Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(McDermott Alison M.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(McDermott Alison M.)

  • Resultat 1-4 av 4
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Klionsky, Daniel J., et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Autophagy. - : Landes Bioscience. - 1554-8635 .- 1554-8627. ; 8:4, s. 445-544
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy in different organisms. Various reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, there continues to be confusion regarding acceptable methods to measure autophagy, especially in multicellular eukaryotes. A key point that needs to be emphasized is that there is a difference between measurements that monitor the numbers or volume of autophagic elements (e.g., autophagosomes or autolysosomes) at any stage of the autophagic process vs. those that measure flux through the autophagy pathway (i.e., the complete process); thus, a block in macroautophagy that results in autophagosome accumulation needs to be differentiated from stimuli that result in increased autophagic activity, defined as increased autophagy induction coupled with increased delivery to, and degradation within, lysosomes (in most higher eukaryotes and some protists such as Dictyostelium) or the vacuole (in plants and fungi). In other words, it is especially important that investigators new to the field understand that the appearance of more autophagosomes does not necessarily equate with more autophagy. In fact, in many cases, autophagosomes accumulate because of a block in trafficking to lysosomes without a concomitant change in autophagosome biogenesis, whereas an increase in autolysosomes may reflect a reduction in degradative activity. Here, we present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of methods for use by investigators who aim to examine macroautophagy and related processes, as well as for reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that are focused on these processes. These guidelines are not meant to be a formulaic set of rules, because the appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used. In addition, we emphasize that no individual assay is guaranteed to be the most appropriate one in every situation, and we strongly recommend the use of multiple assays to monitor autophagy. In these guidelines, we consider these various methods of assessing autophagy and what information can, or cannot, be obtained from them. Finally, by discussing the merits and limits of particular autophagy assays, we hope to encourage technical innovation in the field.
  • Cameron-McDermott, Suzette M., et al. (författare)
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates and syndromic treatment of men with urethral discharge in Kingston, Jamaica, 2018-19
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. - : Oxford University Press. - 0305-7453 .- 1460-2091. ; 77:1, s. 218-222
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from men with urethral discharge in Jamaica and to describe the syndromic treatment therapies administered.METHODS: Urethral eSwabs (Copan) were collected from 175 men presenting with urethral discharge to the Comprehensive Health Centre STI Clinic, Kingston, Jamaica. Clinical information was collected and MICs of eight antimicrobials were determined for N. gonorrhoeae isolates (n = 96) using Etest and interpreted using CLSI criteria.RESULTS: The median age of the subjects was 28 years (range: 18-73 years) with a median of 2 sexual partners (range: 1-25) per male in the previous 3 months. All examined N. gonorrhoeae isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone (96/96), azithromycin (91/91), cefixime (91/91) and spectinomycin (91/91). For ciprofloxacin and gentamicin, respectively, 98.9% (91/92) and 91.3% (84/92) of the isolates were susceptible and 1.1% (1/92) and 8.7% (8/92) showed intermediate susceptibility/resistance. For tetracycline and benzylpenicillin, respectively, 38.0% (35/92) and 22.0% (20/91) of the isolates were susceptible, 52.2% (48/92) and 74.7% (68/91) showed intermediate susceptibility/resistance and 9.8% (9/92) and 3.3% (3/91) were resistant. Syndromic treatment was administered as follows: 93.1% received 250 mg of ceftriaxone intramuscularly plus 100 mg of doxycycline orally q12h for 1-2 weeks and 6.9% received 500 mg of ciprofloxacin orally plus 100 mg of doxycycline orally q12h for 1 week.CONCLUSIONS: Ceftriaxone (250 mg) remains appropriate for gonorrhoea treatment in the examined population of men in Kingston, Jamaica. Surveillance of N. gonorrhoeae AMR should be expanded in Jamaica and other Caribbean countries to guide evidence-based treatment guidelines.
