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Sökning: WFRF:(Kuba K.)

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
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  • Chalupsky, J., et al. (författare)
  • Characteristics of focused soft X-ray free-electron laser beam determined by ablation of organic molecular solids
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Optics Express. - 1094-4087 .- 1094-4087. ; 15:10, s. 6036-6043
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A linear accelerator based source of coherent radiation, FLASH (Free-electron LASer in Hamburg) provides ultra-intense femtosecond radiation pulses at wavelengths from the extreme ultraviolet (XUV; lambda&lt; 100nm) to the soft X-ray (SXR; lambda&lt;30nm) spectral regions. 25-fs pulses of 32-nm FLASH radiation were used to determine the ablation parameters of PMMA - poly ( methyl methacrylate). Under these irradiation conditions the attenuation length and ablation threshold were found to be (56.9 +/- 7.5) nm and similar to 2 mJ center dot cm(-2), respectively. For a second wavelength of 21.7 nm, the PMMA ablation was utilized to image the transverse intensity distribution within the focused beam at mu m resolution by a method developed here.</p>
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  • Hau-Riege, S. P., et al. (författare)
  • Damage threshold of inorganic solids under free-electron-laser irradiation at 32.5 nm wavelength
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951 .- 1077-3118. ; 90:17, s. 173128
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Samples of B4C, amorphous C, chemical-vapor-deposition-diamond C, Si, and SiC were exposed to single 25 fs long pulses of 32.5 nm free-electron-laser radiation at fluences of up to 2.2 J/cm(2). The samples were chosen as candidate materials for x-ray free-electron-laser optics. It was found that the threshold for surface damage is on the order of the fluence required for thermal melting. For larger fluences, the crater depths correspond to temperatures on the order of the critical temperature, suggesting that the craters are formed by two-phase vaporization.</p>
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  • Imai, Y., et al. (författare)
  • Identification of oxidative stress and toll-like receptor 4 signaling as a key pathway of acute lung injury
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Cell. - Cell Press. - 1097-4172. ; 133:2, s. 235-249
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multiple lung pathogens such as chemical agents, H5N1 avian flu, or SARS cause high lethality due to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Here we report that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mutant mice display natural resistance to acid-induced acute lung injury (ALI). We show that TLR4-TRIF-TRAF6 signaling is a key disease pathway that controls the severity of ALI. The oxidized phospholipid (OxPL) OxPAPC was identified to induce lung injury and cytokine production by lung macrophages via TLR4-TRIF. We observed OxPL production in the lungs of humans and animals infected with SARS, Anthrax, or H5N1. Pulmonary challenge with an inactivated H5N1 avian influenza virus rapidly induces ALI and OxPL formation in mice. Loss of TLR4 or TRIF expression protects mice from H5N1-induced ALI. Moreover, deletion of ncf1, which controls ROS production, improves the severity of H5N1-mediated ALI. Our data identify oxidative stress and innate immunity as key lung injury pathways that control the severity of ALI.
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  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
 
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