in regions where rituximab was quickly adopted and inferior where slowly adopted. These differences were independent in multivariable analyses. Ten-year relative survival for patients diagnosed 2003-2010 was 92%, 83%, 78% and 64% in the age groups 18-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70, respectively. With increasing rituximab use, male sex emerged as an adverse factor. Survival improved in all patient categories, particularly in elderly women. The introduction and the establishment of rituximab have led to a nationwide improvement in FL survival. However, rituximab might be inadequately dosed in younger women and men of all ages. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
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5.
  • Geisler, Christian H., et al. (författare)
  • Long-term progression-free survival of mantle cell lymphoma after intensive front-line immunochemotherapy with in vivo-purged stem cell rescue: a nonrandomized phase 2 multicenter study by the Nordic Lymphoma Group
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020 .- 0006-4971. ; 112:7, s. 2687-2693
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is considered incurable. Intensive immunochemotherapy with stem cell support has not been tested in large, prospective series. In the 2nd Nordic MCL trial, we treated 160 consecutive, untreated patients younger than 66 years in a phase 2 protocol with dose-intensified induction immunochemotherapy with rituximab (R) + cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, prednisone (maxi-CHOP), alternating with R + highdose cytarabine. Responders received highdose chemotherapy with BEAM or BEAC carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan/ cyclophosphamide) with R-in vivo purged autologous stem cell support. Overall and complete response was achieved in 96% and 54%, respectively. The 6-year overall, event-free, and progression-free survival were 70%, 56%, and 66%, respectively, with no relapses occurring after 5 years. Multivariate analysis showed Ki-67 to be the sole independent predictor of event-free survival. The nonrelapse mortality was 5%. The majority of stem cell products and patients assessed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after transplantation were negative. Compared with our historical control, the Nordic MCL- 1 trial, the event- free, overall, and progression- free survival, the duration of molecular remission, and the proportion of PCR- negative stem cell products were significantly increased (P < .001). Intensive immunochemotherapy with in vivo purged stem cell support can lead to long-term progression- free survival of MCL and perhaps cure. Registered at www. isrctn. org as # ISRCTN 87866680.
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6.
  • Geisler, Christian H., et al. (författare)
  • Nordic MCL2 trial update: six-year follow-up after intensive immunochemotherapy for untreated mantle cell lymphoma followed by BEAM or BEAC plus autologous stem-cell support: still very long survival but late relapses do occur
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Haematology. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0007-1048 .- 1365-2141. ; 158:3, s. 355-362
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a heterogenic non-Hodgkin lymphoma entity, with a median survival of about 5 years. In 2008 we reported the early based on the median observation time of 4 years results of the Nordic Lymphoma Group MCL2 study of frontline intensive induction immunochemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), with more than 60% event-free survival at 5 years, and no subsequent relapses reported. Here we present an update after a median observation time of 6.5 years. The overall results are still excellent, with median overall survival and response duration longer than 10 years, and a median event-free survival of 7.4 years. However, six patients have now progressed later than 5 years after end of treatment. The international MCL Prognostic Index (MIPI) and Ki-67-expression were the only independent prognostic factors. Subdivided by the MIPI-Biological Index (MIPI + Ki-67, MIPI-B), more than 70% of patients with low-intermediate MIPI-B were alive at 10 years, but only 23% of the patients with high MIPI-B. These results, although highly encouraging regarding the majority of the patients, underline the need of a risk-adapted treatment strategy for MCL. The study was registered at as ISRCTN 87866680.
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7.
