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Sökning: WFRF:(Kristjánsdóttir Ólöf)

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  • Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf, et al. (författare)
  • Does culture influence pain-related parent behaviors?
  • Ingår i: Canadian Journal of Pain. - : Taylor & Francis. - 2474-0527. ; 2:1, s. 146-146
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction/Aim: Studies suggest that cultural models of parenting (CMP) influence parental behaviors. Predominant cultural values are believed to inform the parenting styles caregivers adopt. Cultural values were expected to affect parental behaviors indirectly through parenting styles. We believed this would be moderated by ecosocial context. The present study aimed to examine cultural influences on pain-related parent-behaviors (PRPB). We hypothesized that ecosocial context would moderate the relationship between cultural values, parenting styles, and PRPB; and parenting styles would mediate the effect of cultural values on PRPB. Methods: A cross-cultural survey design was employed using a convenience sample of 547 caregivers of 6–12-year-olds living in Canada (n = 183), Iceland (n = 184), and Thailand (n = 180). The individualism-collectivism scale measured verticaland horizontal individualism, and collectivism. The parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire measured authoritative, and authoritarian parenting styles. The inventory of parent/caregiver responses to the children’s pain experience scale measured solicitousness and discouraging.Results: Multigroup structural equation modeling, showed that country did not affect which CMP caregivers adopted. Parenting styles mediated the relationship between cultural values and PRPB. Vertical/horizontal individualism, collectivism, and authoritative and authoritarian-parenting styles positively predicted solicitousness. Vertical individualism and authoritarian-parenting style positively predicted discouraging, whereas other predictors did not. Discussion/Conclusions: Unexpectedly, ecosocial context did not influence which CMP caregivers adopt, including their PRPB. As expected, parenting styles were mediators. Results supports others’ claims of solicitousness universality in a pediatric pain context. However, solicitousness may have different cultural meanings among individuals, and may be used in conjunction with discouraging.
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf, et al. (författare)
  • Living with the memories—parents’ experiences of their newborn child undergoing heart surgery abroad : A qualitative study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. - : MDPI AG. - 1661-7827. ; 17:23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Parents of children with a congenital heart defect needing complex heart surgery are at high risk of developing health problems. One can assume that parents whose child undergoes heart surgery abroad will undoubtably face added and unique stressors and health vulnerabilities. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the transition experiences of parents of children who underwent a complex heart surgery abroad as newborns 1–5 years ago. The qualitative content analysis methodology by Graneheim and Lundman was used. A purposive sample of twelve parents, whose child had undergone a heart surgery abroad, participated in face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using inductive qualitative content analysis. The overarching theme of “living with the memories” emerged from parents’ experiences, emphasizing the long-lasting impact this stressful event had on their lives. These experiences were characterized by four main categories: (1) being in an unknown situation; (2) feeling connected; (3) wishing to be accepted; and (4) finding closure. The findings show that the transition of having a newborn child undergo heart surgery abroad superimposed on the expected parenthood. That parents need to feel connected and included as legitimate clients was highlighted in their stories of experienced vulnerabilities. The results highlight the need for interdisciplinary teams to support these vulnerable families, particularly with follow-up care.
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf, et al. (författare)
  • Randomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents’ immunization pain
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0283-9318. ; 25:1, s. 19-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Distraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents' immunization pain. Furthermore, to examine whether musical distraction techniques (with or without headphones) used influenced the pain outcome. Hundred and eighteen 14-year-old adolescents, scheduled for polio immunization, participated. Adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three research groups; musical distraction with headphones (n=38), musical distraction without headphones (n=41) and standard care control (n=39). Results showed adolescents receiving musical distraction were less likely to report pain compared to the control group, controlling for covariates. Comparing musical distraction techniques, eliminating headphone emerged as a significant predictor of no pain. Results suggest that an easy and practical musical distraction intervention, implemented without headphones, can give some pain relief to adolescents during routine vaccination.
  • Finley, G. Allen, et al. (författare)
  • Cultural influences on the assessment of children’s pain.
