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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Madhavan Mahesh V) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Madhavan Mahesh V)

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1.
  • Shahim, Bahira, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of Diabetes on Outcomes After Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair in Heart Failure: COAPT Trial.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: JACC. Heart failure. - 2213-1787. ; 9:8, s. 559-567
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper sought to determine whether diabetes influences the outcomes of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) in patients with heart failure (HF) and secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR).Diabetes is associated with worse outcomes in patients with HF.The COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial randomized HF patients with 3+ or 4+ SMR to MitraClip plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) versus GDMT alone. Two-year outcomes were evaluated in patients with versus without diabetes.Of 614 patients, 229 (37.3%) had diabetes. Diabetic patients had higher 2-year rates of death than those without diabetes (40.8% vs 32.3%, respectively; adjusted P = 0.04) and tended to have higher rates of HF hospitalization (HFH) (HFH: 50.1% vs 43.0%, respectively; adjusted P = 0.07). TMVr reduced the 2-year rate of death consistently in patients with (30.3% vs 49.9%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.81) and without (27.0% vs 38.3%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.39-0.84) diabetes (Pinteraction = 0.72). TMVr also consistently reduced the 2-year rates of HFH in patients with (32.2% vs 54.8%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.28-0.58) and without (41.5% vs 59.0%, respectively; adjusted HR: 0.54: 95% CI 0.35-0.82) diabetes (Pinteraction = 0.33). Greater movements in quality-of-life (QOL) and exercise capacity occurred with TMVr than with GDMT alone, regardless of diabetic status.Among HF patients with severe SMR in the COAPT trial, those with diabetes had a worse prognosis. Nonetheless, diabetic and nondiabetic patients had consistent reductions in the 2-year rates of death and HFH and improvements in QOL and functional capacity following TMVr treatment using the MitraClip than with maintenance on GDMT alone. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [COAPT]; NCT01626079).
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2.
  • Driggin, Elissa, et al. (författare)
  • Relation between Modified Body Mass Index and Adverse Outcomes after Aortic Valve Implantation.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: The American journal of cardiology. - 1879-1913. ; 153, s. 94-100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We aimed to investigate the relationship of modified body mass index (mBMI), the product of BMI and serum albumin, with survival after transcatheter (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve implantation (SAVI). Frailty is associated with poor outcomes after TAVI and SAVI for severe aortic stenosis (AS). However, clinical frailty is not routinely measured in clinical practice due to the cumbersome nature of its assessment. Modified BMI is an easily measurable surrogate for clinical frailty that is associated with survival in elderly cohorts with non-valvular heart disease. We utilized individual patient-level data from a pooled database of the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) trials from the PARNTER1, PARTNER2 and S3 cohorts. We estimated cumulative mortality at 1 year for quartiles of mBMI with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared them with the log-rank test. We performed Cox proportional hazards modeling to assess the association of mBMI strata with 1-year mortality adjusting for baseline clinical characteristics. A total of 6593 patients who underwent TAVI or SAVI (mean age 83±7.3 years, 57% male) were included. mBMI was independently associated with all-cause one-year mortality with the lowest mBMI quartile as most predictive (HR 2.33, 95% CI 1.80-3.02, p < 0.0001). Notably, mBMI performed as well as clinical frailty index to predict 1-year mortality in this cohort. In conclusion, modified BMI predicts 1-year survival after both TAVI and SAVI. Given that it performed similar to the clinical frailty index, it may be used as a clinical tool for assessment of frailty prior to valve implantation.
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3.
  • Golomb, Mordechai (författare)
  • Prognostic Impact of Race in Patients Undergoing PCI: Analysis From 10 Randomized Coronary Stent Trials.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JACC. Cardiovascular interventions. - 1876-7605. ; 13:13, s. 1586-1595
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to assess race-based differences in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from a large pooled database of randomized controlled trials.Data on race-based outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention are limited, deriving mainly from registries and single-center studies.Baseline characteristics and outcomes at 30 days, 1 year, and 5 years were assessed across different races, from an individual patient data pooled analysis from 10 randomized trials. Endpoints of interest included death, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac events (defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to assess associations between race and outcomes, controlling for differences in 12 baseline covariates.Among 22,638 patients, 20,585 (90.9%) were white, 918 (4.1%) were black, 404 (1.8%) were Asian, and 473 (2.1%) were Hispanic. Baseline and angiographic characteristics differed among groups. Five-year major adverse cardiac event rates were 18.8% in white patients (reference group), compared with 23.9% in black patients (p = 0.0009), 11.2% in Asian patients (p = 0.0007), and 21.5% in Hispanic patients (p = 0.07). Multivariate analysis demonstrated an independent association between black race and 5-year risk for major adverse cardiac events (hazard ratio: 1.28; 95% confidence interval: 1.05 to 1.57; p = 0.01).In the present large-scale individual patient data pooled analysis, comorbidities were significantly more frequent in minority-group patients than in white patients enrolled in coronary stent randomized controlled trials. After accounting for these differences, black race was an independent predictor of worse outcomes, whereas Hispanic ethnicity and Asian race were not. Further research examining race-based outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention is warranted to understand these differences.
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4.
