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  • Ambrosi, Aurelie, et al. (författare)
  • Development of heart block in children of SSA/SSB-autoantibody-positive women is associated with maternal age and displays a season-of-birth pattern
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of the rheumatic diseases. - 1468-2060. ; 71:3, s. 334-340
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Congenital heart block may develop in the fetuses of Ro/SSA-positive and La/SSB-positive mothers. Recurrence rates of only 10-20% despite persisting maternal antibodies indicate that additional factors are critical for the establishment of heart block. The authors investigated the influence of other maternal and fetal factors on heart block development in a Swedish population-based cohort. Methods The influence of fetal gender, maternal age, parity and time of birth on heart block development was analysed in 145 families, including Ro/La-positive (n=190) and Ro/La-negative (n=165) pregnancies. Results There was a recurrence rate of 12.1% in Ro/La-positive women, and no recurrence in Ro/La-negative women. Fetal gender and parity did not influence the development of heart block in either group. Maternal age in Ro/La-positive pregnancies with a child affected by heart block was, however, significantly higher than in pregnancies resulting in babies without heart block (p<0.05). Seasonal timing of pregnancy influenced the outcome. Gestational susceptibility weeks 18-24 occurring during January-March correlated with a higher proportion of children with heart block and lower vitamin D levels during the same period in a representative sample of Swedish women and a corresponding higher proportion of children with heart block born in the summer (p<0.02). Maternal age or seasonal timing of pregnancy did not affect the outcome in Ro/La-negative pregnancies. Conclusion This study identifies maternal age and seasonal timing of pregnancy as novel risk factors for heart block development in children of Ro/La-positive women. These observations may be useful for counselling when pregnancy is considered.
  • Asad, Samina, et al. (författare)
  • HTR1A a Novel Type 1 Diabetes Susceptibility Gene on Chromosome 5p13-q13
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 7:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: We have previously performed a genome-wide linkage study in Scandinavian Type 1 diabetes (T1D) families. In the Swedish families, we detected suggestive linkage (LOD <= 2.2) to the chromosome 5p13-q13 region. The aim of our study was to investigate the linked region in search for possible T1D susceptibility genes. Methodology/Principal Findings: Microsatellites were genotyped in the Scandinavian families to fine-map the previously linked region. Further, SNPs were genotyped in Swedish and Danish families as well as Swedish sporadic cases. In the Swedish families we detected genome-wide significant linkage to the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (HTR1A) gene (LOD 3.98, p<9.8x10(-6)). Markers tagging two separate genes; the ring finger protein 180 (RNF180) and HTR1A showed association to T1D in the Swedish and Danish families (p<0.002, p<0.001 respectively). The association was not confirmed in sporadic cases. Conditional analysis indicates that the primary association was to HTR1A. Quantitative PCR show that transcripts of both HTR1A and RNF180 are present in human islets of Langerhans. Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the presence of the 5-HTR1A protein in isolated human islets of Langerhans as well as in sections of human pancreas. Conclusions: We have identified and confirmed the association of both HTR1A and RFN180, two genes in high linkage disequilibrium (LD) to T1D in two separate family materials. As both HTR1A and RFN180 were expressed at the mRNA level and HTR1A as protein in human islets of Langerhans, we suggest that HTR1A may affect T1D susceptibility by modulating the initial autoimmune attack or either islet regeneration, insulin release, or both.
  • Beecham, Ashley H., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of immune-related loci identifies 48 new susceptibility variants for multiple sclerosis.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 45:11, s. 1353-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using the ImmunoChip custom genotyping array, we analyzed 14,498 subjects with multiple sclerosis and 24,091 healthy controls for 161,311 autosomal variants and identified 135 potentially associated regions (P < 1.0 x 10(-4)). In a replication phase, we combined these data with previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from an independent 14,802 subjects with multiple sclerosis and 26,703 healthy controls. In these 80,094 individuals of European ancestry, we identified 48 new susceptibility variants (P < 5.0 x 10(-8)), 3 of which we found after conditioning on previously identified variants. Thus, there are now 110 established multiple sclerosis risk variants at 103 discrete loci outside of the major histocompatibility complex. With high-resolution Bayesian fine mapping, we identified five regions where one variant accounted for more than 50% of the posterior probability of association. This study enhances the catalog of multiple sclerosis risk variants and illustrates the value of fine mapping in the resolution of GWAS signals.
