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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Lindahl Anders 1954 ) "

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  • Thorfve, Anna, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Hydroxyapatite coating affects the Wnt signaling pathway during peri-implant healing in vivo
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Biomaterialia. - 1742-7061 .- 1878-7568. ; 10:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Owing to its bio- and osteoconductivity, hydroxyapatite (HA) is a widely used implant material, but its osteogenic properties are only partly evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The present study focused on bone healing adjacent to HA-coated titanium (Ti) implants, with or without incorporated lithium ions (Li+). Special attention was given to the Wnt signaling pathway. The implants were inserted into rat tibia for 7 or 28days and analyzed ex vivo, mainly by histomorphometry and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. HA-coated implants showed, irrespective of Li+ content, bone-implant contact (BIC) and removal torque significantly higher than those of reference Ti. Further, the expressions of OCN, CTSK, COL1A1, LRP5/6 and WISP1 were significantly higher in implant-adherent cells of HA-coated implants, with or without Li+. Significantly higher β-catenin expression and significantly lower COL2A1 expression were observed in peri-implant bone cells from HA with 14ngcm-2 released Li+. Interestingly, Ti implants showed a significantly larger bone area in the threads than HA with 39ngcm-2 released Li+, but had a lower BIC than any HA-coated implant. This study shows that HA, with or without Li+ is a strong activator of the Wnt signaling pathway, and may to some degree explain its high bone induction capacity.
  • Vukusic, Kristina, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • The Atrioventricular Junction: A Potential Niche Region for Progenitor Cells in the Adult Human Heart
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Stem Cells and Development. - 1547-3287. ; 28:16, s. 1078-1088
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A stem cell niche is a microenvironment where stem cells reside in a quiescent state, until activated. In a previous rat model, we combined 5-bromo-2-deoxy-uridine labeling with activation of endogenous stem cells by physical exercise and revealed a distinct region, in the atrioventricular junction (AVj), with features of a stem cell niche. In this study, we aim to investigate whether a similar niche exists in the human heart. Paired biopsies from AVj and left ventricle (LV) were collected both from explanted hearts of organ donors, not used for transplantation (N = 7) and from severely failing hearts from patients undergoing heart transplantation (N = 7). Using antibodies, we investigated the expression of stem cell, hypoxia, proliferation and migration biomarkers. In the collagen-dense region of the AVj in donor hearts, progenitor markers, MDR1, SSEA4, ISL1, WT1, and hypoxia marker, HIF1-alpha, were clearly detected. The expression gradually decreased with distance from the valve. At the myocardium border in the AVj costaining of the proliferation marker Ki67 with cardiomyocyte nuclei marker PCM1 and cardiac Troponin-T (cTnT) indicated proliferation of small cardiomyocytes. In the same site we also detected ISL1(+)/WT1(+)/cTnT cells. In addition, heterogeneity in cardiomyocyte sizes was noted. Altogether, these findings indicate different developmental stages of cardiomyocytes below the region dense in stem cell marker expression. In patients suffering from heart failure the AVj region showed signs of impairment generally displaying much weaker or no expression of progenitor markers. We describe an anatomic structure in the human hearts, with features of a progenitor niche that coincided with the same region previously identified in rats with densely packed cells expressing progenitor and hypoxia markers. The data provided in this study indicate that the adult heart contains progenitor cells and that AVj might be a specific niche region from which the progenitors migrate at the time of regeneration.
  • Andersson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Assaying cardiac biomarkers for toxicity testing using biosensing and cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of biotechnology. - 1873-4863. ; 150:1, s. 175-81
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) derived cardiomyocytes are in the present study being used for testing drug-induced cardiotoxicity in a biosensor set-up. The design of an in vitro testing alternative provides a novel opportunity to surpass previous methods based on rodent cells or cell lines due to its significantly higher toxicological relevance. In this report we demonstrate how hESC-derived cardiomyocytes release detectable levels of two clinically decisive cardiac biomarkers, cardiac troponin T and fatty acid binding protein 3, when the cardiac cells are exposed to the well-known cardioactive drug compound, doxorubicin. The release is monitored by the immuno-biosensor technique surface plasmon resonance, particularly appropriate due to its capacity for parallel and high-throughput analysis in complex media.