  • Reins, Rose Y., et al. (författare)
  • Vitamin D Induces Global Gene Transcription in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells : Implications for Corneal Inflammation
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. - 0146-0404 .- 1552-5783. ; 57:6, s. 2689-2698
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE. Our previous studies show that human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) have a functional vitamin D receptor (VDR) and respond to vitamin D by dampening TLR-induced inflammation. Here, we further examined the timing of the cytokine response to combined vitamin D-TLR treatment and used genome-wide microarray analysis to examine the effect of vitamin D on corneal gene expression. METHODS. Telomerase-immortalized HCEC (hTCEpi) were stimulated with polyinosinicpolycytidylic acid (poly[I: C]) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (1,25D(3)) for 2 to 24 hours and interleukin (IL)-8 expression was examined by quantitative (q) PCR and ELISA. Telomeraseimmortalized HCEC and SV40-HCEC were treated with 1,25D(3) and used in genome-wide microarray analysis. Expression of target genes was validated using qPCR in both cell lines and primary HCEC. For confirmation of IjBa protein, hTCEpi were treated with 1,25D(3) for 24 hours and cell lysates used in an ELISA. RESULTS. Treatment with 1,25D(3) increased poly(I: C)-induced IL-8 mRNA and protein expression after 2 to 6 hours. However, when cells were pretreated with 1,25D(3) for 24 hours, 1,25D(3) decreased cytokine expression. For microarray analysis, 308 genes were differentially expressed by 1,25D(3) treatment in hTCEpi, and 69 genes in SV40s. Quantitative (q) PCR confirmed the vitamin D-mediated upregulation of target genes, including nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha (I kappa B alpha). In addition to increased transcript levels, I kappa B alpha protein was increased by 28% following 24 hours of vitamin D treatment. CONCLUSIONS. Microarray analysis demonstrates that vitamin D regulates numerous genes in HCEC and influences TLR signaling through upregulation of I kappa B alpha. These findings are important in dissecting the role of vitamin D at the ocular surface and highlight the need for further research into the functions of vitamin D and its influence on corneal gene expression.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-4 av 4
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (3)
forskningsöversikt (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (4)
Cookson, Mark R. (2)
Meyer, Thomas F (2)
Albert, Matthew L (2)
Lopez-Otin, Carlos (2)
Skulachev, Vladimir ... (2)
Kampinga, Harm H. (2)
visa fler...
Hill, Joseph A. (2)
Tannous, Bakhos A (2)
de Haan, Cornelis A. ... (2)
Weiss, William A. (2)
Schwartz, Gary K (2)
Quaggin, Susan E. (2)
Xavier, Ramnik J. (2)
Schorderet, Daniel F ... (2)
Sood, Anil K (2)
Brunk, Ulf T (2)
van Grunsven, Leo A (2)
Rathmell, Jeffrey C. (2)
Ray, Swapan K. (2)
Netea, Mihai G. (2)
Bornhauser, Beat C. (2)
Reichert, Andreas S. (2)
Herman, Paul K (2)
Tolkovsky, Aviva M. (2)
Davies, Faith E. (2)
Bulman, Dennis E. (2)
Al-Zeer, Munir A. (2)
Manon, Stephen (2)
Kaminskyy, Vitaliy O ... (2)
Oliver, F Javier (2)
Brumell, John H. (2)
Schapira, Anthony H. ... (2)
Thompson, Craig B (2)
McConkey, David J. (2)
Kovács, Attila L. (2)
Juhász, Gábor (2)
Ellerby, Lisa M (2)
Bozhkov, Peter V (2)
Voitsekhovskaja, Olg ... (2)
Williams, Cecilia (2)
Moreira, Paula I. (2)
Rubinsztein, David C (2)
Bahr, Ben A (2)
Mottram, Jeremy C (2)
Rhodes, Christopher ... (2)
Hocking, Lynne J (2)
Harris, Adrian L. (2)
Sidhu, Stan B. (2)
Malicdan, May Christ ... (2)
Backues, Steven K. (2)
visa färre...
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (2)
Göteborgs universitet (1)
Örebro universitet (1)
Lunds universitet (1)
Karolinska Institutet (1)
Engelska (4)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (3)
Naturvetenskap (1)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy