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Sökning: WFRF:(Måsbäck Anna)

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  • Koebel, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Ovarian carcinoma histotype determination is highly reproducible, and is improved through the use of immunohistochemistry
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Histopathology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0309-0167 .- 1365-2559. ; 64:7, s. 1004-1013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimsTo assess the variation in ovarian carcinoma type diagnosis among gynaecological pathologists from Nordic countries, and whether a rationally designed panel of immunohistochemical markers could improve diagnostic reproducibility. Methods and resultsEight pathologists from four countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland) received an educational lecture on the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma type. All tumour-containing slides from 54 ovarian carcinoma cases were independently reviewed by the participants, who: (i) determined type purely on the basis of histology; (ii) indicated whether they would apply immunohistochemistry in their routine practice; and (iii) determined type after reviewing the staining results. The results for six markers (WT1, p53, p16, HNF-1, ARID1A, and progesterone receptor) were determined for all 54 cases, by staining of a tissue microarray. The median concordance with central review diagnosis was 86%, and significantly improved to 90% with the incorporation of immunostaining results (P=0.0002). The median interobserver agreement was 78%, and significantly improved to 85% with the incorporation of immunostaining results (P=0.0002). ConclusionsUse of the immunostaining results significantly improved both diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement. These results indicate that ovarian carcinoma type can be reliably diagnosed by pathologists from different countries, and also demonstrate that immunohistochemistry has an important role in improving diagnostic accuracy and agreement between pathologists.
  • Arildsen, Nicolai Skovbjerg, et al. (författare)
  • Involvement of chromatin remodeling genes and the Rho GTPases RhoB and CDC42 in ovarian clear cell carcinoma
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Oncology. - : Frontiers Media S. A.. - 2234-943X. ; 7:MAY, s. 1-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCCs) constitute a rare ovarian cancer subtype with distinct clinical features, but may nonetheless be difficult to distinguish morphologically from other subtypes. There is limited knowledge of genetic events driving OCCC tumorigenesis beyond ARID1A, which is reportedly mutated in 30-50% of OCCCs. We aimed to further characterize OCCCs by combined global transcriptional profiling and targeted deep sequencing of a panel of well-established cancer genes. Increased knowledge of OCCC-specific genetic aberrations may help in guiding development of targeted treatments and ultimately improve patient outcome. Methods: Gene expression profiling of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue from a cohort of the major ovarian cancer subtypes (cohort 1; n = 67) was performed using whole-genome cDNA-mediated Annealing, Selection, extension and Ligation (WG-DASL) bead arrays, followed by pathway, gene module score, and gene ontology analyses, respectively. A second FFPE cohort of 10 primary OCCCs was analyzed by targeted DNA sequencing of a panel of 60 cancer-related genes (cohort 2). Non-synonymous and non-sense variants affecting single-nucleotide variations and insertions or deletions were further analyzed. A tissue microarray of 43 OCCCs (cohort 3) was used for validation by immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridization. Results: Gene expression analyses revealed a distinct OCCC profile compared to other histological subtypes, with, e.g., ERBB2, TFAP2A, and genes related to cytoskeletal actin regulation being overexpressed in OCCC. ERBB2 was, however, not overexpressed on the protein level and ERBB2 amplification was rare in the validation cohort. Targeted deep sequencing revealed non-synonymous variants or insertions/deletions in 11/60 cancer-related genes. Genes involved in chromatin remodeling, including ARID1A, SPOP, and KMT2D were frequently mutated across OCCC tumors. Conclusion: OCCCs appear genetically heterogeneous, but harbor frequent alterations in chromatin remodeling genes. Overexpression of TFAP2A and ERBB2 was observed on the mRNA level in relation to other ovarian cancer subtypes. However, overexpression of ERBB2 was not reflected by HER2 amplification or protein overexpression in the OCCC validation cohort. In addition, Rho GTPase-dependent actin organization may also play a role in OCCC pathogenesis and warrants further investigation. The distinct biological features of OCCC discovered here may provide a basis for novel targeted treatment strategies.
  • Bååth, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • SOX2 is a promising predictor of relapse and death in advanced stage high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients with residual disease after debulking surgery
  • Ingår i: Molecular and Cellular Oncology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 2372-3556. ; 7:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The transcription factor SOX2 is a well-established and important stem cell marker. Its role in cancer biology remains unclear, but it has been proposed to also be a marker of cancer stem cells. We investigated the role of SOX2 protein expression in women with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) to determine its potential prognostic and treatment predictive value. We constructed a tissue microarray of 130 advanced stage HGSOC tumors with an average of 6 cores each, stained for SOX2 protein expression and evaluated survival outcomes. We also treated two HGSOC cell lines with carboplatin and paclitaxel and measured SOX2 expression by RT-PCR and immunoblotting at different doses and time-points. Among patients with non-radical debulking surgery overall and progression-free survival were shorter for patients with SOX2 positive tumors (mean 26 vs. 39 months, log-rank test: p = .0076, and mean 14 vs. 19 months, p = .055, respectively). Knockdown of SOX2 in cell lines did not affect growth inhibition following chemotherapy treatment. Our results show that SOX2 has a strong prognostic potential among HGSOC patients with residual tumor tissue after debulking surgery and suggest that SOX2 expressing cells remaining after non-radical debulking surgery may constitute a subpopulation of cancer stem cells with greater tumor-initiating potential.
