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Sökning: WFRF:(Linderholm BK)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 29
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1.
  • Johansson, Henrik J, et al. (författare)
  • Proteomics profiling identify CAPS as a potential predictive marker of tamoxifen resistance in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Clinical Proteomics. - 1542-6416 .- 1559-0275. ; 12:1, s. 8-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Despite the success of tamoxifen since its introduction, about one-third of patients with estrogen (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PgR) - positive breast cancer (BC) do not benefit from therapy. Here, we aim to identify molecular mechanisms and protein biomarkers involved in tamoxifen resistance.RESULTS: Using iTRAQ and Immobilized pH gradient-isoelectric focusing (IPG-IEF) mass spectrometry based proteomics we compared tumors from 12 patients with early relapses (<2 years) and 12 responsive to therapy (relapse-free > 7 years). A panel of 13 proteins (TCEAL4, AZGP1, S100A10, ALDH6A1, AHNAK, FBP1, S100A4, HSP90AB1, PDXK, GFPT1, RAB21, MX1, CAPS) from the 3101 identified proteins, potentially separate relapse from non-relapse BC patients. The proteins in the panel are involved in processes such as calcium (Ca(2+)) signaling, metabolism, epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), metastasis and invasion. Validation of the highest expressed proteins in the relapse group identify high tumor levels of CAPS as predictive of tamoxifen response in a patient cohort receiving tamoxifen as only adjuvant therapy.CONCLUSIONS: This data implicate CAPS in tamoxifen resistance and as a potential predictive marker.
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2.
  • Johansson, Henrik J, et al. (författare)
  • Retinoic acid receptor alpha is associated with tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature communications. - : Nature Publishing Group: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723. ; 4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • About one-third of oestrogen receptor alpha-positive breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen relapse. Here we identify the nuclear receptor retinoic acid receptor alpha as a marker of tamoxifen resistance. Using quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we show that retinoic acid receptor alpha protein networks and levels differ in a tamoxifen-sensitive (MCF7) and a tamoxifen-resistant (LCC2) cell line. High intratumoural retinoic acid receptor alpha protein levels also correlate with reduced relapse-free survival in oestrogen receptor alpha-positive breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen solely. A similar retinoic acid receptor alpha expression pattern is seen in a comparable independent patient cohort. An oestrogen receptor alpha and retinoic acid receptor alpha ligand screening reveals that tamoxifen-resistant LCC2 cells have increased sensitivity to retinoic acid receptor alpha ligands and are less sensitive to oestrogen receptor alpha ligands compared with MCF7 cells. Our data indicate that retinoic acid receptor alpha may be a novel therapeutic target and a predictive factor for oestrogen receptor alpha-positive breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen.
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3.
  • Linderholm, Barbro K., et al. (författare)
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor is a strong predictor of early distant recurrences in a prospective study of premenopausal women with lymph-node negative breast cancer
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Breast. - : Churchill Livingstone. - 1532-3080 .- 0960-9776. ; 17:5, s. 484-491
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigate the prognostic significance of the pro-angiogenic cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), and S-phase fraction (SPF) for distant disease free survival (DDFS) in 219 premenopausal patients with node-negative breast cancer (NNBC). In univariate analysis significantly shorter DDFS was observed for patients with high VEGF (p = 0.006), high uPA (p = 0.001). and high SPF (p < 0.001). The prognostic significance of VEGF varied over time being very, strong for early relapses (0-2.25 years follow-up) (HR = 7.9: p = 0.006) while no difference was seen in the subsequent follow-up period (HR = 1.3: p = 0.62). In a series of bivariate analyses VEGF provided prognostic information during the whole observation period (0-72 months) in addition to age, tumor size, oestrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR), and uPA. Also this effect was more pronounced during the first follow-up period suggesting VEGF as a marker of early recurrences. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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4.
