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Sökning: WFRF:(Menchon JM)

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  • Granero, Roser, et al. (författare)
  • Is pathological gambling moderated by age?
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Gambling Studies. - 1050-5350 .- 1573-3602. ; 30:2, s. 475-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The age of a patient is a strong moderator of both the course and the evolution of disorders/diseases. However, the effects of current age in pathological gambling (PG) have rarely been examined. The aim of this study is to explore the moderating effects of the patients' current age in relation to personality traits and clinical outcomes of PG. A total sample of 2,309 treatment-seeking patients for PG, diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria, participated in this study and were assessed with the Diagnostic Questionnaire for Pathological Gambling according to DSM-IV criteria, the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Symptom Checklist, the Temperament and Character Inventory-R, and other clinical and psychopathological measures. Orthogonal polynomial contrasts showed linear trends in the relationship between age and PG: the older the patient, the more comorbid health problems were visible. The presence of additional quadratic trends also suggests that age plays a significant role in moderating the possibility of existing PG problems and general psychopathology. No interaction term was found between age and sex, but it was present for age and some personality traits: self-transcendence and reward dependence (these two traits were only relevant to the level of impairment due to PG at specific ages). This study suggests that the patients' age influences psychopathological and clinical aspects associated to PG. Intervention in the earliest manifestations of this complex problem is essential in order to better address the need of successful treatment planning.
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  • Jiménez-Murcia, Susana, et al. (författare)
  • Typologies of young pathological gamblers based on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Comprehensive Psychiatry. - 0010-440X .- 1532-8384. ; 54:8, s. 1153-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore empirical clusters within the population of young Spanish individuals attending outpatient pathological gambling treatment.METHOD: The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R), the Temperament and Character Inventory-R (TCI-R) and other clinical and psychopathological measures were administered to 154 patients (between 17 and 25 years old). The two-step cluster analysis explored the presence of empirical heterogeneous groups based on clinical and socio-demographic characteristics.RESULTS: Three clusters of young pathological gambling patients emerged. Type I showed less psychopathology and more functional personality traits. Type II showed a profile characterized by major emotional distress, shame, immaturity, hostility and negative feelings. Type III showed the most severe psychopathological profile and most psychopathological disturbances and schizotypal traits.CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that three distinct endophenotypes exist, and that environmental factors have a stronger influence in the first, while in the second and third, individual factors related to deficits of emotional regulation stand out.
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