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Sökning: WFRF:(Kirtane Ajay J)

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  • Gupta, Aakriti, et al. (författare)
  • Association between antecedent statin use and decreased mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Nature communications. - 2041-1723. ; 12:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can result in a hyperinflammatory state, leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), myocardial injury, and thrombotic complications, among other sequelae. Statins, which are known to have anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic properties, have been studied in the setting of other viral infections, but their benefit has not been assessed in COVID-19. This is a retrospective analysis of patients admitted with COVID-19 from February 1st through May 12th, 2020 with study period ending on June 11th, 2020. Antecedent statin use was assessed using medication information available in the electronic medical record. We constructed a multivariable logistic regression model to predict the propensity of receiving statins, adjusting for baseline sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and outpatient medications. The primary endpoint includes in-hospital mortality within 30 days. A total of 2626 patients were admitted during the study period, of whom 951 (36.2%) were antecedent statin users. Among 1296 patients (648 statin users, 648 non-statin users) identified with 1:1 propensity-score matching, statin use is significantly associated with lower odds of the primary endpoint in the propensity-matched cohort (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.36-0.62, p < 0.001). We conclude that antecedent statin use in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 is associated with lower inpatient mortality.
  • Chau, Katherine H, et al. (författare)
  • Stent Thrombosis Risk Over Time on the Basis of Clinical Presentation and Platelet Reactivity: Analysis From ADAPT-DES.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: JACC. Cardiovascular interventions. - 1876-7605.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to determine the risk period for increased stent thrombosis (ST) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and whether this increased risk is related to high platelet reactivity (HPR).ST risk after PCI is higher among patients with ACS than those with stable ischemic heart disease. When ST risk is highest in patients with ACS and how that is affected by HPR is unknown.Using the ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents) registry, ST rates during 2-year follow-up post-PCI with drug-eluting stents were compared among patients presenting with ACS (myocardial infarction [MI] or unstable angina) or stable ischemic heart disease (non-ACS). Landmark analyses were done at 30 days and 1 year post-PCI. Platelet reactivity on aspirin and clopidogrel post-PCI was assessed using VerifyNow assays.Of 8,582 patients, 2,063 presented with MI, 2,370 with unstable angina, and 4,149 with non-ACS. Incidence rates of HPR were 48.0%, 43.3%, and 39.8%, respectively (p < 0.001). Within the first 30 days post-PCI, patients presenting with MI had increased ST risk compared with patients with non-ACS (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.52; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.01 to 10.14; p < 0.001). After 30 days, relative ST risks were progressively lower and no longer significant between groups (31 days to 1 year post-PCI: HR: 1.97; 95% CI: 0.80 to 4.85; >1 year post-PCI: HR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.27 to 2.92). The elevated ST risk in patients with MI within 30 days was largely confined to those with HPR on clopidogrel (HR: 5.77; 95% CI: 2.13 to 15.63; p < 0.001).Among patients undergoing PCI, rates of ST during 2-year follow-up were highest in those with MI and lowest in those with non-ACS. Increased ST risk in patients with MI was greatest in the first 30 days post-PCI and was observed predominantly among those with increased HPR on clopidogrel. These findings emphasize the importance of adequate P2Y12 inhibition after MI, especially within the first 30 days after stent implantation.
  • D'Ascenzo, Fabrizio, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence and predictors of coronary stent thrombosis : Evidence from an international collaborative meta-analysis including 30 studies, 221,066 patients, and 4276 thromboses
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 167:2, s. 575-584
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Stent thrombosis remains among the most feared complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting. However, data on its incidence and predictors are sparse and conflicting. We thus aimed to perform a collaborative systematic review on incidence and predictors of stent thrombosis.METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched for eligible studies from the drug-eluting stent (DES) era (1/2002-12/2010). Studies were selected if including ≥2000 patients undergoing stenting or reporting on ≥25 thromboses. Study features, patient characteristics, and incidence of stent thrombosis were abstracted and pooled, when appropriate, with random-effect methods (point estimate [95% confidence intervals]), and consistency of predictors was formally appraised.RESULTS:A total of 30 studies were identified (221,066 patients, 4276 thromboses), with DES used in 87%. After a median of 22months, definite, probable, or possible stent thrombosis had occurred in 2.4% (2.0%; 2.9%), with acute in 0.4% (0.2%; 0.6%), subacute in 1.1% (1.0%; 1.3%), late in 0.5% (0.4%; 0.6%), and very late in 0.6% (0.4%; 0.8%). Similar figures were computed for studies reporting only on DES. From a total of 47 candidate variables, definite/probable stent thrombosis was more commonly and consistently predicted by early antiplatelet therapy discontinuation, extent of coronary disease, and stent number/length, with acute coronary syndrome at admission, diabetes, smoking status, and bifurcation/ostial disease also proving frequent predictors, but less consistently.CONCLUSIONS:Despite numerous possible risk factors, the most common and consistent predictors of stent thrombosis are early antiplatelet therapy discontinuation, extent of coronary disease, and stent number/length.
