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Sökning: WFRF:(Kadi F)

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  • Diakaki, M., et al. (författare)
  • Towards the high-accuracy determination of the 238U fission cross section at the threshold region at CERN -€“ n_TOF
  • 2016
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The U-238 fission cross section is an international standard beyond 2 MeV where the fission plateau starts. However, due to its importance in fission reactors, this cross-section should be very accurately known also in the threshold region below 2 MeV. The U-238 fission cross section has been measured relative to the U-235 fission cross section at CERN - n_TOF with different detection systems. These datasets have been collected and suitably combined to increase the counting statistics in the threshold region from about 300 keV up to 3 MeV. The results are compared with other experimental data, evaluated libraries, and the IAEA standards.
  • Paradela, C., et al. (författare)
  • High-accuracy determination of the 238U/235U fission cross section ratio up to ~1 GeV at n_TOF at CERN
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics. - 0556-2813 .- 1089-490X. ; 91, s. 024602-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The U238 to U235 fission cross section ratio has been determined at n_TOF up to ≈1 GeV, with two different detection systems, in different geometrical configurations. A total of four datasets has been collected and compared. They are all consistent to each other within the relative systematic uncertainty of 3–4%. The data collected at n_TOF have been suitably combined to yield a unique fission cross section ratio as a function of neutron energy. The result confirms current evaluations up to 200 MeV. Good agreement is also observed with theoretical calculations based on the INCL++/Gemini++ combination up to the highest measured energy. The n_TOF results may help solve a long-standing discrepancy between the two most important experimental datasets available so far above 20 MeV, while extending the neutron energy range for the first time up to ≈1 GeV.
  • Leal-Cidoncha, E., et al. (författare)
  • Fission Fragment Angular Distribution measurements of 235U and 238U at CERN n_TOF facility
  • 2016
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutron-induced fission cross sections of U-238 and U-235 are used as standards in the fast neutron region up to 200 MeV. A high accuracy of the standards is relevant to experimentally determine other neutron reaction cross sections. Therefore, the detection efficiency should be corrected by using the angular distribution of the fission fragments (FFAD), which are barely known above 20 MeV. In addition, the angular distribution of the fragments produced in the fission of highly excited and deformed nuclei is an important observable to investigate the nuclear fission process. In order to measure the FFAD of neutron-induced reactions, a fission detection setup based on parallel-plate avalanche counters (PPACs) has been developed and successfully used at the CERN-n_TOF facility. In this work, we present the preliminary results on the analysis of new U-235(n,f) and U-238(n,f) data in the extended energy range up to 200 MeV compared to the existing experimental data.
  • Leal-Cidoncha, E., et al. (författare)
  • High accuracy 234U(n,f) cross section in the resonance energy region
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: ND 2016. - Les Ulis : EDP Sciences. - 9782759890200
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • New results are presented of the 234U neutron-induced fission cross section, obtained with high accuracy in the resonance region by means of two methods using the 235U(n,f) as reference. The recent evaluation of the 235U(n,f) obtained with SAMMY by L. C. Leal et al. (these Proceedings), based on previous n_TOF data [1], has been used to calculate the 234U(n,f) cross section through the 234U/235U ratio, being here compared with the results obtained by using the n_TOF neutron flux.
  • Tarrío, Diego, et al. (författare)
  • Fission Fragment Angular Distribution of Th-232(n,f) at the CERN n_TOF Facility
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Data Sheets. - Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, Spain. [Leong, L. S.; Audouin, L.; Tassan-Got, L.; Lederer, C.] IPN, CNRS, IN2P3, Orsay, France. [Altstadt, S.; Langer, C.; Lederer, C.; Reifarth, R.; Schmidt, S.; Weigand, M.] Goethe Univ Frankfurt, D-60054 Frankfurt, Germany. [Andrzejewski, J.; Marganiec, J.; Perkowski, J.] Univ Lodz, PL-90131 Lodz, Poland. [Barbagallo, M.; Colonna, N.; Mastromarco, M.; Meaze, M.; Tagliente, G.; Variale, V.] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-70126 Bari, Italy. [Becares, V.; Cano-Ott, D.; Garcia, A. R.; Gonzalez-Romero, E.; Martinez, T.; Mendoza, E.] CIEMAT, E-28040 Madrid, Spain. [Becvar, F.; Krticka, M.; Kroll, J.; Valenta, S.] Charles Univ Prague, Prague, Czech Republic. [Belloni, F.; Berthoumieux, E.; Bosnar, D.; Chiaveri, E.; Fraval, K.; Gunsing, F.] CEA Saclay, Irfu, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France. [Berthoumieux, E.; Boccone, V.; Bosnar, D.; Brugger, M.; Calviani, M.; Cerutti, F.; Chiaveri, E.; Chin, M.; Ferrari, A.; Guerrero, C.; Kadi, Y.; Losito, R.; Roman, F.; Rubbia, C.; Tsinganis, A.; Versaci, R.; Vlachoudis, V.] CERN, European Org Nucl Res, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland. [Billowes, J.; Ware, T.; Wright, T. J.] Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England. [Zugec, P.] Univ Zagreb, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, Zagreb 41000, Croatia. [Calvino, F.; Cortes, G.; Gomez-Hornillos, M. B.; Riego, A.] Univ Politecn Cataluna, Barcelona, Spain. [Carrapico, C.; Goncalves, I. F.; Sarmento, R.; Vaz, P.] Univ Tecn Lisboa, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Tecnol Nucl, P-1096 Lisbon, Portugal. [Cortes-Giraldo, M. A.; Praena, J.; Quesada, J. M.] Univ Seville, Seville, Spain. [Diakaki, M.; Karadimos, D.; Kokkoris, M.; Vlastou, R.] Natl Tech Univ Athens, GR-10682 Athens, Greece. [Domingo-Pardo, C.; Giubrone, G.; Tain, J. L.] Univ Valencia, CSIC, Inst Fis Corpuscular, E-46003 Valencia, Spain. [Dzysiuk, N.; Mastinu, P. F.] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Legnaro, Milan, Italy. [Eleftheriadis, C.; Manousos, A.] Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, GR-54006 Thessaloniki, Greece. [Ganesan, S.; Gurusamy, P.] Bhabha Atom Res Ctr, Bombay 400085, Maharashtra, India. [Griesmayer, E.; Jericha, E.; Leeb, H.; Weiss, C.] Vienna Univ Technol, Inst Atom, Vienna, Austria. [Jenkins, D. G.; Vermeulen, M. J.] Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England. [Kaeppeler, F.] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Kernphys, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany. [Koehler, P.] Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA. [Lederer, C.; Pavlik, A.; Wallner, A.] Univ Vienna, Fac Phys, A-1010 Vienna, Austria. [Massimi, C.; Mingrone, F.; Vannini, G.] Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Fis, I-40126 Bologna, Italy. [Massimi, C.; Mingrone, F.; Vannini, G.] Sez INFN Bologna, Bologna, Italy. [Mengoni, A.; Ventura, A.] Agenzia Nazl Nuove Tecnol, Eenergia & Sviluppo Econ Sostenibile ENEA, Bologna, Italy. [Milazzo, P. M.] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Trieste, Italy. [Mirea, M.; Roman, F.] Horia Hulubei Natl Inst Phys & Nucl Engn, IFIN HH, Bucharest, Romania. [Mondalaers, W.; Plompen, A.; Schillebeeckx, P.] European Commiss JRC, Inst Reference Mat & Measurements, B-2440 Geel, Belgium. [Rauscher, T.] Univ Basel, Dept Phys & Astron, Basel, Switzerland. [Rubbia, C.] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Gran Sasso, Assergi, AQ, Italy.. - 0090-3752 .- 1095-9904. ; 119, s. 35-37
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The angular distribution of fragments emitted in neutron-induced fission of Th-232 was measured in the white spectrum neutron beam at the n_TOF facility at CERN. A reaction chamber based on Parallel Plate Avalanche Counters (PPAC) was used, where the detectors and the targets have been tilted 45 degrees with respect to the neutron beam direction in order to cover the full angular range of the fission fragments. A GEANT4 simulation has been developed to study the setup efficiency. The data analysis and the preliminary results obtained for the Th-232(n,f) between fission threshold and 100 MeV are presented here.
  • Tarrío, Diego, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the angular distribution of fission fragments using a PPAC assembly at CERN n_TOF
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A. - 0168-9002 .- 1872-9576. ; 743, s. 79-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A fission reaction chamber based on Parallel Plate Avalanche Counters (PPACs) was built for measuring angular distributions of fragments emitted in neutron-induced fission of actinides at the neutron beam available at the Neutron Time-Of-Flight (n_TOF) facility at CERN. The detectors and the samples were tilted 45 degrees with respect to the neutron beam direction to cover all the possible values of the emission angle of the fission fragments. The main features of this setup are discussed and results on the fission fragment angular distribution are provided for the Th-232(n,f) reaction around the fission threshold. The results are compared with the available data in the literature, demonstrating the good capabilities of this setup.
  • Praena, J., et al. (författare)
  • Preparation and characterization of 33S samples for 33S(n,alpha)30Si cross-section measurements at the n_TOF facility at CERN
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A. - 0168-9002 .- 1872-9576. ; 890, s. 142-147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Thin 33S samples for the study of the 33S(n,alpha)30Si cross-section at the n_TOF facility at CERN were made by thermal evaporation of 33S powder onto a dedicated substrate made of kapton covered with thin layers of copper, chromium and titanium. This method has provided for the first time bare sulfur samples a few centimeters in diameter. The samples have shown an excellent adherence with no mass loss after few years and no sublimation in vacuum at room temperature. The determination of the mass thickness of 33S has been performed by means of Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The samples have been successfully tested under neutron irradiation.
  • Abbondanno, U, et al. (författare)
  • The data acquisition system of the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A. - 0168-9002 .- 1872-9576. ; 538:1-3, s. 692-702
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The n_TOF facility at CERN has been designed for the measurement of neutron capture, fission and (n, xn) cross-sections with high accuracy. This requires a flexible and-due to the high instantaneous neutron flux-almost dead time free data acquisition system. A scalable and versatile data solution has been designed based on 8-bit flash-ADCs with sampling rates up to 2 GHz and 8 Mbyte memory buffer. The software is written in C and C++ and is running on PCs equipped with RedHat Linux.
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