  • Epstein, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Early-stage cervical cancer: Tumor delineation by magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound - A European multicenter trial
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : Academic Press. - 1095-6859. ; 128:3, s. 449-453
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To compare the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preoperative assessment of early-stage cervical cancer using pathologic findings as the reference standard. Patients and methods. Prospective multi-center trial enrolling 209 consecutive women with early-stage cervical cancer (FIGO IA2-IIA) scheduled for surgery. The following parameters were assessed on US and MRI and compared to pathology: remaining tumor, size, tumor stromal invasion <2/3 (superficial) or >= 2/3 (deep), and parametrial invasion. Results. Complete data were available for 182 patients. The agreement between US and pathology was excellent for detecting tumors, correctly classifying bulky tumors (>4 cm), and detecting deep stromal invasion (kappa values 0.84, 0.82, and 0.81 respectively); and good for classifying small tumors (<2 cm) and detecting parametrial invasion (kappa values 0.78 and 0.75, respectively). The agreement between MRI and histology was good for classifying tumors as <2 cm, or >4 cm, and detecting deep stromal invasion (kappa values 0.71, 0.76, and 0.77, respectively). It was Moderately accurate in tumor detection, and in assessing parametrial invasion (kappa values 0.52 and 0.45, respectively). The agreement between histology and US was significantly better in assessing residual tumor (p<0.001) and parametrial invasion (p<0.001) than the results obtained by MRI. Imaging methods were not significantly influenced by previous cone biopsy. Conclusion. US and MRI are highly accurate for the preoperative assessment of women with early-stage cervical cancer, although US may be more accurate in detecting residual tumors and assessing parametrial invasion. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Harbst, Katja, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular profiling reveals low- and high-grade forms of primary melanoma
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; 18:15, s. 4026-4036
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: For primary melanomas, tumor thickness, mitotic rate and ulceration are well-laid cornerstones of prognostication. However, a molecular exposition of melanoma aggressiveness is critically missing. We recently uncovered a four-class structure in metastatic melanoma that predicts outcome and informs biology. This raises the possibility that a molecular structure exists even in the early stages of melanoma and that molecular determinants could underlie histophenotype and eventual patient outcome. Experimental design: We subjected 223 archival primary melanomas to a horizontally-integrated analysis of RNA expression, oncogenic mutations at 238 lesions, histomorphometry and survival data. RESULTS: Our previously described four-class structure that was elucidated in metastatic lesions was evident within the expression space of primary melanomas. Since these subclasses converged into two larger prognostic and phenotypic groups, we used the metastatic lesions to develop a binary subtype-based signature capable of distinguishing between "high" and "low" grade forms of the disease. The two-grade signature was subsequently applied to the primary melanomas. Compared to low-grade tumors, high-grade primary melanomas were significantly associated with increased tumor thickness, mitotic rate, ulceration (all P less than 0.01) and poorer relapse-free (HR=4.94; 95%CI 2.84-8.59) and overall (HR=3.66; 95%CI 2.40-5.58) survival. High-grade melanomas exhibited elevated levels of proliferation and BRCA1/DNA damage signaling genes while low-grade lesions harbored higher expression of immune genes. Importantly, the molecular grade signature was validated in two external gene expression datasets. CONCLUSIONS: We provide evidence for a molecular organization within melanomas that is preserved across all stages of disease.
  • Martín De La Fuente, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Claudin-4 Expression is Associated with Survival in Ovarian Cancer but Not with Chemotherapy Response
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology. - : Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 0277-1691. ; 37:2, s. 101-109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The tight junction protein claudin-4 has been reported to be overexpressed in advanced ovarian cancer. We investigated the prognostic significance of claudin-4 overexpression and whether claudin-4 expression could predict platinum response in primary ovarian carcinoma (OC). Claudin-4 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a tissue microarray of 140 OCs. Multivariable Cox-regression models were used to assess the effect of claudin-4 overexpression on progression-free survival and overall survival (OS). Kaplan-Meier survival analyses and the logrank test were performed comparing claudin-4 high and low groups. The association between claudin-4 expression and platinum resistance was assessed using risk ratios and the Pearson χ 2 test. A dataset of >1500 epithelial ovarian cancers was used to study the association between CLDN4 mRNA and survival. Of 140 evaluable cases, 71 (51%) displayed high claudin-4 expression. Claudin-4 overexpression predicted shorter 5-yr progression-free survival and OS in univariable analyses [hazard ratio (HR)=1.6 (1.1-2.5), P=0.020 and HR=1.6 (1.0-2.4), P=0.041, respectively]. Hazard of relapse was similar [HR=1.5 (1.0-2.4)] after adjustment for age, stage, type, and BRCA1/2 status in a multivariable analysis, but the evidence was slightly weaker (P=0.076). Validation in an external cohort confirmed the association between high expression of CLDN4 and poor 10-yr OS [HR=1.3 (1.1-1.5), P<0.001]. However, no confident association between claudin-4 and platinum sensitivity was found in our cohort [risk ratio=1.2 (0.7-2.0), P=0.3]. These findings suggest that high expression of claudin-4 may have a prognostic value in OC. The role of claudin-4 in the development of platinum resistance remains unclear.
