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Sökning: WFRF:(Lindner Anna)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 17
  • [1]2Nästa
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1.
  • Bosson, J. K., et al. (författare)
  • Psychometric Properties and Correlates of Precarious Manhood Beliefs in 62 Nations
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. - : SAGE Publications. - 0022-0221 .- 1552-5422. ; 52:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated gender ideologies and with country-level indices of gender equality and human development. Using data from university samples in 62 countries across 13 world regions (N = 33,417), we demonstrate: (1) the psychometric isomorphism of the PMB (i.e., its comparability in meaning and statistical properties across the individual and country levels); (2) the PMB's distinctness from, and associations with, ambivalent sexism and ambivalence toward men; and (3) associations of the PMB with nation-level gender equality and human development. Findings are discussed in terms of their statistical and theoretical implications for understanding widely-held beliefs about the precariousness of the male gender role.
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2.
  • Poschke, Isabel C., et al. (författare)
  • The Outcome of Ex Vivo TIL Expansion Is Highly Influenced by Spatial Heterogeneity of the Tumor T-Cell Repertoire and Differences in Intrinsic In Vitro Growth Capacity between T-Cell Clones
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - : AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 26:16, s. 4289-4301
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: During our efforts to develop tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) therapy to counter the devastating recurrence rate in patients with primary resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA), we found that PDA TILs can readily be expanded in vitro and that the majority of resulting TIL cultures show reactivity against the autologous tumor. However, the fraction of tumor-reactive T cells is low. We investigated to which extent this was related to the in vitro expansion. Experimental Design: We compared the clonal composition of TIL preparations before and after in vitro expansion using T-cell receptor (TCR) deep sequencing. Our findings for PDA were benchmarked to experiments with melanoma TILs. Results: We found that the TIL TCR repertoire changes dramatically during in vitro expansion, leading to loss of tumor-dominant T-cell clones and overgrowth by newly emerging T-cell clones that are barely detectable in the tumor. These changes are primarily driven by differences in the intrinsic in vitro expansion capacity of T-cell clones. Single-cell experiments showed an association between poor proliferative capacity and expression of markers related to antigen experience and dysfunction. Furthermore, we found that spatial heterogeneity of the TIL repertoire resulted in TCR repertoires that are greatly divergent between TIL cultures derived from distant tumor samples of the same patient. Conclusions: Culture-induced changes in clonal composition are likely to affect tumor reactivity of TIL preparations. TCR deep sequencing provides important insights into the factors that govern the outcome of in vitro TIL expansion and thereby a path toward optimization of the production of TIL preparations with high therapeutic efficacy.
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3.
  • Pott, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Age-dependent TLR3 expression of the intestinal epithelium contributes to rotavirus susceptibility
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS Pathogens. - 1553-7366 .- 1553-7374. ; 8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rotavirus is a major cause of diarrhea worldwide and exhibits a pronounced small intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) tropism. Both human infants and neonatal mice are highly susceptible, whereas adult individuals remain asymptomatic and shed only low numbers of viral particles. Here we investigated age-dependent mechanisms of the intestinal epithelial innate immune response to rotavirus infection in an oral mouse infection model. Expression of the innate immune receptor for viral dsRNA, Toll-like receptor (Tlr) 3 was low in the epithelium of suckling mice but strongly increased during the postnatal period inversely correlating with rotavirus susceptibility, viral shedding and histological damage. Adult mice deficient in Tlr3 (Tlr3-/-) or the adaptor molecule Trif (TrifLps2/Lps2) exerted significantly higher viral shedding and decreased epithelial expression of proinflammatory and antiviral genes as compared to wild-type animals. In contrast, neonatal mice deficient in Tlr3 or Trif did not display impaired cell stimulation or enhanced rotavirus susceptibility. Using chimeric mice, a major contribution of the non-hematopoietic cell compartment in the Trif-mediated antiviral host response was detected in adult animals. Finally, a significant age-dependent increase of TLR3 expression was also detected in human small intestinal biopsies. Thus, upregulation of epithelial TLR3 expression during infancy might contribute to the age-dependent susceptibility to rotavirus infection. © 2012 Pott et al.
