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Sökning: WFRF:(Lundberg Staffan 1956 )

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  • Lourenço Dos Santos, Sofia, et al. (författare)
  • Oxidative proteome alterations during skeletal muscle ageing
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Redox Biology. - 0090-7324 .- 2213-2317. ; 5, s. 267-274
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sarcopenia corresponds to the degenerative loss of skeletal muscle mass, quality, and strength associated with ageing and leads to a progressive impairment of mobility and quality of life. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in this process are not completely understood. A hallmark of cellular and tissular ageing is the accumulation of oxidatively modified (carbonylated) proteins, leading to a decreased quality of the cellular proteome that could directly impact on normal cellular functions. Although increased oxidative stress has been reported during skeletal muscle ageing, the oxidized protein targets, also referred as to the 'oxi-proteome' or 'carbonylome', have not been characterized yet. To better understand the mechanisms by which these damaged proteins build up and potentially affect muscle function, proteins targeted by these modifications have been identified in human rectus abdominis muscle obtained from young and old healthy donors using a bi-dimensional gel electrophoresis-based proteomic approach coupled with immunodetection of carbonylated proteins. Among evidenced protein spots, 17 were found as increased carbonylated in biopsies from old donors comparing to young counterparts. These proteins are involved in key cellular functions such as cellular morphology and transport, muscle contraction and energy metabolism. Importantly, impairment of these pathways has been described in skeletal muscle during ageing. Functional decline of these proteins due to irreversible oxidation may therefore impact directly on the above-mentioned pathways, hence contributing to the generation of the sarcopenic phenotype.
  • Norén, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Visual assessment of biliary excretion of Gd-EOB-DTPA in patients with suspected diffuse liver disease–A biopsy-verified prospective study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Radiology Open. - 2352-0477. ; 2, s. 19-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To qualitatively evaluate late dynamic contrast phases, 10, 20 and 30. min, after administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA with regard to biliary excretion in patients presenting with elevated liver enzymes without clinical signs of cirrhosis or hepatic decompensation and to compare the visual assessment of contrast agent excretion with histo-pathological fibrosis stage, contrast uptake parameters and blood tests. Methods: 29 patients were prospectively examined using 1.5T MRI. The visually assessed presence or absence of contrast agent for each of five anatomical regions in randomly reviewed time-series was summarized on a four grade scale for each patient. The scores, including a total visual score, were related to the histo-pathological findings, the quantitative contrast agent uptake parameters, expressed as KHep or LSC_N, and blood tests. Results: No relationship between the fibrosis grade or contrast uptake parameters could be established. A negative correlation between the visual assessment and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was found. Comparing a sub-group of cholestatic patients with fibrosis score and Gd-EOB-DTPA dynamic parameters did not add any additional significant correlation. Conclusions: No correlation between visually assessed biliary excretion of Gd-EOB-DTPA and histo-pathological or contrast uptake parameters was found. A negative correlation between the visual assessment and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was found.
  • Anderson, Beverley H., et al. (författare)
  • Mutations in CTC1, encoding conserved telomere maintenance component 1, cause Coats plus
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 44:3, s. 338-342
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Coats plus is a highly pleiotropic disorder particularly affecting the eye, brain, bone and gastrointestinal tract. Here, we show that Coats plus results from mutations in CTC1, encoding conserved telomere maintenance component 1, a member of the mammalian homolog of the yeast heterotrimeric CST telomeric capping complex. Consistent with the observation of shortened telomeres in an Arabidopsis CTC1 mutant and the phenotypic overlap of Coats plus with the telomeric maintenance disorders comprising dyskeratosis congenita, we observed shortened telomeres in three individuals with Coats plus and an increase in spontaneous gamma H2AX-positive cells in cell lines derived from two affected individuals. CTC1 is also a subunit of the alpha-accessory factor (AAF) complex, stimulating the activity of DNA polymerase-alpha primase, the only enzyme known to initiate DNA replication in eukaryotic cells. Thus, CTC1 may have a function in DNA metabolism that is necessary for but not specific to telomeric integrity.
  • Livingston, John H, et al. (författare)
  • Leukoencephalopathy with Calcifications and Cysts : A Purely Neurological Disorder Distinct from Coats Plus
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neuropediatrics. - 0174-304X .- 1439-1899. ; 45:3, s. 175-182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective With the identification of mutations in the conserved telomere maintenance component 1 (CTC1) gene as the cause of Coats plus (CP) disease, it has become evident that leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts (LCC) is a distinct genetic entity. Patients and Methods A total of 15 patients with LCC were identified from our database of patients with intracranial calcification. The clinical and radiological features are described. Results The median age (range) at presentation was 10 months (range, 2 days-54 years). Of the 15 patients, 9 presented with epileptic seizures, 5 with motor abnormalities, and 1 with developmental delay. Motor abnormalities developed in 14 patients and cognitive problems in 13 patients. Dense calcification occurred in the basal ganglia, thalami, dentate nucleus, brain stem, deep gyri, deep white matter, and in a pericystic distribution. Diffuse leukoencephalopathy was present in all patients, and it was usually symmetrical involving periventricular, deep, and sometimes subcortical, regions. Cysts developed in the basal ganglia, thalamus, deep white matter, cerebellum, or brain stem. In unaffected areas, normal myelination was present. No patient demonstrated cerebral atrophy. Conclusion LCC shares the neuroradiological features of CP. However, LCC is a purely neurological disorder distinguished genetically by the absence of mutations in CTC1. The molecular cause(s) of LCC has (have) not yet been determined.
