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Sökning: WFRF:(McManus Ross)

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  • Apel, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Variants in RUNX3 Contribute to Susceptibility to Psoriatic Arthritis, Exhibiting Further Common Ground With Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - 0004-3591 .- 1529-0131. ; 65:5, s. 1224-1231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a common inflammatory joint disease distinct from other chronic arthritides and frequently accompanied by psoriasis vulgaris. In a first genome-wide association study (GWAS), we were able to identify several genetic risk factors. However, even combined with previously identified factors, the genetic contribution to disease was not fully explained. Therefore, we undertook this study to investigate further 17 loci from our GWAS that did not reach genome-wide significance levels of association in the initial analysis. Methods Twenty-one of 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were successfully genotyped in independent cohorts of 1,398 PsA patients and 6,389 controls and in a group of 964 German patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Results Association with a RUNX3 variant, rs4649038, was replicated in independent patients and controls and resulted in a combined P value of 1.40 x 108 by Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test and an odds ratio (OR) of 1.24 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.151.33). Further analyses based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) at RUNX3 refined the most significant association to an LD block located in the first intron of one isoform. Weaker evidence for association was detected in German patients with psoriasis vulgaris (P = 5.89 x 102; OR 1.13 [95% CI 1.001.28]), indicating a role in the skin manifestations of psoriasis. Conclusion Our analyses identified variants in RUNX3 as susceptibility factors for PsA. RUNX3 has already been implicated in susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis, another spondyloarthritis, although its risk allele is independent from the one for PsA. RUNX-3 is involved in CD8+ T lymphocyte differentiation and is therefore a good candidate for involvement in PsA and psoriasis vulgaris as T cellmediated diseases.
  • Hüffmeier, Ulrike, et al. (författare)
  • Common variants at TRAF3IP2 are associated with susceptibility to psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 42:11, s. 996-999
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory joint disease that is distinct from other chronic arthritides and which is frequently accompanied by psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) and seronegativity for rheumatoid factor. We conducted a genome-wide association study in 609 German individuals with PsA (cases) and 990 controls with replication in 6 European cohorts including a total of 5,488 individuals. We replicated PsA associations at HLA-C and IL12B and identified a new association at TRAF3IP2 (rs13190932, P = 8.56 × 10⁻¹⁷). TRAF3IP2 was also associated with PsV in a German cohort including 2,040 individuals (rs13190932, P = 1.95 × 10⁻³). Sequencing of the exons of TRAF3IP2 identified a coding variant (p.Asp10Asn, rs33980500) as the most significantly associated SNP (P = 1.13 × 10⁻²⁰, odds ratio = 1.95). Functional assays showed reduced binding of this TRAF3IP2 variant to TRAF6, suggesting altered modulation of immunoregulatory signals through altered TRAF interactions as a new and shared pathway for PsA and PsV.
  • Shannon, Casey P., et al. (författare)
  • HEARTBiT : A Transcriptomic Signature for Excluding Acute Cellular Rejection in Adult Heart Allograft Patients
  • Ingår i: Canadian Journal of Cardiology. - : Elsevier Inc.. - 0828-282X. ; 36:8, s. 1217-1227
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Nine mRNA transcripts associated with acute cellular rejection (ACR) in previous microarray studies were ported to the clinically amenable NanoString nCounter platform. Here we report the diagnostic performance of the resulting blood test to exclude ACR in heart allograft recipients: HEARTBiT. Methods: Blood samples for transcriptomic profiling were collected during routine post-transplantation monitoring in 8 Canadian transplant centres participating in the Biomarkers in Transplantation initiative, a large (n = 1622) prospective observational study conducted between 2009 and 2014. All adult cardiac transplant patients were invited to participate (median age = 56 [17 to 71]). The reference standard for rejection status was histopathology grading of tissue from endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). All locally graded ISHLT ≥ 2R rejection samples were selected for analysis (n = 36). ISHLT 1R (n = 38) and 0R (n = 86) samples were randomly selected to create a cohort approximately matched for site, age, sex, and days post-transplantation, with a focus on early time points (median days post-transplant = 42 [7 to 506]). Results: ISHLT ≥ 2R rejection was confirmed by EMB in 18 and excluded in 92 samples in the test set. HEARTBiT achieved 47% specificity (95% confidence interval [CI], 36%-57%) given ≥ 90% sensitivity, with a corresponding area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.69 (95% CI, 0.56-0.81). Conclusions: HEARTBiT's diagnostic performance compares favourably to the only currently approved minimally invasive diagnostic test to rule out ACR, AlloMap (CareDx, Brisbane, CA) and may be used to inform care decisions in the first 2 months post-transplantation, when AlloMap is not approved, and most ACR episodes occur.