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4.
  • Gibaud, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • New routes to food gels and glasses
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Faraday Discussions. - : Royal Society of Chemistry. - 1364-5498. ; 158, s. 267-284
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We describe the possibility to create solid-like protein samples whose structural and mechanical properties can be varied and tailored over an extremely large range in a very controlled way through an arrested spinodal decomposition process. We use aqueous lysozyme solutions as a model globular protein system. A combination of video microscopy, small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering and reverse Monte Carlo modeling is used to characterize the structure of the bicontinuous network with two coexisting phases of a dilute protein solution and a glassy or arrested dense protein backbone at all relevant length scales. Rheological measurements are then used to determine the complex mechanical response of these protein gels as a function of protein concentration and quench temperature. While in particular the origin of the dependence of the mechanical properties on quench depth and concentration is not well understood currently, it seems ultimately connected to the particular bicontinuous structure of the arrested spinodal network created by the interplay between the early stage of a spinodal decomposition and the position of the glass line. We then generalize this behavior and discuss how this could open up new routes to prepare gel-like food systems with adjustable structural and mechanical properties. We present results from a first feasibility study where we use a depletion interaction caused by the addition of small non-adsorbing polymers to suspensions of casein micelles in order to create food gels with tunable structural and mechanical properties through an arrested spinodal decomposition process.
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5.
  • Gréen, Anna, 1943-, et al. (författare)
  • Histone H1 Dephosphorylation Is Not a General Feature in Early Apoptosis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Biochemistry. - : ACS Publications. - 0006-2960 .- 1520-4995. ; 47, s. 7539-7547
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Histone H1 is a family of nucleosomal proteins that exist in a number of subtypes. These subtypes can be modified after translation in various ways, above all by phosphorylation. Increasing levels of H1 phosphorylation has been correlated with cell cycle progression, while both phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of histone H1 have been linked to the apoptotic process. Such conflicting results may depend on which various apoptosis-inducing agents cause apoptosis via different apoptotic pathways and often interfere with cell proliferation. Therefore, we investigated the relation between apoptosis and H1 phosphorylation in Jurkat cells after apoptosis induction via both the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways and by taking cell cycle effects into account. After apoptosis induction by anti-Fas, no significant dephosphorylation, as measured by capillary electrophoresis, or cell cycle-specific effects were detected. In contrast, H1 subtypes were rapidly dephosphorylated when apoptosis was induced by camptothecin. We conclude that histone H1 dephosphorylation is not connected to apoptosis in general but may be coupled to apoptosis by the intrinsic pathway or to concomitant growth inhibitory signaling.
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6.
  • Gréen, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Histone H1 interphase phosphorylation becomes largely established in G(1) or early S phase and differs in G(1) between T-lymphoblastoid cells and normal T cells
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: EPIGENETICS and CHROMATIN. - : BioMed Central. - 1756-8935. ; 4:15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Histone H1 is an important constituent of chromatin, and is involved in regulation of its structure. During the cell cycle, chromatin becomes locally decondensed in S phase, highly condensed during metaphase, and again decondensed before re-entry into G(1). This has been connected to increasing phosphorylation of H1 histones through the cell cycle. However, many of these experiments have been performed using cell-synchronization techniques and cell cycle-arresting drugs. In this study, we investigated the H1 subtype composition and phosphorylation pattern in the cell cycle of normal human activated T cells and Jurkat T-lymphoblastoid cells by capillary electrophoresis after sorting of exponentially growing cells into G(1), S and G(2)/M populations. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: We found that the relative amount of H1.5 protein increased significantly after T-cell activation. Serine phosphorylation of H1 subtypes occurred to a large extent in late G(1) or early S phase in both activated T cells and Jurkat cells. Furthermore, our data confirm that the H1 molecules newly synthesized during S phase achieve a similar phosphorylation pattern to the previous ones. Jurkat cells had more extended H1.5 phosphorylation in G(1) compared with T cells, a difference that can be explained by faster cell growth and/or the presence of enhanced H1 kinase activity in G(1) in Jurkat cells. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion: Our data are consistent with a model in which a major part of interphase H1 phosphorylation takes place in G(1) or early S phase. This implies that H1 serine phosphorylation may be coupled to changes in chromatin structure necessary for DNA replication. In addition, the increased H1 phosphorylation of malignant cells in G(1) may be affecting the G(1)/S transition control and enabling facilitated S-phase entry as a result of relaxed chromatin condensation. Furthermore, increased H1.5 expression may be coupled to the proliferative capacity of growth-stimulated T cells.