  • Gupta, Aakriti, et al. (författare)
  • Association between antecedent statin use and decreased mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Nature communications. - 2041-1723. ; 12:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can result in a hyperinflammatory state, leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), myocardial injury, and thrombotic complications, among other sequelae. Statins, which are known to have anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic properties, have been studied in the setting of other viral infections, but their benefit has not been assessed in COVID-19. This is a retrospective analysis of patients admitted with COVID-19 from February 1st through May 12th, 2020 with study period ending on June 11th, 2020. Antecedent statin use was assessed using medication information available in the electronic medical record. We constructed a multivariable logistic regression model to predict the propensity of receiving statins, adjusting for baseline sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and outpatient medications. The primary endpoint includes in-hospital mortality within 30 days. A total of 2626 patients were admitted during the study period, of whom 951 (36.2%) were antecedent statin users. Among 1296 patients (648 statin users, 648 non-statin users) identified with 1:1 propensity-score matching, statin use is significantly associated with lower odds of the primary endpoint in the propensity-matched cohort (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.36-0.62, p < 0.001). We conclude that antecedent statin use in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 is associated with lower inpatient mortality.
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5.
  • Konigstein, Maayan, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of Coronary Artery Tortuosity on Outcomes Following Stenting: A Pooled Analysis From 6 Trials.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: JACC. Cardiovascular interventions. - 1876-7605.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The authors sought to determine whether coronary artery tortuosity negatively affects clinical outcomes after stent implantation.Coronary artery tortuosity is a common angiographic finding and has been associated with increased rates of early and late major adverse events after balloon angioplasty.Individual patient data from 6 prospective, randomized stent trials were pooled. Outcomes at 30 days and 5 years following percutaneous coronary intervention of a single coronary lesion were analyzed according to the presence or absence of moderate/severe vessel tortuosity, as determined by an angiographic core laboratory. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure (TVF; composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction [TV-MI], or ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization [ID-TVR]).A total of 6,951 patients were included, 729 of whom (10.5%) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in vessels with moderate/severe tortuosity. At 30 days, TVF was more frequent in patients with versus without moderate/severe tortuosity (3.8% vs. 2.4%, hazard ratio: 1.64, 95% confidence interval: 1.09 to 2.46; p = 0.02), a difference driven by a higher rate of TV-MI. At 5 years, TVF remained increased in patients with moderate/severe tortuosity (p = 0.003), driven by higher rates of TV-MI (p = 0.003) and ID-TVR (p = 0.01). Definite stent thrombosis was also greater in patients with versus without moderate/severe tortuosity (1.9% vs. 1.0%, hazard ratio: 1.86, 95% confidence interval: 1.02 to 3.39; p = 0.04). After adjustment for baseline covariates, moderate/severe vessel tortuosity was independently associated with TV-MI and ID-TVR at 5 years (p = 0.04 for both).Stent implantation in vessels with moderate/severe coronary artery tortuosity is associated with increased rates of TVF due to greater rates of TV-MI and ID-TVR.
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6.
  • Madhavan, Mahesh V, et al. (författare)
  • Antiplatelet strategies in acute coronary syndromes: design and methodology of an international collaborative network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Minerva cardioangiologica. - 1827-1618. ; 69:4, s. 398-407
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The optimal choice of oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors has the potential to significantly influence outcomes. We seek to compare the safety and efficacy of the three most commonly used oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors (clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor) in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) via a comprehensive systematic review and network meta-analysis.We will perform a comprehensive search for randomized clinical trials which compared cardiovascular and hemorrhagic outcomes after use of at least two of the distinct oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors (i.e. clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor). In addition, key inclusion criteria will be trial size of at least 100 patients and at least 1 month of follow-up time. Several pre-specified subgroups will be explored, including Asian patients, patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction, patients of advanced age, and others.Exploratory frequentist pairwise meta-analyses will be based primarily on a random-effects method, relying on relative risks (RR) for short-term endpoints and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for long-term endpoints. Inferential frequentist network meta-analysis will be based primarily on a random-effects method, relying on RR and IRR as specified above. Results will be reported as point summary of effect, 95% CI, and p-values for effect, and graphically represented using forest plots.An international collaborative network meta-analysis has begun to comprehensively analyze the safety and efficacy of prasugrel, ticagrelor and clopidogrel, each on a background of aspirin, for management of patients with ACS. It is our hope that the rigor and breadth of the undertaking described herein will provide novel insights that will inform optimal patient care for patients with ACS treated conservatively, or undergoing revascularization.
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7.
  • Madhavan, Mahesh V, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term follow-up after ultrathin vs. conventional 2nd-generation drug-eluting stents: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: European heart journal. - 1522-9645.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Contemporary 2nd-generation thin-strut drug-eluting stents (DES) are considered standard of care for revascularization of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. A previous meta-analysis of 10 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 11 658 patients demonstrated a 16% reduction in the 1-year risk of target lesion failure (TLF) with ultrathin-strut DES compared with conventional 2nd-generation thin-strut DES. Whether this benefit is sustained longer term is not known, and newer trial data may inform these relative outcomes. We therefore sought to perform an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs comparing clinical outcomes with ultrathin-strut DES (≤70 µm strut thickness) with conventional 2nd-generation thin-strut DES.We performed a random-effects meta-analysis of all RCTs comparing ultrathin-strut DES to conventional 2nd-generation thin-strut DES. The pre-specified primary endpoint was long-term TLF, a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), or clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR). Secondary endpoints included the components of TLF, stent thrombosis (ST), and all-cause death. There were 16 eligible trials in which 20 701 patients were randomized. The weighted mean follow-up duration was 2.5 years. Ultrathin-strut DES were associated with a 15% reduction in long-term TLF compared with conventional 2nd-generation thin-strut DES [relative risk (RR) 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.76-0.96, P = 0.008] driven by a 25% reduction in CD-TLR (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.62-0.92, P = 0.005). There were no significant differences between stent types in the risks of MI, ST, cardiac death, or all-cause mortality.At a mean follow-up of 2.5 years, ultrathin-strut DES reduced the risk of TLF, driven by less CD-TLR compared with conventional 2nd-generation thin-strut DES, with similar risks of MI, ST, cardiac death, and all-cause mortality.
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