  • Asp, Julia, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Cardiomyocyte clusters derived from human embryonic stem cells share similarities with human heart tissue.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of molecular cell biology. - 1759-4685. ; 2:5, s. 276-83
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiotoxicity testing is a key activity in the pharmaceutical industry in order to detect detrimental effects of new drugs. A reliable human in vitro model would both be beneficial in selection of lead compounds and be important for reducing animal experimentation. However, the human heart is a complex organ composed of many distinct types of cardiomyocytes, but cardiomyocyte clusters (CMCs) derived from human embryonic stem cells could be an option for a cellular model. Data on functional properties of CMCs demonstrate similarities to their in vivo analogues in human. However, development of an in vitro model requires a more thorough comparison of CMCs to human heart tissue. Therefore, we directly compared individually isolated CMCs to human fetal, neonatal, adult atrial and ventricular heart tissues. Real-time qPCR analysis of mRNA levels and protein staining of ion channels and cardiac markers showed in general a similar expression pattern in CMCs and human heart. Moreover, a significant decrease in beat frequency was noted after addition of Zatebradine, a blocker to I(f) involved in regulation of spontaneous contraction in CMCs. The results underscore the similarities of CMCs to human cardiac tissue, and further support establishment of novel cardiotoxicity assays based on the CMCs in drug discovery.
  • Bentham, J, et al. (författare)
  • A double-staining technique for detection of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I binding to rat tibial epiphyseal chondrocytes.
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: The Journal of endocrinology. - 0022-0795. ; 137:3, s. 361-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the present study a double-staining technique was developed to investigate simultaneous GH and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) binding to chondrocytes in a monolayer cell culture. Rat tibial epiphyseal chondrocytes were isolated by enzymatic digestion and cultured in monolayer. GH and IGF-I were labelled with biotin. The affinity of the biotin-labelled ligands was compared with unlabelled ligands in a radioreceptor assay. To study the distribution of GH and IGF-I binding in the monolayer, chondrocytes were incubated with biotinylated ligands with or without an excess of unlabelled ligands, followed by incubation with Vectastain ABC complex, which was then reacted with diaminobenzidine (DAB). Double staining was accomplished by carrying out the first reaction with DAB in the presence of nickel ammonium sulphate to give a black precipitate, followed by incubation with the second ligand, then ABC complex and finally DAB in the absence of nickel ammonium sulphate to give a brown stain. The presence of type-II collagen was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and used as a marker for differentiated chondrocytes. Biotin-labelled GH and biotin-labelled IGF-I exhibited dose-dependent displacements of 125I-labelled GH and 125I-labelled IGF-I respectively from the chondrocytes in a radioreceptor assay. The displacement curves were identical to those of unlabelled ligands indicating that the affinity was unaltered. Binding of biotinylated GH to cells was seen throughout the culture in regions where there was little or no type-II collagen staining. IGF-I binding was predominantly localized to cells at high density; areas which also showed a high degree of staining for type-II collagen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Brittberg, Mats, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Autolog broskcellstransplantation. Smärtlindring och återställd ledfunktion är målet Autologous cartilage cell transplantation. The goal is pain relief and restored joint function
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Nordisk medicin. - 0029-1420. ; 110:12, s. 330-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chondral and osteochondral damage is a common result of trauma to the joints. The capacity of cartilage to heal such damage is poor, and repetitive wear on joint surfaces that do not heal results in impaired joint function, which can culminate in full blown arthrosis. Thus, it is important to improve our knowledge of cartilage regenerative potential, and develop methods to forestall progression to arthrosis by promoting the early healing of cartilage damage. Autologous cartilage cell transplantation may be a mean of healing cartilage damage. A method of cultivating autologous chondrocytes for transplantation in the treatment of isolated damage to articular cartilage of the knee is presented in the article.
