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1.
  • Bartuma, Hammurabi, et al. (författare)
  • Assessment of the clinical and molecular impact of different cytogenetic subgroups in a series of 272 lipomas with abnormal karyotype
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 46:6, s. 594-606
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Conventional lipomas harbor karyotypic changes that could be subdivided into four, usually mutually exclusive, categories: rearrangement, in particular through translocations, of chromosome bands 12q13-15, resulting in deregulation of the HMGA2 gene, loss of material from or rearrangement of chromosome 13, supernumerary ring or giant marker chromosomes, and aberrations of chromosome band 6p21. In the present study, 272 conventional lipomas, two-thirds of them deep-seated, with acquired clonal chromosome changes were assessed with regard to karyotypic and clinical features. A nonrandom distribution of breakpoints and imbalances could be confirmed, with 83% of the cases harboring one or more of the previously known cytogenetic hallmarks. Correlation with clinical features revealed that lipomas with rings/giant markers were larger, occurred in older patients, were more often deep-seated, and seemed to have an increased tendency to recur locally, compared with tumors with other chromosome aberrations. The possible involvement of the HMGA2 gene in cases that did not show any of the characteristic cytogenetic changes was further evaluated by locus-specific metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and RT-PCR, revealing infrequent cryptic disruption of the gene but abundant expression of full length or truncated transcripts. By FISH, we could also show that breakpoints in bands 10q22-23 do not affect the MYST4 gene, whereas breakpoints in 6p21 or 8q11-12 occasionally target the HMGA1 or PLAG1 genes, respectively, also in conventional lipomas.
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2.
  • Bartuma, Hammurabi, et al. (författare)
  • Cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic findings in lipoblastoma.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 183:1, s. 60-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lipoblastoma is a rare benign tumor that arises from embryonic adipose tissue and usually occurs in young children. Here, we present a review of available cytogenetic data and the karyotypes of 10 new cases of lipoblastoma, of which 7 could be studied further by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with regard to the involvement of the PLAG1 gene. All seven tumors with clonal aberrations harbored breakpoints in 8q11 approximately q13, in agreement with literature data. Including previously published cases, 33/40 (82%) lipoblastomas had rearrangement of the 8q11 approximately q13 region. These rearrangements target the PLAG1 gene, which becomes upregulated through promoter swapping. FISH revealed that five of seven cases in our series had a rearrangement of the PLAG1 gene. Occasionally, there can be difficulties in distinguishing a lipoblastoma from a conventional lipoma or a myxoid liposarcoma. As 8q11 approximately q13 rearrangements have been reported in only 3% of conventional lipomas and never in myxoid liposarcoma, cytogenetic analysis or FISH for the PLAG1 gene can provide useful differential diagnostic information.
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3.
  • Bartuma, Hammurabi, et al. (författare)
  • Expression levels of HMGA2 in adipocytic tumors correlate with morphologic and cytogenetic subgroups.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Molecular Cancer. - BioMed Central (BMC). - 1476-4598. ; 8:Jun 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The HMGA2 gene encodes a protein that alters chromatin structure. Deregulation, typically through chromosomal rearrangements, of HMGA2 has an important role in the development of several mesenchymal neoplasms. These rearrangements result in the expression of a truncated protein lacking the acidic C-terminus, a fusion protein consisting of the AT-hook domains encoded by exons 1-3 and parts from another gene, or a full-length protein; loss of binding sites for regulatory microRNA molecules from the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of HMGA2 has been suggested to be a common denominator. METHODS: Seventy adipocytic tumors, representing different morphologic and cytogenetic subgroups, were analyzed by qRT-PCR to study the expression status of HMGA2; 18 of these tumors were further examined by PCR to search for mutations or deletions in the 3'UTR. RESULTS: Type (full-length or truncated) and level of expression varied with morphology and karyotype, with the highest levels in atypical lipomatous tumors and lipomas with rearrangements of 12q13-15 and the lowest in lipomas with 6p- or 13q-rearrangements, hibernomas, spindle cell lipomas and myxoid liposarcomas. All 18 examined tumors showed reduced or absent expression of the entire, or parts of, the 3'UTR, which was not due to mutations at the DNA level. CONCLUSION: In adipocytic tumors with deregulated HMGA2 expression, the 3'UTR is consistently lost, either due to physical disruption of HMGA2 or a shift to production of shorter 3'UTR.
