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Sökning: WFRF:(Mahfoud F)

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  • Mancusi, Costantino, et al. (författare)
  • Management of patients with combined arterial hypertension and aortic valve stenosis : a consensus document from the Council on Hypertension and Council on Valvular Heart Disease of the European Society of Cardiology, the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI).
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy. - 2055-6837 .- 2055-6845.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the third most common cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of both AS and arterial hypertension increases with age, and the conditions therefore often co-exist. Co-existence of AS and arterial hypertension is associated with higher global left ventricular (LV) pressure overload, more abnormal LV geometry and function, and more adverse cardiovascular outcome. Arterial hypertension may also influence grading of AS, leading to underestimation of the true AS severity. Current guidelines suggest re-assessing patients once arterial hypertension is controlled. Management of arterial hypertension in AS has historically been associated with prudence and concerns, mainly related to potential adverse consequences of drug-induced peripheral vasodilatation combined with reduced stroke volume due to the fixed LV outflow obstruction. Current evidence suggests that patients should be treated with antihypertensive drugs blocking the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system, adding further drug classes when required, to achieve similar target blood pressure values as in hypertensive patients without AS. The introduction of trans-catheter aortic valve implantation has revolutionized the management of patients with AS, but requires proper blood pressure management during and following valve replacement. The purpose of this document is to review the recent evidence and provide practical expert advice on management of hypertension in patients with AS.
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  • Bohm, M., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Visit-to-Visit Variation of Heart Rate and Systolic Blood Pressure on Outcomes in Chronic Systolic Heart Failure: Results From the Systolic Heart Failure Treatment With the If Inhibitor Ivabradine Trial (SHIFT) Trial
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Heart Association. - 2047-9980. ; 5:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate (HR) and low systolic blood pressure (SBP) are related to poor outcomes in heart failure (HF). The association between visit-to-visit variation in SBP and HR and risk in HF is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In Systolic Heart Failure Treatment with the If inhibitor ivabradine Trial (SHIFT) patients, we evaluated relationships between mean HR, mean SBP, and visit-to-visit variations (coefficient of variation [CV]=SD/meanx100%) in SBP and HR (SBP-CV and HR-CV, respectively) and primary composite endpoint (cardiovascular mortality or HF hospitalization), its components, all-cause mortality, and all-cause hospitalization. High HR and low SBP were closely associated with risk for primary endpoint, all-cause mortality, and HF hospitalization. The highest number of primary endpoint events occurred in the highest HR tertile (38.8% vs 16.4% lowest tertile; P<0.001). For HR-CV, patients at highest risk were those in the lowest tertile. Patients in the lowest thirds of mean SBP and SBP-CV had the highest risk. The combination of high HR and low HR-CV had an additive deleterious effect on risk, as did that of low SBP and low SBP-CV. Ivabradine reduced mean HR and increased HR-CV, and increased SBP and SBP-CV slightly. CONCLUSIONS: Beyond high HR and low SBP, low HR-CV and low SBP-CV are predictors of cardiovascular outcomes with additive effects on risk in HF, but with an unknown effect size. Beyond HR reduction, ivabradine increases HR-CV. Low visit-to-visit variation of HR and SBP might signal risk of cardiovascular outcomes in systolic HF. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.isrctn.com/. Unique identifier: ISRCTN70429960.
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  • Bohm, M., et al. (författare)
  • Non-adherence to ivabradine and placebo and outcomes in chronic heart failure: an analysis from SHIFT
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Heart Failure. - 1388-9842. ; 18:6, s. 672-683
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimsIn heart failure, non-adherence increases events; in turn, the effect of hospitalization on adherence is incompletely understood. We explored the relationship of non-adherence to outcomes, hospitalizations with non-adherence, and the influence of non-adherence on treatment effects of heart rate lowering with ivabradine. Methods and resultsIn the randomized, controlled Systolic Heart failure treatment with the If-inhibitor ivabradine Trial (SHIFT), we studied the effect of non-adherence (n = 1287) compared with adherence (n=5204) on cardiovascular outcomes. After adjustment, non-adherence was associated with the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death and heart failure hospitalization (hazard ratio 3.47, 95% confidence interval 2.91-4.13, P < 0.0001). No interaction with the treatment groups of placebo or ivabradine (P for interaction 0.54) occurred. Similar results for cardiovascular death and heart failure hospitalization, as well as for cardiovascular hospitalization, heart failure death, and total death were observed. The effect of ivabradine was maintained in patients being adherent or becoming non-adherent during the trial (P for interaction=0.54). Patients with a previous hospitalization were more likely to become non-adherent thereafter. ConclusionsNon-adherence identifies a group at particularly high cardiovascular event risk independent of treatment allocation. Non-adherent patients in the ivabradine group maintain a treatment benefit. Patients with previous hospitalizations are more likely to become non-adherent and represent a group of particularly high-risk patients in whom special attention to stimulate adherence may be valuable.
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