  • Delcoigne, Bénédicte, et al. (författare)
  • Blood neurofilament light levels segregate treatment effects in multiple sclerosis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - 1526-632X. ; 94, s. e1201-e1212
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Neurology. OBJECTIVE: To determine factors (including the role of specific disease modulatory treatments [DMTs]) associated with (1) baseline, (2) on-treatment, and (3) change (from treatment start to on-treatment assessment) in plasma neurofilament light chain (pNfL) concentrations in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). METHODS: Data including blood samples analyses and long-term clinical follow-up information for 1,261 Swedish patients with RRMS starting novel DMTs were analyzed using linear regressions to model pNfL and changes in pNfL concentrations as a function of clinical variables and DMTs (alemtuzumab, dimethyl fumarate, fingolimod, natalizumab, rituximab, and teriflunomide). RESULTS: The baseline pNfL concentration was positively associated with relapse rate, Expanded Disability Status Scale score, Age-Related MS Severity Score, and MS Impact Score (MSIS-29), and negatively associated with Symbol Digit Modalities Test performance and the number of previously used DMTs. All analyses, which used inverse propensity score weighting to correct for differences in baseline factors at DMT start, highlighted that both the reduction in pNfL concentration from baseline to on-treatment measurement and the on-treatment pNfL level differed across DMTs. Patients starting alemtuzumab displayed the highest reduction in pNfL concentration and lowest on-treatment pNfL concentrations, while those starting teriflunomide had the smallest decrease and highest on-treatment levels, but also starting from lower values. Both on-treatment pNfL and decrease in pNfL concentrations were highly dependent on baseline concentrations. CONCLUSION: Choice of DMT in RRMS is significantly associated with degree of reduction in pNfL, which supports a role for pNfL as a drug response marker.
  • Delli, Ahmed, et al. (författare)
  • Zinc Transporter 8 Autoantibodies and Their Association With SLC30A8 and HLA-DQ Genes Differ Between Immigrant and Swedish Patients With Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes in the Better Diabetes Diagnosis Study.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 61:10, s. 2556-2564
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We examined whether zinc transporter-8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A; arginine ZnT8-RA, tryptophan ZnT8-WA, and glutamine ZnT8-QA variants) differed between immigrant and Swedish patients due to different polymorphisms of SLC30A8, HLA-DQ, or both. Newly diagnosed autoimmune (≥1 islet autoantibody) T1D type 1 diabetic patients (n = 2,964, <18 years, 55% male) were ascertained in the Better Diabetes Diagnosis study. Two subgroups were identified: Swedes (n = 2,160, 73%) and immigrants (non-Swedes; n = 212, 7%). Non-Swedes had less frequent ZnT8-WA (38%) than Swedes (50%), consistent with a lower frequency in the non-Swedes (37%) of SLC30A8 CT+TT (RW+WW) genotypes than in the Swedes (54%). ZnT8-RA (57 and 58%, respectively) did not differ despite a higher frequency of CC (RR) genotypes in non-Swedes (63%) than Swedes (46%). We tested whether this inconsistency was due to HLA-DQ as 2/X (2/2; 2/y; y is anything but 2 or 8), which was a major genotype in non-Swedes (40%) compared with Swedes (14%). In the non-Swedes only, 2/X (2/2; 2/y) was negatively associated with ZnT8-WA and ZnT8-QA but not ZnT8-RA. Molecular simulation showed nonbinding of the relevant ZnT8-R peptide to DQ2, explaining in part a possible lack of tolerance to ZnT8-R. At diagnosis in non-Swedes, the presence of ZnT8-RA rather than ZnT8-WA was likely due to effects of HLA-DQ2 and the SLC30A8 CC(RR) genotypes.