  • Su, Zhan, et al. (författare)
  • Common variants at the MHC locus and at chromosome 16q24.1 predispose to Barrett's esophagus.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 44:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Barrett's esophagus is an increasingly common disease that is strongly associated with reflux of stomach acid and usually a hiatus hernia, and it strongly predisposes to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), a tumor with a very poor prognosis. We report the first genome-wide association study on Barrett's esophagus, comprising 1,852 UK cases and 5,172 UK controls in the discovery stage and 5,986 cases and 12,825 controls in the replication stage. Variants at two loci were associated with disease risk: chromosome 6p21, rs9257809 (Pcombined=4.09×10(-9); odds ratio (OR)=1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.13-1.28), within the major histocompatibility complex locus, and chromosome 16q24, rs9936833 (Pcombined=2.74×10(-10); OR=1.14, 95% CI=1.10-1.19), for which the closest protein-coding gene is FOXF1, which is implicated in esophageal development and structure. We found evidence that many common variants of small effect contribute to genetic susceptibility to Barrett's esophagus and that SNP alleles predisposing to obesity also increase risk for Barrett's esophagus.
  • Bowes, John, et al. (författare)
  • PTPN22 is associated with susceptibility to psoriatic arthritis but not psoriasis : evidence for a further PsA-specific risk locus
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 74:10, s. 1882-1885
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis; it has a higher estimated genetic component than psoriasis alone, however most genetic susceptibility loci identified for PsA to date are also shared with psoriasis. Here we attempt to validate novel single nucleotide polymorphisms selected from our recent PsA Immunochip study and determine specificity to PsA. Methods A total of 15 single nucleotide polymorphisms were selected (P-Immunochip <1x10(-4)) for validation genotyping in 1177 cases and 2155 controls using TaqMan. Meta-analysis of Immunochip and validation data sets consisted of 3139 PsA cases and 11 078 controls. Novel PsA susceptibility loci were compared with data from two large psoriasis studies (WTCCC2 and Immunochip) to determine PsA specificity. Results We found genome-wide significant association to rs2476601, mapping to PTPN22 (p=1.49x10(-9), OR=1.32), but no evidence for association in the psoriasis cohort (p=0.34) and the effect estimates were significantly different between PsA and psoriasis (p=3.2x10(-4)). Additionally, we found genome-wide significant association to the previously reported psoriasis risk loci; NOS2 (rs4795067, p=5.27x10(-9)). Conclusions For the first time, we report genome-wide significant association of PTPN22 (rs2476601) to PsA susceptibility, but no evidence for association to psoriasis.
  • Gustafsson Bragde, Hanna, 1979- (författare)
  • Biomarkers of Inflammation and Intestinal Mucosa Pathology in Celiac Disease
  • 2019
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten. The only currently available treatment is complying with a lifelong gluten-free diet, which should not be commenced before a CD diagnosis has been established by diagnostic test results (including histopathologic assessment of small intestinal biopsies and CD-specific antibody levels). This makes diagnostic swiftness and accuracy important. In cases with low CD-specific antibody levels and/or low-grade intestinal injuries the diagnosis can be difficult to establish. The main objective of this thesis was to complement and improve CD diagnostics by identifying and implementing new biomarkers, mainly based on gene expression, in small intestinal biopsies and blood. In paper I, genes were selected to reflect villous height, crypt elongation, immune response, and epithelial integrity. The results showed that a subset of those genes could discriminate active CD mucosa from mucosa without CD-related changes and grade the intestinal injury. In paper III, an unbiased investigation of gene expression in CD mucosa was performed using transcriptome analysis. Active CD and non-CD mucosa showed differential expression in a subset of genes, and some were differentially expressed in CD mucosa before histopathologic assessment could confirm intestinal alterations compatible with a CD diagnosis. Gene set analysis revealed that there are many biological processes affected in CD mucosa, including those associated with immune response, microbial infection, phagocytosis, intestinal barrier function, metabolism, and transportation.In parallel, gene expression was investigated in stabilised whole blood. Blood is a more accessible sampling material than intestinal biopsies, and stabilised blood is suitable for routine diagnostics since transcript levels are preserved at sampling. In paper II, expressions from a selection of genes were quantified in stabilised whole blood (RNA) and/or plasma (protein). Three genes with differential expression in CD were identified. Compared to the CD-specific autoantibodies against tissue transglutaminase (anti-TG2) alone, the addition of the information from the new potential markers resulted in a nonsignificant contribution to the diagnostic capacity of anti-TG2. An unbiased investigation using transcriptome analysis (paper IV) showed that gene level expression differences in stabilised whole blood were small between CD and non-CD. However, expression differences on a gene set level could potentially be used in CD diagnostics. CD-associated biological processes suggested by the results included a pro-inflammatory response, negative regulation of viral replication, proliferation, differentiation, cell migration, cell survival, translation, and haemostasis.Expression analysis using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is easy to perform, with instrumentation available at most clinical laboratories. Although select solitary biomarkers could be very useful in the diagnosis of CD, basing gene expression profiles on pathway information instead of single genes might also disclose disease heterogeneity between patients and add stability to a diagnostic method based on gene expressions. In conclusion, the results of this work demonstrate that analysing the expression of a few small intestinal genes can complement CD diagnostics. The application of gene expression analysis in cases with minor small intestine histopathological changes shows promising results, but needs further investigations. Additionally, gene expressions in other inflammatory diseases of the small intestine need to be investigated and compared with CD to complete the picture. Moreover, the findings from this work give clues about the biological contexts in which CD resides, and the potential of gene expression in blood at a gene set level is of interest for further investigations.
