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Sökning: WFRF:(Knuuti Juhani)

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  • Danad, Ibrahim, et al. (författare)
  • Quantitative Assessment of Myocardial Perfusion in the Detection of Significant Coronary Artery Disease Cutoff Values and Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative [O-15]H2O PET Imaging
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 64:14, s. 1464-1475
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated improved diagnostic accuracy for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) when myocardial blood flow (MBF) is quantified in absolute terms, but there are no uniformly accepted cutoff values for hemodynamically significant CAD. OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine cutoff values for absolute MBF and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative [O-15]H2O positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS A total of 330 patients underwent both quantitative [O-15]H2O PET imaging and invasive coronary angiography in conjunction with fractional flow reserve measurements. A stenosis >90% and/or fractional flow reserve <= 0.80 was considered obstructive; a stenosis <30% and/or fractional flow reserve >0.80 was nonobstructive. RESULTS Hemodynamically significant CAD was diagnosed in 116 (41%) of 281 patients who fulfilled study criteria for CAD. Resting perfusion was 1.00 +/- 0.25 and 0.92 +/- 0.23 ml/min/g in regions supplied by nonstenotic and significantly stenosed vessels, respectively (p < 0.001). During stress, perfusion increased to 3.26 +/- 1.04 ml/min/g and 1.73 +/- 0.67 ml/min/g, respectively (p < 0.001). The optimal cutoff values were 2.3 and 2.5 for hyperemic MBF and myocardial flow reserve, respectively. For MBF, these cutoff values showed a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detecting significant CAD of 89%, 84%, and 86%, respectively, at a per-patient level and 87%, 85%, and 85% at a per-vessel level. The corresponding myocardial flow reserve values were 86%, 72%, and 78% (per patient) and 80%, 82%, and 81% (per vessel). Age and sex significantly affected diagnostic accuracy of quantitative PET. CONCLUSIONS Quantitative MBF measurements with the use of [O-15]H2O PET provided high diagnostic performance, but both sex and age should be taken into account.
  • Grönman, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Assessment of myocardial viability with [15O]water PET : A validation study in experimental myocardial infarction.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology. - 1071-3581 .- 1532-6551.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Assessment of myocardial viability is often needed in patients with chest pain and reduced ejection fraction. We evaluated the performance of reduced resting MBF, perfusable tissue fraction (PTF), and perfusable tissue index (PTI) in the assessment of myocardial viability in a pig model of myocardial infarction (MI).METHODS AND RESULTS: Pigs underwent resting [15O]water PET perfusion study 12 weeks after surgical (n = 16) or 2 weeks after catheter-based (n = 4) occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. MBF, PTF, and PTI were compared with volume fraction of MI in matched segments as assessed by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining of LV slices. MBF and PTF were lower in infarcted than non-infarcted segments. Segmental analysis of MBF showed similar area under the curve (AUC) of 0.85, 0.86, and 0.90 with relative MBF, PTF, and PTI for the detection of viable myocardium defined as infarct volume fraction of < 75%. Cut-off values of relative MBF of ≥ 67% and PTF of ≥ 66% resulted in accuracies of 90% and 81%, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that resting MBF, PTF, and PTI based on [15O]water PET perfusion imaging are useful for the assessment of myocardial viability.
  • Kolh, Philippe, et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines on myocardial revascularization
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. - 1010-7940 .- 1873-734X. ; 38 Suppl, s. S1-S52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Kudomi, Nobuyuki, et al. (författare)
  • Myocardial Blood Flow and Metabolic Rate of Oxygen Measurement in the Right and Left Ventricles at Rest and During Exercise Using 15O-Labeled Compounds and PET
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: Simultaneous measurement of right (RV) and left ventricle (LV) myocardial blood flow (MBF), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and oxygen consumption (MVO2) non-invasively in humans would provide new possibilities to understand cardiac physiology and different patho-physiological states. Methods: We developed and tested an optimized novel method to measure MBF, OEF, and MVO2 simultaneously both in the RV and LV free wall (FW) using positron emission tomography in healthy young men at rest and during supine bicycle exercise. Results: Resting MBF was not significantly different between the three myocardial regions. Exercise increased MBF in the LVFW and septum, but MBF was lower in the RV compared to septum and LVFW during exercise. Resting OEF was similar between the three different myocardial regions (similar to 70%) and increased in response to exercise similarly in all regions. MVO2 increased approximately two to three times from rest to exercise in all myocardial regions, but was significantly lower in the RV during exercise as compared to septum LVFW. Conclusion: MBF, OEF, and MVO2 can be assessed simultaneously in the RV and LV myocardia at rest and during exercise. Although there are no major differences in the MBF and OEF between LV and RV myocardial regions in the resting myocardium, MVO2 per gram of myocardium appears to be lower the RV in the exercising healthy human heart due to lower mean blood flow. The presented method may provide valuable insights for the assessment of MBF, OEF and MVO2 in hearts in different pathophysiological states.
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