4.
  • Bartuma, Hammurabi, et al. (författare)
  • Fusion of the FUS and CREB3L2 genes in a supernumerary ring chromosome in low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 199:2, s. 143-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare, low-grade malignant soft tissue tumor that is often mistaken for either benign or more malignant tumor types. Commonly, this tumor affects young adults and typically arises in the deep proximal extremities or trunk with frequent recurrences and can metastasize to the lungs many years later. Most cases have a recurrent balanced translocation involving chromosomes 7 and 16, t(7;16)(q32-34;p11), which leads to the fusion of the FUS and CREB3L2 genes. However, supernumerary ring chromosomes have been identified in a subset of FUS/CREB3L2-positive LGFMS, but it has not yet been formally demonstrated that such ring chromosomes harbor the FUS/CREB3L2 fusion gene. Here, we report the genetic findings of a supernumerary ring chromosome from an LGFMS from a 77-year-old man. Chromosome banding analysis revealed a supernumerary ring chromosome, and further studies with fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that the ring contained material from chromosomes 7 and 16, that the FUS gene was present in two rearranged copies, and that it expressed the FUS/CREB3L2 fusion gene. Moreover, an assessment of previously reported cases showed that tumors with ring chromosomes relapsed more often than tumors with a balanced t(7;16), suggesting that ring formation in LGFMS is correlated with tumor progression.
5.
  • Bartuma, Hammurabi, et al. (författare)
  • Gene expression and single nucleotide polymorphism array analyses of spindle cell lipomas and conventional lipomas with 13q14 deletion.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 50, s. 619-632
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Spindle cell lipomas (SCL) are circumscribed, usually s.c. tumors that typically occur on the posterior neck, shoulder, and back of middle aged men. Cytogenetically, almost all SCL are characterized by deletions of chromosome arm 13q, often in combination with loss of 16q. Deletions of 13q are seen also in approximately 15% of conventional lipomas. Through single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analyses, we identified two minimal deleted regions (MDR) in 13q14 in SCL. In MDR1, four genes were located, including the tumor suppressor gene RB1. MDR1 in SCL overlapped with the MDR detected in conventional lipomas with 13q14 deletion. In MDR2 in SCL there were 34 genes and the two microRNA (miRNA) genes miR-15a and miR-16-1. Global gene expression analysis was used to study the impact of the deletions on genes mapping to the two SCL-associated MDR. Five genes (C13orf1, DHRS12, ATP7B, ALG11, and VPS36) in SCL and one gene (C13orf1) in conventional lipomas with 13q-deletions were found to be significantly underexpressed compared with control tissues. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that miR-16-1 was expressed at lower levels in SCL than in the control samples. No mutations were found at sequencing of RB1, miR-15a, and miR-16-1. Our findings further delineate the target region for the 13q deletion in SCL and conventional lipomas and show that the deletions are associated with down-regulated expression of several genes, notably C13orf1, which was the only gene to be significantly down-regulated in both tumor types. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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8.
  • Dahlén, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Clustering of deletions on chromosome 13 in benign and low-malignant lipomatous tumors
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 103:5, s. 616-623
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Deletions and structural rearrangements of the long arm of chromosome 13 are frequently observed in benign and low-malignant lipomatous tumors, but nothing is known about their molecular genetic consequences. We assessed the karyotypes of 40 new and 22 previously published cases (35 ordinary lipomas, 15 spindle cell/pleomorphic lipomas, 2 myxolipomas, 1 angiomyxolipoma and 9 atypical lipomatous tumors) with chromosome 13-abnormalities, and found bands 13q12-22 to be frequently affected. Twenty-seven cases with structural abnormalities within this region were selected for breakpoint and deletion mapping by metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using a set of 20 probes. Deletions were found in 23 of 27 cases. The remaining 4 cases had seemingly balanced rearrangements. The breakpoints were scattered but clustered to band 13q14, and in all cases with unbalanced abnormalities, a limited region within band 13q14 was partially or completely deleted. A deletion within band 13q14 was found together with a breakpoint on the other homologue in 5 cases, 4 of which could be tested further with regard to the status of the retinoblastoma (RB1)-gene. In all 4 cases, only 1 copy of the gene was deleted. In addition to the breaks and deletions in the vicinity of the RB1-locus, several other regions of 13q were recurrently affected, e.g., in the vicinity of the hereditary breast cancer (BRCA2; 13q12)- and lipoma HMGIC fusion partner (LHFP; 13q13)- genes. Our findings strongly indicate that deletion of a limited region (approximately 2.5 Mbp) within 13q14, distal to the RB1-locus, is of importance in the development of a subset of lipomatous tumors.
