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Sökning: WFRF:(Lord Jodie)

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  • Lord, Jodie, et al. (författare)
  • A genome-wide association study of plasma phosphorylated tau181
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of aging. - 1558-1497. ; Oct:106, s. 1-304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Plasma phosphorylated tau at threonine-181 (P-tau181) demonstrates promise as an accessible blood-based biomarker specific to Alzheimer's Disease (AD), with levels recently demonstrating high predictive accuracy for AD-relevant pathology. The genetic underpinnings of P-tau181 levels, however, remain elusive. This study presents the first genome-wide association study of plasma P-tau181 in a total sample of 1153 participants from 2 independent cohorts. No loci, other than those within the APOE genomic region (lead variant = rs429358, beta = 0.32, p =8.44 × 10-25) demonstrated association with P-tau181 at genome-wide significance (p < 5 × 10-08), though rs60872856 on chromosome 2 came close (beta = -0.28, p = 3.23 × 10-07, nearest gene=CYTIP). As the APOE ε4 allele is already a well-established genetic variant associated with AD, this study found no evidence of novel genetic associations relevant to plasma P-tau181, though presents rs60872856 on chromosome 2 as a candidate locus to be further evaluated in future larger size GWAS.
  • Zettergren, Anna, 1978, et al. (författare)
  • Association between polygenic risk score of Alzheimer's disease and plasma phosphorylated tau in individuals from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's research & therapy. - 1758-9193. ; 13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies suggest that plasma phosphorylated tau181 (p-tau181) is a highly specific biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related tau pathology. It has great potential for the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of AD, since it identifies AD with the same accuracy as tau PET and CSF p-tau181 and predicts the development of AD dementia in cognitively unimpaired (CU) individuals and in those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Plasma p-tau181 may also be used as a biomarker in studies exploring disease pathogenesis, such as genetic or environmental risk factors for AD-type tau pathology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between polygenic risk scores (PRSs) for AD and plasma p-tau181.Data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) was used to examine the relation between AD PRSs, constructed based on findings in recent genome-wide association studies, and plasma p-tau181, using linear regression models. Analyses were performed in the total sample (n = 818), after stratification on diagnostic status (CU (n = 236), MCI (n = 434), AD dementia (n = 148)), and after stratification on Aβ pathology status (Aβ positives (n = 322), Aβ negatives (n = 409)).Associations between plasma p-tau181 and APOE PRSs (p = 3e-18-7e-15) and non-APOE PRSs (p = 3e-4-0.03) were seen in the total sample. The APOE PRSs were associated with plasma p-tau181 in all diagnostic groups (CU, MCI, and AD dementia), while the non-APOE PRSs were associated only in the MCI group. The APOE PRSs showed similar results in amyloid-β (Aβ)-positive and negative individuals (p = 5e-5-1e-3), while the non-APOE PRSs were associated with plasma p-tau181 in Aβ positives only (p = 0.02).Polygenic risk for AD including APOE was found to associate with plasma p-tau181 independent of diagnostic and Aβ pathology status, while polygenic risk for AD beyond APOE was associated with plasma p-tau181 only in MCI and Aβ-positive individuals. These results extend the knowledge about the relation between genetic risk for AD and p-tau181, and further support the usefulness of plasma p-tau181 as a biomarker of AD.
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