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Sökning: WFRF:(Liu Xiaoxiong)

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1.
  • Liu, Qiao, et al. (författare)
  • Enhanced ionic conductivity and interface stability of hybrid solid-state polymer electrolyte for rechargeable lithium metal batteries
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Energy Storage Materials. - 2405-8297. ; 23, s. 105-111
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Compared to conventional organic liquid electrolyte, solid-state polymer electrolytes are extensively considered as an alternative candidate for next generation high-energy batteries because of their high safety, non-leakage and electrochemical stability with the metallic lithium (Li) anode. However, solid-state polymer electrolytes generally show low ionic conductivity and high interfacial impedance to electrodes. Here we report a hybrid solid-state electrolyte, presenting an ultra-high ionic conductivity of 3.27 mS cm −1 at room temperature, a wide electrochemical stability window of 4.9 V, and non-flammability. This electrolyte consists of a polymer blend matrix (polyethylene oxide and poly (vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)), Li + conductive ceramic filler (Li 1.5 Al 0.5 Ge 1.5 (PO 4 ) 3 ) and a solvate ionic liquid (LiFSI in tetra ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, 1:1 in molar ratio) as plasticizer. The introduction of the solvate ionic liquid to the solid-state electrolyte not only improves its ionic conductivity but also remarkably enhances the stability of the interface with Li anode. When applied in Li metal batteries, a Li|Li symmetric cell can operate stably over 800 h with a minimal polarization of 25 mV and a full Li|LiFePO 4 cell delivers a high specific capacity of 158 mAh g −1 after 100 cycles at room temperature.
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  • Abeysekera, John, et al. (författare)
  • Body sizes and other human factors differences between Swedish and foreign students in Swedish universities
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Ergonomics for Quality Life. - : PPCOE. ; , s. 420-423
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Past studies have shown large differences in body size between people of Industrialized Countries (ICs) and Industrially Developing Countries (IDCs). These differences can have negative effects on the usage of technology which IDCs today acquire to a great extent from ICs. At the same time, the number of students from IDCs seeking education and training in universities in ICs is increasing. This paper reports on the impact of human factors differences particularly body size differences between foreign and local students on the use of university facilities, based on anthropometric and questionnaire surveys carried out on a small scale by foreign graduate students of Lulea University, Sweden. The study revealed large differences in body sizes between local and foreign students. The questionnaire survey of foreign students showed that there are other significant human factors differences such as the use of a foreign language, viz. Swedish which is unique to Scandinavia, and the exposure to long cold winters. Whether these differences in human factors influence the acquisition of knowledge or learning capacity of foreign students is worth further investigation.
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4.
  • Abeysekera, John D.A., et al. (författare)
  • A Scandinavian perspective on human factors testing of personal protective devices
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Performance of protective clothing. - West Conshohocken, Pa : ASTM International. - 0803124023 ; , s. 283-292
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Testing for protection performance and human factors in personal protective devices (PPD) can be undertaken using a standardised methodology. The standardised methodology for performance testing is used for the certification of PPD. However, it is unfortunate that methods of testing for human factors and wearability of PPD are scarce, and even the methods that do exist are not always refined or standardised. In both hot and cold environments, thermal comfort is an important user need of PPD. To test the thermal characteristics of PPD, methods providing objective data are available, yet they are not always standardised. An exception exists for insulation testing of clothing, for which standardised methods have been developed. The fit of PPD is also a priority need among wearers. Clothing fit is often tested subjectively. The objective methods developed to test the fit of PPD and clothing again require refinement and standardisation. Wearability of PPD urgently requires the development and standardisation of both objective and subjective testing methods. This paper provides insights into some testing methods on human factors of PPD that have been particularly useful over the years.
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5.
  • Abeysekera, John, et al. (författare)
  • Some design recommendations to improve comfort in helmets : a case study from China
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Ergology. - 0300-8134. ; 25:2, s. 145-154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Unless the basic user needs are satisfied in safety helmets, it is difficult to get workers to wear them habitually and for long periods. Hotness, weight and fitting problems are major wearability issues that require improvements. The enormous need for an optimally designed helmet in China prompted a case study on comfort aspects in helmets. The subjective impressions of the wearers of test helmets provided useful information for design changes to improve comfort. The heat transfer measurements through helmets indicated the need for ventilation openings to be provided on the shell of plastic helmets. Due to the advantage of low weight and good ventilation, it is recommended that cane helmets be further developed to improve protection, wearability and durability, and subsequently be produced in large scale
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6.
  • Abeysekera, John, et al. (författare)
  • Some design recommendations to improve comfort in helmets: a case study from China
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Ergology. - : Tokyo, Uni. of Tokyo Press.. - 0300-8134. ; 25, s. 145-154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract in Undetermined Unless the basic user needs are satisfied in safety helmets, it is difficult to get workers to wear them habitually and for long periods. Hotness, weight and fitting problems are major wearability issues that require improvements. The enormous need for an optimally designed helmet in China prompted a case study on comfort aspects in helmets. The subjective impressions of the wearers of test helmets provided useful information for design changes to improve comfort. The heat transfer measurements through helmets indicated the need for ventilation openings to be provided on the shell of plastic helmets. Due to the advantage of low weight and good ventilation, it is recommended that cane helmets be further developed to improve protection, wearability and durability, and subsequently be produced in large scale.
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7.
  • Kuklane, Kalev, et al. (författare)
  • Methods for handwear, footwear and headgear evaluation
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of a European seminar on thermal manikin testing at the National Institute for Working Life, Wednesday, February 12, 1997. - : Arbetslivsinstitutet. ; , s. 23-29
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
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8.
  • Kuklane, Kalev, et al. (författare)
  • Methods for handwear, footwear and headgear evaluation
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: A European seminar on Thermal Manikin Testing,Arbetslivsinstitutet, Solna, Sweden,1997-02-12. - : Department of Ergonomics, Arbetslivsinstitutet, Solna, Sweden. ; :1997:9, s. 23-29
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • 1. General principles (Qm=Pm/Am; Itr=(Tm-Ta)/Qm; possible to make measurements at constant surface temperature or heatloss, in all examples surface temperature was kept constant). 2. Handwear 2.1 Ten (10) zones; standard (EN 511) 2.2 Setup 2.3 Example from results 3. Headgear 3.1 Six (6) zones 3.2 Setup & conditions (Ta, wetting, wind & humidity) 3.3 Example from results 4. Footwear 4.1 Eight (8) zones & 3 sweat glands, size 41. 4.2 Setup & conditions (standing on a copper-zinc alloy plate in a climatic chamber). 4.3 Example from results (total values for zones up to ankle).
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