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7.
  • Gréen, Anna, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Histone H1 interphase phosphorylation pattern becomes largely established during G1/S transition in proliferating cells
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Histone H1 is an important constituent of chromatin, and is believed to be involved in regulation of chromatin structure. During the cell cycle, chromatin becomes locally decondensed in S phase, highly condensed during metaphase and again decondensed before re-entry into G1. This has been connected to increasing phosphorylation of H1 histones during the cell cycle. However, many of these experiments have been performed in non-human and human cancer   cell lines, and by the use of cell synchronization techniques and cell cycle-arresting drugs. In this study, we have investigated the H1 subtype composition and phosphorylation pattern in the cell cycle. Exponentially growing normal human activated T cells and Jurkat lymphoblastoid cells were sorted by fluorescence activated cell sorting into G1, S and G2/M populations, without the use of cell cycle arresting drugs. We found that the H1.5 protein level increased after T-cell activation. Our data indicate that serine phosphorylation of H1 subtypes occurred to a large extent in late G1 phase or early S, while some additional serine phosphorylation took place during S, G2 and M phases. Furthermore, our data suggest that the newly synthesized H1 molecules during S phase also achieve a similar phosphorylation pattern as the previous ones. Jurkat cells showed more extended H1.5 phosphorylation in G1 compared with T cells, a difference that can be explained by faster cell growth and/or the presence of enhanced H1 kinase activity in G1 in Jurkat cells. In conclusion, our data is consistent with a model where a major part of interphase H1 serine phosphorylation takes place within a narrow time window during the G1/Stransition. This implies that H1 serine phosphorylation may be coupled to changes in chromatin structure necessary for DNA replication.
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8.
  • Johansson, Junko, et al. (författare)
  • Isolated limb perfusion with melphalan activates interferon-stimulated genes to induce tumor regression in patients with melanoma in-transit metastasis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Oncoimmunology. - 2162-402X. ; 9:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with high-dose melphalan is a treatment option for melanoma patients with metastasis confined to limbs (in-transit metastasis). The therapy entails a complete response (CR) rate of 50-70%. Cellular immunity is proposed to impact on the clinical efficacy of ILP, but the detailed aspects of ILP-induced immune activation remain to be explored. For this study, we explored the potential role of interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) products, including CXCL10, CCL2, PD-L2 and IFN-gamma along with expression of their cognate receptors CXCR3, CCR4, CCR5 and PD-1 on lymphocytes, for the clinical efficacy of ILP. Patients with high serum levels of CXCL10, CCL2, PD-L2 and IFN-gamma were more likely to achieve CR after ILP. Additionally, the expression of CXCR3, CCR4 and CCR5 on T cells and/or natural killer (NK) cells was enhanced by ILP. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) secreted high levels of CXCL10, CCL2 and IFN-gamma in response to co-culture with melphalan-exposed melanoma cells in vitro. Activated T cells migrated toward supernatants from these co-cultures. Furthermore, melphalan-exposed melanoma cells triggered upregulation of CXCR3, CCR4, CCR5 and PD-1 on co-cultured T cells and/or NK cells. Our results suggest that constituents released from melphalan-exposed melanoma cells stimulate the ISG axis with ensuing formation of chemokines and upregulation of chemokine receptor expression on anti-neoplastic immune cells, which may contribute in ILP-induced tumor regression.