  • Nastic, Denis, et al. (författare)
  • A Selective Biomarker Panel Increases the Reproducibility and the Accuracy in Endometrial Biopsy Diagnosis
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology. - : Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 0277-1691 .- 1538-7151. ; 36:4, s. 339-347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Grading and histologic typing of endometrial cancer in biopsy material has a direct impact on the decision to perform lymphadenectomy and/or omentectomy in many cancer centers. Endometrial biopsies are among the most common general surgical pathology specimens. Multiple studies have shown that biopsy diagnosis suffers from a lack of reproducibility. Although many biomarkers have been proposed, none have been demonstrated to improve the diagnosis in the biopsy setting. In this study, 70 biopsies with endometrial carcinoma were supplemented with a biomarker panel consisting of ER, PR, P53, and DNA ploidy. A representative H&E slide was scanned digitally and made available to 12 gynecologic pathologists in 4 Nordic countries: Finland, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. Reviewers diagnosed the cases both before and after being provided with the biomarker results. The interobserver percent agreement and Cohen κ improved from 75.8% (κ=0.52, moderate) to 84% (κ=0.68, substantial) with inclusion of the biomarker panel. Agreement with the subsequent hysterectomy diagnosis also improved from 83.6% (κ=0.67) to 88.7% (κ=0.77). There was no statistical improvement between a reflex (84% agreement) and a reflective testing algorithm (82.9% agreement), suggesting that the selective use of biomarkers is appropriate. Difficult cases were almost exclusively high-grade tumors. Finally, a statistical model indicated that only P53 and DNA ploidy, in conjunction with an H&E review, had an impact on the decision to upgrade or downgrade cases.
  • Arildsen, Nicolai Skovbjerg, et al. (författare)
  • Detecting TP53 mutations in diagnostic and archival liquid-based Pap samples from ovarian cancer patients using an ultra-sensitive ddPCR method
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 9:1, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is the most common subtype of epithelial ovarian cancer and early detection is challenging. TP53 mutations are a hallmark of HGSOC and detection of these mutations in liquid-based Pap samples could provide a method for early diagnosis. Here we evaluate the use of IBSAFE, an ultra-sensitive droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) method, for detecting TP53 mutations in liquid-based Pap samples collected from fifteen women at the time of diagnosis (diagnostic samples) and/or up to seven years prior to diagnosis (archival samples). We analysed tumours for somatic TP53 mutations with next generation sequencing and were able to detect the corresponding mutations in diagnostic samples from six of eight women, while one patient harboured a germline mutation. We further detected a mutation in an archival sample obtained 20 months prior to the ovarian cancer diagnosis. The custom designed IBSAFE assays detected minor allele frequencies (MAFs) with very high assay sensitivity (MAF = 0.0068%) and were successful despite low DNA abundance (0.17-206.14 ng, median: 17.27 ng). These results provide support for further evaluation of archival liquid-based Pap samples for diagnostic purposes and demonstrate that ultra-sensitive ddPCR should be evaluated for ovarian cancer screening in high-risk groups or in the recurrent setting.
  • Bartuma, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Ovarian cancer at young age: the contribution of mismatch-repair defects in a population-based series of epithelial ovarian cancer before age 40.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1048-891X. ; 17, s. 789-793
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • At least one of ten patients with ovarian cancer is estimated to develop their tumor because of heredity with the breast and ovarian cancer syndrome due to mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) being the major genetic causes. Cancer at young age is a hallmark of heredity, and ovarian cancers associated with HNPCC have been demonstrated to develop at a particularly early age. We used the Swedish Cancer Registry to identify a population-based series of 98 invasive epithelial ovarian cancers that developed before 40 years. Mucinous and endometrioid cancers were overrepresented and were diagnosed in 27% and 16% of the tumors, respectively. Immunostaining using antibodies against MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 was used to assess the mismatch-repair status and revealed loss of expression of MLH1/PMS2 in two cases, loss of MSH2/MSH6 in one case, and loss of MSH6 only in three tumors. A microsatellite instability–high phenotype was verified in five of six tumors. Based on the identified mutations and family history of cancer, several of these individuals are likely to be affected by HNPCC. We conclude that although the causes of the vast majority of epithelial ovarian cancer at young age are unknown, HNPCC should be considered because of the high risk of metachronous colorectal cancer in the individual and the possibility of preventing additional cancers in the family through control programs.
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