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Sökning: WFRF:(Lillienau Jan)

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  • Bergqvist, Viktoria, et al. (författare)
  • Switching from originator infliximab to the biosimilar CT-P13 in 313 patients with inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology. - SAGE Publications. - 1756-283X. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: As the patents of originator biologics are expiring, biosimilar versions are becoming available for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, published switch studies of the first infliximab biosimilar, CT-P13, have delivered ambiguous results that could be interpreted as showing a trend towards inferior effectiveness in Crohn’s disease (CD) compared with ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of switching IBD patients from treatment with Remicade to CT-P13. Methods: In this prospective observational cohort study, all adult IBD patients on Remicade treatment, at four hospitals, were switched to CT-P13. The primary endpoint was change in clinical disease activity at 2, 6, and 12 months after the switch. Secondary endpoints were subgroup analyses of patients with and without concomitant immunomodulators; changes in biomarkers, quality of life, drug trough levels and anti-drug antibodies (ADAbs); and adverse events. Results: A total of 313 IBD patients were switched (195 CD; 118 UC). There were no significant changes in clinical disease activity, quality of life, biomarkers (except a small but significant increase in albumin in CD) including F-calprotectin, drug trough levels, or proportion of patients in remission. Disease worsening rates were 14.0% for CD and 13.8% for UC; and 2.7% developed ADAbs and 2.2% developed serious adverse events. Conclusions: This is the largest study of switched IBD patients published to date, and it demonstrates that switching from Remicade to CT-P13 may be done with preserved therapeutic effectiveness and safety in both CD and UC.
  • Duan, R D, et al. (författare)
  • Distribution of alkaline sphingomyelinase activity in human beings and animals. Tissue and species differences
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. - Springer. - 1573-2568. ; 41:9, s. 1801-1806
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The alkaline sphingomyelinase (SMase) was first found in rat intestinal brush border. The important roles of this enzyme in digestion of sphingomyelin and in mucosal cell proliferation have been suggested. In the present work, the distribution of the alkaline SMase in the tissues of human beings and animals have been studied. By assaying the enzyme activity in human biopsy samples, we found that the alkaline SMase activity was absent in the stomach, increased in the duodenum, present at high levels in the small intestine, and slightly declined in the colon and rectum. High activities were found similarly in the intestinal contents of the healthy adults and infants. The activities were also found in the intestinal mucosa of rats, normal and germ-free mice, and hamsters with the same distribution pattern as in humans, but not in the intestinal mucosa of guinea pigs. Apart from the intestinal tract, a SMase activity preferring alkaline pH was identified in human and guinea pig bile, but not in the bile of rat, pig, sheep, and cow. No activity was found in either pancreatic tissue or pancreatic juice in all species tested, and none was detected in human urine and milk. In conclusion, alkaline SMase exists predominantly in the digestive system with considerable tissue and species differences.
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