  • Sanchez, B C, et al. (författare)
  • Prolonged tamoxifen treatment increases relapse-free survival for patients with primary breast cancer expressing high levels of VEGF.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990). - : Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.. - 1879-0852 .- 0959-8049. ; 46:9, s. 1580-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous retrospective studies have shown that high intratumoural levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) correlate with an inferior outcome for patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen. Our objectives were to validate the impact of VEGF on survival after adjuvant tamoxifen and to investigate the interaction between VEGF and treatment duration. For this purpose tumour homogenates from 402 patients with operable oestrogen receptor positive breast cancer (BC), treated with tamoxifen for 2 (n=149) or 5 years (n=253) as the only systemic adjuvant therapy were included. The median follow-up time for surviving patients was 9.8 years (range 0.5-14.8 years). Expression of VEGF was assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and investigated in relation to the standard BC parameters and survival. In the total population, higher VEGF was significantly correlated with shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR=1.63, 95%CI=1.11-2.39, p=0.010), breast cancer corrected survival (BCCS) (HR=1.82, 95%CI=1.13-2.93, p=0.014) and overall survival (OS) (HR=1.51, 95%CI=1.11-2.05, p=0.009). High VEGF was significantly associated with reduced RFS (HR=2.61, 95%CI=1.45-4.70, p=0.001) after two years of tamoxifen, whilst no difference was seen in patients treated for five years (HR=1.09, 95%CI=0.64-1.84, p=0.760). A statistically significant interaction was observed between high VEGF expression and improved RFS after 5-year tamoxifen (p=0.034). In concordance with previous studies, high VEGF was significantly correlated with shorter survival. We present data not reported previously revealing that patients expressing high levels of VEGF display a better outcome provided that tamoxifen is given for five years. Further studies on the impact of VEGF on a 5-year regimen are motivated.
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5.
  • Eiermann, W, et al. (författare)
  • Triple negative breast cancer: Proposals for a pragmatic definition and implications for patient management and trial design.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Breast. - 1532-3080. ; 21:1, s. 20-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In trials in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), oestrogen and progesterone receptor negativity should be defined as < 1% positive cells. Negativity is a ratio of <2 between Her2 gene copy number and centromere of chromosome 17 or a copy number of 4 or less. In routine practice, immunohistochemistry is acceptable given stringent quality assurance. Triple negativity emerging after neoadjuvant treatment differs from primary TN and such patients should not enter TNBC trials. Patients relapsing with TN metastases should be eligible even if their primary was positive. Rare TN subtypes such as apocrine, adenoid-cystic and low-grade metaplastic tumours should be excluded. TN and basal-like (BL) signatures overlap but are not equivalent. Since the significance of basal cytokeratin or EGFR overexpression is not known and we lack validated assays, these features should not be used to subclassify TN tumours. Tissue collection in trials is mandatory so the effect on outcome of different tumour phenotypes and BRCA mutation can be explored. No prospective studies have established that TN tumours have particular sensitivity or resistance to any specific chemotherapy agent or radiation. TNBC patients should be treated according to tumour and clinical characteristics.
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6.
  • Linderholm, B. K., et al. (författare)
  • Angiogenic factors in relation to clinical effect in a phase II trial of weekly paclitaxel
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Breast. - : Churchill Livingstone. - 1532-3080. ; 22:6, s. 1142-1147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several anticancer agents including paclitaxel have an inhibitory effect on angiogenesis. Aims: To compare the overall response rate and time to progression with changes in circulating angiogenic factors during palliative treatment with weekly paclitaxel. Material and methods: Patients with metastatic BC, ECOG 0-2, received weekly paclitaxel, concomitant with trastuzumab if HER2+ BC (n = 7). Circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were determined at base-line and before start of new course. Results: Fifty-five of 63 included patients were evaluable. The overall response rate including stable disease >= 24 weeks (CR + PD + SD) was obtained in 25 of the evaluable patients (45%). The median time to progression (TTP) was 5.3 months and overall survival (OS) 16.7 months. Patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) showed a trend towards higher base-line VEGF compared with hormone receptor positive or HER2+ tumours and had shorter TTP. Significant differences in VEGF and bFGF levels at 12 weeks were found between patients with longer versus shorter TTP (VEGF: p = 0.046, bFGF: p = 0.005) and between patients gaining versus lacking clinical benefit (VEGF: p = 0.05, bFGF: p = 0.02). Conclusions: The clinical utility of circulating VEGF may be a useful tool for monitoring treatment efficacy. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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9.