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9.
  • Johansson, Junko, et al. (författare)
  • Isolated Limb Perfusion With Melphalan Triggers Immune Activation in Melanoma Patients
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Oncology. - 2234-943X. ; 8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion with melphalan (M-ILP) is a treatment option for melanoma patients with metastases confined to the limbs. This study aimed at defining the role of cellular immunity for the clinical response to M-ILP in melanoma patients. It was observed that patients with enhanced cytotoxic CD8(+) T cell reactivity to common antigens (HCMV/EBV/influenza virus) prior to M-ILP were more likely to achieve a complete disappearance of macroscopic tumors (complete response). Following M-ILP treatment, the proportions of CD16(+) intermediate and non-classical monocytes in peripheral blood were significantly enhanced along with induction of HLA-DR on CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. For further studies of the mechanism behind melphalan-induced immune activation an in vitro model, aiming at mimicking the clinical M-ILP protocol, was established, where PBMCs were co-cultured with melanoma cells, which had been pre-exposed to melphalan under mild hyperthermia. Upon exposure to melphalan, melanoma cells showed increased expression of immune-related markers including MHC class I and Hsp70. Moreover, when the melphalan-treated melanoma cells were co-cultured with PBMCs, this triggered an increased proportion of CD33(+)CD14(+)CD16(++) non-classical monocytes among the PBMCs. Furthermore, the melphalan-treated melanoma cells stimulated the expansion of CD8(+) T cells in the co-cultured PBMCs. These cells produced enhanced levels of IFN-gamma and granzyme B and were capable of killing melanoma cells. To further verify an immunogenic role of melphalan, mice were vaccinated with melphalan-exposed murine melanoma cells. When challenged with live melanoma cells, vaccinated mice showed reduced tumor growth and enhanced infiltration of tumor-specific T cells into tumors. We conclude that melphalan-exposed melanoma cells trigger expansion of CD16(+) monocytes and activate cytotoxic T cells and that these events may contribute to the antitumoral efficacy of M-ILP.
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10.
  • Johansson, Junko, et al. (författare)
  • Presence of tumor-infiltrating CD8(+) T cells and macrophages correlates to longer overall survival in patients undergoing isolated hepatic perfusion for uveal melanoma liver metastasis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: OncoImmunology. - 2162-402X. ; 9:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Uveal melanoma is a malignant tumor of the eye that often metastasizes to the liver conferring poor prognosis. When comparing immune profiles in peripheral blood of untreated patients with uveal melanoma liver metastasis and healthy blood donors, it was observed that immune cells of uveal melanoma patients carried immunosuppressive features. Patient blood contained an increased content of CD14(+)HLA-DR-/low M-MDSCs and inflammatory CD16(+) monocytes, while their dendritic cells expressed lower levels of activation markers. Melanoma patients also harbored an enhanced fraction of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells, while their effector T cells expressed lower levels of the activation marker HLA-DR. Biopsies from liver metastases were obtained from patients with uveal melanoma that subsequently underwent hyperthermic isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) with melphalan. There were trends indicating a positive correlation between a high infiltration of CD8(+) T cells in metastases and an activated immune cell profile in blood. High metastatic infiltration of CD8(+) T cells and CD68(+) macrophages, but not of immunosuppressive CD163(+) macrophages, correlated to a longer overall survival in patients treated with IHP. Hence, while the immune system of patients with uveal melanoma shows signs of immunosuppression, the presence of activated immune cells may correlate to a longer survival, at least following IHP treatment.
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