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1.
  • Aaltonen, Kirsimari, et al. (författare)
  • Cyclin D1 expression is associated with poor prognostic features in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. - Springer. - 1573-7217. ; 113:1, s. 75-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cyclins D1 and E play an important role in breast carcinogenesis. High cyclin E expression is common in hormone receptor negative and high grade aggressive breast cancer, whereas cyclin D1 in hormone receptor positive and low grade breast cancer. Experimental data has suggested that cyclin D1 and E mediate cell proliferation by different mechanisms in estrogen receptor (ER) positive and negative breast cancer. To test this hypotheses in large breast cancer material and to clarify the histopathological correlations of cyclin E and D1, especially the association with proliferation, we analyzed cyclin E and D1 immunohistochemical expression on breast tumour microarrays consisting of 1348 invasive breast cancers. High cyclin D1 expression was associated with high grade (P < 0.0005), high cyclin A (P < 0.0005) and Ki67 (P < 0.0005) expression among ER positive but with low grade (P = 0.05) and low Ki67 (P = 0.01) expression among ER negative breast cancers. Cyclin E and D1 expression correlated positively in ER positive (P < 0.0005) but had a negative correlation in ER negative tumours (P = 0.004). Cyclin E associated with high grade among all tumours (P < 0.0005). In conclusion, the findings of this study show that cyclin D1 has separate roles, and proliferation is driven by different mechanisms in ER positive and negative breast cancers.
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2.
  • Borgquist, Signe, et al. (författare)
  • Diet and body constitution in relation to sub-groups of breast cancer defined by tumour grade, proliferation and key cell cycle regulators.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research. - BioMed Central (BMC). - 1465-5411. ; 9:1, s. 11-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The general lack of clear associations between diet and breast cancer in epidemiological studies may partly be explained by the fact that breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease that may have disparate genetic associations and different aetiological bases. Method A total of 346 incident breast cancers in a prospective cohort of 17,035 women enrolled in the Malmo Diet and Cancer study ( Sweden) were subcategorized according to conventional pathology parameters, proliferation and expression of key cell cycle regulators. Subcategories were compared with prediagnostic diet and body measurements using analysis of variance. Results A large hip circumference and high body mass index were associated with high grade tumours ( P = 0.03 and 0.009, respectively), whereas low energy and unadjusted fat intakes were associated with high proliferation ( P = 0.03 and 0.004, respectively). Low intakes of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were also associated with high proliferation ( P = 0.02, 0.004 and 0.003, respectively). Low energy and unadjusted fat intakes were associated with cyclin D-1 overexpression ( P = 0.02 and 0.007, respectively), whereas cyclin E overexpression was positively correlated with fat intake. Oestrogen receptor status and expression of the tumour suppressor gene p27 were not associated with either diet or body constitution. Conclusion Low energy and low total fat ( polyunsaturated fatty acids in particular) intakes, and high body mass index were associated with relatively more malignant breast tumours. Dietary behaviours and body constitution may be associated with specific types of breast cancer defined by conventional pathology parameters and cyclin D1 and cyclin E expression. Further studies including healthy control individuals are needed to confirm our results.
3.
  • Butt, Salma, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic predisposition, parity, age at first childbirth and risk for breast cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: BMC Research Notes. - BioMed Central (BMC). - 1756-0500. ; 5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Recent studies have identified several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the risk of breast cancer and parity and age at first childbirth are well established and important risk factors for breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to examine the interaction between these environmental factors and genetic variants on breast cancer risk. Methods: The Malmö Diet and Cancer Study (MDCS) included 17 035 female participants, from which 728 incident breast cancer cases were matched to 1448 controls. The associations between 14 SNPs and breast cancer risk were investigated in different strata of parity and age at first childbirth. A logistic regression analysis for the per allele risk, adjusted for potential confounders yielded odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Six of the previously identified SNPs showed a statistically significant association with breast cancer risk: rs2981582 (FGFR2), rs3803662 (TNRC9), rs12443621 (TNRC9), rs889312 (MAP3K1), rs3817198 (LSP1) and rs2107425 (H19). We could not find any statistically significant interaction between the effects of tested SNPs and parity/age at first childbirth on breast cancer risk after adjusting for multiple comparisons. Conclusions: The results of this study are in agreement with previous studies of null interactions between tested SNPs and parity/age at first childbirth with regard to breast cancer risk.