  • Linderholm, Barbro, 1959, et al. (författare)
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 and downstream p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase are possible candidate markers of intrinsic resistance to adjuvant endocrine treatment in steroid receptor positive breast cancer.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Breast cancer research and treatment. - 1573-7217 .- 0167-6806. ; 125:2, s. 457-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A cross talk between tyrosine kinase receptors and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) is proposed as involved in endocrine resistance. We wanted to investigate intratumoral levels of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and p38 MAPK in relation to relapse-free (RFS) and breast cancer corrected survival (BCCS) after adjuvant endocrine treatment, mainly tamoxifen for 2 or 5 years. We also wanted to investigate these markers in relation to early and late recurrences. VEGFR2 (n = 381) and p38 (n = 174) were determined by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assays in tumor homogenates from primary BC diagnosed 1993-1996. Wide ranges of VEGFR2 and p38 proteins were found; median 0.72 pg/μg DNA (range 0.0-11.66), and 0.04 pg/μg DNA (range 0.0-6.79), respectively. Detectable levels of p38 were registered in 65% and classified positive. Higher VEGFR2 were correlated to higher VEGF (P = 0.005), p38 MAPK (P = 0.018), negative ER (P = 0.008), larger tumors (P = 0.001), histopathological grade III (P = 0.018), distant metastasis (P = 0.044), shorter RFS (P = 0.013), and shorter BCCS (P = 0.017). Expression of p38 was significantly correlated with negative PgR (P = 0.044) and with early relapses (P = 0.021), while no difference was seen during the later follow-up period (P = 0.73). Higher VEGFR2 had a significant negative impact on both early (P = 0.029) and later recurrences (P = 0.018), while VEGF only predicted later relapses (P = 0.037). Our preliminary results suggest higher intratumoral levels of VEGFR2 and p38 MAPK as candidate markers of intrinsic resistance for adjuvant endocrine therapy.
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10.
  • Tobin, Nicholas P., et al. (författare)
  • PAM50 provides prognostic information when applied to the lymph node metastases of advanced breast cancer patients
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; 23:23, s. 7225-7231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Transcriptional pathway activity and the molecular subtypes of breast cancer metastases have been shown to significantly influence patient postrelapse survival. Here, we further determine the relevance of clinically employed gene signatures in the advanced breast cancer (ABC) setting. Experimental Design: Sufficient RNA for expression profiling was obtained from distant metastatic or inoperable locoregional relapse tissue by fine-needle aspiration from 109 patients of the Swedish TEX clinical trial. Gene signatures (GGI, 70 gene, recurrence score, cell-cycle score, risk of recurrence score, and PAM50) were applied to all metastases, and their relationship to long- (5-year) and short-term (1.5-year) postrelapse survival at all and locoregional lymph nodes (n = 40) versus other metastatic sites (n = 69) combined was assessed using Kaplan–Meier and/or multivariate Cox regression analyses. Results: The majority of metastases were classified into intermediate or high-risk groups by all signatures, and a significant association was found between metastatic signature subgroups and primary tumor estrogen receptor status and histologic grade (P < 0.05). When considering all sites of metastasis, only PAM50 was statistically significant in Kaplan–Meier analysis (Log-rank P = 0.008 and 0.008 for long- and short-term postrelapse breast cancer–specific survival, respectively). This significance remained in both uni- and multivariate models when restricting analyses to lymph node metastases only, and a similar trend was observed in other metastatic sites combined, but did not reach formal significance. Conclusions: Our findings are the first to demonstrate that the PAM50 signature can provide prognostic information from the lymph node metastases of ABC patients.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 29
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