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Sökning: WFRF:(Loning T)

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  • Boecker, W., et al. (författare)
  • Multicolor immunofluorescence reveals that p63-and/or K5-positive progenitor cells contribute to normal breast epithelium and usual ductal hyperplasia but not to low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the breast
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Virchows Archiv. - 0945-6317. ; 470:5, s. 493-504
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We contend that knowledge about the cellular composition of normal breast epithelium is a prerequisite for understanding proliferative breast disease. Against this background, we used multicolor immunofluorescence to study normal breast epithelium and two types of intraepithelial proliferative breast lesion for expression of the p63, basal keratin K5, glandular keratin K8/18, SMA, ER-alpha, and Ki67. We studied eight normal breast epithelium samples, 12 cases of usual ductal hyperplasia, and 33 cases of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (9 flat epithelial atypia, 14 low-grade ductal carcinoma in situ and 10 cases of lobular neoplasia). Usual ductal hyperplasia showed striking similarity to normal luminal breast epithelium including p63+ and/or K5+ luminal progenitor cells and the full spectrum of luminal progeny cells. In normal breast epithelium and usual ductal hyperplasia, expression of ER-alpha was associated with lack of expression of the proliferation antigen Ki67. In contrast, we found in both types of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia robust expression of keratin K8/18 and a positive association between ER-alpha and Ki67 expression. However, these lesions were consistently negative for p63 and/or K5. Our observational study supports the view that usual ductal hyperplasia and low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia are different entities rather than part of a spectrum of the same disease. We propose a new operational model of cell differentiation that may serve to better understand correlations between normal breast epithelium and proliferative breast diseases. From our data we conclude that p63+ and/or K5+ progenitor cells contribute to maintenance of normal epithelium and usual ductal hyperplasia, but not to low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the breast.
  • Brill, L. B., 2nd, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of MYB expression and MYB-NFIB gene fusions in adenoid cystic carcinoma and other salivary neoplasms
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Modern Pathology. - 1530-0285. ; 24:9, s. 1169-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies have shown that the recurrent t(6;9)(q22-23;p23-24) translocation in adenoid cystic carcinoma results in a novel fusion of the MYB proto-oncogene with the transcription factor gene NFIB. To determine the frequency of this finding, we used RT-PCR assays of the MYB and MYB-NFIB fusion transcripts, and immunohistochemistry for the MYB protein, to study adenoid cystic carcinomas and other epithelial tumors of the salivary glands, and head and neck region. MYB-NFIB fusion transcript was detected in 25 of 29 (86%) frozen adenoid cystic carcinoma tumor samples, and in 14 of 32 (44%) formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded adenoid cystic carcinoma tumor specimens. In contrast, the MYB-NFIB fusion was not expressed in non-adenoid cystic carcinoma neoplasms of the head and neck, confirming the high specificity of the MYB-NFIB fusion. Adenoid cystic carcinomas from various anatomic sites, including salivary gland, sinonasal cavity, tracheobronchial tree, larynx, breast, and vulva were repeatedly fusion-positive, indicating that adenoid cystic carcinomas located in different anatomic sites not only have important morphologic features in common, but also probably evolve through activation of the same molecular pathways. Studies of the expression of MYB revealed that 89% of the tumors, including both fusion-positive and fusion-negative cases, overexpressed MYB RNA. Similarly, 82% of adenoid cystic carcinomas stained positive for MYB protein, compared with 14% of non-adenoid cystic carcinoma neoplasms, indicating that MYB immunostaining may be useful for the diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma, but that neoplasms sometimes in the differential diagnosis are also labeled. The latter are, however, fusion-negative. In summary, our studies show that MYB activation through gene fusion or other mechanisms is a major oncogenic event in adenoid cystic carcinoma occurring at various anatomic sites. In addition to being a diagnostically useful biomarker for adenoid cystic carcinoma, MYB and its downstream effectors are also novel potential therapeutic targets.
  • Fehr, Andre, et al. (författare)
  • The MYB-NFIB gene fusion-a novel genetic link between adenoid cystic carcinoma and dermal cylindroma
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Pathology. - 1096-9896. ; 224:3, s. 322-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have recently shown that the recurrent t(6;9)(q22 approximately 23;p23 approximately 24) translocation in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the breast and head and neck results in a fusion of the two transcription factor genes MYB and NFIB. Here we demonstrate, for the first time, that benign sporadic, dermal cylindromas also express the MYB-NFIB gene fusion. RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that eight of 12 analysed tumours (67%) expressed MYB-NFIB fusion transcripts and/or stained positive for MYB protein. Nucleotide sequence analyses confirmed that the composition of the chimeric transcript variants identified was identical to that in ACC, suggesting a similar molecular mechanism of activation of MYB in cylindroma as in ACC. In contrast, no evidence for the presence of the MYB-NFIB fusion was found in other types of basaloid skin and salivary gland tumours, indicating that the fusion indeed has a restricted expression pattern. Our findings broaden the spectrum of neoplasms associated with MYB oncogene activation and reveal a novel genetic link between ACC and dermal cylindroma. These results, together with our previous observations, further strengthen the evidence for common molecular pathways of importance for the development of both benign and malignant breast, salivary and adnexal tumours.
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