  • Engdahl, Elin, et al. (författare)
  • Increased Serological Response Against Human Herpesvirus 6A Is Associated With Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Immunology. - Frontiers Media S. A.. - 1664-3224. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human herpesvirus (HHV)-6A or HHV-6B involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology has remained controversial mainly due to the lack of serological methods that can distinguish the two viruses. A novel multiplex serological assay measuring IgG reactivity against the immediate-early protein 1 from HHV-6A (IE1A) and HHV-6B (IE1B) was used in a MS cohort (8,742 persons with MS and 7,215 matched controls), and a pre-MS cohort (478 individuals and 476 matched controls) to investigate this further. The IgG response against IE1A was positively associated with MS (OR = 1.55, p = 9 × 10−22), and increased risk of future MS (OR = 2.22, p = 2 × 10−5). An interaction was observed between IE1A and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody responses for MS risk (attributable proportion = 0.24, p = 6 × 10−6). In contrast, the IgG response against IE1B was negatively associated with MS (OR = 0.74, p = 6 × 10−11). The association did not differ between MS subtypes or vary with severity of disease. The genetic control of HHV-6A/B antibody responses were located to the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) region and the strongest association for IE1A was the DRB1*13:01-DQA1*01:03-DQB1*06:03 haplotype while the main association for IE1B was DRB1*13:02-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*06:04. In conclusion a role for HHV-6A in MS etiology is supported by an increased serological response against HHV-6A IE1 protein, an interaction with EBV, and an association to HLA genes.
  • Graham, J, et al. (författare)
  • Negative association between type 1 diabetes and HLA DQB1*0602-DQA1*0102 is attenuated with age at onset
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Immunogenetics. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0960-7420. ; 26:2-3, s. 117-127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • HLA-associated relative risks of type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus were analysed in population-based Swedish patients and controls aged 0-34 years. The age dependence of HLA-associated relative risks was assessed by likelihood ratio tests of regression parameters in separate logistic regression models for each HLA category. The analyses demonstrated an attenuation with increasing age at onset in the relative risk for the positively associated DQB1*0201-A1*0502/B1*0302-A1*0301 (DQ2/8) genotype (P = 0.02) and the negatively associated DQB1*0602-A1*0102 (DQ6.2) haplotype (P = 0.004). At birth, DQ6.2-positive individuals had an estimated relative risk of 0.03, but this increased to 1.1 at age 35 years. Relative risks for individuals with DQ genotype 8/8 or 8/X or DQ genotype 2/2 or 2/X, where X is any DQ haplotype ether than 2, 8 or 6.2, were not significantly age-dependent. An exploratory analysis of DQ haplotypes other than 2, 8 and 6.2 suggested that the risk of type 1 diabetes increases with age for DQB1*0604-A1*0102 (DQ6.4) and that the peak risk for the negatively associated DQB1*0301-A1*0501 haplotype is at age 18 years. There was also weak evidence that the risk for DQB1*0303-A1*0301 (DQ9), which has a positive association in the Japanese population, may decrease with age. We speculate that HLA-DQ alleles have a significant effect on the rate of beta cell destruction, which is accelerated in DQ2/8-positive individuals and inhibited, but not completely blocked, in DQ6.2-positive individuals.
  • Gupta, Manu, et al. (författare)
  • Association between the transmembrane region polymorphism of MHC class I chain related gene-A and type 1 diabetes mellitus in Sweden
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Human Immunology. - Elsevier. - 0198-8859. ; 64:5, s. 553-561
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain related gene-A (MIC-A) is associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in other populations. We tested the association of MIC-A gene polymorphism with T1DM in Swedish Caucasians; if it has an age-dependent association; and if the association has an effect on gender. We studied 635 T1DM patients and 503 matched controls in the age group of 0-35 years old. MIC-A5 was significantly increased in T1DM compared with controls (odds ratio [OR] =1.81, p(c) < 0.0005). Logistic regression analysis revealed MIC-A5 association was independent of HLA. MIC-A5 with DR4-DQ8 or MIC-A5 with DR3-DQ2 gave higher OR than the OR obtained with either of them alone (OR = 1.81, 7.1, and 3.6, respectively). MIC-A5 was positively (OR = 2.48, p(c) < 0.0005) and MIC-A6 negatively associated (OR = 0.61, p(c) = 0.035) with the disease in less than or equal to 20 years of age. The negative association of MIC-A6 in young onset was confirmed by logistic regression analysis. MIC-A5 was associated with the disease in males (OR = 2.05, p(c) = 0.0005). MIC-A6 conferred protection (OR = 0.098, p(c) = 0.032) in females heterozygous for DR3/DR4. In conclusion, MIC-A5 is associated with T1DM; the association was higher in individuals less than or equal to 20 years old; and negative association of MIC-A6 was stronger in younger onset patients than in older onset patients.
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