  • Brittberg, Mats, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Cellular aspects on treatment of cartilage injuries.
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Agents and actions. Supplements. - 0379-0363. ; 39, s. 237-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cellular aspects on articular cartilage growth and development are discussed. Cells with chondrogenic potential are described and current treatment models for cartilage injuries are considered. A rabbit model for treatment of articular cartilage defects with autologous cultured and transplanted chondrocytes for treatment of knee cartilage defects in humans are discussed.
  • Brittberg, Mats, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Rabbit articular cartilage defects treated with autologous cultured chondrocytes.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Clinical orthopaedics and related research. - 0009-921X. ; :326, s. 270-83
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Adult New Zealand rabbits were used to transplant autologously harvested and in vitro cultured chondrocytes into patellar chondral lesions that had been made previously and were 3 mm in diameter, extending down to the calcified zone. Healing of the defects was assessed by gross examination, light microscope, and histological-histochemical scoring at 8, 12, and 52 weeks. Chondrocyte transplantation significantly increased the amount of newly formed repair tissue compared to the found in control knees in which the lesion was solely covered by a periosteal flap. In another experiment, carbon fiber pads seeded with chondrocytes were used as scaffolds, and repair significantly increased at both 12 and 52 weeks compared to knees in which scaffolds without chondrocytes were implanted. The histologic quality scores of the repair tissue were significantly better in all knees in which defects were treated with chondrocytes compared to knees treated with periosteum alone and better at 52 weeks compared to knees in which defects were treated with carbon scaffolds seeded with chondrocytes. The repair tissue, however, tended to incomplete the bonding to adjacent cartilage. This study shows that isolated autologous articular chondrocytes that have been expanded for 2 weeks in vitro can stimulate the healing phase of chondral lesions. A gradual maturation of the hyalinelike repair with a more pronounced columnarization was noted as late as 1 year after surgery.
  • Brittberg, Mats, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation.
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: The New England journal of medicine. - 0028-4793. ; 331:14, s. 889-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND. Full-thickness defects of articular cartilage in the knee have a poor capacity for repair. They may progress to osteoarthritis and require total knee replacement. We performed autologous chondrocyte transplantation in 23 people with deep cartilage defects in the knee. METHODS. The patients ranged in age from 14 to 48 years and had full-thickness cartilage defects that ranged in size from 1.6 to 6.5 cm2. Healthy chondrocytes obtained from an uninvolved area of the injured knee during arthroscopy were isolated and cultured in the laboratory for 14 to 21 days. The cultured chondrocytes were then injected into the area of the defect. The defect was covered with a sutured periosteal flap taken from the proximal medial tibia. Evaluation included clinical examination according to explicit criteria and arthroscopic examination with a biopsy of the transplantation site. RESULTS. Patients were followed for 16 to 66 months (mean, 39). Initially, the transplants eliminated knee locking and reduced pain and swelling in all patients. After three months, arthroscopy showed that the transplants were level with the surrounding tissue and spongy when probed, with visible borders. A second arthroscopic examination showed that in many instances the transplants had the same macroscopic appearance as they had earlier but were firmer when probed and similar in appearance to the surrounding cartilage. Two years after transplantation, 14 of the 16 patients with femoral condylar transplants had good-to-excellent results. Two patients required a second operation because of severe central wear in the transplants, with locking and pain. A mean of 36 months after transplantation, the results were excellent or good in two of the seven patients with patellar transplants, fair in three, and poor in two; two patients required a second operation because of severe chondromalacia. Biopsies showed that 11 of the 15 femoral transplants and 1 of the 7 patellar transplants had the appearance of hyaline cartilage. CONCLUSION. Cultured autologous chondrocytes can be used to repair deep cartilage defects in the femorotibial articular surface of the knee joint.
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