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  • Klionsky, Daniel J., et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Autophagy. - : Landes Bioscience. - 1554-8635 .- 1554-8627. ; 8:4, s. 445-544
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy in different organisms. Various reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, there continues to be confusion regarding acceptable methods to measure autophagy, especially in multicellular eukaryotes. A key point that needs to be emphasized is that there is a difference between measurements that monitor the numbers or volume of autophagic elements (e.g., autophagosomes or autolysosomes) at any stage of the autophagic process vs. those that measure flux through the autophagy pathway (i.e., the complete process); thus, a block in macroautophagy that results in autophagosome accumulation needs to be differentiated from stimuli that result in increased autophagic activity, defined as increased autophagy induction coupled with increased delivery to, and degradation within, lysosomes (in most higher eukaryotes and some protists such as Dictyostelium) or the vacuole (in plants and fungi). In other words, it is especially important that investigators new to the field understand that the appearance of more autophagosomes does not necessarily equate with more autophagy. In fact, in many cases, autophagosomes accumulate because of a block in trafficking to lysosomes without a concomitant change in autophagosome biogenesis, whereas an increase in autolysosomes may reflect a reduction in degradative activity. Here, we present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of methods for use by investigators who aim to examine macroautophagy and related processes, as well as for reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that are focused on these processes. These guidelines are not meant to be a formulaic set of rules, because the appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used. In addition, we emphasize that no individual assay is guaranteed to be the most appropriate one in every situation, and we strongly recommend the use of multiple assays to monitor autophagy. In these guidelines, we consider these various methods of assessing autophagy and what information can, or cannot, be obtained from them. Finally, by discussing the merits and limits of particular autophagy assays, we hope to encourage technical innovation in the field.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of D0 -> K -π+π+π-
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an amplitude analysis of the decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-) based on a data sample of 2.93 fb(-1) acquired by the BESIII detector at the psi(3770) resonance. With a nearly background free sample of about 16000 events, we investigate the substructure of the decay and determine the relative fractions and the phases among the different intermediate processes. Our amplitude model includes the two-body decays D-0 -> (K) over bar*(0)rho(0), D-0 -> K- a(1)(+) (1260) and D-0 -> K-1(-)(1270)pi(+), the three-body decays D-0 -> K-1(-)*(0)pi(+)pi(-) and D-0 -> K- pi(+)rho(0), as well as the four-body nonresonant decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-). The dominant intermediate process is D-0 -> K(-)a(1)(+)(1260)accounting for a fit fraction of 54.6%.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Confirmation of a charged charmoniumlike state Z(c)(3885)(-/+) in e(+)e(-) -> pi(+/-) (D(D)over-bar*)(-/+) with double D tag
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 92:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a study of the process e(+)e(-) -> pi(+/-) (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) using data samples of 1092 pb(-1) at root s = 4.23 GeV and 826 pb(-1) at root s = 4.26 GeV collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. With full reconstruction of the D meson pair and the bachelor pi(+) in the final state, we confirm the existence of the charged structure Z(c) (3885)(-/+) in the (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) system in the two isospin processes e(+)e(-) -> pi(+DD)-D-0*(-) and e(+)e(-) -> pi+D-D*(0). By performing a simultaneous fit, the statistical significance of Zc(3885)(-/+) signal is determined to be greater than 10 sigma, and its pole mass and width are measured to be M-pole = (3881.7 +/- 1.6(stat) +/- 1.6(syst)) MeV/c(2) and Gamma(pole) = (26.6 +/- 2.0(stat) +/- 2.1(syst)) MeV, respectively. The Born cross section times the (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) branching fraction (sigma(e(+)e(-) -> pi(+/-)Z(c)(3885)(-/+)) x Br(Z(c)(3885)(-/+) -> (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) )) is measured to be (141.6 +/- 7.9(stat) +/- 12.3(syst)) pb at root s = 4.23 GeV and (108.4 +/- 6.9(stat) +/- 8.8(syst)) pb at root s = 4.26 GeV. The polar angular distribution of the pi(+) - Z(c)(3885)(-/+) system is consistent with the expectation of a quantum number assignment of J(P) = 1(+) for Z(c)(3885)(-/+).
