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Sökning: WFRF:(Meyer Jeffery)

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1.
  • Michailidou, Kyriaki, et al. (författare)
  • Association analysis identifies 65 new breast cancer risk loci.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 551:7678, s. 92-94
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Breast cancer risk is influenced by rare coding variants in susceptibility genes, such as BRCA1, and many common, mostly non-coding variants. However, much of the genetic contribution to breast cancer risk remains unknown. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study of breast cancer in 122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry and 14,068 cases and 13,104 controls of East Asian ancestry. We identified 65 new loci that are associated with overall breast cancer risk at P &lt; 5 × 10-8. The majority of credible risk single-nucleotide polymorphisms in these loci fall in distal regulatory elements, and by integrating in silico data to predict target genes in breast cells at each locus, we demonstrate a strong overlap between candidate target genes and somatic driver genes in breast tumours. We also find that heritability of breast cancer due to all single-nucleotide polymorphisms in regulatory features was 2-5-fold enriched relative to the genome-wide average, with strong enrichment for particular transcription factor binding sites. These results provide further insight into genetic susceptibility to breast cancer and will improve the use of genetic risk scores for individualized screening and prevention.</p>
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2.
  • Milne, Roger L, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of ten variants associated with risk of estrogen-receptor-negative breast cancer.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 49:12, s. 1767-1778
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Most common breast cancer susceptibility variants have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of predominantly estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease. We conducted a GWAS using 21,468 ER-negative cases and 100,594 controls combined with 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer), all of European origin. We identified independent associations at P &lt; 5 × 10-8 with ten variants at nine new loci. At P &lt; 0.05, we replicated associations with 10 of 11 variants previously reported in ER-negative disease or BRCA1 mutation carrier GWAS and observed consistent associations with ER-negative disease for 105 susceptibility variants identified by other studies. These 125 variants explain approximately 16% of the familial risk of this breast cancer subtype. There was high genetic correlation (0.72) between risk of ER-negative breast cancer and breast cancer risk for BRCA1 mutation carriers. These findings may lead to improved risk prediction and inform further fine-mapping and functional work to better understand the biological basis of ER-negative breast cancer.</p>
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3.
  • Pierceall, William E, et al. (författare)
  • Utilization of fluorescence in situ hybridization with cytokeratin discriminators in TOP2A assessment of chemotherapy-treated patients with breast cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Human Pathology. - 0046-8177 .- 1532-8392. ; 43:9, s. 1363-1375
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Tumor biomarkers increasingly provide information for predicting outcomes with chemotherapeutic regimens (personalized medicine). Topo2A is a DNA helicase targeted by anthracyclines, cytotoxic therapeutics used in both adjuvant and palliative treatments of breast cancer. TOP2A gene amplification/deletion is implicated in response to anthracycline-based chemotherapy. We describe an approach for analyzing formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded breast tumors on tissue microarrays with TOP2A fluorescence in situ hybridization coupled with cytokeratin immunofluorescence to target tumor cells. Stained tissue from patient specimens was imaged and analyzed using Metafer/Metacyte (Metasystems, Waltham, MA, USA), including customized image classifiers. TOP2A/CEN17 ratios of 2.0 or greater (amplified) and 0.8 or less (deleted) were observed for 10.0% and 6.1% of the patients, respectively. Patient outcomes for adjuvant chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide-epirubicin-fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide-methotrexate-fluorouracil, no chemotherapy) were evaluated. No statistical significance was achieved for clinical end points regarding TOP2A status in anthracycline-treated patients. However, patients with TOP2A aberrations receiving methotrexate-based therapy exhibited a significant decrease in 5-year distant disease-free survival and breast cancer-specific overall survival, especially for patients with TOP2A deletions (disease-free survival: hazard ratio, 5.31 [P = .001], and breast cancer-specific overall survival: hazard ratio, 6.45 [P ≤ .001]). No significant differences were seen in patients included in the no-chemotherapy group. Topo2A protein levels were assessed by immunohistochemistry with no correlative statistical relevance to immunofluorescence/fluorescence in situ hybridization-based prognosis for cyclophosphamide-epirubicin-fluorouracil or cyclophosphamide-methotrexate-fluorouracil groups. Interestingly, aberrant (under)expressing patients in the no-chemotherapy group exhibited better 5-year distant disease-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.39; P = .004), trending toward more favorable breast cancer-specific overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.61; P = .11). Our results indicate a strategy by which fluorescence in situ hybridization scoring targeted to cytokeratin-positive tumor cells may provide a tool for added precision and efficiency in TOP2A evaluation from tumor tissue.</p>
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