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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Krogh Jesper) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Krogh Jesper)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 24
  • [1]23Nästa
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1.
  • Lindh, Roland, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Semidirect parallel self-consistent field: the load balancing problem in the input/output intensive self-consistent field iterations
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Theoretical Chemistry Accounts. - Springer. - 1432-881X. ; 110:3, s. 156-164
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The full capacity of contemporary parallel computers can, in the context of iterative ab initio procedures like, for example, self-consistent field (SCF) and multiconfigurational SCF, only be utilized if the disk and input/output (I/O) capacity are fully exploited before the implementation turns to an integral direct strategy. In a recent report on parallel semidirect SCF http://www.tc.cornell.edu/er/media/1996/collabrate.html, http://www.fp.mcs.anl.gd/grand-challenges/chem/non-direct/index.html it was demonstrated that super-linear speedups are achievable for algorithms that exploit scalable parallel I/O. In the I/O-intensive SCF iterations of this implementation a static load balancing, however, was employed, dictated by the initial iteration in which integral evaluation dominates the central processing unit activity and thus determines the load balancing. In the present paper we present the first implementation in which load balancing is achieved throughout the whole SCF procedure, i.e. also in subsequent iterations. The improved scalability of our new algorithm is demonstrated in some test calculations, for example, for 63-node calculation a speedup of 104 was observed in the computation of the two-electron integral contribution to the Fock matrix.
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2.
  • Orlando, Ludovic, et al. (författare)
  • Recalibrating Equus evolution using the genome sequence of an early Middle Pleistocene horse
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 499:7456, s. 74-78
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The rich fossil record of equids has made them a model for evolutionary processes1. Here we present a 1.12-times coverage draft genome from a horse bone recovered from permafrost dated to approximately 560-780 thousand years before present (kyr bp)2, 3. Our data represent the oldest full genome sequence determined so far by almost an order of magnitude. For comparison, we sequenced the genome of a Late Pleistocene horse (43 kyr bp), and modern genomes of five domestic horse breeds (Equus ferus caballus), a Przewalski's horse (E. f. przewalskii) and a donkey (E. asinus). Our analyses suggest that the Equus lineage giving rise to all contemporary horses, zebras and donkeys originated 4.0-4.5 million years before present (Myr bp), twice the conventionally accepted time to the most recent common ancestor of the genus Equus4, 5. We also find that horse population size fluctuated multiple times over the past 2 Myr, particularly during periods of severe climatic changes. We estimate that the Przewalski's and domestic horse populations diverged 38-72 kyr bp, and find no evidence of recent admixture between the domestic horse breeds and the Przewalski's horse investigated. This supports the contention that Przewalski's horses represent the last surviving wild horse population6. We find similar levels of genetic variation among Przewalski's and domestic populations, indicating that the former are genetically viable and worthy of conservation efforts. We also find evidence for continuous selection on the immune system and olfaction throughout horse evolution. Finally, we identify 29 genomic regions among horse breeds that deviate from neutrality and show low levels of genetic variation compared to the Przewalski's horse. Such regions could correspond to loci selected early during domestication.
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3.
  • Traulsen, Lisbet Krogh, et al. (författare)
  • Determinants of persistent asthma in young adults
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European clinical respiratory journal. - 2001-8525. ; 5:1, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate determinants for the prognosis of asthma in a population-based cohort of young adults. Design: The study was a nine-year clinical follow up of 239 asthmatic subjects from an enriched population-based sample of 1,191 young adults, aged 20-44 years, who participated in an interviewer-administered questionnaire and clinical examination at baseline in 2003-2006. From the interview, an asthma score was generated as the simple sum of affirmative answers to five main asthma-like symptoms in order to analyse symptoms of asthma as a continuum. The clinical examination comprised spirometry, bronchial challenge or bronchodilation, and skin prick test. Results: Among the 239 individuals with asthma at baseline 164 (69%) had persistent asthma at follow up, while 68 (28%) achieved remission of asthma and seven (3%) were diagnosed with COPD solely. Determinants for persistent asthma were use of medication for breathing within the last 12 months: Short-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (SABA) only (OR 3.39; 95%CI: 1.47-7.82) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and/or long-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (LABA) (8.95; 3.87-20.69). Stratified by age of onset determinants for persistence in individuals with early-onset asthma (age less than 16 years) were FEV₁ below predicted (7.12; 1.61-31.50), asthma score at baseline (2.06; 1.15-3.68) and use of ICS and/or LABA within 12 months (9.87; 1.95-49.98). In individuals with late-onset asthma the determinant was use of ICS and/or LABA within 12 months (6.84; 2.09-22.37). Conclusions: Pulmonary function below predicted, severity of disease expressed by asthma score and use of ICS and/or LABA were all determinants for persistent early-onset asthma, whereas only use of ICS and/or LABA was a determinant in late-onset asthma. A high asthma score indicated insufficient disease control in a substantial proportion of these young adults.
4.
