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Sökning: WFRF:(Keldsen N.)

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1.
  • Glimelius, B., et al. (författare)
  • A randomized phase III multicenter trial comparing irinotecan in combination with the Nordic bolus 5-FU and folinic acid schedule or the bolus/infused de Gramont schedule (Lv5FU2) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Oxford University Press. - 1569-8041 .- 0923-7534. ; 19:5, s. 909-914
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: To compare irinotecan with the Nordic 5- fluorouracil (5- FU) and folinic acid (FA) bolus schedule [ irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) on day 1, 5- FU 500 mg/m(2) and FA 60 mg/m(2) on day 1 and 2 (FLIRI)] or the Lv5FU2 schedule [ irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) on day 1, FA 200 mg/m(2), 5- FU bolus 400 mg/m(2) and infused 5- FU 600 mg/m(2) on day 1 and 2 (Lv5FU2- IRI)] due to uncertainties about how to administrate 5- FU with irinotecan. Patients and methods: Patients (n = 567) with metastatic colorectal cancer were randomly assigned to receive FLIRI or Lv5FU2- IRI. Primary end point was progression- free survival (PFS). Results: Patient characteristics were well balanced. PFS did not differ between groups (median 9 months, P = 0.22). Overall survival (OS) was also similar (median 19 months, P = 0.9). Fewer objective responses were seen in the FLIRI group (35% versus 49%, P = 0.001) but the metastatic resection rate did not differ (4% versus 6%, P = 0.3). Grade 3/4 neutropenia (11% versus 5%, P = 0.01) and grade 2 alopecia (18% versus 9%, P = 0.002) were more common in the FLIRI group. The 60- day mortality was 2.4% versus 2.1%. Conclusions: Irinotecan with the bolus Nordic schedule (FLIRI) is a convenient treatment with PFS and OS comparable to irinotecan with the Lv5FU2 schedule. Neutropenia and alopecia are more prevalent, but both regimens are equally well tolerated.
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  • Qvortrup, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • A randomized study comparing short-time infusion of oxaliplatin in combination with capecitabine XELOX(30) and chronomodulated XELOX(30) as first-line therapy in patients with advanced colorectal cancer
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - 0923-7534 .- 1569-8041. ; 21:1, s. 87-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Chronotherapy is one of the several approaches to increase efficacy and reduce toxicity of chemotherapy. In a phase II study in the second-line in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), we found that chronomodulated XELOX (XELOX(30Chron)) was a well-tolerated regimen with potentially reduced toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-one patients with unresectable mCRC were enrolled in a randomized study comparing standard XELOX (XELOX(30)), arm A, and XELOX(30Chron), arm B-both with short-time infusion of oxaliplatin-with the primary aim of reducing overall toxicity. RESULTS: Overall toxicity grade 2-4 was 90% versus 85%, P = 0.47 and grade 3-4 was 31% versus 37%, P = 0.6 in arm A and B, respectively. We found no significant differences in median overall survival (17.6 versus 15.5 months; P = 0.068) and median progression-free survival (8.9 versus 8.8 months; P = 0.7). The incidence of grade 3 neuropathy was 16% in arm A and 19% in arm B (P = 0.7) after a cumulative dose of oxaliplatin of 1000 mg/m(2). CONCLUSION: XELOX(30Chron) does not reduce toxicity or improve efficacy. A 30-min infusion of oxaliplatin is safe and does not increase the severity of chronic neuropathy.
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  • Frederiksen, C., et al. (författare)
  • Plasma TIMP-1 levels and treatment outcome in patients treated with XELOX for metastatic colorectal cancer
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - 0923-7534 .- 1569-8041. ; 22:2, s. 369-375
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim was to evaluate the association between plasma tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels and outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) receiving XELOX (combination chemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin) as first-line treatment. Patients and methods: One hundred and twenty patients were included. Blood samples were collected before treatment and 3 weeks later before the next treatment cycle. Plasma TIMP-1 and serum CEA levels were correlated to treatment outcome. Results: No significant associations between baseline TIMP-1 or CEA levels and best response to treatment or progression-free survival (PFS) could be demonstrated. In contrast, high baseline plasma TIMP-1 levels were associated with poor overall survival (OS), P = 0.008, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.80 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.17-2.78]. Furthermore, increase in TIMP-1 levels from baseline to immediately before the second cycle of chemotherapy had a significant negative effect on survival (P = 0.03, HR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.02-1.65) while a decrease in TIMP-1 was significantly associated with a higher objective response rate (P = 0.03). Conclusions: Both high baseline and subsequent increase in TIMP-1 levels were associated with shorter OS in patients with mCRC receiving XELOX as first-line treatment, whereas baseline TIMP-1 levels were not associated with response or PFS following XELOX treatment.
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