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the Spin and Parity of the Z(c)(3900)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 119:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The spin and parity of the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) state are determined to be J(P) = 1(+) with a statistical significance larger than 7 sigma over other quantum numbers in a partial wave analysis of the process e(+)e(-) -> pi(+)pi(-) J/psi We use a data sample of 1.92 fb(-1) accumulated at root s = 4.23 and 4.26 GeV with the BESIII experiment. When parametrizing the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) with a Flatte-like formula, we determine its pole mass M-pole = (3881.2 +/- 4.2(stat) +/- 52.7(syst)) MeV/c(2) and pole width Gamma(pole) = (51.8 +/- 4.6(stat) +/- 36.0(syst)) MeV. We also measure cross sections for the process e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(3900)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -> J/psi pi(+)pi(-) and determine an upper limit at the 90% confidence level for the process e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(4020)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -> J/psi pi(+)pi(-).
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of higher-order multipole amplitudes in psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) with chi(c1,2) -> gamma J/psi and search for the transition eta(c)(2S) -> gamma J/psi
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 106 x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, we measure multipole amplitudes for the decay psi(3686) ->; gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi beyond the dominant electric-dipole amplitudes. The normalized magnetic-quadrupole (M2) amplitude for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi and the normalized electric-dipole amplitudes for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c2) -> gamma J/psi and determined. The M2 amplitudes for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1) and ; chi(c1,2) -> gamma J/psi are found to differ significantly from zero and are consistent with theoretical predictions. We also obtain the ratios of M2 contributions of psi(3686) and J/psi decays to;2,chi(c1,2,) b(2)(1/)b(2)(2) = 1.35 +/- 0.72 and a(2)(1/)a(2)(2) = 0.617 +/- 0.083,,which agree well with theoretical expectations. By considering the multipole contributions of chi(c1,2), we measure the product branching fractions for the cascade decays psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c 0,1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi and search for the process eta(c)(2s) -> gamma J/psi through psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c)(2s).The product branching fraction for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c0) -> gamma gamma J/psi is 3 sigma larger than published measurements, while those of psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi are consistent. No significant signal for the decay psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c) (2s) -> gamma gamma J/psi is observed, and the upper limit of the product branching fraction at the 90% confidence level is determined.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of a Neutral Structure near the D(D)over-bar* Mass Threshold in e(+)e(-) -> (D(D)over-bar*)(0)pi(0) at root s=4.226 and 4.257 GeV
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 115:22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A neutral structure in the D (D) over bar* system around the D (D) over bar* mass threshold is observed with a statistical significance greater than 10 sigma in the processes e(+)e(-) -> D+D*(-)pi(0) + c.c. and e(+)e(-) -> D-0(D) over bar*(0)pi(0) + c.c. at root s = 4.226 and 4.257 GeV in the BESIII experiment. The structure is denoted as Z(c)(3885)(0). Assuming the presence of a resonance, its pole mass and width are determined to be [3885.7(-5.7)(+4.3) (stat) +/- 8.4(syst)] MeV/c(2) and [35(-12)(+11) (stat) +/- 15(syst)] MeV, respectively. The Born cross sections are measured to be sigma[e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(3885)(0)pi(0); Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D (D) over bar*] = [77 +/- 13(stat) +/- 17(syst)] pb at 4.226 GeV and [47 +/- 9(stat) +/- 10(syst)] pb at 4.257 GeV. The ratio of decay rates B[Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D+D*(-) + c.c.]