  • Geisler, Christian H., et al. (författare)
  • The Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (MIPI) is superior to the International Prognostic Index (IPI) in predicting survival following intensive first-line immunochemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 0006-4971 .- 1528-0020. ; 115:8, s. 1530-1533
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) has a heterogeneous clinical course. The recently proposed Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (MIPI) predicted the survival of MCL better than the International Prognostic Index in MCL patients treated with conventional chemotherapy, but its validity in MCL treated with more intensive immunochemotherapy has been questioned. Applied here to 158 patients of the Nordic MCL2 trial of first-line intensive immunochemotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation, the MIPI and the simplified MIPI (s-MIPI) predicted survival significantly better (P < .001) than the International Prognostic Index (P > .004). Both the MIPI and the s-MIPI mainly identified 2 risk groups, low and intermediate versus high risk, with the more easily applied s-MIPI being just as powerful as the MIPI. The MIPI(B) (biological), incorporating Ki-67 expression, identified almost half of the patients as high risk. We suggest that also a simplified MIPI(B) is feasible.
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8.
  • Johansson, J-E, et al. (författare)
  • Allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation with reduced intensity conditioning for advanced stage Hodgkin's lymphoma in Sweden: high incidence of post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5365 .- 0268-3369. ; 46:6, s. 870-875
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Allogeneic transplantation after reduced intensity conditioning (allo-RIC) is a treatment option for patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) relapsing after autologous transplantation. In all, 23 adult patients with HL underwent allo-RIC in Sweden between 2000 and 2007. The median number of previous treatment lines was five and 20 patients (87%) were previously autografted. TRM at 100 days and at 1 year was 13 and 22% respectively. Acute GVHD grades II-IV developed in 7 out of 23 patients (30%) and chronic GVHD in 10 out of 20 patients at risk (50%). The OS and EFS at three years was 59 and 27%, respectively. Four patients (17%) developed post transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) after a median time of 55 days (range 38-95); two of these patients later died. The study confirmed that allo-RIC is feasible, but associated with a substantial relapse rate: only 20% of the patients were still alive 7 years after the transplant. A finding of high incidence of PTLD needs to be confirmed in a larger trial that includes patients with non-HL and CLL. Bone Marrow Transplantation (2011) 46, 870-875; doi: 10.1038/bmt.2010.238; published online 18 October 2010
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10.
  • Kolstad, Arne, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular Monitoring after Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation and Preemptive Rituximab Treatment of Molecular Relapse; Results from the Nordic Mantle Cell Lymphoma Studies (MCL2 and MCL3) with Median Follow-Up of 8.5 Years
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 1083-8791 .- 1523-6536. ; 23:3, s. 428-435
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The main objectives of the present study were to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD) in the bone marrow of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) to predict clinical relapse and guide preemptive treatment with rituximab. Among the patients enrolled in 2 prospective trials by the Nordic Lymphoma Group, 183 who had completed autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and in whom an MRD marker had been obtained were included in our analysis. Fresh samples of bone marrow were analyzed for MRD by a combined standard nested and quantitative real-time PCR assay for Bcl-1/immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IgH) and clonal IgH rear-rangements. Significantly shorter progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was demonstrated for patients who were MRD positive pre-ASCT (54 patients) or in the first analysis post-ASCT (23 patients). The median PFS was only 20 months in those who were MRD-positive in the first sample post-ASCT, compared with 142 months in the MRD-negative group (P <.0001). OS was 75% at 10 years and median not reached in the MRD-negative group, compared with only 35 months in the MRD-positive group (P <.0001). Of the 86 patients (47%) who remained in continuous molecular remission, 73% were still in clinical remission after 10 years. For all patients, the median time from ASCT to first molecular relapse was 55 months, with a continuous occurrence of late molecular relapses. Fifty-eight patients who experienced MRD relapse received rituximab as preemptive treatment on 1 or more occasions, and in this group, the median time from first molecular relapse to clinical relapse was 55 months. In most cases, rituximab converted patients to MRD negativity (87%), but many patients became MRD-positive again later during follow-up (69%). By multivariate analysis, high-risk Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score and positive MRD status pre-ASCT predicted early molecular relapse. In conclusion, preemptive rituximab treatment converts patients to MRD negativity and likely postpones clinical relapse. Molecular monitoring offers an opportunity to select some patients for therapeutic intervention and to avoid unnecessary treatment in others. MRD-positive patients in the first analysis post-ASCT have a dismal prognosis and thus are in need of novel strategies.
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