  • Phillips, Catherine M., et al. (författare)
  • ACC2 gene polymorphisms, metabolic syndrome, and gene-nutrient interactions with dietary fat
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lipid Research. - 0022-2275 .- 1539-7262. ; 51:12, s. 3500-3507
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acetyl-CoA carboxylase beta (ACC2) plays a key role in fatty acid synthesis and oxidation pathways. Disturbance of these pathways is associated with impaired insulin responsiveness and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Gene-nutrient interactions may affect MetS risk. This study determined the relationship between ACC2 polymorphisms (rs2075263, rs2268387, rs2284685, rs2284689, rs2300453, rs3742023, rs3742026, rs4766587, and rs6606697) and MetS risk, and whether dietary fatty acids modulate this in the LIPGENE-SU. VI.MAX study of MetS cases and matched controls (n = 1754). Minor A allele carriers of rs4766587 had increased MetS risk (OR 1.29 [CI 1.08, 1.58], P = 0.0064) compared with the GG homozygotes, which may in part be explained by their increased body mass index (BMI), abdominal obesity, and impaired insulin sensitivity (P < 0.05). MetS risk was modulated by dietary fat intake (P = 0.04 for gene-nutrient interaction), where risk conferred by the A allele was exacerbated among individuals with a high-fat intake (>35% energy) (OR 1.62 [CI 1.05, 2.50], P = 0.027), particularly a high intake (>5.5% energy) of n-6 polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) (OR 1.82 [CI 1.14, 2.94], P = 0.01; P = 0.05 for gene-nutrient interaction). Saturated and monounsaturated fat intake did not modulate MetS risk. Importantly, we replicated some of these findings in an independent cohort.jlr In conclusion, the ACC2 rs4766587 polymorphism influences MetS risk, which was modulated by dietary fat, suggesting novel gene-nutrient interactions.-Phillips, C. M., L. Goumidi, S. Bertrais, M. R. Field, L. Adrienne Cupples, J. M. Ordovas, J. McMonagle, C. Defoort, J. A. Lovegrove, C. A. Drevon, E. E. Blaak, B. Kiec-Wilk, U. Riserus, J. Lopez-Miranda, R. McManus, S. Hercberg, D. Lairon, R. Planells, and H. M. Roche. ACC2 gene polymorphisms, metabolic syndrome, and gene-nutrient interactions with dietary fat.
  • Phillips, Catherine M, et al. (författare)
  • Gene-nutrient interactions with dietary fat modulate the association between genetic variation of the ACSL1 gene and metabolic syndrome
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lipid Research. - 0022-2275 .- 1539-7262. ; 51:7, s. 1793-1800
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Long-chain acyl CoA synthetase 1 (ACSL1) plays an important role in fatty acid metabolism and triacylglycerol (TAG) synthesis. Disturbance of these pathways may result in dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, hallmarks of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Dietary fat is a key environmental factor that may interact with genetic determinants of lipid metabolism to affect MetS risk. We investigated the relationship between ACSL1 polymorphisms (rs4862417, rs6552828, rs13120078, rs9997745, and rs12503643) and MetS risk and determined potential interactions with dietary fat in the LIPGENE-SU.VI.MAX study of MetS cases and matched controls (n = 1,754). GG homozygotes for rs9997745 had increased MetS risk {odds ratio (OR) 1.90 [confidence interval (CI) 1.15, 3.13]; P = 0.01}, displayed elevated fasting glucose (P = 0.001) and insulin concentrations (P = 0.002) and increased insulin resistance (P = 0.03) relative to the A allele carriers. MetS risk was modulated by dietary fat, whereby the risk conferred by GG homozygosity was abolished among individuals consuming either a low-fat (<35% energy) or a high-PUFA diet (>5.5% energy). In conclusion, ACSL1 rs9997745 influences MetS risk, most likely via disturbances in fatty acid metabolism, which was modulated by dietary fat consumption, particularly PUFA intake, suggesting novel gene-nutrient interactions.
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