/B[Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D-0(D) over bar*(0) + c.c.] is determined to be 0.96 +/- 0.18(stat) +/- 0.12(syst), consistent with no isospin violation in the process, Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D (D) over bar*.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of the Singly Cabibbo-Suppressed Decay D+ -> omega pi(+) and Evidence for D-0 -> omega pi(0)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 116:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Based on 2.93 fb(-1) e(+)e(-) collision data taken at center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV by the BESIII detector, we report searches for the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays D+ -> omega pi(+) and D-0 -> omega pi(0). A double tag technique is used to measure the absolute branching fractions B(D+ -> omega pi(+)) = (2.79 +/- 0.57 +/- 0.16) x 10(-4) and B(D-0 +/- omega pi(0)) = (1.17 +/- 0.34 +/- 0.07) x 10(-4), with statistical significances of 5.5 sigma and 4.1 sigma, where the first and second uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Study of D+ -> K-pi(+)e(+)nu(e)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - 2470-0010. ; 94:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an analysis of the decay D+ -> K-pi(+)e(+)nu(e) based on data collected by the BESIII experiment at the psi(3770) resonance. Using a nearly background-free sample of 18262 events, we measure the branching fraction B(D+ -> K-pi+e+nu e) = (3.77 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.08)%. For 0.8 < m(K pi) < 1.0 GeV/c(2), the partial branching fraction is B(D+ -> K-pi+e+nu e)([0.8,1.0]) = (3.39 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.08)%. A partial wave analysis shows that the dominant (K) over bar* (892)degrees component is accompanied by an S-wave contribution accounting for (6.05 +/- 0.22 +/- 0.18)% of the total rate and that other components are negligible. The parameters of the (K) over bar* (892)degrees resonance and of the form factors based on the spectroscopic pole dominance predictions are also measured. We also present a measurement of the (K) over bar* (892)degrees helicity basis form factors in a model-independent way.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Study of decay dynamics and CP asymmetry in D+ -> K(L)(0)e(+)nu(e) decay
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 92:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 2.92 fb(-1) of electron-positron annihilation data collected at root s = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, we obtain the first measurements of the absolute branching fraction B(D+ -> K(L)(0)e(+)nu(e)) = (4.481 +/- 0.027(stat) +/- 0.103(sys))% and the CP asymmetry A(CP)(D+-> KL0e+nu e) = (-0.59 +/- 0.60(stat) +/- 1.48(sys))%. From the D+ -> K(L)(0)e(+)nu(e) differential decay rate distribution, the product of the hadronic form factor and the magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element, f(+)(K)(0)vertical bar V-cs vertical bar, is determined to be 0.728 +/- 0.006(stat) +/- 0.011(sys). Using vertical bar V-cs vertical bar from the SM constrained fit with the measured f(+)(K)(0)vertical bar V-cs vertical bar, f(+)(K)(0) = 0.748 +/- 0.007(stat) +/- 0.012(sys) is obtained, and utilizing the unquenched Lattice QCD (LQCD) calculation for f(+)(K)(0), vertical bar V-cs vertical bar = 0.975 +/- 0.008(stat) +/- 0.015(sys) +/- 0.025(LQCD).
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of the chi(c1) -> eta pi(+)pi(-) decays
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 448.0 x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, an amplitude analysis is performed for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1), chi(c1) ->eta pi(+)pi(-) decays. The most dominant two- body structure observed is a(0)(980)(+/-) pi(-/+); a(0)(980)(+/-) -> eta pi(+/-.) line shape is modeled using a dispersion relation, and a significant nonzero a(0) (980) coupling to the eta'pi channel is measured. We observe chi(c1) -> a(2)(1700)pi production for the first time, with a significance larger than 17 sigma. The production of mesons with exotic quantum numbers, J(PC) = 1(-+), is investigated, and upper limits for the branching fractions chi(c1) -> pi(1)(1400)(+/-)pi(-/+) , chi(c1) -> pi(1)(1600)(+/-)pi(-/+) and chi(c1) -> pi 1(2015)(+/-)pi(-/+) with subsequent pi(1)(X)(+/-) -> eta pi(+/-) decay, are determined.
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