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Sökning: WFRF:(Kleist Bernadette)

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1.
  • Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Ilonka, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnosis and management of acromegaly : the patient's perspective
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403. ; 19:3, s. 268-276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE:Early diagnosis is a success factor for the prevention of long-term comorbidity and premature death in patients with acromegaly, but large-scale data on the diagnostic process and disease management are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic process, implementation of treatment and changes in life situation in patients with acromegaly, focusing on sex-specific differences.METHODS:Non-interventional patient-reported outcome study. 165 patients with clinically and biochemically proven acromegaly were questioned about the diagnostic process and utilization of health care by means of a self-developed standardized postal survey including questions on acromegaly symptoms experienced before diagnosis, number and specialty of consulted doctors, time to diagnosis and aftercare.RESULTS:The diagnostic process took 2.9 (SD 4.53) years, during which 3.4 (SD 2.99) physicians were consulted. Women waited longer [4.1 (SD 5.53) years] than men [1.6 (SD 2.69) years; p = 0.001] for the correct diagnosis, and consulted more doctors in the process [4.0 (SD 2.99) vs. 2.7 (SD 2.84) doctors, p < 0.001, respectively]. In 48.5 % of patients, acromegaly was diagnosed by an endocrinologist (men: 45.1 %; women: 52.4 %). Overall disease duration from symptom onset until last surgery was 5.5 (SD 6.85) years, with no sex differences. A change in employment status was the most commonly reported event after diagnosis and a quarter of the patients stated that the illness had changed their lives.CONCLUSIONS:Our findings confirm the urgent need to increase awareness of the clinical manifestation of acromegaly to facilitate an earlier diagnosis of the disease and to provide diagnostic equality across the sexes.
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2.
  • Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Ilonka, et al. (författare)
  • Predictors Of Quality Of Life In 165 Patients With Acromegaly : Results From A Single-Center Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endocrine Practice. - : AMER ASSOC CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS. - 1530-891X .- 1934-2403. ; 23:1, s. 79-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Even if treated, acromegaly has a considerable impact on patient quality of life (QoL); despite this, the exact clinical determinants of QoL in acromegaly are unknown. This study retrospectively examines a cohort of treated patients with acromegaly, with the aim of identifying these determinants. Methods: Retrospective survey analysis, with 165 patients included in the study. All patients completed a survey, which included demographic data and the clinical details of their disease, the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and the Bern Embitterment Inventory (BEI). Stepwise regression was used to identify predictors of QoL. Results: The strongest predictors of the physical component score of the SF-36 were (in order of declining strength of association): Delay between first presentation of the disease and diagnosis, body mass index (BMI), number of doctors visited before the diagnosis of acromegaly, and age at diagnosis. For the mental component score, the strongest predictors were: number of doctors visited, previous radiotherapy, and age at study entry; and, for the BDI-II score: number of doctors visited, previous radiotherapy, age at study entry, and employment status at the time of diagnosis. The following were predictors of the BEI score: number of doctors visited, and age at study entry. Conclusion: Diagnostic delay and lack of diagnostic acumen in medical care provision are strong predictors of poor QoL in patients with acromegaly. Other identified parameters are radiotherapy, age, BMI, and employment status. An efficient acromegaly service should address these aspects when devising disease management plans.
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3.
  • Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Ilonka, et al. (författare)
  • Support Needs of Patients with Cushing's Disease and Cushing's Syndrome : Results of a Survey Conducted in Germany and the USA
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Endocrinology. - : Hindawi Publishing Corporation. - 1687-8337 .- 1687-8345.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Cushing's disease (CD) and Cushing's syndrome (CS) are chronic illnesses, characterized by symptoms of prolonged hypercortisolism, which often changes to hypocortisolism after successful treatment. In view of the high disease burden of CD/CS patients and long-term impaired quality of life, the present survey was conducted to gain information about subjective illness distress and patients' specific needs in terms of supportive measures beyond medical interventions. Patients and Methods. Cross-sectional questionnaire study including patients with CD treated in 2 German neurosurgical tertiary referral centers and CD/CS patient members of a US-based patient support group completed a survey inquiring about disease burden, coping strategies, and support needs. Additionally, the degree of interest in different offers, e.g., internet-based programs and seminars, was assessed. Results. 84 US and 71 German patients answered the questionnaire. Patients in both countries indicated to suffer from Cushing-related symptoms, reduced performance, and psychological problems. 48.8% US patients and 44.4% German patients stated that good medical care and competent doctors helped them the most in coping with the illness. US patients were more interested in support groups (p = 0.035) and in courses on illness coping (p = 0.008) than the German patients, who stated to prefer brochures (p = 0.001). 89.3% of US patients would attend internet-based programs compared to 75.4% of German patients (p = 0.040). There were no differences between groups for the preferred duration of and the willingness to pay for such a program, but US patients would travel longer distances to attend a support meeting (p = 0.027). Conclusion. Patients in both countries need skilled physicians and long-term medical care in dealing with the effects of CD/CS, whereas other support needs differ between patients of both countries. The latter implies that not only disease-specific but also culture-specific training programs would need to be considered to satisfy the needs of patients in different countries.
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4.
  • Siegel, Sonja, et al. (författare)
  • Coping strategies have a strong impact on quality of life, depression, and embitterment in patients with Cushing's disease
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403. ; 19:6, s. 590-600
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial well-being are substantially impaired in patients with Cushing's disease (CD), not only at the acute illness stage but also after therapy; however, the reason for these impairments remains unclear. In this cross-sectional, patient-reported outcome study, we conducted a postal survey on psychosocial impairment and coping strategies in patients after surgical treatment of CD in three large tertiary referral centers. In total, 176 patients with CD completed a compilation of self-assessment inventories pertaining to depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS), QoL (Short Form SF-36, Tuebingen CD; Tuebingen CD-25), coping style (Freiburg questionnaire on coping with illness, FKV-LIS), and embitterment (Bern Embitterment Inventory), on average 6.8 +/- 6.66 years after surgery. Regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of psychosocial impairment. At the time of the study, 21.8 % of patients suffered from anxiety, 18.7 % experienced an above-average feeling of embitterment, and 13.1 % suffered from depression. Maladaptive coping styles (FKV-LIS subscales depressive coping and minimizing importance) emerged as robust and strong predictors of psychosocial impairment in all inventories; while age, sex, and hydrocortisone intake failed to explain the variance in these measures. Similar to several studies in non-pituitary patient cohorts (e.g., patients with multiple sclerosis or lower back pain), our results indicate that psychosocial impairment in CD is significantly influenced by how the patient deals with the illness. Therefore, psychological training of positive coping styles could be a helpful complementary therapy in the overall treatment strategy of CD.
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