4.
  • Dolatabadi, Soheila, et al. (författare)
  • JAK–STAT signalling controls cancer stem cell properties including chemotherapy resistance in myxoid liposarcoma
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136. ; 145:2, s. 435-449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) shows extensive intratumoural heterogeneity with distinct subpopulations of tumour cells. Despite improved survival of MLS patients, existing therapies have shortcomings as they fail to target all tumour cells. The nature of chemotherapy-resistant cells in MLS remains unknown. Here, we show that MLS cell lines contained subpopulations of cells that can form spheres, efflux Hoechst dye and resist doxorubicin, all properties attributed to cancer stem cells (CSCs). By single-cell gene expression, western blot, phospho-kinase array, immunoprecipitation, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry and microarray analysis we showed that a subset of MLS cells expressed JAK–STAT genes with active signalling. JAK1/2 inhibition via ruxolitinib decreased, while stimulation with LIF increased, phosphorylation of STAT3 and the number of cells with CSC properties indicating that JAK–STAT signalling controlled the number of cells with CSC features. We also show that phosphorylated STAT3 interacted with the SWI/SNF complex. We conclude that MLS contains JAK–STAT-regulated subpopulations of cells with CSC features. Combined doxorubicin and ruxolitinib treatment targeted both proliferating cells as well as cells with CSC features, providing new means to circumvent chemotherapy resistance in treatment of MLS patients. © 2019 The Authors. International Journal of Cancer published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of UICC
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5.
  • Hedberg, Ylva, 1975- (författare)
  • Cell Cycle Regulation in Human Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p><b>ABSTRACT</b></p><p><b>Cell cycle regulation in human renal cell carcinoma</b></p><p><i>Ylva Hedberg, Departments of Medical Biosciences, Pathology, and Surgical and</i></p><p><i>Perioperative Sciences, Urology Andrology, Umeå University, Sweden</i></p><p>Deregulated growth control is a hallmark of neoplasia potentially caused by aberrant expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins. The importance of such aberrations in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has not been fully clarified. Therefore, the protein expressions of several G1/S regulatory proteins in human RCC were evaluated and their relation to clinico-pathological data was examined.</p><p>Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the proteinexpression of cyclin D1, D3, and E in 80 RCCs. Most tumors expressed higher levels of cyclin D1 (75%) and cyclin E (65%) compared to corresponding normal kidney cortex. In contrast, only 16 % of the tumors had high levels of cyclin D3. In conventional RCCs, low levels of cyclin D1 were associated with large tumor size, aneuploidy and a poor outcome for the patients. High expression of cyclin D3 and E</p><p>were associated with aneuploidy, high proliferation, high TNM-stage, and high nuclear grade. Cyclin E was positively correlated to cyclin D3 but inversely associated with cyclin D1. Cyclin D3 and E were not associated with survival. The majority of RCCs had normal p27 levels, determined by immunohistochemistry, whereas the few tumors with low p27 levels were associated with large tumor size and poor survival.</p><p>In order to confirm and extend our initial studies, a tissue microarray consisting of 218 RCCs was constructed and cyclin D1, D3, E, p27 were detected by immunohistochemistry. The tissue microarray results were validated by comparing the array data with western analyzes. Due to the large number of tumors analyzed we could evaluate potential differences in expression patterns of cell cycle regulators between conventional, papillary, and chromophobe RCCs. Interestingly, the protein expression differed between RCC types, showing that the conventional tumors generally had high cyclin D1 expression. In contrast, papillary and chromophobe RCCs had high cyclin E expression. Downregulation of p27 was found mostly in chromophobe RCCs. </p><p>The retinoblastoma protein (pRb) was detected in all RCCs. Phosphorylation of pRb, detected by western blotting or immunohistochemistry and phospho-specific antibodies, was observed in approximately 50% of the tumors. The cdk-inhibitor p16 was not overexpressed suggesting that pRb was functional in the majority of RCCs.</p><p>In summary, abnormal expression of G1-cyclins and the CDK-inhibitor p27 was common in RCC whereas the main G1/S-substrate, pRb, seemed to be functional. The aberrations further differed between the separate RCC subtypes and were linked to clinical behavior.</p>
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