  • Lundberg, Staffan, 1956- (författare)
  • Rolandic Epilepsy : A Neuroradiological, Neuropsychological and Oromotor Study
  • 2004
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Rolandic epilepsy (RE) is the most common focal epilepsy syndrome in the pediatric age group with an onset between 3 and 13 years. The syndrome is defined by electro-clinically typical features and has been considered benign according to seizure remission before the age of 16 years.The aim of this thesis was to investigate children with typical RE with different methods and to discuss the delineation of the syndrome. Thirty-eight children, aged 6–14 years, participated in one up to four studies.Eighteen children were investigated with MRI. Hippocampal abnormalities were found in six (33%), volume asymmetry in five (28%) and high signal intensities on T2-weighted images in three (17%). Additionally, high signal intensities in T2-weighted images were revealed subcortically in temporal and frontal lobes bilaterally in five children (28%).The hippocampal region was evaluated metabolically using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in 13 children with RE and 15 matched controls. A metabolic asymmetry of the hippocampal regions was found in the patients compared to controls indicating an abnormal neuronal function.Seventeen children with RE and 17 matched controls were investigated with a neuropsychological test battery. The RE children showed lower performance in auditory-verbal tests and in executive functions compared to controls.Twenty RE children and 24 controls were assessed concerning their oromotor function. The RE children had greater problems concerning tongue movements including articulation. A dichotic listening test was also performed in a subgroup showing poorer results in the RE group. A simple classification is proposed with RE ‘pure’ as the main group and the frame for this study.In conclusion, these investigations disclosed various abnormalities in children with RE, challenging the benign concept during the active phase. It is assumed that maturational factors comprise causal mechanism to the deviant findings, which probably successively will normalize.
  • Norén, Bengt, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Absolute quantification of human liver metabolite concentrations by localized in vivo 31P NMR spectroscopy in diffuse liver disease
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Radiology. - 0938-7994 .- 1432-1084. ; 15:1, s. 148-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phosphorus-31 NMR spectroscopy using slice selection (DRESS) was used to investigate the absolute concentrations of metabolites in the human liver. Absolute concentrations provide more specific biochemical information compared to spectrum integral ratios. Nine patients with histopathologically proven diffuse liver disease and 12 healthy individuals were examined in a 1.5-T MR scanner (GE Signa LX Echospeed plus). The metabolite concentration quantification procedures included: (1) determination of optimal depth for the in vivo measurements, (2) mapping the detection coil characteristics, (3) calculation of selected slice and liver volume ratios using simple segmentation procedures and (4) spectral analysis in the time domain. The patients had significantly lower concentrations of phosphodiesters (PDE), 6.3±3.9 mM, and ATP-β, 3.6±1.1 mM, (P<0.05) compared with the control group (10.0±4.2 mM and 4.2±0.3 mM, respectively). The concentrations of phosphomonoesters (PME) were higher in the patient group, although this was not significant. Constructing an anabolic charge (AC) based on absolute concentrations, [PME]/([PME] + [PDE]), the patients had a significantly larger AC than the control subjects, 0.29 vs. 0.16 (P<0.005). Absolute concentration measurements of phosphorus metabolites in the liver are feasible using a slice selective sequence, and the technique demonstrates significant differences between patients and healthy subjects.
  • Norén, Bengt, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Separation of advanced from mild fibrosis in diffuse liver disease using 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Radiology. - : Elsevier. - 0720-048X .- 1872-7727. ; 66:2, s. 313-320
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • 31P-MRS using DRESS was used to compare absolute liver metabolite concentrations (PME, Pi, PDE, γATP, αATP, βATP) in two distinct groups of patients with chronic diffuse liver disorders, one group with steatosis (NAFLD) and none to moderate inflammation (n = 13), and one group with severe fibrosis or cirrhosis (n = 16). All patients underwent liver biopsy and extensive biochemical evaluation. A control group (n = 13) was also included. Absolute concentrations and the anabolic charge, AC = {PME}/({PME} + {PDE}), were calculated.Comparing the control and cirrhosis groups, lower concentrations of PDE (p = 0.025) and a higher AC (p < 0.001) were found in the cirrhosis group. Also compared to the NAFLD group, the cirrhosis group had lower concentrations of PDE (p = 0.01) and a higher AC (p = 0.009). No significant differences were found between the control and NAFLD group. When the MRS findings were related to the fibrosis stage obtained at biopsy, there were significant differences in PDE between stage F0–1 and stage F4 and in AC between stage F0–1 and stage F2–3.Using a PDE concentration of 10.5 mM as a cut-off value to discriminate between mild, F0–2, and advanced, F3–4, fibrosis the sensitivity and specificity were 81% and 69%, respectively. An AC cut-off value of 0.27 showed a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 54%.In conclusion, the results suggest that PDE is a marker of liver fibrosis, and that AC is a potentially clinically useful parameter in discriminating mild fibrosis from advanced.