  • Ingår i: Pain research & management. - : Pulsus Group Inc. - 1203-6765. ; 14:1, s. 33-37
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Culture is commonly regarded as a factor in pain behaviour and experience, but the meaning of the term is often unclear. There is little evidence that pain perception is modified by cultural or ethnic factors, but pain expression by children and interpretation by caregivers may be affected by the culture of the patient or the caregiver. The present paper examines some of the research regarding cultural influences on children's pain assessment, and addresses directions for future research. A focus on cultural influences should not distract clinicians from the need to be sensitive to individual beliefs and attitudes.
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf, et al. (författare)
  • A systematic review of cross-cultural comparison studies of child, parent, and health professional outcomes associated with pediatric medical procedures
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pain. - : Elsevier. - 1526-5900. ; 13:3, s. 207-219
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this review was to evaluate systematically all published and unpublished research concerning culture and medical procedural pain in children. Databases, reference lists, and electronic list servers were searched as data sources. Fifteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies (80%) were conducted solely in the United States comparing Caucasian American groups to other local subculture(s) (ie, African American, Hispanic, or Japanese). The studies compared, cross culturally, pediatric pain-related outcomes in children, parents and/or health professionals. The medical procedural experiences included surgery, immunization, spinal tap, bone marrow aspiration, needle procedures, orthopedic, and wound-related injuries. The evidence published to date suggests that cultural factors may be associated with children's pain experiences when elicited by medical procedural pain, specifically children's pain behavior. Nevertheless, research using more sophisticated research methods is needed to develop culturally sensitive behavioral pain measures. Measures that include physiological pain parameters in addition to other behavioral outcomes may be helpful. Culturally comparative research would benefit from the use of theoretical frameworks to advance our understanding of the cultural underpinnings of child pain development and guide future research.PERSPECTIVE:The current evidence supports that children and parents belonging to cultural minority groups, and in need of health care, are a vulnerable population. Together, researchers and clinicians are encouraged to explore this understudied area, and take advantage of sophisticated methods developed by disciplines like cross-cultural psychology.
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf (författare)
  • The role of culture in pain-related caregiver behavior: comparing Canadian, Icelandic, and Thai caregivers of 6–12-year-old children
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to examine the role culture plays in caregiver’s pain-related parent behaviors. This study used a cross-cultural survey design with a convenience sample of caregivers of 6-12-year-old children (N = 547) living in Canada (n = 183), Iceland (n = 184), or Thailand (n = 180). A team-translation approach included psychometric assessment and confirmatory factor analysis, ensuring an equivalent measurement model of cultural values, parenting styles, and pain-related caregiver responses across the three samples. Univariate analysis entailed comparing the average levels of, and multigroup structural equation modeling analysis of the relationships among, cultural values, parenting styles, and pain-related caregiver behaviors across Canadian, Icelandic, and Thai caregivers. Cross-country differences in the endorsement of cultural values (vertical individualism, horizontal individualism, and collectivism), parenting styles (authoritative and authoritarian), and pain-related behaviors (solicitousness and discouraging) emerged between Canadians and Thais, but not always in the expected direction. Icelanders were more similar to Thais than Canadians on the cultural values they endorsed. Country did not affect which cultural model of parenting (cultural values and parenting styles) caregivers adopted; thus, country did not predict pain-related behavior. Parenting styles mediated between cultural values and pain-related caregiver behaviors. Vertical/horizontal individualism, collectivism, and authoritative and authoritarian-parenting styles positively predicted solicitousness. Vertical individualism and authoritarian-parenting style were positive predictors of discouraging, whereas other predictors were not. Thesis results suggested that cross-country differences exist in how caregivers behave when their child is in pain. However, country does not appear to influence which cultural models of parenting caregivers adopted, including their pain-related behaviors. The four cultural models of parenting, predicting solicitousness, indicated that solicitousness may have different cultural meanings among individuals, and supports others’ claims of solicitousness universality in a pediatric pain context. Future studies are needed to confirm if cultural models of parenting processes around pain-related caregiver behaviors are universal.
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