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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Kasdin N. Jeremy) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Kasdin N. Jeremy)

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1.
  • Currie, Thayne, et al. (författare)
  • No Clear, Direct Evidence for Multiple Protoplanets Orbiting LkCa 15 : LkCa 15 bcd are Likely Inner Disk Signals
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal Letters. - 2041-8205 .- 2041-8213. ; 877:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two studies utilizing sparse aperture-masking (SAM) interferometry and H-alpha differential imaging have reported multiple Jovian companions around the young solar-mass star, LkCa 15 (LkCa 15 bcd): the first claimed direct detection of infant, newly formed planets (protoplanets). We present new near-infrared direct imaging/spectroscopy from the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system coupled with Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) integral field spectrograph and multi-epoch thermal infrared imaging from Keck/NIRC2 of LkCa 15 at high Strehl ratios. These data provide the first direct imaging look at the same wavelengths and in the same locations where previous studies identified the LkCa 15 protoplanets, and thus offer the first decisive test of their existence. The data do not reveal these planets. Instead, we resolve extended emission tracing a dust disk with a brightness and location comparable to that claimed for LkCa 15 bcd. Forward-models attributing this signal to orbiting planets are inconsistent with the combined SCExAO/CHARIS and Keck/NIRC2 data. An inner disk provides a more compelling explanation for the SAM detections and perhaps also the claimed H-alpha detection of LkCa 15 b. We conclude that there is currently no clear, direct evidence for multiple protoplanets orbiting LkCa 15, although the system likely contains at least one unseen Jovian companion. To identify Jovian companions around LkCa 15 from future observations, the inner disk should be detected and its effect modeled, removed, and shown to be distinguishable from planets. Protoplanet candidates identified from similar systems should likewise be clearly distinguished from disk emission through modeling.
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2.
  • Currie, Thayne, et al. (författare)
  • SCExAO/CHARIS Near-infrared Direct Imaging, Spectroscopy, and Forward-Modeling of kappa And b : A Likely Young, Low-gravity Superjovian Companion
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Astronomical Journal. - 0004-6256 .- 1538-3881. ; 156:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present SCExAO/CHARIS high-contrast imaging/JHK integral field spectroscopy of kappa And b, a directly imaged low-mass companion orbiting a nearby B9V star. We detect kappa And b at a high signal-to-noise ratio and extract high-precision spectrophotometry using a new forward-modeling algorithm for (A-)LOCI complementary to KLIP-FM developed by Pueyo et al. kappa And b's spectrum best resembles that of a low-gravity LO-L1 dwarf (L0-L1 gamma). Its spectrum and luminosity are very well matched by 2MASS J0141-4633 and several other 12.5-15 M-J free-floating members of the 40 Myr old Tuc-Hor Association, consistent with a system age derived from recent interferometric results for the primary, a companion mass at/near the deuterium-burning limit (13(-2)(+12) M-J), and a companion-to-primary mass ratio characteristic of other directly imaged planets (q similar to 0.0051(-0.001)(+0.005)). We did not unambiguously identify additional, more closely orbiting companions brighter and more massive than kappa And b down to p similar to 0.'' 3 (15 au). SCExAO/CHARIS and complementary Keck/NIRC2 astrometric points reveal clockwise orbital motion. Modeling points toward a likely eccentric orbit: a subset of acceptable orbits include those that are aligned with the star's rotation axis. However, kappa And b's semimajor axis is plausibly larger than 55 au and in a region where disk instability could form massive companions. Deeper high-contrast imaging of kappa And and low-resolution spectroscopy from extreme adaptive optics systems such as SCExAO/CHARIS and higher-resolution spectroscopy from Keck/OSIRIS or, later, IRIS on the Thirty Meter Telescope could help to clarify kappa And b's chemistry and whether its spectrum provides an insight into its formation environment.
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3.