  • Pedersen, Annie, et al. (författare)
  • Haemostatic biomarkers are associated with long-term recurrent vascular events after ischaemic stroke
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - 0340-6245. ; 116:3, s. 537-543
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ischaemic stroke patients continue to be at risk for recurrent vascular events for many years. Predictors of long-term prognosis are needed. It was the objective of this study to investigate levels of four haemostatic proteins as long-term predictors of recurrent vascular events after ischaemic stroke. We prospectively followed 548 ischaemic stroke patients, 18-69 years, and registered recurrent vascular events. Plasma levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), von Willebrand factor (VWF), fibrinogen and thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor activation peptide (TAFI-AP) were measured three months after index stroke. Cox regression models were used to assess associations to outcomes for single biomarkers and for a combined biomarker measure. For single biomarkers significantly associated with any of the outcomes, we performed subanalyses stratified for age, sex, diabetes and atherosclerosis. During 5,637 person-years of follow-up, we registered 74 vascular deaths, 90 recurrent strokes and 62 coronary events. Levels of t-PA, VWF and fibrinogen were significantly associated with vascular death and coronary events. After adjustment, the association between t-PA and vascular death remained (HR per 1 SD increase in plasma level 1.27, 95 % CI 1.00-1.61, p=0.047). The combined effect of t-PA, VWF and fibrinogen was associated with coronary events (adjusted HR 1.35, 1.02-1.80, p=0.04). In non-diabetic patients, an association with coronary events was seen for VWF levels (adjusted HR 2.23,1.45-3.43, p<0.01). In conclusion, plasma levels of haemostatic factors were associated with vascular death and coronary events, but not with recurrent stroke. Our results suggest that the predictive value of biomarkers differ by specific outcome measure and subgroup of patients.
  • Stattin, Eva-Lena, et al. (författare)
  • A novel ECEL1 mutation expands the phenotype of distal arthrogryposis multiplex congenita type 5D to include pretibial vertical skin crease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A. - : WILEY. - 1552-4825 .- 1552-4833. ; 176:6, s. 1405-1410
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by multiple joint contractures often in association with other congenital abnormalities. Pretibial linear vertical creases are a rare finding associated with arthrogryposis, and the etiology of the specific condition is unknown. We aimed to genetically and clinically characterize a boy from a consanguineous family, presenting with AMC and pretibial vertical linear creases on the shins. Whole exome sequencing and variant analysis revealed homozygous novel missense variants of ECEL1 (c.1163T > C, p.Leu388Pro, NM_004826) and MUSK (c.2572C > T, p.Arg858Cys, NM_005592). Both variants are predicted to have deleterious effects on the protein function, with amino acid positions highly conserved among species. The variants segregated in the family, with healthy mother, father, and sister being heterozygous carriers and the index patient being homozygous for both mutations. We report on a unique patient with a novel ECEL1 homozygous mutation, expanding the phenotypic spectrum of Distal AMC Type 5D to include vertical linear skin creases. The homozygous mutation in MUSK is of unknown clinical significance. MUSK mutations have previously shown to cause congenital myasthenic syndrome, a neuromuscular disorder with defects in the neuromuscular junction.
  • Törnhage, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Oromotor, word retrieval, and dichotic listening performance in young adults with previous Rolandic epilepsy
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European journal of paediatric neurology. - : ELSEVIER SCI LTD. - 1090-3798 .- 1532-2130. ; 25, s. 139-144
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: Results from a previous study indicated that children with Rolandic epilepsy (RE) exhibit abnormalities of oromotor and dichotic listening performance. The current study aimed to investigate whether the same individuals, 10 years later, still exhibited differences between the groups. Earlier literature suggests that children with RE normalize after remission and as they become adults. More recent studies have, on the contrary, suggested that there is a risk for residual oromotor and language deficits after remission.Methods: Eleven young adults with RE and 9 matched controls were retested 10 years after participating in a study investigating oromotor ability, articulation, dichotic listening ability, and phonological and semantic word retrieval.Results: Results of this longitudinal study indicated that there was a persistent, albeit reduced, difference between the groups, after remission, in dichotic listening and, to some extent, oromotor performance. Articulation and word retrieval did not differ between the groups.Conclusion: Young adults with previous RE in childhood have a moderate risk for persistent difficulties in verbal perception and oromotor performance. 
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