  • Baturova, Maria A, et al. (författare)
  • Atrial fibrillation as a clinical characteristic of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Experience from the Nordic ARVC Registry.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International journal of cardiology. - 1874-1754.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) patients have drawn attention to atrial fibrillation (AF) as an arrhythmic manifestation of ARVC and as an indicator of atrial involvement in the disease progression. We aimed to assess the prevalence of AF in the Scandinavian cohort of ARVC patients and to evaluate its association with disease clinical manifestations.Study sample comprised of 293 definite ARVC patients by 2010 Task Force criteria (TFC2010) and 141 genotype-positive family members (total n = 434, 43% females, median age at ARVC diagnosis 41 years [interquartile range (IQR) 28-52 years]). ARVC diagnostic score was calculated as the sum of major (2 points) and minor (1 point) criteria in all categories of the TFC2010.AF was diagnosed in 42 patients (10%): in 41 patients with definite ARVC diagnosis (14%) vs in one genotype-positive family member (1%), p < 0.001. The median age at AF onset was 51 (IQR 38-58) years. The prevalence of AF was related to the ARVC diagnostic score: it significantly increased starting with the diagnostic score 4 (2% in those with score 3 vs 13% in those with score 4, p = 0.023) and increased further with increased diagnostic score (Somer's d value is 0.074, p < 0.001).AF is seen in 14% of definite ARVC patients and is related to the severity of disease phenotype thus suggesting AF being an arrhythmic manifestation of this cardiomyopathy indicating atrial myocardial involvement in the disease progression.
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5.
  • de Jong, Simone, et al. (författare)
  • Applying polygenic risk scoring for psychiatric disorders to a large family with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Communications Biology. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2399-3642. ; 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Psychiatric disorders are thought to have a complex genetic pathology consisting of interplay of common and rare variation. Traditionally, pedigrees are used to shed light on the latter only, while here we discuss the application of polygenic risk scores to also highlight patterns of common genetic risk. We analyze polygenic risk scores for psychiatric disorders in a large pedigree (n ~ 260) in which 30% of family members suffer from major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder. Studying patterns of assortative mating and anticipation, it appears increased polygenic risk is contributed by affected individuals who married into the family, resulting in an increasing genetic risk over generations. This may explain the observation of anticipation in mood disorders, whereby onset is earlier and the severity increases over the generations of a family. Joint analyses of rare and common variation may be a powerful way to understand the familial genetics of psychiatric disorders.
6.
  • De Vico, Luca, et al. (författare)
  • Chemiluminescence of 1,2-dioxetane. Reaction mechanism uncovered
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory. - The American Chemical Society (ACS). - 1520-5215. ; 111:32, s. 8013-8019
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The thermal decomposition of 1,2-dioxetane and the associated production of chemiluminescent products, model for a wide range of chemiluminescent reactions, has been studied at the multistate multiconfigurational second-order perturbation level of theory. This study is in qualitative and quantitative agreement with experimental observations with respect to the activation energy and the observed increase of triplet and singlet excited products as substituents are added to the parent molecule. The, previously incomplete, reaction mechanism of the chemiluminescence of 1,2-dioxetane is now rationalized and described as mainly due to a particular form of entropic trapping.
7.
  • Gagliardi, L, et al. (författare)
  • The electronic spectrum of the UO2 molecule
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society. - The American Chemical Society (ACS). - 1520-5126. ; 127:1, s. 86-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electronic spectrum of the UO2 Molecule has been determined using multiconfigurational wave functions together with the inclusion spin-orbit coupling. The molecule has been found to have a (5fphi)(7s), (3)Phi(2u), ground state. The lowest state of gerade symmetry, H-3(4g), corresponding to the electronic configuration (5f)(2) was found 3330 cm(-1) above the ground state. The computed energy levels and oscillator strengths were used for the assignment of the experimental spectrum in the energy range 17000-19000 and 27000-32000 cm(-1).
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8.
  • Groth, Sanne Krogh, et al. (författare)
  • EMS – Elektron Musik Studion in Stockholm
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Avant-garde critical studies. - Brill/Rodopi. - 1387-3008. - 9789004310506 - 9789004310490 ; 32, s. 164-174
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 1964 the electronic music studio EMS, Stockholm opened as a conventional analogue studio. The primary intension with the institution was to build the world’s most advanced hybrid studio and to conduct an international research program into sound and sound perception. With financial support from the Swedish government and by the effort of the studio director Knut Wiggen, these visions were realised in 1970. Meanwhile, many composers did not intend to follow Wiggen’s ambitions visions. Strong wills, social changes and technological challenges trigged countless conflicts and tensions in the milieu.
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9.
  • Groth, Sanne Krogh, et al. (författare)
  • Portable Audio Design
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Situated Design Methods. - MIT Press. - 9780262320993 - 9780262027632 ; s. 223-240
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The chapter presents a methodological approach to the early process of producing portable audio design. The chapter high lights audio walks and audio guides, but can also be of inspiration when working with graphical and video production for portable devices. The final products can be presented within online and physical institutional contexts. The approach focuses especially on the relationship to specific sites, and how an awareness of the relationship between the site and the production can be part of the design process. Such awareness entails several approaches: the necessity of paying attention to the specific genre; a grasping of the complex relationship between site and time, the actual and the virtual; and getting aquatint with the specific site’s soundscape by approaching it both intuitively and systematically. These steps will finally lead to an audio production that not only narrates the actual through the virtual, but also blurs the distinction.
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10.
  • Groth, Sanne Krogh, et al. (författare)
  • The concert society Fylkingen, 1950-75
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Avant-garde critical studies. - Brill/Rodopi. - 1387-3008. - 9789004310506 - 9789004310490 ; 32, s. 122-134
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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