  • Currie, Thayne, et al. (författare)
  • Subaru/SCExAO First-light Direct Imaging of a Young Debris Disk around HD 36546
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal Letters. - 2041-8205 .- 2041-8213. ; 836:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present H-band scattered light imaging of a bright debris disk around the A0 star HD 36546 obtained from the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system with data recorded by the HiCIAO camera using the vector vortex coronagraph. SCExAO traces the disk from r similar to 0.3 to r similar to 1 (34-114 au). The disk is oriented in a near east-west direction (PA similar to 75 degrees), is inclined by i similar to 70 degrees-75 degrees, and is strongly forward-scattering (g > 0.5). It is an extended disk rather than a sharp ring; a second, diffuse dust population extends from the disk's eastern side. While HD 36546 intrinsic properties are consistent with a wide age range (t similar to 1-250 Myr), its kinematics and analysis of coeval stars suggest a young age (3-10 Myr) and a possible connection to Taurus-Auriga's star formation history. SCExAO's planet-to-star contrast ratios are comparable to the first-light Gemini Planet Imager contrasts; for an age of 10 Myr, we rule out planets with masses comparable to HR 8799 b beyond a projected separation of 23 au. A massive icy planetesimal disk or an unseen super-Jovian planet at r > 20 au may explain the disk's visibility. The HD 36546 debris disk may be the youngest debris disk yet imaged, is the first newly identified object from the now-operational SCExAO extreme AO system, is ideally suited for spectroscopic follow-up with SCExAO/CHARIS in 2017, and may be a key probe of icy planet formation and planet-disk interactions.
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4.
  • Lawson, Kellen, et al. (författare)
  • SCExAO/CHARIS Near-infrared Integral Field Spectroscopy of the HD 15115 Debris Disk
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Astronomical Journal. - 0004-6256 .- 1538-3881. ; 160:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present new, near-infrared (1.1-2.4 mu m) high-contrast imaging of the debris disk around HD 15115 with the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system coupled with the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS). The SCExAO/CHARIS resolves the disk down to rho similar to 02 (r(proj) similar to 10 au), a factor of similar to 3-5 smaller than previous recent studies. We derive a disk position angle of PA similar to 2794-2805 and an inclination ofi similar to 853-86.2. While recent SPHERE/IRDIS imagery of the system could suggest a significantly misaligned two-ring disk geometry, CHARIS imagery does not reveal conclusive evidence for this hypothesis. Moreover, optimizing models of both one- and two-ring geometries using differential evolution, we find that a single ring having a Hong-like scattering phase function matches the data equally well within the CHARIS field of view (rho less than or similar to 1 ''). The disk's asymmetry, well evidenced at larger separations, is also recovered; the west side of the disk appears, on average, around 0.4 mag brighter across the CHARIS bandpass between 025 and 1 ''. Comparing Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) 50CCD optical photometry (2000-10500 A) with CHARIS near-infrared photometry, we find a red (STIS/50CCD-CHARIS broadband) color for both sides of the disk throughout the 04-1 '' region of overlap, in contrast to the blue color reported at similar wavelengths for regions exterior to similar to 2 ''. Further, this color may suggest a smaller minimum grain size than previously estimated at larger separations. Finally, we provide constraints on planetary companions and discuss possible mechanisms for the observed inner disk flux asymmetry and color.
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5.
  • Uyama, Taichi, et al. (författare)
  • Atmospheric Characterization and Further Orbital Modeling of kappa Andromeda b
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Astronomical Journal. - 0004-6256 .- 1538-3881. ; 159:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present kappa Andromeda b's photometry and astrometry taken with Subaru/SCExAO+HiCIAO and Keck/NIRC2, combined with recently published SCExAO/CHARIS low-resolution spectroscopy and published thermal infrared photometry to further constrain the companion's atmospheric properties and orbit. The Y/Y-K colors of kappa And b are redder than field dwarfs, consistent with its youth and lower gravity. Empirical comparisons of its Y-band photometry and CHARIS spectrum to a large spectral library of isolated field dwarfs reaffirm the conclusion from Currie et al. that it likely has a low gravity but admit a wider range of most plausible spectral types (L0-L2). Our gravitational classification also suggests that the best-fit objects for kappa And b may have lower gravity than those previously reported. Atmospheric models lacking dust/clouds fail to reproduce its entire 1-4.7 mu m spectral energy distribution (SED), and cloudy atmosphere models with temperatures of similar to 1700-2000 K better match kappa And b data. Most well-fitting model comparisons favor 1700-1900 K, a surface gravity of log(g) similar to 4-4.5, and a radius of 1.3-1.6 R-Jup; the best-fit model (Drift-Phoenix) yields the coolest and lowest-gravity values: T-eff = 1700 K and log g = 4.0. An update to kappa And b's orbit with ExoSOFT using new astrometry spanning 7 yr reaffirms its high eccentricity (0.77 0.08). We consider a scenario where unseen companions are responsible for scattering kappa And b to a wide separation and high eccentricity. If three planets, including kappa And b, were born with coplanar orbits, and one of them was ejected by gravitational scattering, a potential inner companion with mass greater than or similar to 10 M-Jup could be located at less than or similar to 25 au.
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