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  • Aasa, Ulrika, et al. (författare)
  • Correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, bi-weekly body conditioning classes in sedentary women
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. - 1064-8011. ; 31:2, s. 451-461
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aims of the study were (1) to investigate the effects of participation in low impact body conditioning classes on physical fitness in sedentary women at different ages and (2) to examine the correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, the participation. Ninety-two sedentary women (mean age 44.2 years) participated in 11-weeks of bi-weekly classes that included cardiovascular, strength, core, endurance and mobility exercises, all performed in synchrony with music. Cardiorespiratory fitness, maximal lifting strength, mobility and balance tests were performed pre- and post the exercise period and the short-form Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ-S) was completed. Zero-order Spearman correlation analyses showed that women who rated the PSDQ-S dimension Sport competence higher participated in a larger number of sessions (rs=0.24, p=0.040). At post-tests, all participants had increased their balance, the participants aged 20-34 years had increased their lifting strength, and the participants aged 35-65 years had increased their cardiorespiratory fitness and mobility. Most PSDQ-S dimensions did not affect performance change, but the perception of being physically active was related to increased cardiovascular fitness. We conclude that women with a sedentary lifestyle who wish to increase their physical capacity benefit from music exercise and that inquiries about perceived sport competence and physical activity can improve recommendations made by strength and conditioning professionals.
  • Anrup, Roland, et al. (författare)
  • Centrala universitetsvärden hotas av bolagiseringsidén
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Dagens Nyheter. - 1101-2447. ; :22 Oktober, 2013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Högskolestiftelser. Förslaget att driva svenska universitet i stiftelseform ­öppnar för bolagisering. Men det är ingen riktig utredning, utan en politisk pamflett utan ­eftertanke. Privatisering av universitet hotar både oberoendet, forskningskvaliteten och samhällsnyttan, skriver 36 forskare vid svenska högskolor och universitet.
  • Appelgren, Alva, et al. (författare)
  • Tuning in on motivation : Differences between non-musicians, amateurs, and professional musicians
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Music. - 0305-7356.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The drive to learn and engage in music varies among individuals. Global motivation to do something can be intrinsic, for example, the joy and satisfaction in an activity. But motivation behind our action can also be extrinsic, such as the desire for fame, status or increased financial resources. The type of motivation probably influences to what degree individuals engage in musical activities. In this study, we examined the associations between the level of musical engagement and self-rated global motivation, factoring in age and sex, in a sample of 5,435 individuals. Musical engagement ranged from no music activity to amateurs and professional musicians. We found that intrinsic motivation increases with level of music activity and that motivation differs depending on sex, with females scoring higher on intrinsic motivation than males. Such differences may be considered in adjusting the forms of support offered to young musicians in music education. The phenomenon of motivation is complex, and we have highlighted areas that require further investigation, but this study has elucidated some differences in motivation types found in men and women, and between non-musicians, amateurs and professional musicians.
  • Bakhiet, Salaheldin Farah Attallah, et al. (författare)
  • Understanding the Simber Effect : why is the age-dependent increase in children's cognitive ability smaller in Arab countries than in Britain?
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences. - Elsevier. - 0191-8869. ; 122, s. 38-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research indicates that the typical increase in IQ during childhood is greater in European countries than in Arab countries. A systematic literature review of age-dependent IQ in Arab countries is conducted, yielding relevant studies for 12 countries that fulfil the inclusion criteria. In almost all of these studies, Arab children exhibit an age-dependent IQ decline relative to Caucasian children, from 5 to about 12 years of age in particular. We term this phenomenon the Simber Effect. We propose two non-exclusive explanations. (1) The Flynn Effect is less intense in Arab countries because of localised differences, including poorer education quality and greater religiosity. (2) Those from Arab countries follow a faster Life History Strategy than Europeans, for environmental and possibly genetic reasons. Either way, the Simber Effect may amount to a Wilson Effect, meaning that the impact of genetic IQ increases with age.
  • Bååth, Rasmus, et al. (författare)
  • The Subjective Difficulty of Tapping to a Slow Beat
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition and the 8th Triennial Conference of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music..
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Dahl, Sofia, et al. (författare)
  • Keeping the tempo and perceiving the beat
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: 9th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition : Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, August 22-26 2006. - 88-7395-155-4
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Davies, Matthew, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Microtiming Deviations on the Perception of Groove in Short Rhythms
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Music perception. - 0730-7829. ; 30:5, s. 497-510
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • GROOVE IS A SENSATION OF MOVEMENT OR WANTing to move when we listen to certain types of music; it is central to the appreciation of many styles such as Jazz, Funk, Latin, and many more. To better understand the mechanisms that lead to the sensation of groove, we explore the relationship between groove and systematic microtiming deviations. Manifested as small, intentional deviations in timing, systematic microtiming is widely considered within the music community to be a critical component of music performances that groove. To investigate the effect of microtiming on the perception of groove we synthesized typical rhythm patterns for Jazz, Funk, and Samba with idiomatic microtiming deviation patterns for each style. The magnitude of the deviations was parametrically varied from nil to about double the natural level. In two experiments, untrained listeners and experts listened to all combinations of same and different music and microtiming style and magnitude combinations, and rated liking, groove, naturalness, and speed. Contrary to a common and frequently expressed belief in the literature, systematic microtiming led to decreased groove ratings, as well as liking and naturalness, with the exception of the simple short-long shuffle Jazz pattern. A comparison of the ratings between the two listener groups revealed this effect to be stronger for the expert listener group than for the untrained listeners, suggesting that musical expertise plays an important role in the perception and appreciation of micro timing in rhythmic patterns.
  • Dutton, Edward, et al. (författare)
  • Demographic, economic, and genetic factors related to national differences in ethnocentric attitudes
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences. - 0191-8869. ; 101, s. 137-143
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We conducted a review of factors associated with individual and group level differences in positive ethnocentrism (PE) and negative ethnocentrism (NE). We inter-correlated datasets on national differences in these factors with data from the World Values Survey with regard to national differences in measures of PE and NE. The two different survey items for each construct were strongly correlated, but the constructs themselves were not significantly associated. Multiple regression analyses indicated that NE was mainly related to high levels of cousin marriage and frequency of the DRD4-repeat gene, and that PE was mainly related to a young median population age. Cousin marriage may indicate low levels of trust, DRD4 implies a fast Life History strategy, and young median age is associated with many factors predicting PE. 
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