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9.
  • Dahlén, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Fusion, disruption, and expression of HMGA2 in bone and soft tissue chondromas
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Modern Pathology. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1530-0285. ; 16:11, s. 1132-1140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Soft tissue and skeletal chondromas are rare entities, and only 21 cases with abnormal karyotypes have been reported. A survey of these, and 10 new cases reported herein, showed that the 12q13-15 segment is nonrandomly involved in structural rearrangements in chondromas. The HMGA2 (HMGI-C) locus in 12q15 is frequently rearranged in other benign mesenchymal tumors, and this study aimed at characterizing the expression of HMGA2 in chondromatous tumors. The material consisted of 8 soft tissue and 6 skeletal chondromas, as well as of 14 skeletal chondrosarcomas. All cases had been cytogenetically analyzed. Expression of HMGA2 could be assessed by RT-PCR in 8 chondromas and 13 chondrosarcomas. HMGA2 was expressed in 4 of six soft tissue chondromas, all displaying 12q-rearrangements at cytogenetic analysis. A truncated transcript (exons 1-3), but not a full-length (exons 1-5) transcript, was detected in three of them, suggesting activation through an intragenic rearrangement. One soft tissue chondroma had a t(3;12)(q27;q15), and the RT-PCR analysis revealed an HMGA2-LPP fusion transcript, composed of HMGA2 exons 1-3 and LPP exons 9-11. An identical fusion transcript previously has been identified in lipoma and pulmonary chondroid hamartoma. In the fourth soft tissue chondroma, a full-length transcript was detected, indicating expression of at least one intact allele. Both skeletal chondromas expressed HMGA2. In one of them, a full-length transcript was detected, even though 12q was cytogenetically unaffected. A truncated or full-length transcript was found in 8 of 13 chondrosarcomas, 4 of which displayed 12q rearrangements. Possibly, cryptic rearrangements were present among the many complex marker chromosomes in the remaining 4 cases.
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10.
  • Elmula, Imad, et al. (författare)
  • Chromosomal aberrations in benign and malignant Bilharzia-associated bladder lesions analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-2407. ; 2:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Bilharzia-associated bladder cancer (BAC) is a major health problem in countries where urinary schistosomiasis is endemic. Characterization of the genetic alterations in this cancer might enhance our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms of the disease but, in contrast to nonbilharzia bladder cancer, BAC has rarely been the object of such scrutiny. In the present study, we aimed to characterize chromosomal imbalances in benign and malignant post-bilharzial lesions, and to determine whether their unique etiology yields a distinct cytogenetic profile as compared to chemically induced bladder tumors. METHODS: DNAs from 20 archival paraffin-embedded post-bilharzial bladder lesions (6 benign and 14 malignant) obtained from Sudanese patients (12 males and 8 females) with a history of urinary bilharziasis were investigated for chromosomal imbalances using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Subsequent FISH analysis with pericentromeric probes was performed on paraffin sections of the same cases to confirm the CGH results. RESULTS: Seven of the 20 lesions (6 carcinomas and one granuloma) showed chromosomal imbalances varying from 1 to 6 changes. The most common chromosomal imbalances detected were losses of 1p21-31, 8p21-pter, and 9p and gain of 19p material, seen in three cases each, including the benign lesion. CONCLUSION: Most of the detected imbalances have been repeatedly reported in non-bilharzial bladder carcinomas, suggesting that the cytogenetic profiles of chemical- and bilharzia-induced carcinomas are largely similar. However, loss of 9p seems to be more ubiquitous in BAC than in bladder cancer in industrialized countries.
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