  • Rinaldi, Michael J, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of Point-of-Care Platelet Function Testing Among Patients With and Without Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Drug-Eluting Stents (from the ADAPT-DES Study).
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The American journal of cardiology. - 1879-1913. ; 123:4, s. 549-557
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We sought to examine if the risk conferred by high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) varies based upon clinical presentation. We examined the relation between HPR (P2Y12 reaction units >208) and adverse ischemic and bleeding events among patients with and without acute coronary syndromes (ACS) from ADAPT-DES; 51.7% of patients had ACS. After clopidogrel loading, ACS patients had higher P2Y12 reaction units and a greater prevalence of HPR based on VerifyNow P2Y12 assay. Of 92 definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST) events at 2 years, 65.2% occurred among patients with ACS. HPR was independently associated with ST in ACS patients (adjusted hazard ratio 2.29, 95% confidence interval 1.32 to 3.98) but not with clinically relevant bleeding. Although no statistical interactions between ACS status and these associations were observed, non-ACS patients exhibited an attenuated association between HPR and ST, and an inverse association between HPR and clinically relevant bleeding. HPR was similarly associated with myocardial infarction, but not with overall mortality in ACS and non-ACS patients. In conclusion, the majority of ST events in the 2 years after drug-eluting stent placement occurred in ACS patients; HPR was strongly associated with ST in these patients. These data support current recommendations for using more potent antiplatelet therapies in ACS patients.
  • Faggioni, Michaela, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of Age (<75 Years Vs ≥75 Years) and Platelet Reactivity to the Risk of Thrombotic and Bleeding Events After Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Drug-Eluting Stents (from the ADAPT-DES Study).
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The American journal of cardiology. - 1879-1913. ; 125:5, s. 685-693
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Elderly patients may have increased platelet reactivity and adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention. Whether age is an independent predictor of worse outcomes after accounting for platelet reactivity is unknown. We sought to determine the relation between age and platelet reactivity on 2-year outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES). ADAPT-DES was a prospective observational registry comprising 8,582 DES-treated patients. Patients were categorized with an age cutoff of 75 years. On-clopidogrel platelet reactivity was evaluated with VerifyNow P2Y12 testing. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to describe the relation between increasing age and 2-year clinical outcomes. Patients ≥75 old were more likely to be women and had more cardiovascular risk factors and more extensive coronary artery disease than younger patients. Residual platelet reactivity on-clopidogrel increased slightly with age (adjusted r = 0.05, p <0.0001). Age ≥75 years was associated with greater all-cause mortality (adjusted HR 1.64, 95% CI 1.25 to 2.15, p <0.001), myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.74, p = 0.04) and clinically relevant bleeding (adjusted HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.61 p = 0.003). In contrast, the risk of stent thrombosis was independent of age (adjusted HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.46 to 1.52, and p = 0.55). Considered as a continuous variable, age was directly related to clinically relevant bleeding, cardiac and all-cause mortality, was inversely related to stent thrombosis, and was not related to myocardial infarction. There was no significant interaction between age and on-treatment platelet reactivity for the risk of 2-year clinical outcomes. In conclusion, increasing age had a stronger association with the risk of death and bleeding than of thrombotic events. Despite being associated with older age, higher residual platelet reactivity did not modify the adjusted relative risks of ischemic and bleeding events associated with age.
  • Palmerini, Tullio, et al. (författare)
  • Risk-Benefit of 1-Year DAPT After DES Implantation in Patients Stratified by Bleeding and Ischemic Risk.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 1558-3597. ; 78:20, s. 1968-1986
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although a 1-year duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is used in many patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, the evidence supporting this duration is uncertain.The authors investigated the risk-benefit profile of 1-year vs ≤6-month DAPT after DES using 2 novel scores to risk stratify bleeding and ischemic events.Ischemic and bleeding risk scores were generated from ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents), a multicenter, international, "all-comers" registry that enrolled 8,665 patients treated with DES. The risk-benefit profile of 1-year vs ≤6-month DAPT was then investigated across risk strata from an individual patient data pooled dataset of 7 randomized trials that enrolled 15,083 patients treated with DES.In the derivation cohort, the ischemic score and the bleeding score had c-indexes of 0.76 and 0.66, respectively, and both were well calibrated. In the pooled dataset, no significant difference was apparent in any ischemic endpoint between 1-year and ≤6-month DAPT, regardless of the risk strata. In the overall dataset, there was no significant difference in the risk of clinically relevant bleeding between 1-year and ≤6-month DAPT; however, among 2,508 patients at increased risk of bleeding, 1-year compared with ≤6-month DAPT was associated with greater bleeding (HR: 2.80; 95% CI: 1.12-7.13) without a reduced risk of ischemic events in any risk strata, including those with acute coronary syndromes. These results were consistent in a network meta-analysis.In the present large-scale study, compared with ≤6-month DAPT, a 1-year duration of DAPT was not associated with reduced adverse ischemic events in any risk strata (including acute coronary syndromes) but was associated with greater bleeding in patients at increased risk of bleeding.
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